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2-wire analog outputs with precision DACs

In partnership with Texas Instruments

2-wire analog outputs with precision DACs

3-wire analog outputs with precision DACs

In partnership with Texas Instruments

3-wire analog outputs with precision DACs

Performance-Based Assessments for Digital Circuit Competencies

Worksheets - Data Converters

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Digital-to-Analog Conversion

Worksheets - Data Converters

If a pulse-width modulated (PWM) signal is sent to a passive…

Digital Logic Signals

Worksheets - Data Converters

A rheostat (variable resistor) and a switch are both examples of…

Digital Ramp ADC

Textbook

Also known as the stairstep-ramp, or simply counter A/D converter,…

Performance-Based Assessments for Semiconductor Circuit Competencies

Worksheets - Data Converters

The R/2R DAC (Digital-to-Analog Converter)

Textbook

The R/2R DAC circuit is an alternative to the binary-weighted-input…

Series and Parallel AC Circuits

Worksheets - Data Converters

Don’t just sit there! Build something!! Learning to mathematically…

Op-Amp Data

Textbook

Parametric data for all semiconductor op-amp models except the CA3130…

Successive Approximation ADC

Textbook

One method of addressing the digital ramp ADC’s shortcomings is the…

Performance-Based Assessments for Analog Integrated Circuit Competencies

Worksheets - Data Converters

Flash ADC

Textbook

Also called the parallel A/D converter, this circuit is the simplest…

Calculus for Electric Circuits

Worksheets - Data Converters

∫f(x) dx Calculus alert! Calculus is a branch of mathematics that…

Resistance

Textbook

The circuit in the previous section is not a very practical one. In…

Diode Switching Circuits

Textbook

Diodes can perform switching and digital logic operations. Forward and…

Stepper Motors

Worksheets - Data Converters

Don’t just sit there! Build something!! Learning to analyze digital…

Introduction to Digital-Analog Conversion

Textbook

Connecting digital circuitry to sensor devices is simple if the sensor…

Time-delay Relays

Textbook

What are Time-Delay Relays? Some relays are constructed with a kind of…

Special Diodes

Worksheets - Data Converters

Don’t just sit there! Build something!! Learning to mathematically…

The DIAC

Textbook

Like all diodes, Shockley diodes are unidirectional devices; that is,…

Transistor Ratings and Packages (BJT)

Textbook

Like all electrical and electronic components, transistors are limited…

Elementary Amplifier Theory

Worksheets - Data Converters

Fundamentally, an amplifier is a device that takes in a low-power…

Complex Vector Addition

Textbook

If vectors with uncommon angles are added, their magnitudes (lengths)…

Hand Calculator Use

Textbook

To enter numbers in scientific notation into a hand calculator, there…

Why L/R and not LR?

Textbook

Learn About L/R Time Constants It is often perplexing to new students…

An Electric Pendulum

Textbook

Capacitors store energy in the form of an electric field, and…

Hysteresis

Textbook

Thyristors are a class of semiconductor components exhibiting…

Voltage Divider Circuits

Textbook

Let’s analyze a simple series circuit and determine the voltage…

Building Simple Resistor Circuits

Textbook

In the course of learning about electricity, you will want to…

The Common-collector Amplifier

Textbook

Our next transistor configuration to study is a bit simpler for gain…

Transistor as a Switch

Textbook

PARTS AND MATERIALS Two 6-volt batteries One NPN transistor—models…

Battery Ratings

Textbook

Because batteries create current flow in a circuit by exchanging…

Regulated Power Sources

Worksheets - Data Converters

Don’t just sit there! Build something!! Learning to mathematically…

Step-up and Step-down Transformers

Textbook

So far, we’ve observed simulations of transformers where the…

Conductors, Insulators, and Electron Flow

Textbook

The electrons of different types of atoms have different degrees of…

Parallel R, L, and C

Textbook

We can take the same components from the series circuit and rearrange…

Switch Contact Design

Textbook

A switch can be constructed with any mechanism bringing two conductors…

Vacuum Tube Audio Amplifier

Textbook

PARTS AND MATERIALS One 12AX7 dual triode vacuum tube Two power…

Millman’s Theorem

Worksheets - Data Converters

Don’t just sit there! Build something!! Learning to mathematically…

Voltage Regulation

Textbook

As we saw in a few SPICE analyses earlier in this chapter, the output…

Historical, Nonmechanical Memory Technologies

Textbook

Perhaps the most ingenious technique was that of the delay line. A…

LED Resistor Calculator

Tools

An LED resistance calculator is perfect for when you have a single LED and need to know which resistor you should use.

Inductors

Textbook

Some Examples with AC Circuits

Textbook

Let’s connect three AC voltage sources in series and use complex…

CMOS Logic Gates

Worksheets - Data Converters

Counting practice: count from zero to thirty-one in binary, octal, and…

Contributors (4)

Textbook

Contributors to this chapter are listed in chronological order of…

AC Bridge Circuits

Textbook

As we saw with DC measurement circuits, the circuit configuration…

An Electric Pendulum

Textbook

Capacitors store energy in the form of an electric field, and…

Analysis Techniques for Series Parallel Resistor Circuits

Textbook

Guidelines to Series-Parallel Combination Circuit Analysis The goal of…

Performance-Based Assessments for Digital Circuit Competencies

Worksheets - Data Converters

(Template)

Rules for Limits

Textbook

Design Project: DC Voltage Regulator

Worksheets - Data Converters

It may seem difficult to even start on a project such as this, with no…