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Achieving increased functionality and efficiency in vacuum robots

In partnership with Texas Instruments

Understand how TI's rapidly developing solutions enhance vacuum robots

An inside look at industrial Ethernet communication protocols

In partnership with Texas Instruments

An inside look at industrial Ethernet communication protocols

Practical considerations - Digital Communication

Textbook

A principal consideration for industrial control networks, where the…

Digital Communication

Worksheets - Embedded

Don’t just sit there! Build something!! Learning to analyze digital…

Introduction to Shift Registers

Textbook

Shift registers, like counters, are a form of sequential logic.…

Microprocessor Programming

Worksheets - Embedded

What is the difference between a JMP (“jump”) instruction and a…

Introduction to Discrete Semiconductor Circuits

Textbook

A semiconductor device is one made of silicon or any number of other…

Memory Devices

Worksheets - Embedded

Don’t just sit there! Build something!! Learning to analyze digital…

Semiconductor Manufacturing Techniques

Textbook

The manufacture of only silicon based semiconductors is described…

Embedded Microstrip Impedance Calculator

Tools

This calculator helps you compute the characteristic impedance of an embedded microstrip.

Resistor Color Code Calculator and Chart (4-band, 5-band or 6-band)

Tools

A handy tool for reading resistor color code values

Semiconductor Devices in SPICE

Textbook

The SPICE (Simulation Program, Integrated Circuit Emphesis)…

PWM Power Controller

Textbook

PARTS AND MATERIALS Four 6 volt batteries One capacitor, 100 µF…

Binary Subtraction

Textbook

We can subtract one binary number from another by using the standard…

Quantum Devices

Textbook

Most integrated circuits are digital, based on MOS (CMOS) transistors.…

Decoder

Textbook

A decoder is a circuit that changes a code into a set of signals. It…

Binary Addition

Textbook

The Rules of Binary Addition Adding binary numbers is a very simple…

Microprocessor Programming

Textbook

The “vocabulary” of instructions which any particular…

Pulse Width Modulation

Textbook

Pulse Width Modulation (PWM) uses digital signals to control power…

A Very Simple Computer

Textbook

PARTS AND MATERIALS Three batteries, each one with a different…

Programmable Logic Technology

Worksheets - Embedded

Define the following acronyms as they apply to digital logic circuits:…

AC Motor Control Circuits

Worksheets - Embedded

Perhaps the most challenging aspect of interpreting ladder diagrams,…

Specific Troubleshooting Techniques

Textbook

After applying some of the general troubleshooting tips to narrow the…

Positive Feedback

Textbook

As we’ve seen, negative feedback is an incredibly useful…

Algebraic Equation Manipulation for Electric Circuits

Worksheets - Embedded

The electrical resistance of a conductor at any temperature may be…

TTL NOR and OR gates

Textbook

TTL Circuit Analysis Let’s examine the following TTL circuit and…

Special-purpose Diodes

Textbook

Schottky diodes Schottky diodes are constructed of a metal-to-N…

Special-output Gates

Textbook

Complementary Output Gates It is sometimes desirable to have a logic…

Digital Logic Functions

Textbook

We can construct a simple logic functions for our hypothetical lamp…

Electrical Connections

Worksheets - Embedded

What, exactly, is necessary to establish electrical continuity between…

Permeability and Saturation

Textbook

The nonlinearity of material permeability may be graphed for better…

Differential Transistor Amplifiers

Worksheets - Embedded

Don’t just sit there! Build something!! Learning to mathematically…

DC Generator Theory

Worksheets - Embedded

Generators used in battery-charging systems must be regulated so as to…

Wound Rotor Induction Motors

Textbook

A wound rotor induction motor has a stator like a squirrel cage…

The TRIAC

Textbook

SCRs are unidirectional (one-way) current devices, making them useful…

The Importance of Electrical Safety

Textbook

With this lesson, I hope to avoid a common mistake found in…

Basic identities

Textbook

Additive Identity a + 0 = a Multiplicative Identity 1a = a…

The Common-base Amplifier

Textbook

The final transistor amplifier configuration (Figure below) we need to…

AC Power

Worksheets - Embedded

If a sinusoidal voltage is applied to an impedance with a phase angle…

Mutual Inductance and Basic Operation

Textbook

Behaviors of Inductors wrapped around a Conductive Core Suppose we…

Non-Inverting Op-Amp Resistor Calculator

Tools

This calculator determines the bias and feedback of resistors for a non-inverting Op-Amp

Inductance

Worksheets - Embedded

∫f(x) dx Calculus alert! One of the fundamental principles of…

Digital Codes

Worksheets - Embedded

Counting practice: count from zero to thirty-one in binary, octal, and…

DC Metrology

Worksheets - Embedded

Define the following metrological terms: • Uncertainty • Accuracy…

Voltage Follower

Textbook

PARTS AND MATERIALS One NPN transistor—models 2N2222 or 2N3403…

The “Buffer” Gate

Textbook

If we were to connect two inverter gates together so that the output…

Making a Venn Diagram Look Like a Karnaugh Map

Textbook

Starting with circle A in a rectangular A’ universe in figure…

Introduction to Operational Amplifiers (Op-amps)

Textbook

What is an Operational Amplifier (Op-amp)? Operational Amplifiers,…

BJT Quirks

Textbook

An ideal transistor would show 0% distortion in amplifying a signal.…

Inductor Transient Response

Textbook

Inductors have the exact opposite characteristics of capacitors.…

Design Project: Stepper Motor Driver

Worksheets - Embedded

At first it may seem pointless to have the four buffer gates following…

Simple Parallel Circuits

Textbook

On this page, we’ll outline the three principles you should…

Single-phase Power Systems

Textbook

Single phase power system schematic diagram shows little about the…

Ohm’s Law

Worksheets - Embedded

For a given amount of water pressure, which will flow a greater rate…

Introduction to Complex Numbers

Textbook

If I needed to describe the distance between two cities, I could…

Negative Feedback OpAmp Circuits

Worksheets - Embedded

Don’t just sit there! Build something!! Learning to mathematically…

AC Circuit Equations

Textbook

Inductive Reactance     Capacitive Reactance    …

The Common-gate Amplifier (JFET)

Textbook

RELATED WORKSHEETS: JFET Amplifiers Worksheet

Capacitor Impedance Calculator

Tools

This tool calculates a capacitor's reactance for a given capacitance value and signal frequency.

Basic Logic Gate Troubleshooting

Worksheets - Embedded

Counting practice: count from zero to thirty-one in binary, octal, and…

AC Commutator Motors

Textbook

Charles Proteus Steinmetz’s first job after arriving in America…

Programmable Logic Controllers (PLC)

Textbook

Before the advent of solid-state logic circuits, logical control…