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Design Project: Pulse-Width Modulation (PWM) Signal Generator

Worksheets - Test & Measurement

What shape of voltage waveform would you expect to measure (using an…

Voltage Divider Circuits

Worksheets - Test & Measurement

Don’t just sit there! Build something!! Learning to mathematically…

Si Lab - A Simple BJT Current Mirror Circuit

Textbook

In this hands-on semiconductor electronics experiment, build a simple current mirror using matched bipolar junction transistors (BJTs) and learn about current mirror circuit limitations, the temperature dependence of BJTs, and thermal runaway.

Basic Circuit Troubleshooting

Worksheets - Test & Measurement

Determine if the light bulb will de-energize for each of the following…

Sum-of-Products and Product-of-Sums Expressions

Worksheets - Test & Measurement

Identify each of these logic gates by name, and complete their…

Specific Resistance of Conductors

Worksheets - Test & Measurement

Given two lengths of metal wire, which one will have the least…

Design Project: Voltmeter

Worksheets - Test & Measurement

The most important component of your voltmeter will be the…

Measurements of AC Magnitude

Textbook

So far we know that AC voltage alternates in polarity and AC current…

AC Lab - Automotive Alternator as AC Generator

Textbook

In this hands-on AC electronics experiment, you will use an automotive alternator to generate three-phase AC voltage and learn how alternators can function as both generators and motors.

Simultaneous Equations for Circuit Analysis

Worksheets - Test & Measurement

Solve this equation for the value of x: x + 5 = 8 How many exact…

Kelvin (4-wire) Resistance Measurement

Textbook

Suppose we wished to measure the resistance of some component located…

Series DC Circuits Practice Worksheet with Answers

Worksheets - Test & Measurement

In this circuit, three resistors receive the same amount of current (4…

Step-up, Step-down, and Isolation Transformers

Worksheets - Test & Measurement

Calculate the voltage output by the secondary winding of a transformer…

Special Diodes

Worksheets - Test & Measurement

Don’t just sit there! Build something!! Learning to mathematically…

Square Wave Signals

Textbook

It has been found that any repeating, non-sinusoidal waveform can be…

Meter Check of a Transistor (BJT)

Textbook

Bipolar transistors are constructed of a three-layer semiconductor…

Basic Logic Gate Troubleshooting

Worksheets - Test & Measurement

Counting practice: count from zero to thirty-one in binary, octal, and…

TTL Logic Gates

Worksheets - Test & Measurement

Counting practice: count from zero to thirty-one in binary, octal, and…

AC Waveforms

Textbook

When an alternator produces AC voltage, the voltage switches polarity…

Time Constant Circuits

Worksheets - Test & Measurement

Don’t just sit there! Build something!! Learning to mathematically…

Electromagnetism

Textbook

The discovery of the relationship between magnetism and electricity…

Simple AC Circuit Calculations

Textbook

Over the course of the next few chapters, you will learn that AC…

Frequency and Phase Measurement

Textbook

An important electrical quantity with no equivalent in DC circuits is…

AC Phase

Textbook

Things start to get complicated when we need to relate two or more AC…

Finite State Machines

Textbook

Up to now, every circuit that was presented was a combinatorial…

Averager and Summer Circuits

Textbook

If we take three equal resistors and connect one end of each to a…

JFET Biasing Techniques

Textbook

Using an example, learn about the different bias techniques for junction field effect transistors (JFETs) like the constant voltage bias, self-bias configuration, and voltage divider biasing.

Wound Rotor Induction Motors

Textbook

A wound rotor induction motor has a stator like a squirrel cage…

Q Factor and Bandwidth of a Resonant Circuit

Textbook

The Q, or quality, factor of a resonant circuit is a measure of the…

555 Lab - Oscillator With Hysteresis

Textbook

In this hands-on electronics experiment, build an oscillator with hysteresis from a Schmitt trigger and learn how to use it to create an RC oscillator and a method to configure a 555 timer as an astable multivibrator.

Digital Lab - Digital Combination Lock

Textbook

In this hands-on electronics experiment, build a digital combination lock with LED output indicators and learn about XOR gate functionality and how to implement NOR logic functionality using diodes.

Protective Relay Circuits

Worksheets - Test & Measurement

Protective relays are special power-sensing devices whose job it is to…

Metric Notation

Textbook

The metric system, besides being a collection of measurement units for…

Programmable Logic Controllers (PLC)

Textbook

Before the advent of solid-state logic circuits, logical control…

Computational Circuits

Textbook

When someone mentions the word “computer,” a digital…

Successive Approximation ADC

Textbook

One method of addressing the digital ramp ADC’s shortcomings is…

Wire Types and Sizes

Worksheets - Test & Measurement

Most electrical wire is covered in a rubber or plastic coating called…

Inductor Sizing Equation

Textbook

The Inductance Formula     Wheeler’s formulas for…

Biasing Techniques (IGFET)

Textbook

Combination Tubes

Textbook

Similar in thought to the idea of the integrated circuit, tube…

Rules for Derivatives

Textbook

Constant rule Rule of sums Rule of differences Product rule Quotient…

DC Lab - Potentiometer Voltage Divider

Textbook

In this hands-on electronics experiment, you will use potentiometers to vary a voltage and learn about voltage divider ratios and potentiometer applications.

Skin Depth Calculator

Tools

A tool designed to calculate skin depth based on the conductive material being used and the frequency of the signal.

Differentiator and Integrator Circuits

Textbook

By introducing electrical reactance into the feedback loops of an…

Electrical Isolation

Textbook

SPICE analysis of Electrical Isolation Aside from the ability to…

Microstrip Wavelength Calculator

Tools

A tool designed to calculate the guided wavelength inside a microstrip.

Introduction to Solid-state Device Theory

Textbook

This chapter will cover the physics behind the operation of…

Flyback Switch Mode Regulator Calculator

Tools

A calculator for computing several parameters needed in the design of a flyback switch mode regulator

Node Voltage Method

Textbook

The node voltage method of DC network analysis solves for unknown…

Design Project: Audio Media-Based Signal Generator

Worksheets - Test & Measurement

Identify some different ways you can create the sine-wave audio tracks…

Magnetism

Worksheets - Test & Measurement

A permanent magnet is a device that retains a magnetic field without…

Microcontroller Principles

Worksheets - Test & Measurement

Read the following quotation, and then research the term…

Safe Practices

Textbook

If at all possible, shut off the power to a circuit before performing…

The Common-source Amplifier (JFET)

Textbook

RELATED WORKSHEETS: JFET Amplifiers Worksheet

Time Constant Circuits

Worksheets - Test & Measurement

Generally speaking, how many “time constants” worth of time does…

RF Power Conversion Calculator

Tools

A tool designed to convert RF power from watts to decibels and vice versa

Contributors (1)

Textbook

Contributors to this chapter are listed in chronological order of…

Time-Delay Electromechanical Relays

Worksheets - Test & Measurement

What does the normal status of an electrical switch refer to?…

Parallel Circuit Rules

Textbook

Voltage Components in a parallel circuit share the same voltage:…

Microprocessors

Textbook

Early computer science pioneers such as Alan Turing and John Von…