Categories

Analog and Digital Signals

Textbook

Instrumentation is a field of study and work centering on measurement…

Networks and Busses

Textbook

The wires between the tank and the monitoring location is  called…

Specific Resistance

Textbook

Designing Wire Resistance Conductor ampacity rating is a crude…

Derivative of a Constant

Textbook

    (“c” being a constant)   RELATED…

Resistance

Textbook

The circuit in the previous section is not a very practical one. In…

AC Motor Control Circuits

Worksheets - Connectors

Perhaps the most challenging aspect of interpreting ladder diagrams,…

Rules for Antiderivatives

Textbook

Constant Rule     Rule of Sums     Rule of…

Electromechanical Relay Logic

Worksheets - Connectors

In ladder logic symbolism, an electromechanical relay coil is shown as…

Wiring Color Codes

Textbook

Wiring for AC and DC power distribution branch circuits are color…

Insulator Breakdown Voltage

Textbook

The atoms in insulating materials have very tightly-bound electrons,…

A 50-Ohm Cable?

Textbook

Early in my explorations of electricity, I came across a length of…

Parallel Wire Inductance Calculator

Tools

This tool is designed to calculate the inductance of two parallel wires

Safety Grounding

Worksheets - Connectors

In simple AC power systems, one of the two conductors is typically…

Common Antiderivatives

Textbook

 

Connectors

Textbook

An electrical connector, is an electro-mechanical device used to join…

Switch Contact Design

Textbook

A switch can be constructed with any mechanism bringing two conductors…

Introduction to Conductance and Conductors

Textbook

By now you should be well aware of the correlation between electrical…

Switch Types

Textbook

Though it may seem strange to cover the elementary topic of electrical…

Wire Over Plane Inductance Calculator

Tools

This calculator helps you compute the inductance of a wire-over-plane setup.

Circuit With a Switch

Textbook

PARTS AND MATERIALS 6-volt battery Low-voltage incandescent lamp…

Voltage-to-Current Signal Conversion

Textbook

In instrumentation circuitry, DC signals are often used as analog…

Power Dissipation

Textbook

PARTS AND MATERIALS Calculator (or pencil and paper for doing…

Introduction to Mixed-Frequency AC Signals

Textbook

In our study of AC circuits thus far, we’ve explored circuits…

LED Resistor Calculator

Tools

An LED resistance calculator is perfect for when you have a single LED and need to know which resistor you should use.

Time Constant Circuits

Worksheets - Connectors

Don’t just sit there! Build something!! Learning to mathematically…

555 Schmitt Trigger

Textbook

PARTS AND MATERIALS One 9V Battery Battery Clip (Radio Shack catalog #…

Simple Series Resonance

Textbook

A similar effect happens in series inductive/capacitive circuits. When…

Fuses

Textbook

Normally, the ampacity rating of a conductor is a circuit design…

Introduction to Conductance and Conductors

Textbook

By now you should be well aware of the correlation between electrical…

DC Branch Current Analysis

Worksheets - Connectors

Don’t just sit there! Build something!! Learning to mathematically…

The NOT Gate

Textbook

The single-transistor inverter circuit illustrated earlier is actually…

Delta-Sigma ADC

Textbook

One of the more advanced ADC technologies is the so-called…

Thevenin’s, Norton’s, and Maximum Power Transfer Theorems

Worksheets - Connectors

Suppose a 12 volt lead-acid battery has an internal resistance of 20…

Larger 5 & 6-variable Karnaugh Maps

Textbook

Larger Karnaugh maps reduce larger logic designs. How large is large…

Binary Math Circuits

Worksheets - Connectors

Add the following binary numbers:

Multiple-input Gates

Textbook

The Use of Logic Gate Inverters and buffers exhaust the possibilities…

Series R, L, and C

Textbook

Let’s take the following example circuit and analyze it:  …

Open-Loop OpAmp Circuits

Worksheets - Connectors

Determine what the magnitude and polarity of the voltmeter’s…

Shock Current Path

Textbook

As we’ve already learned, electricity requires a complete path…

Capacitor Charge and Time Constant Calculator

Tools

This calculator computes for the capacitor charge time and energy, given the supply voltage and the added series resistance.

High-Reliability Circuits

Worksheets - Connectors

Don’t just sit there! Build something!! Learning to analyze relay…

SPICE Quirks

Textbook

“Garbage in, garbage out.” —Anonymous SPICE is a…

Step-up, Step-down, and Isolation Transformers

Worksheets - Connectors

Calculate the voltage output by the secondary winding of a transformer…

Bipolar Junction Transistors

Textbook

The bipolar junction transistor (BJT) was named because its operation…

Shift Registers: Parallel-in, Serial-out (PISO) Conversion

Textbook

Parallel-in/ serial-out shift registers do everything that the…

Using Multiple Combinational Circuits

Textbook

As an example of using several circuits together, we are going to make…

Step-up and Step-down Transformers

Textbook

So far, we’ve observed simulations of transformers where the…

Noninverting Amplifier

Textbook

PARTS AND MATERIALS Operational amplifier, model 1458 or 353…

555 Timer Astable Circuit

Tools

In an astable circuit, the output voltage alternates between VCC and 0 volts on a continuous basis.

Networks and Busses

Textbook

The wires between the tank and the monitoring location is  called…

What is Network Analysis?

Textbook

Generally speaking, network analysis is any structured technique used…

Rules for Limits

Textbook

    RELATED WORKSHEETS: Calculus for Electric Circuits…

Binary Math Circuits

Worksheets - Connectors

Add the following binary numbers:

RF Power Ratio Conversion Calculator

Tools

This tool is designed to convert power ratios to decibel

AC Metrology

Worksheets - Connectors

In power distribution systems, it is very important to be able to…

Numbers versus Numeration

Textbook

It is imperative to understand that the type of numeration system used…

Voltage Divider Calculator

Tools

The voltage divider is a circuit used to create a voltage less than or equal to the input voltage.

Precision Potentiometer

Textbook

PARTS AND MATERIALS Two single-turn, linear-taper potentiometers, 5…

Introduction to Karnaugh Mapping

Textbook

Why learn about Karnaugh maps? The Karnaugh map, like Boolean…

Rectifier Circuits

Textbook

What is Rectification? Now we come to the most popular application of…