Project

# How to Build the Brightest LED Saber in the World

October 18, 2016 by Jeremy Lee

## The brightest blade in the world. Fluid sound effects generated in real time. Any colour, changeable on the fly. If you want to know what it feels like to hold a Lightsaber, this project is the closest you can get today.

The brightest blade in the world. Fluid sound effects generated in real time. Any colour, changeable on the fly. If you want to know what it feels like to hold a Lightsaber, this project is the closest you can get today.

In Part 1 of this series, we'll go over the project's goals, how to choose the right components, and some of the software involved in constructing such a powerful device—and we'll be mindful of the dangers ahead by discussing battery safety and the safeguards in place to protect you and your saber.

### Introduction

First, I wanted to have the brightest blade ever—one that looked great on camera, even in daylight.

That was done with a 144 LED "Neopixel" strip (the highest density you can currently get of 24-bit programmable lights) and a modern DC/DC converter and LiPo battery capable of supplying the watts it can consume.

In fact, I made it so powerful that I melted my first blade. The real limitation is the heat generated by a double-sided strip in a tube; we're doing the very opposite of heatsinking, and to prevent thermal overload we should keep the power dissipation of the LED strip to not more than 40% of the maximum. This means that we can't have a full-brightness white saber because white requires all three LED colors (red, green, blue), but we can have full brightness of one color along with small additions of the other colors. And we can still "burst" for special effects.

Even with that limitation, it's certainly bright!

### How to Make Arduino Lightsaber?

My secondary goal was more esoteric. A Lightsaber isn't just an extended torch. There is also "The Hum"—that growling purr that lets you know you're holding something of immense power.

In the movies, this sound effect is created by the legendary Ben Burtt retreating to a studio and waving microphones around for several weeks. There was never a real physical object that made that noise when wielded (unless you count his entire mixing desk).

Shanks FX did an extensive video on the original sound effects and how to recreate them in the studio that I found very helpful:

How to create STAR WARS Lightsaber sound effects | Shanks FX | PBS Digital Studios

In fact, most of the time and effort in this project went into the software aspects of how to generate fluid real-time audio effects.

This "sword" knows you're holding it. If you become still, it does too. If you swing it unevenly, you will hear it. If you put it down, it will turn itself off.

This is possible because there's a computer inside. An Atmel 32u4 Arduino-compatible "Pro Micro" and a companion inertial measurement unit (IMU). To that end, another way of looking at this project is to ask: Can we create a “user interface” so natural that we completely forget we're using one? And so rugged we can drop it on bricks?

##### Completed (but unpainted) Shoto-length Saber. The blade still has a visible "glow halo" even in direct sunlight.

Lastly, I wanted my saber to look polished. At the end of the series, I'll go over the physical construction of my hilt (from hardware store PVC pipe and fittings). This is where I expect you to exercise your own creativity. No two Lightsabers should look quite alike because each is an expression of the maker's personality and local materials.

I'm not really a very artistic prop-maker—I tend towards basic and functional—but there are many fantastic examples on YouTube of saber hilts constructed from plumbing parts, hollowed-out metal torches, and even professional kits sold by various makers.

Be aware that the parts involved in this build are quite chunky and the “slimline saber hilt” kits are just too small (sorry). I used 32mm PVC pipe (which is actually 40mm across) as my main diameter, and even that was tight. But high-capacity batteries and DC/DC converters continue to shrink, so it won't be long before slimmer builds are possible. This project deliberately explores the limits of what is possible.

If you're good with Arduino code, you might reconfigure the controls or sound effects as well. My build had a voltmeter read-out to assist debugging that you'll see in all the pictures, but it's not an official part of the build, as it made wiring more complicated than it needed to be. Bench-testing with a multimeter serves the same purpose.

### LiPo Battery Warning

This project is essentially a toy, but it uses an RC-grade LiPo (Lithium Polymer) battery and power system that can be dangerous if mishandled. The voltage is safe for humans, but there is enough power (20 Amps, 200 watts!) to start fires if a short-circuit occurs. If you build this saber, I expect you to carefully supervise its use.

LiPo batteries come with special handling requirements. They must be charged correctly and never be allowed to run "flat" or they may explode.

Always have a plan for the safe disposal of an overloading power cell. Fireproof bags are a good start. Be advised that water makes Lithium fires worse.

If you are experienced with building multirotors or RC (remote control) aircraft, this will all be familiar ground. (It's just a quadcopter without propellers, really.) Otherwise, this should be considered an advanced project that requires care and good construction skills, one which will hopefully give you experience with these kinds of power systems.

### Circuit Diagram

##### Click to enlarge.

There's not much to this project's actual circuitry. We will make extensive use of pre-built modules and you'll mostly need to wire up connectors between them.

In essence, power comes out of the battery, flows towards the blade, and a control signal is added along the way. Most of the features are in software, which doesn't show up on this particular diagram.

### Parts List

#### Price per Unit

Power Converter
Hobbyking YEP-20 SBEC $18 (5x) Futaba 22AWG 15cm Servo Extension Cables$4
FrSky Battery Voltage Sensor (FBVS-01) $3 Controller SparkFun Pro Micro (5V) (Atmel32u4 Arduino)$15
MPU6050 IMU Breakout Board (GY-521) $5 "Digital Volume" Rotary Encoder Switch$1
Audio
TPA2005D1 Audio Amp (SparkFun / geeetech) $7 8Ω 2watt speaker, 20-40mm diameter$2
Resistors: 1kΩ, 150Ω, 1/4W (small)
Capacitor: 0.68μF electrolytic (anything from 0.47 to 1μF will do, but get as compact as possible)
1 meter (2x50cm joined) WS2812b RGB LED Strip $40 144 LEDs/meter density, White PCB, Waterproof IP65 Silicone Insulated 600mm Polycarbonate tube (25mm Outer Diameter) and Blade Tip$10-20
Foam Packing Sheet (500mm x 100mm)
Battery
Zippy Compact 1000mAh 3-cell Lipo Pack $8 XT-60 Connector$1
--or--
Turnigy 1000mAh 3S 20C 3-cell Lipo Pack $8 Male JST Battery Pigtail$1
Power Harness
10A “Mains” Switch (optional) $2 Bullet Connectors or JST connectors (optional)$2
Power lights or voltage indicators (optional) $2 Heatshrink Tubing$1
Hilt
20mm (3/4") PVC Compression Pipe Coupler (with rubber o-rings and screw-ends) $10 32mm (1 1/4") PVC Pipe (a 1m length is plenty)$2
32mm (1 1/4") PVC End-cap (get a couple) $2 32mm (1 1/4") PVC Pipe Connector (two or three of them)$4
Any other bits you like the look of $??? *Note that the Futaba 22AWG 15cm servo extension cables are also used by the controller and the blade subsystems. (Futaba connectors have a polarized edge.) ### Obtaining Parts The RC components like the battery, DC/DC converter, and connectors can be found at Hobbyking (if not your local model aircraft shop) and the rest at DigiKey, SparkFun, eBay, and the usual internet sources. The rest is PVC pipe and plumbing fittings from the hardware store. The main component there is the Hobbyking YEP 20A HV (2~12S) SBEC (Switch-mode Battery Eliminator Circuit), also known as the MTTEC KETO HV BEC 12S. This device is really what makes a hand-held saber possible. I don't know of an equivalent, but I'll be looking. For now, it's the key to the build. That takes care of the DC power. Now we have a pair of my favorite semiconductors: an Atmel32u4 microcontroller and the MPU6050 IMU. The project uses features specific to the 32u4 (such as the high-speed Timer4) and is designed around the physical shape of the “Pro Micro”, but other Arduino Leonardo–compatible boards should work with minor modifications. They must be the 5V version running at the full 16MHz clock rate. The 3.3V version is inadequate both in terms of voltage (to control the LED strip) and computing power (to run the sound synthesizer). Of course, we need a nice LED strip for the blade: Most of the "1 meter" LED strips you will find online are actually two 50cm strips joined together with an obvious gap in the middle. For a 50cm "Shoto" sized blade, that's great—we just need to disassemble the strip back into its original halves. Convenient! And cheap, too, at less than$30 on eBay right now.

If you intend to "battle" with your saber, I'd consider this a consumable. Enough hits and you're going to break it eventually, so keep an eye out for deals. The design allows for easy change-out of blades in the field, if you have backups prepared.

##### Close up of the "missing LED" where the two strips join, and the IP65 silicone coating.

If you want a longer blade (70-90cm is a full Lightsaber length), then you either need to go for more expensive continuous strips (and I don't know where you'd find them) or modify the cheaper strips to edit out the join gap with some whittling, tucking, folding, and resoldering.

Be sure you're getting WS2812b LEDs. The 5050-package LEDs should have FOUR pins per package and be right next to each other, and the strip should have THREE connections on each end. Three only. Not two (that's a single color strip), not four (that's an analog RGB strip, or a different serial protocol).

You also want a strip that has a WHITE background (not black) for maximum light reflection out of the blade, and that is coated with IP65 silicone for physical protection. (IP67 and IP68 have a thicker rectangular sleeve that likely won't fit.) It should be the same cost, just an option when ordering. You really want the waterproof version, because of the greatly enhanced physical robustness (shock-proofing) the silicone coating should give the blade, and the slight extra heatsinking it provides.

##### 25mm polycarbonate tube

A critical part that you should source early is the blade tube. I used a 25.6mm Outer Diameter (1 inch OD) 22.2mm Inner Diameter polycarbonate tube (1.6mm wall thickness) from a local supplier called Profile Plastics, but I've since found a cheaper and better source at The Custom Saber Shop which are specifically for this purpose, and they have transparent "blade tips" too. Those are really hard to find!

My build used a clear tube with a packing foam sheet light diffuser wrapped around the LED strips, but I would definitely experiment with their Translucent White tube for an even-better-looking blade. The clear tube is a little too revealing when it comes to assembly mistakes or imperfections, and you can see the LED dots if you really look. An extra layer of diffusion would have been nice.

##### Packing foam sheet Light Diffuser for wrapping the blade and improving the glow. Free with eBay purchases in random sizes, or your local stationery supplies cupboard.

Normal/thin-walled tube is probably fine unless you want a full-length saber or intend to combat hard with it. The LED strip is fairly wide (12-15 mm) and we need some space for the light to diffuse around the edges, so I don't recommend the thinner 3/4 inch tube or the thick-walled tube to start with. I haven't tried them yet.

A note on material: Polycarbonate tube is what you absolutely need. Not perspex, acrylic, transparent PVC, or any other plastic. This is why:

Polycarbonate tube does not shatter. Ever. It will take a shotgun blast and remain in one piece. It can be bent and crushed (so don't drive over the tube with a car) but there are no conceivable circumstances where you'll suddenly be swinging half a broken and jagged plastic tube around. This is important to me and anyone who wants to be safe.

Polycarbonate has a slightly bluish tint compared to Perspex because it's less optically clear. That's not a problem for us, but it helps when trying to identify "true PC" if you're in doubt.

The build described here has the first 8cm of the blade tube held securely in the hilt by the Pipe Compression Coupler, and about 2cm of free space at the far end. Therefore you need 10cm more tube length than LED blade; so a half-meter blade needs a 600mm tube.

And yes, a 25mm OD tube fits inside a "20mm Pipe Coupler", with room to spare. (PVC water pipe sizes relate to the inner diameter of the iron pipes they replaced. PVC conduit connectors are correctly dimensioned, but aren't rated for pressure.)

##### Real-world physics means we have to firmly secure the tube in the hilt with sufficient leverage. "Compression couplers" are quick-release, can hold mains-rated pressure pipes, and look cool.

Another fairly personal choice is the shape and placement of the speaker for the sound effects. A traditional magnetic coil speaker is essential to capture the bass notes properly (sorry, piezo just doesn't cut it) but they come in many varieties.

A 2-watt speaker is nicely loud, and I used a reclaimed 40cm part that just happened to fit inside the PVC endcap that made the 'pommel' of the hilt. Replacement laptop speakers are interesting and come in long and rectangular shapes that may fit slimmer builds.

We need an amplifier to drive it and there are a plethora of small class D modules that will do nicely. We only need mono output and the quality doesn't need to be superb. The SparkFun/geeetech amp does the job nicely with a few additional parts.

There is a great deal of leeway with the individual components, but not much with the specifications. If you are making substitutions, don't downgrade anything. We're running all these pieces hard, in some cases close to their design limits, in order to fit all of this into a hand-held device.

### Software and Controls

An explanation of how the firmware works would take another article and wouldn't help the build, so I’ll just describe how to use it for now:

The saber has many settings, like sound volume. If that was all, one volume knob would do the job. To set the blade color we could add another knob. We could add a third knob for the colour saturation, a fourth control to ignite/retract the saber, four more to tweak the audio frequencies, and then there wouldn’t be any room left on the hilt to put our hands.

So instead, one physical knob (which is also a push-button) is used for all the controls, by having the knob change its mode when pushed in. While you’re doing this, the first dozen LEDs along the blade will go dark and a “menu dot” will show the current mode. It also helps that these rotary controls can spin endlessly and have no specific zero point.

Push the knob and turn it to set the mode. Then release and spin it normally to tweak that parameter up or down. Got that?

Here’s the modes in order, and the color of the dot in the blade menu.

Color  Mode
0 White Blade Extension / Retraction (startup mode)
1 White Sound Volume
4 Yellow Buzz Frequency
5 Orange Hum Frequency
6 Orange Swing Frequency
7 Red Swing Doppler
8 Purple Preset Selection
9 Black Bump Lock (no action)

Don’t spin the knob too fast or the controller will miss updates—it’s very busy doing many things—and you might even go backwards a notch. Be slow and definite. (This may improve in future software.)

Some of the modes loop around (like the color) and some hit max and minimum values (like volume and mode, itself) and some are just hard to describe (like the doppler division parameter which can go negative) but just give them all a try and I'm sure you’ll figure it out.

Frankly, it’s not the greatest user interface in the world, but I challenge you to fit more functionality into a single knob.

Also, remember that the saber will forget everything on power loss. If you want custom presets, you’ll have to modify some magic numbers in the source code and upload it again.

### Power Management and Safety

Remember how we talked about why LiPo batteries can be dangerous? The following is how I designed this project to be safe and keep your blade from catching fire. Please don't remove these safeguards.

The firmware has a 'screensaver' that will retract the blade when you don't move the saber for 90 seconds—in case you set it down somewhere and forget about it.

It also constantly checks the battery sense voltage, and when it detects an undervoltage condition (defined in the firmware at about 10.5v, or 3.5V per LiPo cell), it darkens the blade and makes loud nasty beeping noises until you turn if off. This is a critical safety feature for dealing with high-capacity LiPos, and must not be disabled, and it's good to calibrate the numbers in the code for your power system.

If you disable the voltage sensor or otherwise allow the blade to stay on, the following badness will happen: The blade will continue drawing large amounts of power, the DC/DC converter will continue to drain the battery at increasing amperages and won't ever stop, and the battery will drastically HEAT UP as it gives up its last watts to the point where it can outgas, catch on fire, and EXPLODE. Rarely, but sometimes. I'm sure you've heard the stories. It will certainly degrade the LiPo's capacity and may render it less safe for future use. (Small LiPos often include protection circuits, but higher-current RC LiPos, like the one powering the saber, are "unprotected").

Monitoring the battery voltage and turning off the LEDs when necessary is really the most important job the controller has. That's the price we pay for pushing the limits and using such a high-density power system. Feel free to mess with anything, except that

Understand, the lights won't even turn off when the power drops below 5 volts. The batteries will be screaming, the microcontroller will crash (taking out the alarms)—but the LEDs will continue to do what they were told until you turn them off manually. The controller must be able to detect the undervoltage condition coming and stop before going into the red zone.

Remember rule 9: "I will not include a self-destruct mechanism, unless absolutely necessary."

### Next Time...

Give this project a try for yourself! Get the BOM.

• Fredrik Hubinette October 25, 2016

Not the brightest lightsaber in the world. This might be: http://www.fx-sabers.com/forum/index.php?topic=46064.0
It’s not even the brightest neopixel lightsaber, I have one with 280 LEDs: http://fredrik.hubbe.net/lightsaber/

Like.
• Jeremy Lee October 25, 2016
Like.
• Fredrik Hubinette October 27, 2016
Neopixels have linear power regulators in them. Giving them more than 4 volts don't make them any brighter, just hotter. As for measuring blade brightness: http://www.fx-sabers.com/forum/index.php?topic=50536.0
Like.
• Jeremy Lee November 22, 2016
I did a thorough search, but could not find any references to an internal 4 volt regulator in the WS2812b. The datasheet .( https://cdn-shop.adafruit.com/datasheets/WS2812B.pdf ) specifies +3.5~+5.3 operating range, and everything I can find indicates the internal controller chip uses PWM to control the LED current, not linear voltage regulation. Admittedly the documentation is a bit sparse... do you have a link?
Like.
• N
NoZuuL November 22, 2016
• N
NoZuuL November 22, 2016
I mean cm rather than mm... More like a light dagger..
Like.
• Jeremy Lee November 22, 2016
First thing; those strips don't have the right kind of waterproofing - look for IP65, which is a thin silicone coating (barely visible) over the strip, rather than those thick rectangular sleeves. Second, it's nearly impossible to guarantee the quality of the "join" all strips seem to have in the middle, which matters a lot when doing a long blade. And third, when buying two strips it's hard to be sure the colors match exactly... yes there is quite some variation, I've found. I'd recommend making the "shoto" version first, and if that works out you can have a go at the long blade - which will be about three times as complicated to get right. If you use the same connector it will just plug into the hilt to replace the first one. So long as you keep the existing 40% software power limits, the hilt electronics CAN support up to a one meter long blade within it's design specs. (ie: yes, I planned for exactly this.) I'm currently working on _my_ 80cm blade and will let you know how it goes. :-)
Like.
• Negative Focal Length January 11, 2017

I think your PVC compression fitting use, and especially the integration of the IMU are great!  I have a build based on yours that I’m working on.  I actually used two 1m LED lengths, split into three parallel segments.

I have a powerful amp and a small, high quality speaker to give it all a nice, full hum.  Hearing and feeling it react to motion dynamically is priceless.

It’s working on the bench, I’m currently hemming and hawing about the best way to cram everything into the hilt.

Like.
• Jeremy Lee January 12, 2017
That's great to hear! Best of luck! The audio effects are the thing I spend the most time on... there's so much opportunity to "tune" the sound that I just didn't have time to cover in the article. Feel free to ask. Just be warned that you have to be _very_ careful about the heat dissipation in the blade, and "on the bench" tests won't show you what happens once it's all wrapped up. (learned that the hard way) If you're using three segments "back to back" then I recommend modifying the code for even more severe power limitation (down as far as 20%) to keep the heat generated "per centimeter" to the same levels. Unless you've got something like a aluminium core that can spread the heat effectively. The third (longer) saber I just constructed has actually made me worry that a component I used in my original build (the carbon fiber spar I used to "stiffen" the blade) might have been a better heatsink than I realized. That plus natural variation in LED strips has pushed my new longer blade over the thermal line. So go slow and be careful. Even the original "shoto" design is pushing limits quite hard.
Like.
• Negative Focal Length January 12, 2017
I haven't powered up the blade yet, but I already modified the code to 20% up front. My "blade" is made from a central core of a hollow brass tube around which I have some 3D printed spacers that look like 12mm equilateral triangles. As a result, the blade has a three-sided core, each of which is a 666mm (96 LED) segment. Total use is two 1m strips. I think it looks good! A question: you mentioned earlier "So long as you keep the existing 40% software power limits, the hilt electronics CAN support up to a one meter long blade within it’s design specs. (ie: yes, I planned for exactly this.)" were you referring to a one meter long blade consisting of two 1m strips back-to-back when you wrote this?
Like.
• Jeremy Lee January 12, 2017
Like.
• Negative Focal Length January 12, 2017
"If you have a hollow core, also consider running power to the far end of the strips. current in wires == heat, and every bit counts." Oh, that's a great idea. Thanks for the tip!
Like.
• Negative Focal Length January 12, 2017

One thing to mention: the Sparkfun MPU-6050 IMU linked in the parts list I don’t think is a suitable part.  Not only is it quite expensive, but according to the datasheet it’s a 3.3V part only and your design has it hooked up to a 5V system.

Also, are you running into any problems with the Arduino being powered with 5V from the DC-DC converter to the RAW power input?  RAW is intended for minimum 6V input (7V minimum preferred) according to the datasheet.  I’m feeding mine via RAW direct from the battery, personally.

Like.
• Jeremy Lee January 12, 2017
The MPU-6050 is definitely a 3.3v _powered_ part, but the module has it's own regulator on-board, and therefore is perfectly happy with 4-5v supply. The SPI interface is 5v _tolerant_ and while it only outputs a 3.3v signal, that's enough for the Arduino. I've been using MPU-6050s like this for years, and none have ever failed, or even got warm. As for expensive... yeah, they're not the cheapest, but if you're going to learn an IMU it might as well be the MPU60xx. They have excellent reputation, and if you look around the internet you can find cheaper modules if you're prepared for the usual wait/risk. Considering how much micro-machinery is etched into the surface, the price is pretty low. In WW2, both sides literally would have killed to get one of these. The DC converter puts out 5.2 volts, which is better than the 'raw' 5v the Arduino usually gets over USB, so I've got no worries there. The on-board regulator is Low-Dropout, so you get most of that 5v coming out on Vcc and - here's the thing I thought was important - there's no raw 12v battery voltage being routed into the delicate mess right next logic lines that it would utterly fry if it touched it for a moment. At least the DC converter has some overload protection if a short happens. I like physical separation of the voltage bus, especially in devices expected to take a physical beating. Good luck!
Like.
• Negative Focal Length January 12, 2017
Thanks for that, I learned something! I've used the MPU6050 as 3.3V only (spec sheet says 2.375V-3.46V operating range) but on closer inspection the datasheet does indeed say it'll eat up to 6V (and the VLOGIC pin sets the I/O level, up to VDD + 0.5V). Granted, it's in the Absolute Maximum section, but still -- I honestly did not know it could operate as a 5V tolerant part. I thought maybe the parts list URL was off, since in the photos the MPU6050 board isn't a Sparkfun one - it looks like the cheaper ones I got which include external regulators. Now I know better!
Like.
• R
rjyusmc2005 January 13, 2017

Just a thought on heat dissipation.
Have you considered using a perforated copper or aluminum tube to attach the LED strips to and a micro-fan like this (http://www.ebay.com/itm/15x15mm-Super-Small-Brushless-DC-Fan-Ultra-Tiny-Miniature-Mini-Micro-Smallest-/181152651845) to push air through the tube?  The copper tube would act as a heat sink and the fan would circulate the air to help keep temps down.

Like.
• Jeremy Lee January 23, 2017
Actually, yes! I have considered active cooling systems, including hollow blades and air blowers. (although those little fans aren't good for pushing air through tubes - you want a "squirrel cage" fan.) Alas, everything I looked at raised the complexity to a ridiculous degree. Not just the mechanics, it puts the saber in a position where, if the fan stops for any reason, the saber will quickly destroy itself with heat, and you therefore need temperature sensors as a failsafe. But hey, if you want to go there, let me know how it works out!
Like.
• A
Avenging_Angel January 19, 2017

hello my name is branden hall I am planning on using your design for a tech school end of year project im a robotics student in the 11th grade I was wondering if there was an easy way to make a saber staff variant out of this single bladed design without doubling all the electronics… feed back would be greatly apprieciated project starts in late February. thank you—branden

Like.
• Jeremy Lee January 23, 2017
Yes! Note how even the "single" blade is two strips driven in parallel. If you're happy with both ends acting identically, just split the output to another connector to run the other blade. You should be able to drve two 50cm blades without much trouble, just make sure your wiring can take the current. If you want the blades to be able to act "independantly", that's also possible by modifying the code to drive two strips using a spare pin on the arduino. The FastLED library is capable of driving as many LEDs as you have memory for. Admittedly memory is pretty tight, but I think there's room. You'd also have to mess with the "interface" code to get whatever double-blade effects you wanted. Possible, but a lot of work.
Like.
• Gage McIvor January 24, 2017

Hey Jeremy,

I am about to finish the prototype build with my students and on problem has came. I can light up one strip of leds no problem. All the code works. When I add the second strip everything has power, but the leds strips will not light up. The battery has been fully charged before testing. Any thoughts has to what the problem could be?

Regards,

Gage McIvor

Like.
• Jeremy Lee January 25, 2017
Adding the second strip in parallel should mean it does exactly the same thing as the first strip. It certainly shouldn't stop the first one working. My first thought is that perhaps you've wired the second strip in "backwards" so you've connected the Arduino to DOUT instead of DIN. (You should be driving both Data IN's) in which case the second strips DOUT could be interfering with the signal from the Arduino. Either that or you've got a faulty strip? Remember if you're cutting a standard 1 meter strip in half, the cut point becomes the new "IN" for the remainder. (Not the old pre-soldered far end. That's still DOUT)
Like.
• Gage McIvor January 25, 2017
Thanks for the reply. That was definitely the problem. it works great now. Two 1 metre strips of 144 leds.
Like.
• L
LED Strip Lights February 23, 2017

This light is very hurt the eyes, especially the blue, this and the screen is related to the level, if the LED should not be able to achieve such a brightness, it should be the car’s hernia lamp, in order to have such a bright brightness The LED lighting the brightest outdoor can refer to the video: https: //www.realgreenled.com/project-light/led-linear-light-with-lens.html

Like.
• Draco Z April 26, 2017

Hi, I’m working on making an arduino lightsaber right now and I found your tutorial among many others, but your’s is definitely the most detailed and I can tell you spent a great deal of time making this, so great job! I was just wondering whether I needed two LED strips back to back if I wanted to make a meter long saber. Do you think the light quality will decrease drastically if I only use one strip of LED’s?

Like.
• Draco Z April 26, 2017
By light quality I basically just mean how it looks by the way.
Like.
• Jeremy Lee September 09, 2017
Two strips is pretty much the minimum to get a reasonably nice looking blade, and that's with a good amount of diffusion. For my future builds I'm tempted to use 3 or 4 (around an aluminium tube) because less diffusion = greater light efficiency overall (you loose a LOT to the diffuser) Beware, 1 meter is a _very_ long blade. Roughly 80cm is the traditional saber length, and that's if you're fairly tall. If you hold the hilt slightly above hip-height but the blade tip still hits the ground, you're going to have trouble wielding it. "Half your height" is a good rule of thumb.
Like.
• F
farkas.attila56 November 17, 2017

Is there an alternative to this? FrSky Battery Voltage Sensor (FBVS-01)
Thanks.

Like.
• L
LesPoorLes December 31, 2017

Hello, thanks for the work you have shared with us!
I was new to arduino when I started this.
Trying to make it easy on myself I bought the products in the links.
Alas, 40 bucks for mpu6050 never got it to work. By then I learned what gy-521 ment.

Anyway, all the work you did and no flash on clash? Please try to add this.

Thank you thank you for the code.
Les

Like.
• K
KrasserMann January 18, 2018

Jeremy,
currently i have my first saber under construction and yesterday the blade was startet up for the first time, great work, thank you!

But i have two questions:
1. You are writing about the 40% limit to protect the blade and the LEDS.  Is this limit active if i use the latest firmware from GIT? If i use the Rotary Encoder to set the Brightness to the highest Level ist the Result 40% of maximum LED Power?
2. Is there an Option to change the extinguishing speed? I was not able to find the speed defining part of the extinguish void.

regards Martin

Like.
• gael.reinaudi November 02, 2018

Amazing and nicely detailed.
That was an awesome project with my daughters: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=JnxBtQJ6zWg
Thanks !

Like.
• Keeziel Macasaquit March 27, 2019

Just asking if anyone here has used or has a background with https://www.abiselectronics.co.uk/collections/led-panels/products/abis-led-ceiling-panel-48w-natural-white

Thanks! Help is much appreciated.

Like.
• J
JMag January 10, 2020

I need a little help, I want to modify this saber and I have tried to modify the code but I don’t get satisfactory results. It is so that when closing the blade, instead of being from the tip to the handle it is, from hand to tip.
Best regards.

Like.