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Achieving increased functionality and efficiency in vacuum robots

In partnership with Texas Instruments

Understand how TI's rapidly developing solutions enhance vacuum robots

An inside look at industrial Ethernet communication protocols

In partnership with Texas Instruments

An inside look at industrial Ethernet communication protocols

Negative Binary Numbers

Textbook

With addition being easily accomplished, we can perform the operation…

Programmable Logic Controllers (PLC)

Textbook

Before the advent of solid-state logic circuits, logical control…

Synchronous Counters

Textbook

What is a Synchronous Counter? A synchronous counter, in contrast to…

Semiconductor Devices in SPICE

Textbook

The SPICE (Simulation Program, Integrated Circuit Emphesis)…

Introduction to Discrete Semiconductor Circuits

Textbook

A semiconductor device is one made of silicon or any number of other…

Memory Devices

Worksheets - Embedded

Don’t just sit there! Build something!! Learning to analyze digital…

Binary Subtraction

Textbook

We can subtract one binary number from another by using the standard…

AC Motor Control Circuits

Worksheets - Embedded

Perhaps the most challenging aspect of interpreting ladder diagrams,…

Binary Addition

Textbook

The Rules of Binary Addition Adding binary numbers is a very simple…

Microprocessor Programming

Textbook

The “vocabulary” of instructions which any particular…

Performance-Based Assessments for Semiconductor Circuit Competencies

Worksheets - Embedded

Practical considerations - Digital Communication

Textbook

A principal consideration for industrial control networks, where the…

Programmable Logic Technology

Worksheets - Embedded

Define the following acronyms as they apply to digital logic circuits:…

PWM Power Controller

Textbook

PARTS AND MATERIALS Four 6 volt batteries One capacitor, 100 µF…

A Very Simple Computer

Textbook

PARTS AND MATERIALS Three batteries, each one with a different…

Microcontroller Principles

Worksheets - Embedded

Read the following quotation, and then research the term…

Look-up Tables

Textbook

Having learned about digital memory devices in the last chapter, we…

Introduction to Shift Registers

Textbook

Shift registers, like counters, are a form of sequential logic.…

Digital Communication

Worksheets - Embedded

Don’t just sit there! Build something!! Learning to analyze digital…

Decoder

Textbook

A decoder is a circuit that changes a code into a set of signals. It…

Series and Parallel Inductors

Textbook

When inductors are connected in series, the total inductance is the…

Servo Motor Systems

Worksheets - Embedded

Explain the operation of this “H-bridge” motor control circuit: At…

Series Resistor-Capacitor Circuits

Textbook

In the last section, we learned what would happen in simple…

Phase Rotation

Textbook

Three-Phase Alternator Let’s take the three-phase alternator…

Negative Feedback OpAmp Circuits

Worksheets - Embedded

Don’t just sit there! Build something!! Learning to mathematically…

Printed Circuit Board Layout and Manufacture

Worksheets - Embedded

When a PCB designer speaks of dimensions in thous or mils, what does…

Voltage Divider Circuits

Textbook

Let’s analyze a simple series circuit and determine the voltage…

Temperature Converter

Tools

Convert between Celsius, Fahrenheit and Kelvin

Introduction to Mixed-Frequency AC Signals

Textbook

In our study of AC circuits thus far, we’ve explored circuits…

Making a Venn Diagram Look Like a Karnaugh Map

Textbook

Starting with circle A in a rectangular A’ universe in figure (a)…

Microphones

Worksheets - Embedded

Explain how a moving-coil, or dynamic microphone works. Identify how…

Digital Codes

Worksheets - Embedded

Counting practice: count from zero to thirty-one in binary, octal, and…

Transistors, junction field-effect (JFET)

Textbook

AC phase

Worksheets - Embedded

If we were to express the series-connected DC voltages as phasors…

Wire-by-Number project kit introduction

Worksheets - Embedded

Wire-by-Number project: simple voltage divider Description: Build a…

Optical Data Communication

Textbook

A modern alternative to sending (binary) digital information via…

Right Triangle Trigonometry

Textbook

A right triangle is defined as having one angle precisely equal to…

Definite Integrals and the Fundamental Theorem of Calculus

Textbook

Clipper Circuits

Textbook

A circuit which removes the peak of a waveform is known as a clipper.…

Circuit Simplification Examples

Textbook

Let’s begin with a semiconductor gate circuit in need of…

Simple Circuits

Worksheets - Embedded

Shown here is the schematic symbol for a resistor: What is the purpose…

555 Timer Astable Circuit

Tools

In an astable circuit, the output voltage alternates between VCC and 0 volts on a continuous basis.

What is Network Analysis?

Textbook

Generally speaking, network analysis is any structured technique used…

Digital Display Circuits

Worksheets - Embedded

What is the purpose of a seven-segment decoder circuit? What is a…

Oscillator Circuits

Worksheets - Embedded

Don’t just sit there! Build something!! Learning to mathematically…

Binary Count Sequence

Textbook

If we examine a four-bit binary count sequence from 0000 to 1111, a…

Vectors and AC Waveforms

Textbook

OK, so how exactly can we represent AC quantities of voltage or…

Time Constant Equations

Textbook

Value of time constant in series RC and RL circuits Time constant in…

Conductors, Insulators, and Electron Flow

Textbook

The electrons of different types of atoms have different degrees of…

Bandpass Filter Calculator

Tools

This calculates values of the inductance, capacitance of an inductor and capacitor used in a Butterworth LC bandpass filter.

Transistor Biasing Calculations

Textbook

Although transistor switching circuits operate without bias, it is…

Contributors (13)

Textbook

Contributors to this chapter are listed in chronological order of…

Voltmeter Design

Textbook

As was stated earlier, most meter movements are sensitive devices.…

Winding Configurations

Textbook

Transformers with Multiple Secondaries Transformers are very versatile…

Antiderivatives of Power Functions of e

Textbook

Note: this is a very unique and useful property of e. As in the case…

Low-pass Filters

Textbook

By definition, a low-pass filter is a circuit offering easy passage to…

7-segment Display

Textbook

PARTS AND MATERIALS 4511 BCD-to-7seg latch/decoder/driver (Radio…

Design Project: Pulse-Width Modulation (PWM) Signal Generator

Worksheets - Embedded

What shape of voltage waveform would you expect to measure (using an…

Full-wave Bridge Rectifier

Textbook

PARTS AND MATERIALS Low-voltage AC power supply (6 volt output) Four…

Millman’s Theorem Revisited

Textbook

You may have wondered where we got that strange equation for the…