Wire Over Plane Inductance Calculator

This calculator helps you compute the inductance of a wire-over-plane setup.






A wire over a ground plane also exhibits inductance and may or may not contribute to the circuit board or transmission line's performance. This calculator helps you find out how much inductance a wire over a plane represents given the diameter and length of the wire, and its height above the plane.

To use this tool, enter the wire diameter, wire length, height of the wire above the plane and the relative permeability between the wire and the plane. If only air is present between the wire and the plane, a value of 1 is a good approximation. Note that you can select measurement units (mm, cm, mil, um (micrometre) and inch), for the length, diameter and height.


$$L_{wop}\approx \frac{\mu _{o}\mu _{r}L}{2\pi}\cosh^{-1}\left ( \frac{H}{D} \right )$$


$$L_{wop}$$ = inductance of the wire over plane in henries (H)

$$\mu_{0}$$ = permeability of free space = 4π×10−7

$$\mu_{r}$$ = relative permeability

$$D$$ = diameter of the wire 

$$H$$ = height of the wire above the plane

$$L$$ = length of the wire


Calculating the inductance of a wire-over-a-plane setup is significant, as such a setup is a common occurrence in transmission lines and printed circuit boards. In radio frequency applications, any inductance may or may not contribute to the performance of the line or the circuit. An inductance, at the right frequency, can filter, attenuate, or even radiate signals unintentionally. 

Further Reading

1 Comment
  • C
    clirakis January 29, 2023

    I have implemented this code in both C and Python and consistently get a 7% error between the online version and my code. This seems really odd. The only thing I can think of is that there are rounding errors in the math.

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