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2-wire analog outputs with precision DACs

In partnership with Texas Instruments

2-wire analog outputs with precision DACs

3-wire analog outputs with precision DACs

In partnership with Texas Instruments

3-wire analog outputs with precision DACs

Thyristor Application Circuits

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Don’t just sit there! Build something!! Learning to mathematically…

Stepper Motors

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Don’t just sit there! Build something!! Learning to analyze digital…

Biasing Techniques (BJT)

Textbook

In the common-emitter section of this chapter, we saw a SPICE analysis…

Pulse Width Modulation

Textbook

Pulse Width Modulation (PWM) uses digital signals to control power…

Integrator

Textbook

PARTS AND MATERIALS Four 6 volt batteries Operational amplifier, model…

Successive Approximation ADC

Textbook

One method of addressing the digital ramp ADC’s shortcomings is…

Feedback

Textbook

If some percentage of an amplifier’s output signal is connected…

Microcontroller Principles

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Read the following quotation, and then research the term…

Performance-Based Assessments for Analog Integrated Circuit Competencies

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Computational Circuits

Textbook

When someone mentions the word “computer,” a digital…

Slope (integrating) ADC

Textbook

So far, we’ve only been able to escape the sheer volume of…

Series and Parallel AC Circuits

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Don’t just sit there! Build something!! Learning to mathematically…

Conventional Transistor Overview and Special Transistors

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A microcontroller is a specialized type of digital computer used to…

Introduction to Digital-Analog Conversion

Textbook

Connecting digital circuitry to sensor devices is simple if the sensor…

Basic Operational Amplifiers

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Determine the output voltage polarity of this op-amp (with reference…

Resonant Filters

Textbook

So far, the filter designs we’ve concentrated on have employed…

Performance-Based Assessments for Semiconductor Circuit Competencies

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Precise Diode Circuits

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Don’t just sit there! Build something!! Learning to mathematically…

Delta-Sigma ADC

Textbook

One of the more advanced ADC technologies is the so-called…

The R/2R DAC (Digital-to-Analog Converter)

Textbook

The R/2R DAC circuit is an alternative to the binary-weighted-input…

The R/2nR DAC: Binary-Weighted-Input Digital-to-Analog Converter

Textbook

What Is a R/2nR DAC Circuit? The R/2nR DAC circuit, otherwise known as…

Transistor Ratings and Packages (JFET)

Textbook

Pulse Width Modulation

Textbook

Pulse Width Modulation (PWM) uses digital signals to control power…

Peak, Average, and RMS Measurements

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How is it possible to assign a fixed value of voltage or current (such…

DC Circuit Equations and Laws

Textbook

Power Equation of Ohm’s Law and Joule’s Law    …

Op-Amp Data

Textbook

Parametric data for all semiconductor op-amp models except the CA3130…

Harmonic Phase Sequences

Textbook

In the last section, we saw how the 3rd harmonic and all of its…

Thevenin-Norton Equivalencies

Textbook

Since Thevenin’s and Norton’s Theorems are two equally…

Why L/R and not LR?

Textbook

Learn About L/R Time Constants It is often perplexing to new students…

Junction Diodes

Textbook

There was some historic crude, but usable were some historic crude,…

Zener Diodes

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Don’t just sit there! Build something!! Learning to mathematically…

Rectifier Circuits

Textbook

What is Rectification? Now we come to the most popular application of…

What Are Zener Diodes?

Textbook

What Is a Zener Diode? A Zener diode is a special type of rectifying…

Motor Control Circuits

Textbook

The interlock contacts installed in the previous section’s motor…

Voltage Comparator

Textbook

Parts and Materials Operational amplifier, model 1458 or 353…

Single-ended and Differential Amplifiers

Textbook

For ease of drawing complex circuit diagrams, electronic amplifiers…

Voltage, Current, and Resistance

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Voltage is commonly defined as “electrical pressure.” The unit of…

Time-delay Relays

Textbook

What are Time-Delay Relays? Some relays are constructed with a kind of…

Passive Filter Circuits

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In very simple, qualitative terms, rate the impedance of capacitors…

Inductive Reactance

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Don’t just sit there! Build something!! Learning to mathematically…

Shift Registers: Parallel-in, Serial-out (PISO) Conversion

Textbook

Parallel-in/ serial-out shift registers do everything that the…

Power Quality Measurement

Textbook

It used to be with large AC power systems that “power…

True, Reactive, and Apparent Power

Textbook

Reactive Power We know that reactive loads such as inductors and…

DC Generator Theory

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Generators used in battery-charging systems must be regulated so as to…

Contactors

Textbook

All About Contactors When a relay is used to switch a large amount of…

Contributors (16)

Textbook

Contributors to this chapter are listed in chronological order of…

Electromagnetic Induction

Textbook

While Oersted’s surprising discovery of electromagnetism paved…

Microcontroller Principles

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Read the following quotation, and then research the term…

Autotransformers

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How much voltage is there between the following pairs of points in…

Solving Simultaneous Equations: The Substitution Method and the Addition Method

Textbook

What are Simultaneous Equations and Systems of Equations? The terms…

Standing Waves and Resonance

Textbook

Whenever there is a mismatch of impedance between transmission line…

Safe Practices

Textbook

If at all possible, shut off the power to a circuit before performing…

Metric Prefix Conversions

Textbook

To express a quantity in a different metric prefix from how it was…

Contact “Normal” State and Make/Break Sequence

Textbook

Any kind of switch contact can be designed so that the contacts…

ElectroStatic Discharge

Textbook

At the start of this book, we discussed static electricity and how it…

High-impedance Voltmeter

Textbook

PARTS AND MATERIALS Operational amplifier, model TL082 recommended…

Finite State Machines

Textbook

Up to now, every circuit that was presented was a combinatorial…

Tubes versus Semiconductors

Textbook

Devoting a whole chapter in a modern electronics text to the design…

Frequency and Phase Measurement

Textbook

An important electrical quantity with no equivalent in DC circuits is…

Safe Circuit Design

Textbook

As we saw earlier, a power system with no secure connection to earth…