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Electromechanical Relay Logic

Worksheets - Switches

In ladder logic symbolism, an electromechanical relay coil is shown as…

Permissive and Interlock Circuits

Textbook

A practical application of switch and relay logic is in control…

Relay Construction

Textbook

Electricity and Magnetism An electric current through a conductor will…

Hysteresis

Textbook

Thyristors are a class of semiconductor components exhibiting…

Switches

Worksheets - Switches

What is the purpose of the switch shown in this schematic diagram?

Full-wave Center-tap Rectifier

Textbook

PARTS AND MATERIALS Low-voltage AC power supply (6-volt output) Two…

DC Motor Control Circuits

Worksheets - Switches

How is it possible to electrically measure the torque output by a…

Transistor as a Switch

Textbook

PARTS AND MATERIALS Two 6-volt batteries One NPN…

Monostable Multivibrators

Textbook

We’ve already seen one example of a monostable multivibrator in…

The J-K Flip-Flop

Textbook

Another variation on a theme of bistable multivibrators is the J-K…

Linear Computational Circuitry

Worksheets - Switches

Don’t just sit there! Build something!! Learning to mathematically…

Likely Failures in Unproven Systems

Textbook

“All men are liable to error;” —John Locke Whereas…

Switch Types

Textbook

Though it may seem strange to cover the elementary topic of electrical…

The S-R Latch

Textbook

A bistable multivibrator has two stable states, as indicated by the…

TTL Logic Gates

Worksheets - Switches

Counting practice: count from zero to thirty-one in binary, octal, and…

The Bipolar Junction Transistor (BJT) as a Switch

Textbook

Bipolar junction transistors (Also known as BJTs) can be used as an…

Contact “Normal” State and Make/Break Sequence

Textbook

Any kind of switch contact can be designed so that the contacts…

Performance-Based Assessments for Digital Circuit Competencies

Worksheets - Switches

(Template)

Fail-safe Design

Textbook

Logic circuits, whether comprised of electromechanical relays or…

Latch Circuits

Worksheets - Switches

What do you think this logic buffer gate will do, with the output…

Insulated Gate Bipolar Transistors

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What is an Insulated Gate Bipolar Transistor (IGBT), and what…

DC Generator Theory

Worksheets - Switches

Generators used in battery-charging systems must be regulated so as to…

Hysteresis

Textbook

Thyristors are a class of semiconductor components exhibiting…

The Bipolar Junction Transistor (BJT) as a Switch

Textbook

Bipolar junction transistors (Also known as BJTs) can be used as an…

AC Motor Control Circuits

Worksheets - Switches

Perhaps the most challenging aspect of interpreting ladder diagrams,…

Torque Conversion Calculator

Tools

A tool designed to convert between units of torque

Tesla Polyphase Induction Motors

Textbook

Most AC motors are induction motors. Induction motors are favored due…

DC Motor Control Circuits

Worksheets - Switches

How is it possible to electrically measure the torque output by a…

Switches, Hand Actuated

Textbook

A switch is an electrical component that can “make” or…

Switch Types

Textbook

Though it may seem strange to cover the elementary topic of electrical…

Voltage Regulation

Textbook

As we saw in a few SPICE analyses earlier in this chapter, the output…

Monostable Multivibrators

Textbook

We’ve already seen one example of a monostable multivibrator in…

DC Lab - Potentiometer as a Rheostat

Textbook

In this hands-on electronics experiment, you will use a potentiometer as a variable resistor to control the speed of a motor and learn how to connect a potentiometer as a rheostat.

Basic Electromagnetic Relays

Worksheets - Switches

Don’t just sit there! Build something!! Learning to analyze relay…

Programmable Logic Controllers (PLC)

Textbook

Before the advent of solid-state logic circuits, logical control…

Winding Configurations

Textbook

Transformers with Multiple Secondaries Transformers are very versatile…

Electromagnetism

Textbook

The discovery of the relationship between magnetism and electricity…

Likely Failures in Unproven Systems

Textbook

“All men are liable to error;” —John Locke Whereas…

The Silicon-Controlled Switch (SCS)

Textbook

If we take the equivalent circuit of an SCR and add another external…

Switches, Electrically Actuated (Relays)

Textbook

The structure behind ladder logic is based on the electrical ladder…

Finite-state Machine

Textbook

Feedback is a fascinating engineering principle. It can turn a rather…

Safety Grounding

Worksheets - Switches

In simple AC power systems, one of the two conductors is typically…

Resistors

Textbook

Because the relationship between voltage, current, and resistance in…

Phase Shift

Textbook

PARTS AND MATERIALS Low-voltage AC power supply Two capacitors, 0.1…

What is Network Analysis?

Textbook

The basic application of Ohm’s law to combinations of series and…

Active-mode Operation (JFET)

Textbook

JFETs, like bipolar transistors, are able to “throttle”…

Electric Fields and Capacitance

Textbook

Introduction Whenever an electric voltage exists between two separated…

Electrical Isolation

Textbook

SPICE analysis of Electrical Isolation Aside from the ability to…

Power Density Calculator

Tools

A tool designed to calculate the power density of an antenna

Counters

Worksheets - Switches

Don’t just sit there! Build something!! Learning to analyze digital…

Quantum Physics

Textbook

“I think it is safe to say that no one understands quantum…

Waveguides

Textbook

A waveguide is a special form of transmission line consisting of a…

Waveguide Calculator (Circular)

Tools

This tool calculates the cutoff frequency of a circular waveguide

Introduction to AC Circuits

Textbook

“AC” stands for Alternating Current, which can refer to…

Harmonics in Polyphase Power Systems

Textbook

In the chapter on mixed-frequency signals, we explored the concept of…

Impedance

Worksheets - Switches

Don’t just sit there! Build something!! Learning to mathematically…

Contributors (1)

Textbook

Contributors to this chapter are listed in chronological order of…

Ohm’s Law Practice Worksheet With Answers

Worksheets - Switches

Define the following terms: energy, work, and power.

DC Lab - Build Your Own Multimeter

Textbook

In this hands-on electronics experiment, you will build a simple voltmeter and ammeter while learning some fundamentals about circuit measurements.

AC Negative Feedback OpAmp Circuits

Worksheets - Switches

Don’t just sit there! Build something!! Learning to mathematically…