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AC Motor Control Circuits

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Perhaps the most challenging aspect of interpreting ladder diagrams,…

Practical considerations - Digital Communication

Textbook

A principal consideration for industrial control networks, where the…

Memory Devices

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Don’t just sit there! Build something!! Learning to analyze digital…

Microprocessor Programming

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What is the difference between a JMP (“jump”) instruction and a…

Binary Overflow

Textbook

One caveat with signed binary numbers is that of overflow, where the…

Embedded Microstrip Impedance Calculator

Tools

This calculator helps you compute the characteristic impedance of an embedded microstrip.

Semiconductor Manufacturing Techniques

Textbook

The manufacture of only silicon based semiconductors is described…

Programmable Logic Controllers (PLC)

Textbook

Before the advent of solid-state logic circuits, logical control…

Negative Binary Numbers

Textbook

With addition being easily accomplished, we can perform the operation…

Microcontroller Principles

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Read the following quotation, and then research the term…

Performance-Based Assessments for Semiconductor Circuit Competencies

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Quantum Devices

Textbook

Most integrated circuits are digital, based on MOS (CMOS) transistors.…

Synchronous Counters

Textbook

What is a Synchronous Counter? A synchronous counter, in contrast to…

Introduction to Discrete Semiconductor Circuits

Textbook

A semiconductor device is one made of silicon or any number of other…

Look-up Tables

Textbook

Having learned about digital memory devices in the last chapter, we…

PWM Power Controller

Textbook

PARTS AND MATERIALS Four 6 volt batteries One capacitor, 100 µF…

Semiconductor Devices in SPICE

Textbook

The SPICE (Simulation Program, Integrated Circuit Emphesis)…

Binary Subtraction

Textbook

We can subtract one binary number from another by using the standard…

Digital Communication

Worksheets - Embedded

Don’t just sit there! Build something!! Learning to analyze digital…

Microprocessor Programming

Textbook

The “vocabulary” of instructions which any particular…

Superposition Theorem

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Don’t just sit there! Build something!! Learning to mathematically…

Computational Circuits

Textbook

When someone mentions the word “computer,” a digital…

Summary of Filters

Textbook

As lengthy as this chapter has been up to this point, it only begins…

Microstrip Patch Antenna Calculator

Tools

This tool calculates the dimensions of the microstrip patch antenna given the desired operating frequency.

Parallel Resistor-Capacitor Circuits

Textbook

Using the same value components in our series example circuit, we will…

Trigonometric Equivalencies

Textbook

Switched Capacitor Circuitry

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Write an equation describing the precise mathematical relationship…

The Silicon-Controlled Switch (SCS)

Textbook

If we take the equivalent circuit of an SCR and add another external…

Insulated-gate Field-effect Transistors (MOSFET)

Textbook

The Insulated-Gate Field-Effect Transistor (IGFET), also known as…

Design Project: Telegraph System

Worksheets - Embedded

What voltage will you choose to use for each of the station batteries?

Strain Gauges

Textbook

If a strip of conductive metal is stretched, it will become skinnier…

AC Waveforms

Textbook

When an alternator produces AC voltage, the voltage switches polarity…

Making a Venn Diagram Look Like a Karnaugh Map

Textbook

Starting with circle A in a rectangular A’ universe in figure…

Factoring Equivalencies

Textbook

Factoring Identities :   a2 - b2 = (a + b) (a - b) a2 + 2ab + b2…

Analog and Digital Signals

Textbook

Instrumentation is a field of study and work centering on measurement…

Metric Notation

Textbook

The metric system, besides being a collection of measurement units for…

Introduction to Insulated-gate Field-effect Transistors

Textbook

As was stated in the last chapter, there is more than one type of…

Demultiplexers

Textbook

A demultiplexer, sometimes abbreviated dmux, is a circuit that has one…

Potential Pitfalls

Textbook

Fallacious reasoning and poor interpersonal relations account for more…

Factors Affecting Inductance

Textbook

There are four basic factors of inductor construction determining the…

Negative Feedback OpAmp Circuits

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Don’t just sit there! Build something!! Learning to mathematically…

What are “Series” and “Parallel” Circuits?

Textbook

Circuits consisting of just one battery and one load resistance are…

Voltage Multipliers (Doublers, Triplers, Quadruplers, and More)

Textbook

A voltage multiplier is a specialized rectifier circuit…

Introduction to Conductance and Conductors

Textbook

By now you should be well aware of the correlation between electrical…

Wire Microstrip Impedance Calculator

Tools

A helpful tool for calculating the impedance of a wire microstrip.

“Ladder” Diagrams

Textbook

Ladder diagrams are specialized schematics commonly used to document…

Automotive Alternator

Textbook

Project Parts and Materials Automotive alternator (one required, but…

What is Alternating Current (AC)?

Textbook

Most students of electricity begin their study with what is known as…

Inductor Sizing Equation

Textbook

The Inductance Formula     Wheeler’s formulas for…

Three-phase Power Systems

Textbook

What is Split-Phase Power Systems? Split-phase power systems achieve…

Microstrip Inductance Calculator

Tools

This calculator computes the inductance of a microstrip etched on a PCB.

LED Sequencer

Textbook

PARTS AND MATERIALS 4017 decade counter/divider (Radio Shack catalog…

Series-parallel R, L, and C

Textbook

Now that we’ve seen how series and parallel AC circuit analysis…

Switched Capacitor Circuitry

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Write an equation describing the precise mathematical relationship…

Delta and Wye 3-Phase Circuits

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Label where each of the following electrical quantities would be found…

High-Reliability Circuits

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Don’t just sit there! Build something!! Learning to analyze relay…

Protective Relay Circuits

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Protective relays are special power-sensing devices whose job it is to…

Kirchhoff’s Laws

Worksheets - Embedded

Many electronic circuits use what is called a split or a dual power…

Phasing

Textbook

Since transformers are essentially AC devices, we need to be aware of…

IGBTs

Textbook

Because of their insulated gates, IGFETs of all types have extremely…