Categories

AC Motor Control Circuits

Worksheets - Embedded

Perhaps the most challenging aspect of interpreting ladder diagrams,…

Semiconductor Manufacturing Techniques

Textbook

The manufacture of only silicon based semiconductors is described…

Performance-Based Assessments for Semiconductor Circuit Competencies

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Negative Binary Numbers

Textbook

With addition being easily accomplished, we can perform the operation…

Programmable Logic Controllers (PLC)

Textbook

Before the advent of solid-state logic circuits, logical control…

Practical considerations - Digital Communication

Textbook

A principal consideration for industrial control networks, where the…

Decoder

Textbook

A decoder is a circuit that changes a code into a set of signals. It…

Introduction to Discrete Semiconductor Circuits

Textbook

A semiconductor device is one made of silicon or any number of other…

Binary Addition

Textbook

The Rules of Binary Addition Adding binary numbers is a very simple…

Introduction to Shift Registers

Textbook

Shift registers, like counters, are a form of sequential logic.…

Memory Devices

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Don’t just sit there! Build something!! Learning to analyze digital…

Pulse Width Modulation

Textbook

Pulse Width Modulation (PWM) uses digital signals to control power…

Digital Communication

Worksheets - Embedded

Don’t just sit there! Build something!! Learning to analyze digital…

Binary Overflow

Textbook

One caveat with signed binary numbers is that of overflow, where the…

Microprocessor Programming

Textbook

The “vocabulary” of instructions which any particular…

Quantum Devices

Textbook

Most integrated circuits are digital, based on MOS (CMOS) transistors.…

Look-up Tables

Textbook

Having learned about digital memory devices in the last chapter, we…

Synchronous Counters

Textbook

What is a Synchronous Counter? A synchronous counter, in contrast to…

Semiconductor Devices in SPICE

Textbook

The SPICE (Simulation Program, Integrated Circuit Emphesis)…

Resistor Color Code Calculator and Chart (4-band, 5-band or 6-band)

Tools

A handy tool for reading resistor color code values

Multiple-input Gates

Textbook

The Use of Logic Gate Inverters and buffers exhaust the possibilities…

The Cascode Amplifier

Textbook

While the C-B (common-base) amplifier is known for wider bandwidth…

High-Reliability Circuits

Worksheets - Embedded

Don’t just sit there! Build something!! Learning to analyze relay…

Physical Effects of Electricity

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Certain substances are known to physically deform (shorten or…

Parallel Resistor-Capacitor Circuits

Textbook

Using the same value components in our series example circuit, we will…

Building a Differential Amplifier

Textbook

Differential Op-Amp Circuits An op-amp with no feedback is already a…

Atomic Structure

Worksheets - Embedded

Shown here is a simplified representation of an atom: the smallest…

Contributors (14)

Textbook

Contributors to this chapter are listed in chronological order of…

Input and Output Coupling

Textbook

To overcome the challenge of creating necessary DC bias voltage for an…

Switches, Electrically Actuated (Relays)

Textbook

The structure behind ladder logic is based on the electrical ladder…

Voltage Divider

Textbook

PARTS AND MATERIALS Calculator (or pencil and paper for doing…

Performance-Based Assessments for Digital Circuit Competencies

Worksheets - Embedded

(Template)

Digital Display Circuits

Worksheets - Embedded

What is the purpose of a seven-segment decoder circuit? What is a…

A Binary Adder

Textbook

Suppose we wanted to build a device that could add two binary bits…

Lenz’s Law and Faraday’s Law Calculator

Tools

This calculator uses Faraday's and Lenz's laws to calculate the magnitude and polarity of the induced electromotive force (EMF) caused by a change in magnetic flux through a closed-loop coil.

Performance-Based Assessments for DC Circuit Competencies

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(Template)

Metric Notation

Textbook

The metric system, besides being a collection of measurement units for…

Symmetric Stripline Impedance Calculator

Tools

This calculator helps you compute the characteristic impedance of a symmetric stripline.

Binary Math

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Counting practice: count from zero to thirty-one in binary, octal, and…

Oscillator Circuits

Textbook

Phase shift oscillator. R1C1, R2C2, and R3C3 each provide 60° of…

Simple Circuits

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Shown here is the schematic symbol for a resistor: What is the purpose…

Voltmeter Impact on Measured Circuit

Textbook

Every meter impacts the circuit it is measuring to some extent, just…

Millman’s Theorem Revisited

Textbook

You may have wondered where we got that strange equation for the…

Conductors, Insulators, and Electron Flow

Textbook

The electrons of different types of atoms have different degrees of…

CMOS Logic Gates

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Counting practice: count from zero to thirty-one in binary, octal, and…

Encoders and Decoders

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What does it mean, in general terms, to encode something? Conversely,…

Waveguides

Textbook

A waveguide is a special form of transmission line consisting of a…

Harmonics in Polyphase Power Systems

Textbook

In the chapter on mixed-frequency signals, we explored the concept of…

Design Project: Event Counter

Worksheets - Embedded

If your event sensing switch is mechanical in nature, you will likely…

Impedance Matching With Transformers

Worksheets - Embedded

Suppose you were to take a 3 kW electric heater rated for 240 VAC and…

Contributors (15)

Textbook

Contributors to this chapter are listed in chronological order of…

Transistor Ratings and Packages (JFET)

Textbook

“Long’’ and “Short’’ Transmission Lines

Textbook

In DC and low-frequency AC circuits, the characteristic impedance of…

Circuit Wiring

Textbook

So far, we’ve been analyzing single-battery, single-resistor…

DC Branch Current Analysis

Worksheets - Embedded

Don’t just sit there! Build something!! Learning to mathematically…

Transistor Ratings and Packages (IGFET)

Textbook

Power Added Efficiency Calculator

Tools

A calculator designed to compute the power-added efficiency (PAE) of an amplifier

Introduction to AC Circuits

Textbook

“AC” stands for Alternating Current, which can refer to…

Diode Ratings

Textbook

In addition to forward voltage drop (Vf) and peak inverse voltage…

Maximum Power Transfer Theorem

Textbook

The Maximum Power Transfer Theorem is not so much a means of analysis…