Wire Self Inductance Calculator

This calculator will help compute the inductance of a length of wire.






Even a simple length of wire can exhibit inductance, or rather, self-inductance. This tool is designed to calculate the inductance of a length of wire given its diameter and length. Note that self-inductance of a wire is often not measured since it is only a part of a circuit's loop. 

To use this calculator, just enter the diameter and length of the wire. You can select the unit of measurement for the diameter and the length. The output inductance is presented in nano henries (10-9 H).


$$L_{wire}=2l\left \{ \ln \left [ \left ( \frac{2L}{D} \right )\left ( 1+\sqrt{1+\left ( \frac{D}{2L} \right )^{2}} \right ) \right ]-\sqrt{1+\left ( \frac{D}{2L} \right )^{2}}+\frac{\mu }{4}+\left ( \frac{D}{2L} \right ) \right \}$$


$$L_{wire}$$ = inductance of a straight wire in henries (H)

$$D$$ = diameter of the wire in cm

$$L$$ = length of the wire cm

$$\mu$$ = permeability 

Note: The equation above is from “Inductance Calculations” by F. W. Grover


A wire can be found in any circuit, and thus, it is important to know how much inductance it is contributing. Any inductor at a specific frequency can attenuate or filter out a signal. The self-inductance of a straight wire may only be defined as only a partial inductance and so cannot be measured directly because of the absence of a return path. In contrast, a loop inductance can be measured. Therefore, the inductance of a straight wire can only be calculated or determined indirectly from measurements of the inductance of a loop of wire.  

Further Reading

1 Comment
  • JSalmans September 20, 2021

    The formula listed doesn’t define lower case L. More seriously, the equation doesn’t appear to match the one in the source referenced. Equation (7) in chapter 5 of “Inductance Calculations” by F. W. Grover gives the formula for self inductance of a straight conductor as 200 nH/m * L*(log(2*L/r)-0.75) where L is the length in meters, and r is the wire radius in meters.

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