Categories

Phase-Locked Loops

Worksheets - Data Converters

This is a schematic for a simple VCO: The oscillator is of the RC…

Performance-Based Assessments for Digital Circuit Competencies

Worksheets - Data Converters

(Template)

Practical Considerations of ADC Circuits

Textbook

Perhaps the most important consideration of an ADC is its resolution.…

Diode Switching Circuits

Textbook

Diodes can perform switching and digital logic operations. Forward and…

Insulated Gate Bipolar Transistors

Worksheets - Data Converters

What is an Insulated Gate Bipolar Transistor (IGBT), and what…

Digital-to-Analog Conversion

Worksheets - Data Converters

If a pulse-width modulated (PWM) signal is sent to a passive…

Junction field-effect transistors (JFET)

Worksheets - Data Converters

Don’t just sit there! Build something!! Learning to mathematically…

Feedback

Textbook

If some percentage of an amplifier’s output signal is connected…

Analog and Digital Signals

Textbook

Instrumentation is a field of study and work centering on measurement…

Op-Amp Data

Textbook

Parametric data for all semiconductor op-amp models except the CA3130…

Special-purpose Diodes

Textbook

Schottky diodes Schottky diodes are constructed of a metal-to-N…

The R/2R DAC (Digital-to-Analog Converter)

Textbook

The R/2R DAC circuit is an alternative to the binary-weighted-input…

Active Filters

Worksheets - Data Converters

Don’t just sit there! Build something!! Learning to mathematically…

Differential Transistor Amplifiers

Worksheets - Data Converters

Don’t just sit there! Build something!! Learning to mathematically…

Mixed-Frequency Signals

Worksheets - Data Converters

What is a harmonic frequency? If an oscillator circuit outputs a…

Passive Filter Circuits

Worksheets - Data Converters

In very simple, qualitative terms, rate the impedance of capacitors…

Bipolar Junction Transistor (BJT) theory

Worksheets - Data Converters

Don’t just sit there! Build something!! Learning to mathematically…

Operational Amplifier Models

Textbook

While mention of operational amplifiers typically provokes visions of…

Voltage/Current Converter OpAmp Circuits

Worksheets - Data Converters

Don’t just sit there! Build something!! Learning to mathematically…

Negative Feedback OpAmp Circuits

Worksheets - Data Converters

Don’t just sit there! Build something!! Learning to mathematically…

Transistors, Insulated-gate Field-effect (IGFET or MOSFET)

Textbook

We have the symbols for depletion mode and enhancement mode MOSFETs -…

A Very Simple Circuit

Textbook

Parts and Materials 6-volt battery 6-volt incandescent lamp Jumper…

Introduction to Mixed-Frequency AC Signals

Textbook

In our study of AC circuits thus far, we’ve explored circuits…

Binary Math Circuits

Worksheets - Data Converters

Add the following binary numbers:

Phasing

Textbook

Since transformers are essentially AC devices, we need to be aware of…

Negative Feedback

Textbook

If we connect the output of an op-amp to its inverting input and apply…

Differential Amplifier

Textbook

PARTS AND MATERIALS Two 6-volt batteries Two NPN…

Current Mirror BJTs

Textbook

Bipolar Junction Transistor or BJT Current Mirror An often-used…

Stepper Motors

Worksheets - Data Converters

Don’t just sit there! Build something!! Learning to analyze digital…

From Electric to Electronic

Textbook

Introduction This third volume of the book series Lessons In Electric…

Active-mode Operation (BJT)

Textbook

When a transistor is in the fully-off state (like an open switch), it…

Calculus for Electric Circuits

Worksheets - Data Converters

∫f(x) dx Calculus alert! Calculus is a branch of mathematics that…

Voltage Divider

Textbook

PARTS AND MATERIALS Calculator (or pencil and paper for doing…

Series and Parallel AC Circuits

Worksheets - Data Converters

Don’t just sit there! Build something!! Learning to mathematically…

Three-phase Transformer Circuits

Textbook

Since three-phase is used so often for power distribution systems, it…

Digital Logic Signals

Worksheets - Data Converters

A rheostat (variable resistor) and a switch are both examples of…

Metric Prefixes and Unit Conversions

Textbook

Metric Prefixes   Yotta = 1024 Symbol: Y Zetta = 1021 Symbol: Z…

Digital Ramp ADC

Textbook

Also known as the stairstep-ramp, or simply counter A/D converter,…

JFET Amplifiers

Worksheets - Data Converters

Don’t just sit there! Build something!! Learning to mathematically…

Introduction to Bipolar Junction Transistors (BJT)

Textbook

The invention of the bipolar transistor in 1948 ushered in a…

PWM Power Controller

Textbook

PARTS AND MATERIALS Four 6 volt batteries One capacitor, 100 µF…

Switches, Process Actuated

Textbook

It is very important to keep in mind that the “normal”…

A Binary Adder

Textbook

Suppose we wanted to build a device that could add two binary bits…

Power Supply Circuits

Textbook

There are three major kinds of power supplies: unregulated (also…

Ohmmeter Usage

Textbook

Parts and Materials Multimeter, digital or analog Assorted resistors…

Electrical Signal Types

Textbook

With BogusBus, our signals were very simple and straightforward: each…

Active Filters

Worksheets - Data Converters

Don’t just sit there! Build something!! Learning to mathematically…

Parallel R, L, and C

Textbook

We can take the same components from the series circuit and rearrange…

Current Signal Systems

Textbook

Current Source It is possible through the use of electronic amplifiers…

What Are Electric Circuits?

Textbook

You might have been wondering how charges can continuously flow in a…

Performance-Based Assessments for Network Analysis Competencies

Worksheets - Data Converters

BJT Quirks

Textbook

An ideal transistor would show 0% distortion in amplifying a signal.…

Connectors

Textbook

An electrical connector, is an electro-mechanical device used to join…

Introduction to Electron Tubes

Textbook

An often neglected area of study in modern electronics is that of…

555 Timer Astable Circuit

Tools

In an astable circuit, the output voltage alternates between VCC and 0 volts on a continuous basis.

AC Network Analysis

Worksheets - Data Converters

Don’t just sit there! Build something!! Learning to mathematically…

Microwave Tubes

Textbook

For extremely high-frequency applications (above 1 GHz), the…

Wire Self Inductance Calculator

Tools

This calculator will help compute the inductance of a length of wire.

“Long’’ and “Short’’ Transmission Lines

Textbook

In DC and low-frequency AC circuits, the characteristic impedance of…

Arithmetic with Scientific Notation

Textbook

The benefits of scientific notation do not end with ease of writing…