Categories

Wheatstone Bridge Calculator

Tools

This calculator helps determine the resistance of a variable resistor within a Wheatstone bridge circuit or the differential voltage created across the bridge terminals.

pH Measurement

Textbook

A very important measurement in many liquid chemical processes…

DC Lab - Thermoelectricity

Textbook

In this hands-on electronics experiment, you will build a thermocouple to measure temperature changes and learn about the Seebeck effect.

Single-ended and Differential Amplifiers

Textbook

For ease of drawing complex circuit diagrams, electronic amplifiers…

Building a Differential Amplifier

Textbook

Differential Op-Amp Circuits An op-amp with no feedback is already a…

Brushless DC Motor

Textbook

Brushless DC motors were developed from conventional brushed DC motors…

Voltmeter Impact on Measured Circuit

Textbook

Every meter impacts the circuit it is measuring to some extent, just…

Strain Gauges

Textbook

If a strip of conductive metal is stretched, it will become skinnier…

Differentiator and Integrator Circuits

Textbook

By introducing electrical reactance into the feedback loops of an…

Physiological Effects of Electricity

Textbook

Most of us have experienced some form of electric “shock,”…

Permanent Magnets

Textbook

Centuries ago, it was discovered that certain types of mineral rock…

Static Electricity Sensor

Textbook

PARTS AND MATERIALS One N-channel junction field-effect transistor,…

Voltage Divider Calculator

Tools

The voltage divider is a circuit used to create a voltage less than or equal to the input voltage.

Synchronous Motors

Textbook

Single Phase Synchronous Motors Single-phase synchronous motors are…

AC Instrumentation Transducers

Textbook

Just as devices have been made to measure certain physical quantities…

Switches, Process Actuated

Textbook

It is very important to keep in mind that the “normal”…

Bipolar Junction Transistors

Textbook

The bipolar junction transistor (BJT) was named because its operation…

DC Lab: 4-wire Resistance Measurement

Textbook

In this hands-on electronics experiment, you will perform a 4-wire Kelvin resistance measurement and learn how to accurately measure resistance.

Pulsed-light Sensor

Textbook

PARTS AND MATERIALS Two 6-volt batteries One NPN…

Lorentz Force Calculator

Tools

This calculator will determine the combined Lorentz force exerted on a charged particle moving through both an electric field and a magnetic field.

Ammeter Impact on Measured Circuit

Textbook

Just like voltmeters, ammeters tend to influence the amount of current…

Lenz’s Law and Faraday’s Law Calculator

Tools

This calculator uses Faraday's and Lenz's laws to calculate the magnitude and polarity of the induced electromotive force (EMF) caused by a change in magnetic flux through a closed-loop coil.

Design Project: Telegraph System

Worksheets - Sensors

What voltage will you choose to use for each of the station batteries?

Sensing AC Magnetic Fields

Textbook

PARTS AND MATERIALS Audio detector with headphones Electromagnet coil…

ElectroStatic Discharge

Textbook

At the start of this book, we discussed static electricity and how it…

What is a Series-Parallel Circuit?

Textbook

With simple series circuits, all components are connected end-to-end…

Strain Gauges

Textbook

If a strip of conductive metal is stretched, it will become skinnier…

Non-right Triangle Trigonometry

Textbook

The Law of Sines (for any triangle) The Law of Cosines (for any…

Example Circuits and Netlists

Textbook

The following circuits are pre-tested netlists for SPICE 2g6, complete…

Q Factor and Bandwidth of a Resonant Circuit

Textbook

The Q, or quality, factor of a resonant circuit is a measure of the…

Junction Field-effect Transistors

Textbook

The field effect transistor was proposed by Julius Lilienfeld in US…

Mutual Inductors

Textbook

Mutual inductors are inductors that capitalize the effect of mutual…

Contact “Normal” State and Make/Break Sequence

Textbook

Any kind of switch contact can be designed so that the contacts…

Digital Signals and Gates

Textbook

While the binary numeration system is an interesting mathematical…

Class B BJT Amplifiers

Worksheets - Sensors

Don’t just sit there! Build something!! Learning to mathematically…

Bipolar Transistor Biasing Circuits

Worksheets - Sensors

Don’t just sit there! Build something!! Learning to mathematically…

AC Metrology

Worksheets - Sensors

In power distribution systems, it is very important to be able to…

Miscellaneous Diode Applications

Worksheets - Sensors

Don’t just sit there! Build something!! Learning to mathematically…

Microstrip Wavelength Calculator

Tools

A tool designed to calculate the guided wavelength inside a microstrip.

Logarithms

Textbook

Definition of a Logarithm     “log” denotes a…

Polyphase Power Systems

Worksheets - Sensors

Explain the difference between a balanced polyphase system and an…

Practical Considerations - Transformers

Textbook

Power Capacity As has already been observed, transformers must be well…

The Unijunction Transistor (UJT)

Textbook

Unijunction transistor: Although a unijunction transistor is not a…

Boolean Relationships on Venn Diagrams

Textbook

The fourth example has A partially overlapping B. Though, we will…

Don’t Care Cells in the Karnaugh Map

Textbook

Up to this point we have considered logic reduction problems where…

Systems of Numeration

Textbook

Roman Numerals The Romans devised a system that was a substantial…

The P-N Junction

Textbook

If a block of P-type semiconductor is placed in contact with a block…

Electromagnetic Induction

Textbook

While Oersted’s surprising discovery of electromagnetism paved…

Minterm vs Maxterm Solution

Textbook

So far we have been finding Sum-Of-Product (SOP) solutions to logic…

Rectifier Circuits

Worksheets - Sensors

Don’t just sit there! Build something!! Learning to mathematically…

Basic Oscilloscope Operation

Worksheets - Sensors

An oscilloscope is a very useful piece of electronic test equipment.…

Logic Simplification With Karnaugh Maps

Textbook

The logic simplification examples that we have done so far could have…

Clamper Circuits

Textbook

The circuits in the figure below are known as clampers or DC…

Build a Transformer

Textbook

PARTS AND MATERIALS Steel flat bar, 4 pieces Miscellaneous bolts,…

Data - Resistance & Superconductor

Textbook

Tables of specific resistance and temperature coefficient of…

Introduction to Diodes And Rectifiers

Textbook

All About Diodes A diode is an electrical device allowing current to…

Stepper Motor Calculator

Tools

A tool designed to calculate the maximum speed, minimum time per step and maximum power of a stepper motor

Thyristor Application Circuits

Worksheets - Sensors

Don’t just sit there! Build something!! Learning to mathematically…

Waveguides

Textbook

A waveguide is a special form of transmission line consisting of a…

Electron Tubes

Textbook

Cathode:   This is the electrode that is heated and emits the…