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Design Project: Pulse-Width Modulation (PWM) Signal Generator

Worksheets - Medical & Fitness

What shape of voltage waveform would you expect to measure (using an…

Signal Modulation

Worksheets - Medical & Fitness

A modern method of electrical power control involves inserting a…

Ohm’s Law (again!)

Textbook

A common phrase heard in reference to electrical safety goes something…

Physiological Effects of Electricity

Textbook

Most of us have experienced some form of electric “shock,”…

Physical Effects of Electricity

Worksheets - Medical & Fitness

Certain substances are known to physically deform (shorten or…

Kirchhoff’s Laws

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Many electronic circuits use what is called a split or a dual power…

Skin Depth Calculator

Tools

A tool designed to calculate skin depth based on the conductive material being used and the frequency of the signal.

What Is the Skin Effect?

Textbook

The Skin Depth of Copper in Electrical Engineering As previously…

Pulse Width Modulation

Textbook

Pulse Width Modulation (PWM) uses digital signals to control power…

Timer Circuits

Worksheets - Medical & Fitness

Don’t just sit there! Build something!! Learning to analyze digital…

Quantum Physics

Textbook

“I think it is safe to say that no one understands quantum…

Light-Pulse Switch

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It is fairly important to use large value resistors (10 MΩ works…

ElectroStatic Discharge

Textbook

At the start of this book, we discussed static electricity and how it…

Soldering

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Both soldering irons and soldering guns are tools used in the process…

Emergency Response

Textbook

Despite lock-out/tag-out procedures and multiple repetitions of…

Thyristors

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Don’t just sit there! Build something!! Learning to mathematically…

Electric Shock

Worksheets - Medical & Fitness

It is sometimes said regarding electrical safety that, Ït’s not the…

Superconducting Devices

Textbook

Superconducting devices, though not widely used, have some unique…

AC Instrumentation Transducers

Textbook

Just as devices have been made to measure certain physical quantities…

Karnaugh Mapping

Worksheets - Medical & Fitness

Identify each of these logic gates by name, and complete their…

Class B BJT Amplifiers

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Don’t just sit there! Build something!! Learning to mathematically…

Parallel Resistor-Capacitor Circuits

Textbook

Using the same value components in our series example circuit, we will…

Memory Devices

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Don’t just sit there! Build something!! Learning to analyze digital…

Shift Registers

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Don’t just sit there! Build something!! Learning to analyze digital…

Oscillator Circuits

Textbook

Phase shift oscillator. R1C1, R2C2, and R3C3 each provide 60° of…

CMOS Logic Gates

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Counting practice: count from zero to thirty-one in binary, octal, and…

Shift Registers: Parallel-in, Serial-out (PISO) Conversion

Textbook

Parallel-in/ serial-out shift registers do everything that the…

555 Timer Astable Circuit

Tools

In an astable circuit, the output voltage alternates between VCC and 0 volts on a continuous basis.

Introduction to Shift Registers

Textbook

Shift registers, like counters, are a form of sequential logic.…

Resonance

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The Q factor of a series inductive circuit is given by the following…

Capacitors and Calculus

Textbook

Capacitors do not have a stable “resistance” as conductors…

Peak Detector

Textbook

A peak detector is a series connection of a diode and a…

Ohm’s Law (again!)

Textbook

A common phrase heard in reference to electrical safety goes something…

Transistor Ratings and Packages (BJT)

Textbook

Like all electrical and electronic components, transistors are limited…

Larger 4-variable Karnaugh Maps

Textbook

Knowing how to generate Gray code should allow us to build larger…

Synchronous Condenser

Textbook

Synchronous motors load the power line with a leading power factor.…

Op-Amp Practical Considerations

Textbook

Real operational amplifiers have some imperfections compared to an…

Step-up, Step-down, and Isolation Transformers

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Calculate the voltage output by the secondary winding of a transformer…

Attenuators

Textbook

What is Attenuators? Attenuators are passive devices. It is…

Basic AC-DC Power Supplies

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Don’t just sit there! Build something!! Learning to mathematically…

Harmonics in Polyphase Power Systems

Textbook

In the chapter on mixed-frequency signals, we explored the concept of…

Data - Resistance & Superconductor

Textbook

Tables of specific resistance and temperature coefficient of…

RF Power Ratio Conversion Calculator

Tools

This tool is designed to convert power ratios to decibel

Table (landscape view)

Textbook

Periodic table of chemical elements.

Depletion-type IGFETs

Textbook

Insulated gate field-effect transistors are unipolar devices just like…

Optical Data Communication

Textbook

A modern alternative to sending (binary) digital information via…

Parallel Resistor-Capacitor Circuits

Textbook

Using the same value components in our series example circuit, we will…

The Common-gate Amplifier (IGFET)

Textbook

Counters

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Don’t just sit there! Build something!! Learning to analyze digital…

Capacitive Reactance

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Don’t just sit there! Build something!! Learning to mathematically…

Design Project: Stepper Motor Driver

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At first it may seem pointless to have the four buffer gates following…

Summary of Filters

Textbook

As lengthy as this chapter has been up to this point, it only begins…

Digital Codes

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Counting practice: count from zero to thirty-one in binary, octal, and…

4-wire Resistance Measurement

Textbook

PARTS AND MATERIALS 6-volt battery Electromagnet made from experiment…

Precise Diode Circuits

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Don’t just sit there! Build something!! Learning to mathematically…

Static Electricity

Textbook

It was discovered centuries ago that certain types of materials would…

Basic Electromagnetism and Electromagnetic Induction

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When lightning strikes, nearby magnetic compass needles may be seen to…

Voltage and Current

Textbook

As was previously mentioned, we need more than just a continuous path…

Sum-of-Products and Product-of-Sums Expressions

Worksheets - Medical & Fitness

Identify each of these logic gates by name, and complete their…