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Pulse Width Modulation

Textbook

Pulse Width Modulation (PWM) uses digital signals to control power…

Ohm’s Law (again!)

Textbook

A common phrase heard in reference to electrical safety goes something…

Light-Pulse Switch

Worksheets - Medical & Fitness

It is fairly important to use large value resistors (10 MΩ works…

Superconducting Devices

Textbook

Superconducting devices, though not widely used, have some unique…

Wheatstone Bridge Calculator

Tools

This calculator helps determine the resistance of a variable resistor within a Wheatstone bridge circuit or the differential voltage created across the bridge terminals.

Timer Circuits

Worksheets - Medical & Fitness

Don’t just sit there! Build something!! Learning to analyze digital…

Physiological Effects of Electricity

Textbook

Most of us have experienced some form of electric “shock,”…

What Is the Skin Effect?

Textbook

The Skin Depth of Copper in Electrical Engineering As previously…

AC Instrumentation Transducers

Textbook

Just as devices have been made to measure certain physical quantities…

Electric Shock

Worksheets - Medical & Fitness

It is sometimes said regarding electrical safety that, Ït’s not the…

Kirchhoff’s Laws

Worksheets - Medical & Fitness

Many electronic circuits use what is called a split or a dual power…

Emergency Response

Textbook

Despite lock-out/tag-out procedures and multiple repetitions of…

Skin Depth Calculator

Tools

A tool designed to calculate skin depth based on the conductive material being used and the frequency of the signal.

Instrumentation Amplifier Gain Calculator

Tools

The instrumentation amplifier calculator will assist in the design and analysis of a conventional instrumentation amplifier circuit by calculating the required resistor values and gain.

ElectroStatic Discharge

Textbook

At the start of this book, we discussed static electricity and how it…

Physical Effects of Electricity

Worksheets - Medical & Fitness

Certain substances are known to physically deform (shorten or…

Soldering

Worksheets - Medical & Fitness

Both soldering irons and soldering guns are tools used in the process…

Thyristors

Worksheets - Medical & Fitness

Don’t just sit there! Build something!! Learning to mathematically…

Quantum Physics

Textbook

“I think it is safe to say that no one understands quantum…

Parallel Resistor Calculator

Tools

Calculate the equivalent resistance of up to six resistors in parallel with ease while learning how to calculate resistance in parallel and the parallel resistance formula.

Bipolar Transistor Biasing Circuits

Worksheets - Medical & Fitness

Don’t just sit there! Build something!! Learning to mathematically…

Pressure Unit Conversion Calculator

Tools

This calculator will convert pressure values to ten different standard units for pressure.

AC Lab - Signal and Noise Coupling

Textbook

In this hands-on AC electronics experiment, power a DC motor through a multi-conductor cable to learn how AC signals are coupled between conductors and how to mitigate noise coupling.

Decibels Equations

Textbook

  RELATED WORKSHEETS: Decibel Measurements Worksheet

Divided Feedback

Textbook

If we add a voltage divider to the negative feedback wiring so that…

Inductance, Reactance, and Admittance Calculator

Tools

This calculator gives the reactance and admittance of an inductor or the inductance given the reactance of an inductor

AC Voltmeters and Ammeters

Textbook

AC electromechanical meter movements come in two basic arrangements:…

The “Operational” Amplifier

Textbook

Long before the advent of digital electronic technology, computers…

Solving Series and Parallel Circuits With the Table Method and Ohm’s Law

Textbook

The table method provides a structured methodology for ensuring you…

Voltage and Current Calculations

Textbook

There’s a sure way to calculate any of the values in a reactive…

Monostable Multivibrators

Textbook

We’ve already seen one example of a monostable multivibrator in…

Universal Shift Registers: Parallel-in, Parallel-out

Textbook

The purpose of the parallel-in/ parallel-out shift register is to take…

Wire Types and Sizes

Worksheets - Medical & Fitness

Most electrical wire is covered in a rubber or plastic coating called…

Transistors, Insulated-gate Field-effect (IGFET or MOSFET)

Textbook

We have the symbols for depletion mode and enhancement mode MOSFETs -…

Active-mode Operation (BJT)

Textbook

When a transistor is in the fully-off state (like an open switch), it…

Voltmeter Design

Worksheets - Medical & Fitness

Suppose I were about to measure an unknown voltage with a manual-range…

Simple Vector Addition

Textbook

Remember that vectors are mathematical objects just like numbers on a…

Series DC Circuits Practice Worksheet with Answers

Worksheets - Medical & Fitness

In this circuit, three resistors receive the same amount of current (4…

Phasing

Textbook

Since transformers are essentially AC devices, we need to be aware of…

Digital Communication

Worksheets - Medical & Fitness

Don’t just sit there! Build something!! Learning to analyze digital…

Series DC Circuits Practice Worksheet with Answers

Worksheets - Medical & Fitness

In this circuit, three resistors receive the same amount of current (4…

Boolean Algebra

Worksheets - Medical & Fitness

Don’t just sit there! Build something!! Learning to analyze digital…

Ideal Diode Current and Voltage Calculator

Tools

This calculator solves for any single missing value in the ideal diode I-V equation for a forward-biased PN-junction diode. Parameters are current, saturation current, voltage, temperature, and ideality factor.

The Tetrode

Textbook

As the name suggests, the tetrode tube contains four elements: cathode…

Algebraic Equation Manipulation for Electric Circuits

Worksheets - Medical & Fitness

The electrical resistance of a conductor at any temperature may be…

Venn Diagrams and Sets

Textbook

Mathematicians use Venn diagrams to show the logical relationships of…

Half-Adder

Textbook

As a first example of useful combinational logic, let’s build a…

Nonlinear OpAmp Circuits

Worksheets - Medical & Fitness

Don’t just sit there! Build something!! Learning to mathematically…

Introduction to Diodes And Rectifiers

Textbook

All About Diodes A diode is an electrical device allowing current to…

Troubleshooting Series and Parallel Circuits

Textbook

The jobs of electronics engineers and technicians frequently entail…

Negative Feedback

Textbook

If we connect the output of an op-amp to its inverting input and apply…

Mixed-Frequency Signals

Worksheets - Medical & Fitness

What is a harmonic frequency? If an oscillator circuit outputs a…

Single-phase Induction Motors

Textbook

A three-phase motor may be run from a single-phase power source.…

Vol II. Credits

Textbook

All entries arranged in alphabetical order of surname. Major…

DC Lab - An Analog Computer For Averaging

Textbook

In this hands-on electronics experiment, you will build a simple circuit that computes the average of voltages and learn about analog computers and their application.

Design Project: Stepper Motor Driver

Worksheets - Medical & Fitness

At first it may seem pointless to have the four buffer gates following…

Active Filters

Worksheets - Medical & Fitness

Don’t just sit there! Build something!! Learning to mathematically…

Bit Grouping

Textbook

The singular reason for learning and using the binary numeration…

AC Phase

Textbook

Things start to get complicated when we need to relate two or more AC…

Fail-safe Design

Textbook

Logic circuits, whether comprised of electromechanical relays or…