Categories

Contact “Bounce”

Textbook

When a switch is actuated and contacts touch one another under the…

Arithmetic Properties

Textbook

Associative Property In addition and multiplication, terms may be…

Electrical Signal Types

Textbook

With BogusBus, our signals were very simple and straightforward: each…

Wire Types and Sizes

Worksheets - Connectors

Most electrical wire is covered in a rubber or plastic coating called…

Electrical Isolation

Textbook

SPICE analysis of Electrical Isolation Aside from the ability to…

Circuit Wiring

Textbook

So far, we’ve been analyzing single-battery, single-resistor…

Derivatives of Power Functions of e

Textbook

Example Derivatives of e Proportionality Constant When we say that a…

Parallel Wire Inductance Calculator

Tools

This tool is designed to calculate the inductance of two parallel wires

Wires and Connections

Textbook

Older electrical schematics showed connecting wires crossing, while…

Copper Wire Gauge Table

Textbook

Solid Cooper Wire Table Size Diameter (inches) Cross-sectional area…

Common Antiderivatives

Textbook

 

AC Motor Control Circuits

Worksheets - Connectors

Perhaps the most challenging aspect of interpreting ladder diagrams,…

Conductors, Insulators, and Electron Flow

Textbook

The electrons of different types of atoms have different degrees of…

Permissive and Interlock Circuits

Textbook

A practical application of switch and relay logic is in control…

Conductor Ampacity

Textbook

The smaller the cross-sectional area of any given wire, the greater…

Conductors and Insulators

Worksheets - Connectors

Given two lengths of metal wire, which one will have the least…

Wire Loop Inductance Calculator

Tools

This calculator helps you compute the inductance of a wire loop.

Wire Self Inductance Calculator

Tools

This calculator will help compute the inductance of a length of wire.

Analog and Digital Signals

Textbook

Instrumentation is a field of study and work centering on measurement…

Basic Troubleshooting Strategies

Worksheets - Connectors

A chandelier has five light bulbs in it, and one of them is not…

Power Conversion Circuits

Worksheets - Connectors

Don’t just sit there! Build something!! Learning to mathematically…

Insulated Gate Field-Effect Transistors

Worksheets - Connectors

Don’t just sit there! Build something!! Learning to mathematically…

Basic Algebra and Graphing for Electric Circuits

Worksheets - Connectors

Many different equations used in the analysis of electric circuits may…

Capacitor Sizing Equation

Textbook

Capacitance Formula     Permittivity of Dielectric  …

Transistor Ratings and Packages (BJT)

Textbook

Like all electrical and electronic components, transistors are limited…

Microprocessor Programming

Worksheets - Connectors

What is the difference between a JMP (“jump”) instruction and a…

Inductive Reactance

Worksheets - Connectors

Don’t just sit there! Build something!! Learning to mathematically…

Boolean Relationships on Venn Diagrams

Textbook

The fourth example has A partially overlapping B. Though, we will…

Mutual Inductance and Basic Operation

Textbook

Behaviors of Inductors wrapped around a Conductive Core Suppose we…

Build a Transformer

Textbook

PARTS AND MATERIALS Steel flat bar, 4 pieces Miscellaneous bolts,…

Bipolar Junction Transistor (BJT) theory

Worksheets - Connectors

Don’t just sit there! Build something!! Learning to mathematically…

Sum and Product Notation

Textbook

For reference, this section introduces the terminology used in some…

Active-mode Operation (JFET)

Textbook

JFETs, like bipolar transistors, are able to “throttle”…

Battery Construction

Textbook

The word battery simply means a group of similar components. In…

Practical Considerations of ADC Circuits

Textbook

Perhaps the most important consideration of an ADC is its resolution.…

Introduction to Operational Amplifiers (Op-amps)

Textbook

What is an Operational Amplifier (Op-amp)? Operational Amplifiers,…

Wiring Color Codes

Textbook

Wiring for AC and DC power distribution branch circuits are color…

Rectifier/Filter Circuit

Textbook

PARTS AND MATERIALS Low-voltage AC power supply Bridge rectifier pack…

Contact “Normal” State and Make/Break Sequence

Textbook

Any kind of switch contact can be designed so that the contacts…

Summer and Subtractor OpAmp Circuits

Worksheets - Connectors

Don’t just sit there! Build something!! Learning to mathematically…

Encoder

Textbook

What is an Encoder? An encoder is a circuit that changes a set of…

Simple Circuits

Worksheets - Connectors

Shown here is the schematic symbol for a resistor: What is the purpose…

Bridged-Tee Attenuator Calculator

Tools

This calculator helps you determine the values of the resistors R1 and R2 to be used for a bridged-tee attenuator.

Biasing Techniques (JFET)

Textbook

Servo Motor Systems

Worksheets - Connectors

Explain the operation of this “H-bridge” motor control circuit: At…

Automotive Alternator

Textbook

Project Parts and Materials Automotive alternator (one required, but…

Karnaugh Maps, Truth Tables, and Boolean Expressions

Textbook

Who Developed the Karnaugh Map? Maurice Karnaugh, a…

Conventional Transistor Overview and Special Transistors

Worksheets - Connectors

A microcontroller is a specialized type of digital computer used to…

Active Loads in Amplifier Circuits

Worksheets - Connectors

We know that the current in a series circuit may be calculated with…

Open-Loop OpAmp Circuits

Worksheets - Connectors

Determine what the magnitude and polarity of the voltmeter’s…

Static Electricity

Textbook

It was discovered centuries ago that certain types of materials would…

Torque Conversion Calculator

Tools

A tool designed to convert between units of torque

Binary Subtraction

Textbook

We can subtract one binary number from another by using the standard…

Introduction to Complex Numbers

Textbook

If I needed to describe the distance between two cities, I could…

Simple Series Resonance

Textbook

A similar effect happens in series inductive/capacitive circuits. When…

Atomic Structure

Worksheets - Connectors

Shown here is a simplified representation of an atom: the smallest…

Setting Up a Home Lab

Textbook

In order to build the circuits described in this volume, you will need…

Metric Prefixes and Unit Conversions

Textbook

Metric Prefixes   Yotta = 1024 Symbol: Y Zetta = 1021 Symbol: Z…

Rectifier Circuits

Worksheets - Connectors

Don’t just sit there! Build something!! Learning to mathematically…

Synchronous Counters

Textbook

What is a Synchronous Counter? A synchronous counter, in contrast to…