Categories

Pressure Unit Conversion Calculator

Tools

This calculator will convert pressure values to ten different standard units for pressure.

AC Instrumentation Transducers

Textbook

Just as devices have been made to measure certain physical quantities…

Wheatstone Bridge Calculator

Tools

This calculator helps determine the resistance of a variable resistor within a Wheatstone bridge circuit or the differential voltage created across the bridge terminals.

Pulsed-light Sensor

Textbook

PARTS AND MATERIALS Two 6-volt batteries One NPN…

Physiological Effects of Electricity

Textbook

Most of us have experienced some form of electric “shock,”…

Potentiometer as a Rheostat

Textbook

Learning Objectives Rheostat use Wiring a potentiometer as a rheostat…

Permanent Magnets

Textbook

Centuries ago, it was discovered that certain types of mineral rock…

Switches, Process Actuated

Textbook

It is very important to keep in mind that the “normal”…

Sensitive Voltage Detector

Textbook

PARTS AND MATERIALS High-quality “closed-cup” audio…

Bipolar Junction Transistors

Textbook

The bipolar junction transistor (BJT) was named because its operation…

Differentiator and Integrator Circuits

Textbook

By introducing electrical reactance into the feedback loops of an…

Differential Amplifier

Textbook

PARTS AND MATERIALS Two 6-volt batteries Two NPN…

Voltage Divider Calculator

Tools

The voltage divider is a circuit used to create a voltage less than or equal to the input voltage.

Static Electricity Sensor

Textbook

PARTS AND MATERIALS One N-channel junction field-effect transistor,…

pH Measurement

Textbook

A very important measurement in many liquid chemical processes…

Synchronous Motors

Textbook

Single Phase Synchronous Motors Single-phase synchronous motors are…

4-wire Resistance Measurement

Textbook

PARTS AND MATERIALS 6-volt battery Electromagnet made from experiment…

Look-up Tables

Textbook

Having learned about digital memory devices in the last chapter, we…

Voltmeter Impact on Measured Circuit

Textbook

Every meter impacts the circuit it is measuring to some extent, just…

Brushless DC Motor

Textbook

Brushless DC motors were developed from conventional brushed DC motors…

Op-Amp Voltage and Gain Calculator

Tools

A calculator for computing the gain and output voltage of an operational amplifier

Basic Logic Gates

Worksheets - Sensors

Identify the type of logic gate shown in this schematic diagram, and…

Balanced Attenuator Calculator

Tools

This balanced attenuator calculator helps you determine the resistor (R1) values for a balanced attenuator.

Basic Logic Gate Troubleshooting

Worksheets - Sensors

Counting practice: count from zero to thirty-one in binary, octal, and…

RF Power Ratio Conversion Calculator

Tools

This tool is designed to convert power ratios to decibel

Design Project: Audio Power Amplifier

Worksheets - Sensors

Explain how the microphone in your amplifier works. How, exactly, does…

Summary of Filters

Textbook

As lengthy as this chapter has been up to this point, it only begins…

Scientific Notation and Metric Prefixes

Worksheets - Sensors

Write the following exponential expressions in expanded form: 101 =…

Kelvin (4-wire) Resistance Measurement

Textbook

Suppose we wished to measure the resistance of some component located…

Rectifier Circuits

Textbook

What is Rectification? Now we come to the most popular application of…

Series R, L, and C

Textbook

Let’s take the following example circuit and analyze it:  …

Making a Venn Diagram Look Like a Karnaugh Map

Textbook

Starting with circle A in a rectangular A’ universe in figure…

Complex Voltage and Current Calculations

Textbook

There are circumstances when you may need to analyze a DC reactive…

Convert MCD to Lumens

Tools

This calculator is useful for calculating the luminous flux for LEDs where the angle is known.

Multi-Stage Transistor Amplifiers

Worksheets - Sensors

Don’t just sit there! Build something!! Learning to mathematically…

Resistivity Calculator

Tools

This calculator calculates the resistivity of a component based on its resistance value, length, and cross-sectional area.

NAND Gate S-R Flip-Flop

Textbook

PARTS AND MATERIALS 4011 quad NAND gate (Radio Shack catalog #…

Boolean Algebra

Worksheets - Sensors

Don’t just sit there! Build something!! Learning to analyze digital…

Voltage Regulator

Textbook

PARTS AND MATERIALS Four 6 volt batteries Zener diode, 12…

High-impedance Voltmeter

Textbook

PARTS AND MATERIALS Operational amplifier, model TL082 recommended…

Inductance

Worksheets - Sensors

∫f(x) dx Calculus alert! One of the fundamental principles of…

LC Resonant Frequency Calculator

Tools

A circuit with an inductor (L) and capacitor (C) connected in parallel or series will have a resonant frequency at which their impedances are equal. Given two of the three values—inductance, capacitance, or resonant frequency—this tool will calculate the missing third variable.

The Gated S-R Latch

Textbook

It is sometimes useful in logic circuits to have a multivibrator which…

Sensing AC Magnetic Fields

Textbook

PARTS AND MATERIALS Audio detector with headphones Electromagnet coil…

Parallel Resistor-Capacitor Circuits

Textbook

Using the same value components in our series example circuit, we will…

Divided Feedback

Textbook

If we add a voltage divider to the negative feedback wiring so that…

Voltmeter Usage

Textbook

PARTS AND MATERIALS Multimeter, digital or analog Assorted batteries…

Vacuum Tube Audio Amplifier

Textbook

PARTS AND MATERIALS One 12AX7 dual triode vacuum tube Two power…

Specific Resistance

Textbook

Designing Wire Resistance Conductor ampacity rating is a crude…

Peak Voltage Calculator

Tools

The peak voltage calculator calculates peak voltage values from the peak-to-peak voltage, RMS voltage, or average voltage.

Introduction to Boolean Algebra

Textbook

Mathematical rules are based on the defining limits we place on the…

The S-R Latch

Textbook

A bistable multivibrator has two stable states, as indicated by the…

Stepper Motors

Worksheets - Sensors

Don’t just sit there! Build something!! Learning to analyze digital…

Conventional Versus Electron Flow

Textbook

“The nice thing about standards is that there are so many of…

Resonance

Worksheets - Sensors

The Q factor of a series inductive circuit is given by the following…

Electrical Noise and Interference

Worksheets - Sensors

Define what noise means, in the electrical sense of the word. How does…

Inductors

Worksheets - Sensors

∫f(x) dx Calculus alert! A 5 H inductor is subjected to an electric…

Encoder

Textbook

What is an Encoder? An encoder is a circuit that changes a set of…

Why L/R and not LR?

Textbook

Learn About L/R Time Constants It is often perplexing to new students…

Passive Integrator and Differentiator Circuits

Worksheets - Sensors

∫f(x) dx Calculus alert! Calculus is a branch of mathematics that…