Categories

Ohm’s Law

Textbook

PARTS AND MATERIALS Calculator (or pencil and paper for doing…

Thevenin’s, Norton’s, and Maximum Power Transfer Theorems

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Suppose a 12 volt lead-acid battery has an internal resistance of 20…

Ammeter Design

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What would happen to this meter movement, if connected directly to a…

Resistors

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Shown here is the schematic symbol for a resistor: What is the purpose…

Design Project: Dual-output AC-DC Power Supply

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Safety is very important when designing and/or building a device…

Rectifying Diodes

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Don’t just sit there! Build something!! Learning to mathematically…

Capacitive Reactance

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Don’t just sit there! Build something!! Learning to mathematically…

Voltmeter Usage

Textbook

PARTS AND MATERIALS Multimeter, digital or analog Assorted batteries…

Op-Amp Practical Considerations

Textbook

Real operational amplifiers have some imperfections compared to an…

The Silicon-Controlled Rectifier (SCR)

Textbook

Shockley Diodes and Silicon Controlled Rectifiers (SCRs) Shockley…

Precision Potentiometer

Textbook

PARTS AND MATERIALS Two single-turn, linear-taper potentiometers, 5…

DC Bridge Circuits

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Don’t just sit there! Build something!! Learning to mathematically…

Meter Check of a Diode

Textbook

The Functionality of Diode Polarity Being able to determine the…

Arc Flash and Arc Blast

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Electromechanical relays used to start and stop high-power electric…

Make Your Own Multimeter

Textbook

PARTS AND MATERIALS Sensitive meter movement (Radio Shack catalog #…

Ammeter Impact on Measured Circuit

Textbook

Just like voltmeters, ammeters tend to influence the amount of current…

High Voltage Ohmmeters

Textbook

Most ohmmeters of the design shown in the previous section utilize a…

Voltmeter Design

Worksheets - Digital Multimeters

Suppose I were about to measure an unknown voltage with a manual-range…

Ammeter Design

Textbook

Ammeters Measure Electrical Current A meter designed to measure…

Voltage Follower

Textbook

PARTS AND MATERIALS One NPN transistor—models 2N2222 or 2N3403…

PWM Power Controller

Textbook

PARTS AND MATERIALS Four 6 volt batteries One capacitor, 100 µF…

Time Constant Circuits

Worksheets - Digital Multimeters

Generally speaking, how many “time constants” worth of time does…

Ohm’s Law - How Voltage, Current, and Resistance Relate

Textbook

The first, and perhaps most important, the relationship between…

Miscellaneous Diode Applications

Worksheets - Digital Multimeters

Don’t just sit there! Build something!! Learning to mathematically…

BJT Amplifier Troubleshooting

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As an instructor of electronics, I am called upon frequently to help…

DC Metrology

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Define the following metrological terms: • Uncertainty • Accuracy…

OpAmp Oscillator Circuits

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Don’t just sit there! Build something!! Learning to mathematically…

Passive Integrator and Differentiator Circuits

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∫f(x) dx Calculus alert! Calculus is a branch of mathematics that…

Magnetic Units of Measurement

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In electric circuits, the three basic quantities are voltage (E or V),…

A Very Simple Circuit

Textbook

Parts and Materials 6-volt battery 6-volt incandescent lamp Jumper…

Musical Keyboard as a Signal Generator

Textbook

PARTS AND MATERIALS Electronic “keyboard” (musical)…

ElectroStatic Discharge

Textbook

At the start of this book, we discussed static electricity and how it…

Ohm’s Law

Worksheets - Digital Multimeters

For a given amount of water pressure, which will flow a greater rate…

Basic Ohmmeter Use

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Explain how an ohmmeter is able to measure the resistance of a…

Hand Calculator Use

Textbook

To enter numbers in scientific notation into a hand calculator, there…

Voltmeter Impact on Measured Circuit

Textbook

Every meter impacts the circuit it is measuring to some extent, just…

Phase-Locked Loops

Worksheets - Digital Multimeters

This is a schematic for a simple VCO: The oscillator is of the RC…

Performance-Based Assessments for Analog Integrated Circuit Competencies

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Analog and Digital Signals

Textbook

Instrumentation is a field of study and work centering on measurement…

DC Mesh Current Analysis

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Don’t just sit there! Build something!! Learning to mathematically…

Millman’s Theorem

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Don’t just sit there! Build something!! Learning to mathematically…

Logarithms for Analog Circuits

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The concept of a mathematical power is familiar to most students of…

Polarity of voltage drops

Textbook

When using conventional current flow, we can trace the direction of…

Algebraic Equation Manipulation for Electric Circuits

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The electrical resistance of a conductor at any temperature may be…

The S-R Latch

Textbook

A bistable multivibrator has two stable states, as indicated by the…

Slope (integrating) ADC

Textbook

So far, we’ve only been able to escape the sheer volume of…

Arithmetic with Scientific Notation

Textbook

The benefits of scientific notation do not end with ease of writing…

Digital Logic With Feedback

Textbook

With simple gate and combinational logic circuits, there is a definite…

Using Multiple Combinational Circuits

Textbook

As an example of using several circuits together, we are going to make…

Transformer—Power Supply

Textbook

PARTS AND MATERIALS Power transformer, 120VAC step-down to 12VAC,…

Mutual Inductors

Textbook

Mutual inductors are inductors that capitalize the effect of mutual…

The Triode

Textbook

De Forest’s Audion tube came to be known as the triode tube…

Binary Math Circuits

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Add the following binary numbers:

Active Loads in Amplifier Circuits

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We know that the current in a series circuit may be calculated with…

Practical considerations - Digital Communication

Textbook

A principal consideration for industrial control networks, where the…

Modern Nonmechanical Memory

Textbook

Now we can proceed to studying specific types of digital storage…

Unit Conversion Calculator

Tools

Convert to and from different units of length, weight, power, temperature and torque

Superconducting Devices

Textbook

Superconducting devices, though not widely used, have some unique…

Simultaneous Equations for Circuit Analysis

Worksheets - Digital Multimeters

Solve this equation for the value of x: x + 5 = 8 How many exact…

CMOS Logic Gates

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Counting practice: count from zero to thirty-one in binary, octal, and…