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Vacuum Tube Audio Amplifier

Textbook

PARTS AND MATERIALS One 12AX7 dual triode vacuum tube Two power…

Relay Construction

Textbook

Electricity and Magnetism An electric current through a conductor will…

Kirchhoff’s Laws

Worksheets - Safety

Many electronic circuits use what is called a split or a dual power…

Network Protocols

Textbook

Aside from the issues of the physical network (signal types and…

Network Topology

Textbook

Point-to-Point Connecting two digital devices with a network, would…

AC Instrumentation Transducers

Textbook

Just as devices have been made to measure certain physical quantities…

Stepper Motors

Textbook

Stepper Motor vs Servo Motor A stepper motor is a…

Networks and Busses

Textbook

The wires between the tank and the monitoring location is  called…

Semiconductor Manufacturing Techniques

Textbook

The manufacture of only silicon based semiconductors is described…

Synchronous Motors

Textbook

Single Phase Synchronous Motors Single-phase synchronous motors are…

Electrical Isolation

Textbook

SPICE analysis of Electrical Isolation Aside from the ability to…

Tesla Polyphase Induction Motors

Textbook

Most AC motors are induction motors. Induction motors are favored due…

The Silicon-Controlled Rectifier (SCR)

Textbook

Shockley Diodes and Silicon Controlled Rectifiers (SCRs) Shockley…

ElectroStatic Discharge

Textbook

At the start of this book, we discussed static electricity and how it…

Step-up, Step-down, and Isolation Transformers

Worksheets - Safety

Calculate the voltage output by the secondary winding of a transformer…

Programmable Logic Controllers (PLC)

Textbook

Before the advent of solid-state logic circuits, logical control…

High Voltage Ohmmeters

Textbook

Most ohmmeters of the design shown in the previous section utilize a…

Vacuum Tube Audio Amplifier

Textbook

PARTS AND MATERIALS One 12AX7 dual triode vacuum tube Two power…

Bipolar Junction Transistors as Switches

Worksheets - Safety

Solid-state switching circuits usually keep their constituent…

Winding Configurations

Textbook

Transformers with Multiple Secondaries Transformers are very versatile…

Switched Capacitor Circuitry

Worksheets - Safety

Write an equation describing the precise mathematical relationship…

Practical Considerations - Batteries

Textbook

When connecting batteries together to form larger “banks”…

Voltmeter Design

Worksheets - Safety

Suppose I were about to measure an unknown voltage with a manual-range…

Contributors (13)

Textbook

Contributors to this chapter are listed in chronological order of…

Sound Cancellation

Textbook

PARTS AND MATERIALS Low-voltage AC power supply Two audio speakers…

Edge Coupled Microstrip Impedance Calculator

Tools

This tool helps calculate the impedance of an edge-coupled microstrip.

Complex Number Arithmetic

Textbook

Since complex numbers are legitimate mathematical entities, just like…

TTL NOR and OR gates

Textbook

TTL Circuit Analysis Let’s examine the following TTL circuit and…

Phase-locked Loops

Textbook

Embedded Microstrip Impedance Calculator

Tools

This calculator helps you compute the characteristic impedance of an embedded microstrip.

Electron Tubes

Textbook

Cathode:   This is the electrode that is heated and emits the…

Kelvin (4-wire) Resistance Measurement

Textbook

Suppose we wished to measure the resistance of some component located…

Rectifier Circuits

Textbook

What is Rectification? Now we come to the most popular application of…

Multi-Stage Amplifier

Textbook

PARTS AND MATERIALS Three NPN transistors—model 2N2222 or 2N3403…

Valence and Crystal Structure

Textbook

Valence: The electrons in the outermost shell, or valence shell, are…

Asynchronous Counters

Textbook

In the previous section, we saw a circuit using one J-K flip-flop that…

Introduction to Boolean Algebra

Textbook

Mathematical rules are based on the defining limits we place on the…

Voltage and Current Calculations

Textbook

There’s a sure way to calculate any of the values in a reactive…

The Cascode Amplifier

Textbook

While the C-B (common-base) amplifier is known for wider bandwidth…

Thevenin-Norton Equivalencies

Textbook

Since Thevenin’s and Norton’s Theorems are two equally…