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DC Lab - Thermoelectricity

Textbook

In this hands-on electronics experiment, you will build a thermocouple to measure temperature changes and learn about the Seebeck effect.

DC Lab - 4-wire Resistance Measurement

Textbook

In this hands-on electronics experiment, you will perform a 4-wire Kelvin resistance measurement and learn how to accurately measure resistance.

Pulsed-light Sensor

Textbook

PARTS AND MATERIALS Two 6-volt batteries One NPN…

DC Lab - Sensitive Voltage Detector With Audio Output

Textbook

In this hands-on electronics experiment, you will construct a voltage detector with adjustable sensitivity and audio output, and you will learn a method for detecting small electrical signals without an oscilloscope.

AC Instrumentation Transducers

Textbook

Just as devices have been made to measure certain physical quantities…

Thermocouples

Textbook

Seebeck Effect An interesting phenomenon applied in the field of…

Switches, Process Actuated

Textbook

It is very important to keep in mind that the “normal”…

Strain Gauges

Textbook

If a strip of conductive metal is stretched, it will become skinnier…

Bipolar Junction Transistors

Textbook

The bipolar junction transistor (BJT) was named because its operation…

Look-up Tables

Textbook

Having learned about digital memory devices in the last chapter, we…

Lorentz Force Calculator

Tools

This calculator will determine the combined Lorentz force exerted on a charged particle moving through both an electric field and a magnetic field.

pH Measurement

Textbook

A very important measurement in many liquid chemical processes…

Permanent Magnets

Textbook

Centuries ago, it was discovered that certain types of mineral rock…

Voltage Divider Calculator

Tools

The voltage divider is a circuit used to create a voltage less than or equal to the input voltage.

Wheatstone Bridge Calculator

Tools

This calculator helps determine the resistance of a variable resistor within a Wheatstone bridge circuit or the differential voltage created across the bridge terminals.

Pressure Unit Conversion Calculator

Tools

This calculator will convert pressure values to ten different standard units for pressure.

Building a Differential Amplifier

Textbook

Differential Op-Amp Circuits An op-amp with no feedback is already a…

DC Lab - Potentiometer as a Rheostat

Textbook

In this hands-on electronics experiment, you will use a potentiometer as a variable resistor to control the speed of a motor and learn how to connect a potentiometer as a rheostat.

Voltmeter Impact on Measured Circuit

Textbook

Every meter impacts the circuit it is measuring to some extent, just…

Physiological Effects of Electricity

Textbook

Most of us have experienced some form of electric “shock,”…

Meter Check of a Diode

Textbook

The Functionality of Diode Polarity Being able to determine the…

DIP Gate Packaging

Textbook

Digital logic gate circuits are manufactured as integrated circuits:…

AC Phase

Textbook

Things start to get complicated when we need to relate two or more AC…

Kirchhoff’s Voltage Law (KVL)

Textbook

What is Kirchhoff’s Voltage Law (KVL)? The principle known as…

Binary Math

Worksheets - Optical Sensors

Counting practice: count from zero to thirty-one in binary, octal, and…

DC Lab - Rate-of-change Indicator

Textbook

In this hands-on electronics experiment, you will build an analog differentiator circuit that outputs a signal proportional to the rate-of-change and learn about one of the advantages of analog circuits.

Encoders and Decoders

Worksheets - Optical Sensors

What does it mean, in general terms, to encode something? Conversely,…

Transistor Ratings and Packages (IGFET)

Textbook

Simultaneous Equations for Circuit Analysis

Worksheets - Optical Sensors

Solve this equation for the value of x: x + 5 = 8 How many exact…

The P-N Junction

Textbook

If a block of P-type semiconductor is placed in contact with a block…

Calculating Electric Power

Textbook

Learn the Power Formula We’ve seen the formula for determining…

Octal and Hexadecimal Numeration

Textbook

Because binary numeration requires so many bits to represent…

DC Lab - Rheostat Range Limiting

Textbook

In this hands-on electronics experiment, you will use series and parallel resistor networks to precisely adjust the range and zero point of a rheostat.

T-Pad Attenuator Calculator

Tools

This calculator helps you determine the values of the resistors R1 and R2 to be used for a T-pad attenuator.

Frequency and Phase Measurement

Textbook

An important electrical quantity with no equivalent in DC circuits is…

Some Examples with AC Circuits

Textbook

Let’s connect three AC voltage sources in series and use complex…

The Common-source Amplifier (JFET)

Textbook

RELATED WORKSHEETS: JFET Amplifiers Worksheet

Contact “Normal” State and Make/Break Sequence

Textbook

Any kind of switch contact can be designed so that the contacts…

Basic Logic Gates

Worksheets - Optical Sensors

Identify the type of logic gate shown in this schematic diagram, and…

High-pass Filters

Textbook

A high-pass filter’s task is just the opposite of a low-pass…