When it comes to picking an Integrated Development Environment, or IDE, there are many factors to consider. For instance, some IDEs are really good for quick scripting work but others are better for long projects.
Also, the type of IDE you choose can depend on what skill level you are at and how comfortable you are with the language. Below is a list of some of the most common IDEs, what languages they support, and some of their strengths.
This list does not include every IDE, but covers different types of IDEs and a large variety of programming languages that can be used with them.
Languages: C, C++, Fortran
Skill Level: Great for beginner programmers.
Code Blocks has highlighted keywords so you know if you are typing built-in functions correctly. The interface has smart indent, code folding, and customizable highlighting to keep the code neat and easy to read.
The debugger has conditional breakpoints, data breakpoints, and code breakpoints for easy examination of the code during runtime. Multiple compilers are supported, such as GCC and MSVC++.
Code::Blocks runs on Linux, Mac, and Windows and is Open Source.
Languages: C, C++, Python, Perl, PHP, Java, Ruby, etc.
Skill Level: Eclipse has a lot of features for both advanced and beginner programmers.
This IDE can be used with many languages because of the extensive library of plugins. It also has a lot of helpful code suggestions/completions to speed up projects. The workspaces and hierarchy of folders help to keep different projects and parts of code organized and easy to find.
Eclipse can be used cross-platform, but a Java Runtime Environment (JRE) as well as Java Development Kit (JDK) are required to compile and run Java code.
Skill Level: Most skill levels.
Visual Studio has been around for a very long time and there are a lot of features that have been added that really make it a great IDE.
It uses Xamarin which has cross-platform development across Android, IOS, and Windows apps. Utilizing the shared project option makes code available across different console applications. Also, the code editor helps find unnecessary or redundant code so that you can remove something that is unneeded.
Skill Level: This is the most developer-centered IDE on this list.
The IntelliJ IDE provides a lot of tools to help complete code, find errors in code, and make changes. There is version control to keep edits of your code organized, an inline debugger to show changes in variable values, quick fixes which highlight potential mistakes and offer solutions, and refactorings to quickly change the names of classes, methods, variables, or anything else.
Language: HTML,C, C#, C++, Visual Basic, Java, SQL, Fortran, etc.
Skill Level: Great for beginners.
Auto indent and custom code highlighting options keeps code easy to read based on your personal preferences. ConTEXT's file compare capabilities are great for looking at differences in pieces of code. Its code templates help get a beginner coder started off on the right track.
IDEs are very useful tools whether you are an experienced coder or just starting out and want to get your feet wet. The above list is by no means comprehensive but is a good starting place.
It’s important to remember that, depending on the application, one IDE may outperform another. It’s a good idea to try out a few different IDEs and see what works best for you.