Delta and Wye 3-Phase Circuits
AC Electric Circuits
Label where each of the following electrical quantities would be found in both the “Y” and “Delta” three-phase configurations:
- Phase voltage
- Line voltage
- Phase current
- Line current
In which circuit (Y or Delta) are the phase and line currents equal? In which circuit (Y or Delta) are the phase and line voltages equal? Explain both answers, in terms that anyone with a basic knowledge of electricity could understand.
Where phase and line quantities are unequal, determine which is larger.
An electrical lineman is connecting three single-phase transformers in a Y(primary)-Y(secondary) configuration, for power service to a business. Draw the connecting wires necessary between the transformer windings, and between the transformer terminals and the lines:
Note: fuses have been omitted from this illustration, for simplicity.
One of the conductors connecting the secondary of a three-phase power distribution transformer to a large office building fails open. Upon inspection, the source of the failure is obvious: the wire overheated at a point of contact with a terminal block, until it physically separated from the terminal.
What is strange, though, is that the overheated wire is the neutral conductor, not any one of the “line” conductors. Based on this observation, what do you think caused the failure?
After repairing the wire, what would you do to verify the cause of the failure?
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