Categories

Basic Voltmeter Use

Worksheets - PCBs

What will this voltmeter register when connected to a battery as shown…

Practical Considerations - Capacitors

Textbook

Capacitors, like all electrical components, have limitations that must…

Stripline Crosstalk Calculator

Tools

This tool is designed to calculate cross-talk coefficient and coupled voltage for a stripline

Creating Custom Calibration Resistances

Textbook

Often in the course of designing and building electrical meter…

Special Transformers and Applications

Textbook

Impedance Matching Because transformers can step voltage and current…

Re-drawing Complex Schematics

Textbook

Typically, complex circuits are not arranged in nice, neat, clean…

Microstrip Impedance Calculator

Tools

This calculator helps you compute the characteristic impedance of a microstrip.

Resistors

Textbook

Because the relationship between voltage, current, and resistance in…

Induction Motor, Large

Textbook

PARTS AND MATERIALS AC power source: 120VAC Capacitor, 3.3 µF…

Building Simple Resistor Circuits

Textbook

In the course of learning about electricity, you will want to…

Printed Circuit Board Layout and Manufacture

Worksheets - PCBs

When a PCB designer speaks of dimensions in thous or mils, what does…

Microstrip Max Current Calculator

Tools

A calculator for solving the maximum current a microstrip can handle.

Basic Oscilloscope Operation

Worksheets - PCBs

An oscilloscope is a very useful piece of electronic test equipment.…

Heat Sink Calculator

Tools

This calculator helps determine the maximum temperature a device can withstand

Voltmeter Design

Worksheets - PCBs

Suppose I were about to measure an unknown voltage with a manual-range…

Microstrip Crosstalk Calculator

Tools

This tool is designed to calculate cross-talk coefficient and coupled voltage for a microstrip.

Polyphase Power Systems

Worksheets - PCBs

Explain the difference between a balanced polyphase system and an…

Basic Ohmmeter Use

Worksheets - PCBs

Explain how an ohmmeter is able to measure the resistance of a…

Broadside Coupled Trace Inductance Calculator

Tools

This calculator helps you compute the inductance of a broadside coupled trace.

Basic Electricity Worksheet

Worksheets - PCBs

What is the purpose of the switch shown in this schematic diagram?

Boolean Arithmetic

Textbook

Let us begin our exploration of Boolean algebra by adding numbers…

Microstrip Impedance Calculator

Tools

This calculator helps you compute the characteristic impedance of a microstrip.

Binary Math

Worksheets - PCBs

Counting practice: count from zero to thirty-one in binary, octal, and…

NOR Gate S-R Latch

Textbook

PARTS AND MATERIALS 4001 quad NOR gate (Radio Shack catalog #…

What is a Filter?

Textbook

It is sometimes desirable to have circuits capable of selectively…

Gas Discharge Tubes

Textbook

If you’ve ever witnessed a lightning storm, you’ve seen…

DC Mesh Current Analysis

Worksheets - PCBs

Don’t just sit there! Build something!! Learning to mathematically…

Transistors, Insulated-gate Field-effect (IGFET or MOSFET)

Textbook

We have the symbols for depletion mode and enhancement mode MOSFETs -…

Differential Amplifier

Textbook

PARTS AND MATERIALS Two 6-volt batteries Two NPN…

The “Buffer” Gate

Textbook

If we were to connect two inverter gates together so that the output…

Power Calculations

Textbook

When calculating the power dissipation of resistive components, use…

Thevenin’s Theorem

Textbook

Thevenin’s Theorem states that it is possible to simplify any…

Wire Loop Inductance Calculator

Tools

This calculator helps you compute the inductance of a wire loop.

OpAmp Oscillator Circuits

Worksheets - PCBs

Don’t just sit there! Build something!! Learning to mathematically…

Digital Logic Functions

Textbook

We can construct a simple logic functions for our hypothetical lamp…

Voltmeter Usage

Textbook

PARTS AND MATERIALS Multimeter, digital or analog Assorted batteries…

Inverting Op-Amp Resistor Calculator

Tools

This calculator determines the bias and feedback of resistors for an inverting op-amp.

Capacitor Quirks

Textbook

As with inductors, the ideal capacitor is a purely reactive device,…

Voltage Divider Calculator

Tools

The voltage divider is a circuit used to create a voltage less than or equal to the input voltage.

The Common-drain Amplifier (IGFET)

Textbook

Voltage-to-Current Signal Conversion

Textbook

In instrumentation circuitry, DC signals are often used as analog…

AC Bridge Circuits

Textbook

As we saw with DC measurement circuits, the circuit configuration…

Practical Considerations of ADC Circuits

Textbook

Perhaps the most important consideration of an ADC is its resolution.…

Electromagnetism

Textbook

The discovery of the relationship between magnetism and electricity…

Selsyn (Synchro) Motors

Textbook

Normally, the rotor windings of a wound rotor induction motor are…

Biasing Techniques (BJT)

Textbook

In the common-emitter section of this chapter, we saw a SPICE analysis…

Practical Considerations - Inductors

Textbook

Inductors, like all electrical components, have limitations which must…

Positive Feedback

Textbook

As we’ve seen, negative feedback is an incredibly useful…

Edge Coupled Trace Inductance Calculator

Tools

This calculator helps you compute for the inductance of an edge coupled trace.

Amplifier Impedances

Textbook

Input impedance varies considerably with the circuit configuration…

Electric Fields and Capacitance

Textbook

Introduction Whenever an electric voltage exists between two separated…

Millman’s Theorem

Worksheets - PCBs

Don’t just sit there! Build something!! Learning to mathematically…

What is Alternating Current (AC)?

Textbook

Most students of electricity begin their study with what is known as…

Important Constants

Textbook

Euler’s Number Euler’s constant is an important value for…

The “Operational” Amplifier

Textbook

Long before the advent of digital electronic technology, computers…

The D Latch

Textbook

Since the enable input on a gated S-R latch provides a way to latch…

Precise Diode Circuits

Worksheets - PCBs

Don’t just sit there! Build something!! Learning to mathematically…

Inductor Transient Response

Textbook

Inductors have the exact opposite characteristics of capacitors.…

Common-Emitter Amplifier

Textbook

PARTS AND MATERIALS One NPN transistor—model 2N2222 or 2N3403…

Microwave Tubes

Textbook

For extremely high-frequency applications (above 1 GHz), the…