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Digital ICs Technical Articles
Test & Measurement
The How and Why of Spread-Spectrum Digital Signals
This technical brief discusses the use of spread spectrum modulation in digital circuits, particularly clock signals.
February 10, 2017
LVDS: High-Speed, Low-Power, Robust Data Transfer
This technical brief discusses characteristics and advantages of low-voltage differential signaling (LVDS).
December 28, 2016
Convenient, Robust Data Transmission with RS-422 and RS-485
This article introduces the RS-422 and RS-485 interfaces and explains why you might want to use them in your designs.
November 23, 2016
The Why and How of Differential Signaling
Learn about the important characteristics, benefits, and applications of differential signaling, as well as the proper layout techniques for differential signals....
November 16, 2016
Conversion of T Flip-Flops
Here we convert the given T flip-flop into SR-, JK- and D-types, and we also verify the process of conversion.
September 14, 2016
Conversion of D Flip-Flops
This article presents the conversions of D-type flip-flops into SR-, JK- and T-types. It also explains how to verify the conversion process....
August 25, 2016
The CMOS Transmission Gate
This technical brief presents a simple MOSFET configuration that can be used as a voltage-controlled switch.
August 12, 2016
Conversion of JK Flip-Flops
This article teaches you how to convert a given JK flip-flop circuit to other types of flip-flops while verifying the process of conversion....
August 10, 2016
SR-to-D and SR-to-T Flip-Flop Conversions
This article will teach you how to verify flip-flop conversions for SR-to-JK flip-flops. It will also guide you through the conversion and verification processes for SR-to-D and SR-to-T...
July 28, 2016
Design Examples of FIR Filters Using the Window Method
In this article, we will discuss several design examples of FIR filters using the window method. The simulated frequency response of the designed filters will be compared with the target...
July 26, 2016
Introduction to the Conversion of Flip-Flops
This article describes the steps necessary to convert a given flip-flop into a desired flip-flop using the example of an SR-to-JK flip-flop conversion....
July 18, 2016
Understanding the Delta-Sigma ADC
ADCs (analog-to-digital converters) can be described as either Nyquist-rate or oversampled converters. The Delta-Sigma ADC belongs to the oversampled family of converters. It relies upon...
July 14, 2016
Driving LED Arrays with an Arduino
All you need to know about LED arrays. If you want to learn about them, drive one using an Arduino, or build them, this is the place to start....
July 11, 2016
From Filter Specs to Window Parameters in FIR Filter Design
Learn how to use filter specs to help choose the best window parameters for your FIR filter design.
June 28, 2016
An Introduction to Rectifier Circuits
An important application of the diode is one that takes place in the design of the rectifier circuit. Simply put, this circuit converts alternating current (AC) to direct current (DC). This is...
June 27, 2016
The Karnaugh Map Boolean Algebraic Simplification Technique
Learn about the Karnaugh map (K-map) technique for Boolean algebraic simplification. What advantages and disadvantages do they have?
June 24, 2016
Analysis of Forward Conducting Diodes
In this article, we will learn how to analyze circuits that utilize forward conducting diodes. We will also talk about the exponential model, constant voltage drop model, as well as the ideal...
June 17, 2016
The Bartlett Versus the Rectangular Window
In this article, we will discuss the fact that choice of different window functions involves a trade-off between the main lobe width and the peak sidelobe (PSL). To gain more insight, we will...
June 16, 2016
Undesired Effects of a Window Function in FIR Filter Design
A smoother transition band and ripples in the passband are the most important differences between the ideal filters and those designed by window method. This article tries to provide a deeper...
May 23, 2016
Characteristics of Junction Diodes
In this article, we will look at the characteristics of junction diodes and learn how to analyze circuits containing diodes that operate in the forward, reverse, and breakdown biases....
May 20, 2016
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