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Sensitive Voltage Detector

Textbook

PARTS AND MATERIALS High-quality “closed-cup” audio…

Voltage Divider Calculator

Tools

The voltage divider is a circuit used to create a voltage less than or equal to the input voltage.

Brushless DC Motor

Textbook

Brushless DC motors were developed from conventional brushed DC motors…

Differentiator and Integrator Circuits

Textbook

By introducing electrical reactance into the feedback loops of an…

Bipolar Junction Transistors

Textbook

The bipolar junction transistor (BJT) was named because its operation…

4-wire Resistance Measurement

Textbook

PARTS AND MATERIALS 6-volt battery Electromagnet made from experiment…

Static Electricity Sensor

Textbook

PARTS AND MATERIALS One N-channel junction field-effect transistor,…

pH Measurement

Textbook

A very important measurement in many liquid chemical processes…

Single-ended and Differential Amplifiers

Textbook

For ease of drawing complex circuit diagrams, electronic amplifiers…

Voltmeter Impact on Measured Circuit

Textbook

Every meter impacts the circuit it is measuring to some extent, just…

AC Instrumentation Transducers

Textbook

Just as devices have been made to measure certain physical quantities…

Pulsed-light Sensor

Textbook

PARTS AND MATERIALS Two 6-volt batteries One NPN…

Building a Differential Amplifier

Textbook

Differential Op-Amp Circuits An op-amp with no feedback is already a…

Synchronous Motors

Textbook

Single Phase Synchronous Motors Single-phase synchronous motors are…

Strain Gauges

Textbook

If a strip of conductive metal is stretched, it will become skinnier…

Physiological Effects of Electricity

Textbook

Most of us have experienced some form of electric “shock,”…

Look-up Tables

Textbook

Having learned about digital memory devices in the last chapter, we…

Switches, Process Actuated

Textbook

It is very important to keep in mind that the “normal”…

Potentiometer as a Rheostat

Textbook

Learning Objectives Rheostat use Wiring a potentiometer as a rheostat…

Thermocouples

Textbook

Seebeck Effect An interesting phenomenon applied in the field of…

Frequency and Phase Measurement

Textbook

An important electrical quantity with no equivalent in DC circuits is…

Full-Adder

Textbook

The half-adder is extremely useful until you want to add more than one…

Link Budget Calculator

Tools

A Link Budget puts into account all gains and losses a signal goes through in a system as it is transmitted. The calculator calculates the power of the received signal given amplifier and antenna gains, and medium loss.

Arithmetic Properties

Textbook

Associative Property In addition and multiplication, terms may be…

Rules for Derivatives

Textbook

Constant rule Rule of sums Rule of differences Product rule Quotient…

Factors Affecting Inductance

Textbook

There are four basic factors of inductor construction determining the…

T-Pad Attenuator Calculator

Tools

This calculator helps you determine the values of the resistors R1 and R2 to be used for a T-pad attenuator.

Basic Ammeter Use

Worksheets - Optical Sensors

Show how this ammeter would be connected to the light bulb circuit to…

Active Loads in Amplifier Circuits

Worksheets - Optical Sensors

We know that the current in a series circuit may be calculated with…

Synchronous Condenser

Textbook

Synchronous motors load the power line with a leading power factor.…

Design Project: Audio Power Amplifier

Worksheets - Optical Sensors

Explain how the microphone in your amplifier works. How, exactly, does…

Demultiplexers

Textbook

A demultiplexer, sometimes abbreviated dmux, is a circuit that has one…

Pulse Width Modulation

Textbook

Pulse Width Modulation (PWM) uses digital signals to control power…

Bipolar Junction Transistor (BJT) theory

Worksheets - Optical Sensors

Don’t just sit there! Build something!! Learning to mathematically…

Using Multiple Combinational Circuits

Textbook

As an example of using several circuits together, we are going to make…

Factoring Equivalencies

Textbook

Factoring Identities :   a2 - b2 = (a + b) (a - b) a2 + 2ab + b2…

Combination Tubes

Textbook

Similar in thought to the idea of the integrated circuit, tube…

Contributors (3)

Textbook

<p> Contributors to this chapter are listed in chronological…

Insulated Gate Bipolar Transistors

Worksheets - Optical Sensors

What is an Insulated Gate Bipolar Transistor (IGBT), and what…

Superposition Theorem

Worksheets - Optical Sensors

Don’t just sit there! Build something!! Learning to mathematically…