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3 Methods for Compensating Localized Heat Generation in Smart Thermostats

In partnership with Texas Instruments

This video goes through one of the most prominent issues with thermostat design, accounting for the…

3D Time of Flight: Understanding the system trade-offs

In partnership with Texas Instruments

Learn how design parameters impact system performance.

Brushless DC Motor

Textbook

Brushless DC motors were developed from conventional brushed DC motors…

Voltmeter Impact on Measured Circuit

Textbook

Every meter impacts the circuit it is measuring to some extent, just…

Building a Differential Amplifier

Textbook

Differential Op-Amp Circuits An op-amp with no feedback is already a…

Synchronous Motors

Textbook

Single Phase Synchronous Motors Single-phase synchronous motors are…

Strain Gauges

Textbook

If a strip of conductive metal is stretched, it will become skinnier…

Permanent Magnets

Textbook

Centuries ago, it was discovered that certain types of mineral rock…

Voltage Divider Calculator

Tools

The voltage divider is a circuit used to create a voltage less than or equal to the input voltage.

Look-up Tables

Textbook

Having learned about digital memory devices in the last chapter, we…

Potentiometer as a Rheostat

Textbook

Learning Objectives Rheostat use Wiring a potentiometer as a rheostat…

Static Electricity Sensor

Textbook

PARTS AND MATERIALS One N-channel junction field-effect transistor,…

Switches, Process Actuated

Textbook

It is very important to keep in mind that the “normal”…

AC Instrumentation Transducers

Textbook

Just as devices have been made to measure certain physical quantities…

Differential Amplifier

Textbook

PARTS AND MATERIALS Two 6-volt batteries Two NPN…

pH Measurement

Textbook

A very important measurement in many liquid chemical processes…

Bipolar Junction Transistors

Textbook

The bipolar junction transistor (BJT) was named because its operation…

Sensitive Voltage Detector

Textbook

PARTS AND MATERIALS High-quality “closed-cup” audio…

Single-ended and Differential Amplifiers

Textbook

For ease of drawing complex circuit diagrams, electronic amplifiers…

Differentiator and Integrator Circuits

Textbook

By introducing electrical reactance into the feedback loops of an…

Physiological Effects of Electricity

Textbook

Most of us have experienced some form of electric “shock,”…

Pulsed-light Sensor

Textbook

PARTS AND MATERIALS Two 6-volt batteries One NPN…

Voltage Follower

Textbook

PARTS AND MATERIALS One NPN transistor—models 2N2222 or 2N3403…

Synchronous Condenser

Textbook

Synchronous motors load the power line with a leading power factor.…

Ohm’s Law - How Voltage, Current, and Resistance Relate

Textbook

The first, and perhaps most important, the relationship between…

Magnetic Units of Measurement

Textbook

If the burden of two systems of measurement for common quantities…

Precision Potentiometer

Textbook

PARTS AND MATERIALS Two single-turn, linear-taper potentiometers, 5…

AC phase

Worksheets - Sensors

If we were to express the series-connected DC voltages as phasors…

Time Constant Equations

Textbook

Value of time constant in series RC and RL circuits   Time…

Introduction to Karnaugh Mapping

Textbook

Why learn about Karnaugh maps? The Karnaugh map, like Boolean…

Safe Practices

Textbook

If at all possible, shut off the power to a circuit before performing…

Counter Modulus

Textbook

Incomplete

Ammeter Design

Worksheets - Sensors

What would happen to this meter movement, if connected directly to a…

Asymmetric Stripline Impedance Calculator

Tools

This calculator helps you compute the characteristic impedance of an asymmetric stripline

Peak Voltage Calculator

Tools

The peak voltage calculator calculates peak voltage values from the peak-to-peak voltage, RMS voltage, or average voltage.

Programmable Logic Controllers

Worksheets - Sensors

The Programmable Logic Controller, or PLC, was invented in the late…

Kirchhoff’s Laws

Worksheets - Sensors

Many electronic circuits use what is called a split or a dual power…

The Common-gate Amplifier (JFET)

Textbook

RELATED WORKSHEETS: JFET Amplifiers Worksheet

Biasing Techniques (BJT)

Textbook

In the common-emitter section of this chapter, we saw a SPICE analysis…

Averager and Summer Circuits

Textbook

If we take three equal resistors and connect one end of each to a…

Design Project: Audio Tone Control

Worksheets - Sensors

Suppose you were installing a high-power stereo system in your car,…

Flyback Switch Mode Regulator Calculator

Tools

A calculator for computing several parameters needed in the design of a flyback switch mode regulator

Valence and Crystal Structure

Textbook

Valence: The electrons in the outermost shell, or valence shell, are…

Basic Ammeter Use

Worksheets - Sensors

Show how this ammeter would be connected to the light bulb circuit to…

Microcontroller Principles

Worksheets - Sensors

Read the following quotation, and then research the term…

Special-purpose Batteries

Textbook

Mercury Standard Cell Back in the early days of electrical measurement…

The Common-base Amplifier

Textbook

The final transistor amplifier configuration (Figure below) we need to…

555 Timer Astable Circuit

Tools

In an astable circuit, the output voltage alternates between VCC and 0 volts on a continuous basis.

Atomic Structure

Worksheets - Sensors

Shown here is a simplified representation of an atom: the smallest…

Capacitor Impedance Calculator

Tools

This tool calculates a capacitor's reactance for a given capacitance value and signal frequency.

Divided Feedback

Textbook

If we add a voltage divider to the negative feedback wiring so that…

Voltmeter Impact on Measured Circuit

Textbook

Every meter impacts the circuit it is measuring to some extent, just…

Electrical Connections

Worksheets - Sensors

What, exactly, is necessary to establish electrical continuity between…

AC Waveforms

Worksheets - Sensors

Radio waves are comprised of oscillating electric and magnetic fields,…

Thevenin-Norton Equivalencies

Textbook

Since Thevenin’s and Norton’s Theorems are two equally…

Microstrip Max Current Calculator

Tools

A calculator for solving the maximum current a microstrip can handle.

Simple Circuits

Worksheets - Sensors

Shown here is the schematic symbol for a resistor: What is the purpose…

Contactors

Textbook

All About Contactors When a relay is used to switch a large amount of…

Ring Counters

Textbook

If the output of a shift register is fed back to the input. a ring…

What are “Series” and “Parallel” Circuits?

Textbook

Circuits consisting of just one battery and one load resistance are…

Dielectric Strengths for Insulators

Textbook

Dielectric strength in kilovolts per inch (kV/in): Material*…

Radicals

Textbook

Definition of a Radical Given the expression where “x” is…