Categories

Programmable Logic Controllers (PLC)

Textbook

Before the advent of solid-state logic circuits, logical control…

Programmable Logic Controllers (PLC)

Textbook

Before the advent of solid-state logic circuits, logical control…

Step-up, Step-down, and Isolation Transformers

Worksheets - PLCs

Calculate the voltage output by the secondary winding of a transformer…

Winding Configurations

Textbook

Transformers with Multiple Secondaries Transformers are very versatile…

Vacuum Tube Audio Amplifier

Textbook

PARTS AND MATERIALS One 12AX7 dual triode vacuum tube Two power…

High Voltage Ohmmeters

Textbook

Most ohmmeters of the design shown in the previous section utilize a…

Bipolar Junction Transistors as Switches

Worksheets - PLCs

Solid-state switching circuits usually keep their constituent…

Relay Construction

Textbook

Electricity and Magnetism An electric current through a conductor will…

Kirchhoff’s Laws

Worksheets - PLCs

Many electronic circuits use what is called a split or a dual power…

Synchronous Motors

Textbook

Single Phase Synchronous Motors Single-phase synchronous motors are…

ElectroStatic Discharge

Textbook

At the start of this book, we discussed static electricity and how it…

Networks and Busses

Textbook

The wires between the tank and the monitoring location is  called…

Electrical Isolation

Textbook

SPICE analysis of Electrical Isolation Aside from the ability to…

Network Protocols

Textbook

Aside from the issues of the physical network (signal types and…

Stepper Motors

Textbook

Stepper Motor vs Servo Motor A stepper motor is a…

Semiconductor Manufacturing Techniques

Textbook

The manufacture of only silicon based semiconductors is described…

AC Instrumentation Transducers

Textbook

Just as devices have been made to measure certain physical quantities…

The Silicon-Controlled Rectifier (SCR)

Textbook

Shockley Diodes and Silicon Controlled Rectifiers (SCRs) Shockley…

Tesla Polyphase Induction Motors

Textbook

Most AC motors are induction motors. Induction motors are favored due…

Network Topology

Textbook

Point-to-Point Connecting two digital devices with a network, would…

Nonlinear OpAmp Circuits

Worksheets - PLCs

Don’t just sit there! Build something!! Learning to mathematically…

More on AC “polarity”

Textbook

Complex numbers are useful for AC circuit analysis because they…

Inverting and Noninverting OpAmp Voltage Amplifier Circuits

Worksheets - PLCs

Don’t just sit there! Build something!! Learning to mathematically…

The Common-gate Amplifier (IGFET)

Textbook

Unit Conversion Calculator

Tools

Convert to and from different units of length, weight, power, temperature and torque

Contributors (14)

Textbook

Contributors to this chapter are listed in chronological order of…

Delta-Sigma ADC

Textbook

One of the more advanced ADC technologies is the so-called…

Introduction to Combinational Logic Functions

Textbook

The term “combinational” comes to us from mathematics. In…

Introduction to DC Circuits

Textbook

“DC” stands for Direct Current, which can refer to either…

How to Use an Ammeter to Measure Current

Textbook

Parts and Materials   6-volt battery   6-volt incandescent…

Miscellaneous Diode Applications

Worksheets - PLCs

Don’t just sit there! Build something!! Learning to mathematically…

The P-N Junction

Textbook

If a block of P-type semiconductor is placed in contact with a block…

NAND Gate S-R Flip-Flop

Textbook

PARTS AND MATERIALS 4011 quad NAND gate (Radio Shack catalog #…

Early Tube History

Textbook

Thomas Edison, that prolific American inventor, is often credited with…

Converting Truth Tables into Boolean Expressions

Textbook

In designing digital circuits, the designer often begins with a truth…

7-segment Display

Textbook

PARTS AND MATERIALS 4511 BCD-to-7seg latch/decoder/driver (Radio…

Free Space Path Loss Calculator

Tools

This calculator calculates the free space loss, given the distance, frequency, and gain, between two antennas.

Op-Amp Practical Considerations

Textbook

Real operational amplifiers have some imperfections compared to an…

Introduction to Solid-state Device Theory

Textbook

This chapter will cover the physics behind the operation of…

Peak Detector

Textbook

A peak detector is a series connection of a diode and a…