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Achieving increased functionality and efficiency in vacuum robots

In partnership with Texas Instruments

Understand how TI's rapidly developing solutions enhance vacuum robots

An inside look at industrial Ethernet communication protocols

In partnership with Texas Instruments

An inside look at industrial Ethernet communication protocols

Microprocessor Programming

Worksheets - Embedded

What is the difference between a JMP (“jump”) instruction and a…

Semiconductor Manufacturing Techniques

Textbook

The manufacture of only silicon based semiconductors is described…

Resistor Color Code Calculator and Chart (4-band, 5-band or 6-band)

Tools

A handy tool for reading resistor color code values

AC Motor Control Circuits

Worksheets - Embedded

Perhaps the most challenging aspect of interpreting ladder diagrams,…

Introduction to Shift Registers

Textbook

Shift registers, like counters, are a form of sequential logic.…

Negative Binary Numbers

Textbook

With addition being easily accomplished, we can perform the operation…

Binary Addition

Textbook

The Rules of Binary Addition Adding binary numbers is a very simple…

Practical considerations - Digital Communication

Textbook

A principal consideration for industrial control networks, where the…

Microcontroller Principles

Worksheets - Embedded

Read the following quotation, and then research the term…

Pulse Width Modulation

Textbook

Pulse Width Modulation (PWM) uses digital signals to control power…

Binary Overflow

Textbook

One caveat with signed binary numbers is that of overflow, where the…

Binary Subtraction

Textbook

We can subtract one binary number from another by using the standard…

Introduction to Discrete Semiconductor Circuits

Textbook

A semiconductor device is one made of silicon or any number of other…

Performance-Based Assessments for Semiconductor Circuit Competencies

Worksheets - Embedded

Decoder

Textbook

A decoder is a circuit that changes a code into a set of signals. It…

Programmable Logic Technology

Worksheets - Embedded

Define the following acronyms as they apply to digital logic circuits:…

Synchronous Counters

Textbook

What is a Synchronous Counter? A synchronous counter, in contrast to…

Quantum Devices

Textbook

Most integrated circuits are digital, based on MOS (CMOS) transistors.…

PWM Power Controller

Textbook

PARTS AND MATERIALS Four 6 volt batteries One capacitor, 100 µF…

Microprocessor Programming

Textbook

The “vocabulary” of instructions which any particular…

Pulsed-light Sensor

Textbook

PARTS AND MATERIALS Two 6-volt batteries One NPN…

Contributors (2)

Textbook

Contributors to this chapter are listed in chronological order of…

Low-pass Filters

Textbook

By definition, a low-pass filter is a circuit offering easy passage to…

555 Timer Astable Circuit

Tools

In an astable circuit, the output voltage alternates between VCC and 0 volts on a continuous basis.

Antenna Downtilt and Coverage Calculator

Tools

This calculator will determine the correct antenna downtilt angle given the heights of the antennas and distance between them.

MESFETs

Textbook

ElectroStatic Discharge

Textbook

At the start of this book, we discussed static electricity and how it…

Inductor Sizing Equation

Textbook

The Inductance Formula     Wheeler’s formulas for…

Quantum Physics

Textbook

“I think it is safe to say that no one understands quantum…

VSWR / Return Loss Calculator

Tools

A calculator designed to compute the VSWR, reflection coefficient, return loss and matching loss in a transmission line

Network Protocols

Textbook

Aside from the issues of the physical network (signal types and…

Voltage Signal Systems

Textbook

The use of variable voltage for instrumentation signals seems a rather…

Thyristors

Worksheets - Embedded

Don’t just sit there! Build something!! Learning to mathematically…

Factorials

Textbook

Definition of a Factorial Denoted by the symbol “!” after…

Switch Types

Textbook

Though it may seem strange to cover the elementary topic of electrical…

An Electric Pendulum

Textbook

Capacitors store energy in the form of an electric field, and…

Basic Voltmeter Use

Worksheets - Embedded

What will this voltmeter register when connected to a battery as shown…

Synchronous Condenser

Textbook

Synchronous motors load the power line with a leading power factor.…

Contact “Bounce”

Textbook

When a switch is actuated and contacts touch one another under the…

Passive Integrator and Differentiator Circuits

Worksheets - Embedded

∫f(x) dx Calculus alert! Calculus is a branch of mathematics that…

Voltage and Current in a Practical Circuit

Textbook

Because it takes energy to force charge to flow against the opposition…

PN Junctions

Worksheets - Embedded

Don’t just sit there! Build something!! Learning to mathematically…

Bridged-Tee Attenuator Calculator

Tools

This calculator helps you determine the values of the resistors R1 and R2 to be used for a bridged-tee attenuator.

Special Diodes

Worksheets - Embedded

Don’t just sit there! Build something!! Learning to mathematically…

Power Quality Measurement

Textbook

It used to be with large AC power systems that “power…

What are “Series” and “Parallel” Circuits?

Textbook

Circuits consisting of just one battery and one load resistance are…

DIP Gate Packaging

Textbook

Digital logic gate circuits are manufactured as integrated circuits:…

Edge-triggered Latches: Flip-Flops

Textbook

So far, we’ve studied both S-R and D latch circuits with enable…

Table (landscape view)

Textbook

Periodic table of chemical elements.

CMOS 555 Long Duration Minimum Parts Red LED Flasher

Textbook

PARTS AND MATERIALS Two AAA Batteries Battery Clip (Radio Shack…

Decibels Equations

Textbook

  RELATED WORKSHEETS: Decibel Measurements Worksheet

Copper Wire Ampacity Table

Textbook

Ampacities of copper wire, in free air at 30o C: INSULATION TYPE…

Bipolar Junction Transistors as Switches

Worksheets - Embedded

Solid-state switching circuits usually keep their constituent…

The Common-base Amplifier

Textbook

The final transistor amplifier configuration (Figure below) we need to…

Class C BJT Amplifiers

Worksheets - Embedded

A common class of operation used in radio-frequency (RF) amplifier…

Multiple-input Gates

Textbook

The Use of Logic Gate Inverters and buffers exhaust the possibilities…

Phasor Mathematics

Worksheets - Embedded

Provide a definition for phasor, as the term applies to electrical…

Contributors (6)

Textbook

Contributors to this chapter are listed in chronological order of…

Microstrip Impedance Calculator

Tools

This calculator helps you compute the characteristic impedance of a microstrip.

Wiring Color Codes Infographic

Textbook

Wiring Color Codes Infographic. Released under the Creative Commons…