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Biasing Techniques (BJT)

Textbook

In the common-emitter section of this chapter, we saw a SPICE analysis…

Decibel Calculator

Tools

This calculator will convert voltage or power gains into decibels. Enter one of the three values and the calculator will output the other two.

Analog-to-Digital Conversion

Worksheets - Filters

The circuit shown here is a four-bit analog-to-digital converter…

Calculus for Electric Circuits

Worksheets - Filters

∫f(x) dx Calculus alert! Calculus is a branch of mathematics that…

Si Lab - Full-wave Bridge Rectifier With Output Filtering

Textbook

In this hands-on semiconductor experiment, build an improved full-wave rectifier with output filtering and learn about capacitive filtering in AC-to-DC power converters.

Summer and Subtractor OpAmp Circuits

Worksheets - Filters

Don’t just sit there! Build something!! Learning to mathematically…

Conventional Transistor Overview and Special Transistors

Worksheets - Filters

A microcontroller is a specialized type of digital computer used to…

Resonant Filters

Textbook

So far, the filter designs we’ve concentrated on have employed…

Insulated-gate Field-effect Transistors (MOSFET)

Textbook

The Insulated-Gate Field-Effect Transistor (IGFET), also known as…

Analog Lab - Op Amp Integrator

Textbook

In this hands-on electronics experiment, you will build an analog integrator using an operational amplifier and learn about integration functions, op amp input bias currents, and how to limit the voltage swing of a potentiometer.

Bipolar Junction Transistor (BJT) theory

Worksheets - Filters

Don’t just sit there! Build something!! Learning to mathematically…

Performance-Based Assessments for Analog Integrated Circuit Competencies

Worksheets - Filters

The Cascode Amplifier

Textbook

While the C-B (common-base) amplifier is known for wider bandwidth…

Quantum Devices

Textbook

Most integrated circuits are digital, based on MOS (CMOS) transistors.…

Transistor Biasing Calculations

Textbook

Although transistor switching circuits operate without bias, it is…

Junction field-effect transistors (JFET)

Worksheets - Filters

Don’t just sit there! Build something!! Learning to mathematically…

Bandpass Filter Calculator

Tools

This calculates values of the inductance, capacitance of an inductor and capacitor used in a Butterworth LC bandpass filter.

Switched Capacitor Circuitry

Worksheets - Filters

Write an equation describing the precise mathematical relationship…

Active Filters

Worksheets - Filters

Don’t just sit there! Build something!! Learning to mathematically…

OpAmp Oscillator Circuits

Worksheets - Filters

Don’t just sit there! Build something!! Learning to mathematically…

Passive Integrator and Differentiator Circuits

Worksheets - Filters

∫f(x) dx Calculus alert! Calculus is a branch of mathematics that…

Capacitor Transient Response

Textbook

Because capacitors store energy in the form of an electric field, they…

Arc Flash and Arc Blast

Worksheets - Filters

Electromechanical relays used to start and stop high-power electric…

Parallel Resistor Calculator

Tools

Calculate the equivalent resistance of up to six resistors in parallel with ease while learning how to calculate resistance in parallel and the parallel resistance formula.

Negative Feedback

Textbook

If we connect the output of an op-amp to its inverting input and apply…

Biasing Techniques (BJT)

Textbook

In the common-emitter section of this chapter, we saw a SPICE analysis…

Series Resistor-Capacitor Circuits

Textbook

In the last section, we learned what would happen in simple…

Simultaneous Equations for Circuit Analysis

Worksheets - Filters

Solve this equation for the value of x: x + 5 = 8 How many exact…

The Silicon-Controlled Rectifier (SCR)

Textbook

Shockley Diodes and Silicon Controlled Rectifiers (SCRs) Shockley…

Bridge Circuits

Textbook

No text on electrical metering could be called complete without a…

The DIAC

Textbook

Like all diodes, Shockley diodes are unidirectional devices; that is,…

The TRIAC

Textbook

SCRs are unidirectional (one-way) current devices, making them useful…

Converting Between Thevenin and Norton Equivalent Circuits

Textbook

Since Thevenin’s theorem and Norton’s theorems are two…

Si Lab - BJT Common-collector Voltage Follower

Textbook

In this hands-on semiconductor electronics experiment, build a voltage follower amplifier using a bipolar junction transistor (BJT) in common-collector configuration and learn about circuit ground and impedance transformations.

555 Lab - Schmitt Trigger

Textbook

In this hands-on electronics experiment, build a Schmitt trigger using a 555 timer and learn about hysteresis and the inner workings of the extremely versatile 555 timer IC.

Special-purpose Batteries

Textbook

Mercury Standard Cell Back in the early days of electrical measurement…

High-Reliability Circuits

Worksheets - Filters

Don’t just sit there! Build something!! Learning to analyze relay…

Phase-Locked Loops

Worksheets - Filters

This is a schematic for a simple VCO: The oscillator is of the RC…

Introduction to Bipolar Junction Transistors (BJT)

Textbook

The invention of the bipolar transistor in 1948 ushered in a…

Special Transformers and Applications

Textbook

Impedance Matching Because transformers can step voltage and current…

Design Project: Pulse-Width Modulation (PWM) Signal Generator

Worksheets - Filters

What shape of voltage waveform would you expect to measure (using an…

Thevenin’s, Norton’s, and Maximum Power Transfer Theorems

Worksheets - Filters

Suppose a 12 volt lead-acid battery has an internal resistance of 20…

Multiplexers and Demultiplexers

Worksheets - Filters

Don’t just sit there! Build something!! Learning to analyze digital…

Resistors

Worksheets - Filters

Shown here is the schematic symbol for a resistor: What is the purpose…

Single-phase Induction Motors

Textbook

A three-phase motor may be run from a single-phase power source.…

Voltage Divider Circuits

Worksheets - Filters

Don’t just sit there! Build something!! Learning to mathematically…

Intro Lab - Nonlinear Resistance

Textbook

In this hands-on electronics experiment, you will compare the resistance of a lamp filament in its on and off states and learn about nonlinear resistances by applying Ohm's law.

Transistors, Hybrid

Textbook

In essence, the IGFET controls the base current of a BJT, which…

Design Project: DC Voltage Regulator

Worksheets - Filters

It may seem difficult to even start on a project such as this, with no…

Biasing Techniques (IGFET)

Textbook

Current Divider Circuits

Worksheets - Filters

Don’t just sit there! Build something!! Learning to mathematically…

Introduction to Digital-Analog Conversion

Textbook

Connecting digital circuitry to sensor devices is simple if the sensor…

Precise Diode Circuits

Worksheets - Filters

Don’t just sit there! Build something!! Learning to mathematically…

Superposition Theorem

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Don’t just sit there! Build something!! Learning to mathematically…

Binary Math

Worksheets - Filters

Counting practice: count from zero to thirty-one in binary, octal, and…

Introduction to Combinational Logic Functions

Textbook

The term “combinational” comes to us from mathematics. In…

Performance-Based Assessments for Analog Integrated Circuit Competencies

Worksheets - Filters

Basic Operational Amplifiers

Worksheets - Filters

Determine the output voltage polarity of this op-amp (with reference…

Time-delay Relays

Textbook

What are Time-Delay Relays? Some relays are constructed with a kind of…

Autotransformers

Worksheets - Filters

How much voltage is there between the following pairs of points in…