Categories

Special-purpose Diodes

Textbook

Schottky diodes Schottky diodes are constructed of a metal-to-N…

Insulated Gate Bipolar Transistors

Worksheets - Data Converters

What is an Insulated Gate Bipolar Transistor (IGBT), and what…

Series and Parallel AC Circuits

Worksheets - Data Converters

Don’t just sit there! Build something!! Learning to mathematically…

Clipper Circuits

Textbook

A circuit which removes the peak of a waveform is known as a clipper.…

Negative Feedback OpAmp Circuits

Worksheets - Data Converters

Don’t just sit there! Build something!! Learning to mathematically…

Junction field-effect transistors (JFET)

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Don’t just sit there! Build something!! Learning to mathematically…

Operational Amplifier Models

Textbook

While mention of operational amplifiers typically provokes visions of…

Op-Amp Practical Considerations

Textbook

Real operational amplifiers have some imperfections compared to an…

Meter Check of a Diode

Textbook

The Functionality of Diode Polarity Being able to determine the…

Rectifier Circuits

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Don’t just sit there! Build something!! Learning to mathematically…

Simple Parallel (Tank Circuit) Resonance

Textbook

Resonance in a Tank Circuit A condition of resonance will be…

Analog and Digital Signals

Textbook

Instrumentation is a field of study and work centering on measurement…

The “Operational” Amplifier

Textbook

Long before the advent of digital electronic technology, computers…

Introduction to Digital-Analog Conversion

Textbook

Connecting digital circuitry to sensor devices is simple if the sensor…

Tracking ADC

Textbook

A third variation on the counter-DAC-based converter theme is, in my…

Insulated-gate Field-effect Transistors (MOSFET)

Textbook

The Insulated-Gate Field-Effect Transistor (IGFET), also known as…

Performance-Based Assessments for Semiconductor Circuit Competencies

Worksheets - Data Converters

Basic Operational Amplifiers

Worksheets - Data Converters

Determine the output voltage polarity of this op-amp (with reference…

Digital Ramp ADC

Textbook

Also known as the stairstep-ramp, or simply counter A/D converter,…

Op-Amp Data

Textbook

Parametric data for all semiconductor op-amp models except the CA3130…

The R/2nR DAC: Binary-Weighted-Input Digital-to-Analog Converter

Textbook

What Is a R/2nR DAC Circuit? The R/2nR DAC circuit, otherwise known as…

Switch Types

Textbook

Though it may seem strange to cover the elementary topic of electrical…

Series DC Circuits Practice Worksheet with Answers

Worksheets - Data Converters

In this circuit, three resistors receive the same amount of current (4…

Hysteresis

Textbook

Thyristors are a class of semiconductor components exhibiting…

The Instrumentation Amplifier

Textbook

What Is an Instrumentation Amplifier? An instrumentation amplifier…

Three-phase Y and Delta Configurations

Textbook

Three-phase Wye(Y) Connection Initially, we explored the idea of…

Positive Feedback OpAmp Circuits

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Don’t just sit there! Build something!! Learning to mathematically…

Magnetic Fields and Inductance

Textbook

Whenever electrons flow through a conductor, a magnetic field will…

What is Network Analysis?

Textbook

Generally speaking, network analysis is any structured technique used…

Winding Configurations

Textbook

Transformers with Multiple Secondaries Transformers are very versatile…

The Tetrode

Textbook

As the name suggests, the tetrode tube contains four elements: cathode…

Voltage Follower

Textbook

PARTS AND MATERIALS One NPN transistor—models 2N2222 or 2N3403…

555 Monostable Multivibrator

Textbook

PARTS AND MATERIALS One 9V Battery Battery Clip (Radio Shack catalog #…

Rules for Derivatives

Textbook

Constant rule Rule of sums Rule of differences Product rule Quotient…

Successive Approximation ADC

Textbook

One method of addressing the digital ramp ADC’s shortcomings is…

Solving Simultaneous Equations: The Substitution Method and the Addition Method

Textbook

What are Simultaneous Equations and Systems of Equations? The terms…

The Silicon-Controlled Rectifier (SCR)

Textbook

Shockley Diodes and Silicon Controlled Rectifiers (SCRs) Shockley…

Non-Inverting Op-Amp Resistor Calculator

Tools

This calculator determines the bias and feedback of resistors for a non-inverting Op-Amp

Oscillator Circuits

Textbook

Phase shift oscillator. R1C1, R2C2, and R3C3 each provide 60° of…

Stepper Motors

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Don’t just sit there! Build something!! Learning to analyze digital…

Larger 5 & 6-variable Karnaugh Maps

Textbook

Larger Karnaugh maps reduce larger logic designs. How large is large…

DC Metrology

Worksheets - Data Converters

Define the following metrological terms: • Uncertainty • Accuracy…

Delta-Sigma ADC

Textbook

One of the more advanced ADC technologies is the so-called…

Active Versus Passive Devices

Textbook

Passive Devices Components incapable of controlling current by means…

555 Audio Oscillator

Textbook

PARTS AND MATERIALS Two 6 volt batteries One capacitor, 0.1 µF,…

Encoders and Decoders

Worksheets - Data Converters

What does it mean, in general terms, to encode something? Conversely,…

Resistance Calculator

Tools

This calculator calculates the resistivity of a component based on its resistance value, length, and cross-sectional area.

Regulated Power Sources

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Don’t just sit there! Build something!! Learning to mathematically…

The P-N Junction

Textbook

If a block of P-type semiconductor is placed in contact with a block…

Using Multiple Combinational Circuits

Textbook

As an example of using several circuits together, we are going to make…

Step-up and Step-down Transformers

Textbook

So far, we’ve observed simulations of transformers where the…

Voltage Divider Circuits

Textbook

Let’s analyze a simple series circuit and determine the voltage…

Binary Addition

Textbook

The Rules of Binary Addition Adding binary numbers is a very simple…

Capacitor Quirks

Textbook

As with inductors, the ideal capacitor is a purely reactive device,…

Active Filters

Worksheets - Data Converters

Don’t just sit there! Build something!! Learning to mathematically…

Class A BJT Amplifiers

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Don’t just sit there! Build something!! Learning to mathematically…

A 50-Ohm Cable?

Textbook

Early in my explorations of electricity, I came across a length of…

Induction Motor

Textbook

PARTS AND MATERIALS AC power source: 120VAC Capacitor, 3.3 µF…

Solid-state Relays

Textbook

Limitations of Electromechanical Relays As versatile as…

Automotive Alternator

Textbook

Project Parts and Materials Automotive alternator (one required, but…