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Introduction to AC Motors

Textbook

After the introduction of the DC electrical distribution system by…

Programmable Logic Controllers (PLC)

Textbook

Before the advent of solid-state logic circuits, logical control…

Thevenin’s, Norton’s, and Maximum Power Transfer Theorems

Worksheets - Automotive

Suppose a 12 volt lead-acid battery has an internal resistance of 20…

DC Generator Theory

Worksheets - Automotive

Generators used in battery-charging systems must be regulated so as to…

Selsyn (Synchro) Motors

Textbook

Normally, the rotor windings of a wound rotor induction motor are…

Step-up, Step-down, and Isolation Transformers

Worksheets - Automotive

Calculate the voltage output by the secondary winding of a transformer…

Wheatstone Bridge Calculator

Tools

This calculator helps determine the resistance of a variable resistor within a Wheatstone bridge circuit or the differential voltage created across the bridge terminals.

Calculus for Electric Circuits

Worksheets - Automotive

∫f(x) dx Calculus alert! Calculus is a branch of mathematics that…

Stepper Motors

Textbook

Stepper Motor vs Servo Motor A stepper motor is a…

Memory Devices

Worksheets - Automotive

Don’t just sit there! Build something!! Learning to analyze digital…

Design Project: Stepper Motor Driver

Worksheets - Automotive

At first it may seem pointless to have the four buffer gates following…

Motor Control Circuits

Textbook

The interlock contacts installed in the previous section’s motor…

Microcontroller Principles

Worksheets - Automotive

Read the following quotation, and then research the term…

AC Motor Control Circuits

Worksheets - Automotive

Perhaps the most challenging aspect of interpreting ladder diagrams,…

DC Lab - Potentiometer as a Rheostat

Textbook

In this hands-on electronics experiment, you will use a potentiometer as a variable resistor to control the speed of a motor and learn how to connect a potentiometer as a rheostat.

Inverting and Noninverting OpAmp Voltage Amplifier Circuits

Worksheets - Automotive

Don’t just sit there! Build something!! Learning to mathematically…

Networks and Busses

Textbook

The wires between the tank and the monitoring location is  called…

Linear Computational Circuitry

Worksheets - Automotive

Don’t just sit there! Build something!! Learning to mathematically…

Reluctance Motor

Textbook

The variable reluctance motor is based on the principle that an…

Series-Parallel DC Circuits

Worksheets - Automotive

Don’t just sit there! Build something!! Learning to mathematically…

IC Fabrication and Packaging

Worksheets - Automotive

What does it mean if an integrated circuit comes in DIP form? What…

Conductors and Insulators

Worksheets - Automotive

Given two lengths of metal wire, which one will have the least…

Biasing Techniques (BJT)

Textbook

In the common-emitter section of this chapter, we saw a SPICE analysis…

DC Lab - Rheostat Range Limiting

Textbook

In this hands-on electronics experiment, you will use series and parallel resistor networks to precisely adjust the range and zero point of a rheostat.

Waveguide Calculator (Circular)

Tools

This tool calculates the cutoff frequency of a circular waveguide

Special-purpose Diodes

Textbook

Schottky diodes Schottky diodes are constructed of a metal-to-N…

Transistor Ratings and Packages (IGFET)

Textbook

Radicals

Textbook

Definition of a Radical Given the expression where “x” is…

Simple Circuits

Worksheets - Automotive

Shown here is the schematic symbol for a resistor: What is the purpose…

Signal Modulation

Worksheets - Automotive

A modern method of electrical power control involves inserting a…

Parallel Circuit Rules

Textbook

Voltage Components in a parallel circuit share the same voltage:…

Tesla Polyphase Induction Motors

Textbook

Most AC motors are induction motors. Induction motors are favored due…

Basic Logic Gate Troubleshooting

Worksheets - Automotive

Counting practice: count from zero to thirty-one in binary, octal, and…

Component Failure Analysis (Continued)

Textbook

“I consider that I understand an equation when I can predict the…

The DIAC

Textbook

Like all diodes, Shockley diodes are unidirectional devices; that is,…

Boolean Rules for Simplification

Textbook

Boolean algebra finds its most practical use in the simplification of…

Metric Prefix Conversions

Textbook

To express a quantity in a different metric prefix from how it was…

Wire Types and Sizes

Worksheets - Automotive

Most electrical wire is covered in a rubber or plastic coating called…

The Thyristor

Textbook

A thyristor is a device that has a number of unusual characteristics.…

Analog Lab - Op Amp Integrator

Textbook

In this hands-on electronics experiment, you will build an analog integrator using an operational amplifier and learn about integration functions, op amp input bias currents, and how to limit the voltage swing of a potentiometer.

Wire Stripline Impedance Calculator

Tools

A calculator for computing the impedance of a wire stripline.

Ohm’s Law - How Voltage, Current, and Resistance Relate

Textbook

The first, and perhaps most important, relationship between current,…

Physical Effects of Electricity

Worksheets - Automotive

Certain substances are known to physically deform (shorten or…

Symmetric Stripline Impedance Calculator

Tools

This calculator helps you compute the characteristic impedance of a symmetric stripline.

Special-purpose Diodes

Textbook

Schottky diodes Schottky diodes are constructed of a metal-to-N…

Band-pass Filters

Textbook

How to Create Band-pass Filter There are applications where a…

Introduction to SPICE

Textbook

“With Electronics Workbench, you can create circuit schematics…

Analog Lab - 555 Oscillator (Astable Multivibrator)

Textbook

In this hands-on electronics experiment, build an oscillator using a 555 timer and learn the theory of operation of the 555 timer when configured as an astable multivibrator.

Phase Rotation

Textbook

Three-Phase Alternator Let’s take the three-phase alternator…

Intro Lab - How to Use an Ammeter to Measure Current

Textbook

In this hands-on introduction to electronics, you will experiment with a multimeter and learn how to measure current using the ammeter function.

Tracking ADC

Textbook

A third variation on the counter-DAC-based converter theme is, in my…

Arithmetic with Scientific Notation

Textbook

The benefits of scientific notation do not end with ease of writing…

Thyristor Application Circuits

Worksheets - Automotive

Don’t just sit there! Build something!! Learning to mathematically…

Diode Switching Circuits

Textbook

Diodes can perform switching and digital logic operations. Forward and…

Edge-triggered Latches: Flip-Flops

Textbook

So far, we’ve studied both S-R and D latch circuits with enable…

Nonlinear OpAmp Circuits

Worksheets - Automotive

Don’t just sit there! Build something!! Learning to mathematically…

Band Theory of Solids

Textbook

Quantum physics describes the states of electrons in an atom according…

Binary Count Sequence

Textbook

If we examine a four-bit binary count sequence from 0000 to 1111, a…

555 Lab - Advanced Red LED Flasher

Textbook

In this hands-on electronics experiment, build a red LED flasher with a transistor drive to control the current and learn how to use transistors to provide current gain and how to limit LED current.

Binary Overflow

Textbook

One caveat with signed binary numbers is that of overflow, where the…