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Semiconductor Devices in SPICE

Textbook

The SPICE (Simulation Program, Integrated Circuit Emphesis)…

Mixed-Frequency Signals

Worksheets - Filters

What is a harmonic frequency? If an oscillator circuit outputs a…

Thyristor Application Circuits

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Don’t just sit there! Build something!! Learning to mathematically…

Radio Circuits

Textbook

(a) Crystal radio. (b) Modulated RF at antenna. (c) Rectified RF at…

Active Filters

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Don’t just sit there! Build something!! Learning to mathematically…

Analog-to-Digital Conversion

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The circuit shown here is a four-bit analog-to-digital converter…

Transistor Biasing Calculations

Textbook

Although transistor switching circuits operate without bias, it is…

Rectifier/Filter Circuit

Textbook

PARTS AND MATERIALS Low-voltage AC power supply Bridge rectifier pack…

Conventional Transistor Overview and Special Transistors

Worksheets - Filters

A microcontroller is a specialized type of digital computer used to…

The Cascode Amplifier

Textbook

While the C-B (common-base) amplifier is known for wider bandwidth…

Passive Filter Circuits

Worksheets - Filters

In very simple, qualitative terms, rate the impedance of capacitors…

The Junction Field-effect Transistor (JFET) as a Switch

Textbook

Like its bipolar cousin, the field-effect transistor may be used as an…

Resonant Filters

Textbook

So far, the filter designs we’ve concentrated on have employed…

JFET Current Regulator

Textbook

PARTS AND MATERIALS One N-channel junction field-effect transistor,…

Resonance

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The Q factor of a series inductive circuit is given by the following…

Flash ADC

Textbook

Also called the parallel A/D converter, this circuit is the simplest…

What Are Electric Circuits?

Textbook

You might have been wondering how charges can continuously flow in a…

Summer and Subtractor OpAmp Circuits

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Don’t just sit there! Build something!! Learning to mathematically…

Oscillator Circuits

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Don’t just sit there! Build something!! Learning to mathematically…

The Thyristor

Textbook

A thyristor is a device that has a number of unusual characteristics.…

OpAmp Oscillator Circuits

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Don’t just sit there! Build something!! Learning to mathematically…

Special-output Gates

Textbook

Complementary Output Gates It is sometimes desirable to have a logic…

Wires and Connections

Textbook

Older electrical schematics showed connecting wires crossing, while…

What is Network Analysis?

Textbook

Generally speaking, network analysis is any structured technique used…

Full-wave Bridge Rectifier

Textbook

PARTS AND MATERIALS Low-voltage AC power supply (6 volt output) Four…

Hand Calculator Use

Textbook

To enter numbers in scientific notation into a hand calculator, there…

Susceptance and Admittance

Textbook

What is Conductance? In the study of DC circuits, the student of…

Junction field-effect transistors (JFET)

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Don’t just sit there! Build something!! Learning to mathematically…

Circuits and the Speed of Light

Textbook

Suppose we had a simple one-battery, one-lamp circuit controlled by a…

Delta and Wye 3-Phase Circuits

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Label where each of the following electrical quantities would be found…

Venn Diagrams and Sets

Textbook

Mathematicians use Venn diagrams to show the logical relationships of…

Field-effect-controlled Thyristors

Textbook

Two relatively recent technologies designed to reduce the…

Three-phase Transformer Circuits

Textbook

Since three-phase is used so often for power distribution systems, it…

Specific Troubleshooting Techniques

Textbook

After applying some of the general troubleshooting tips to narrow the…

Three-phase Power Systems

Textbook

What is Split-Phase Power Systems? Split-phase power systems achieve…

555 Ramp Generator

Textbook

PARTS AND MATERIALS Two 6 volt batteries One capacitor, 470 µF…

Sum-of-Products and Product-of-Sums Expressions

Worksheets - Filters

Identify each of these logic gates by name, and complete their…

Single-phase Power Systems

Textbook

Single phase power system schematic diagram shows little about the…

Elementary Circuits

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In the simplest terms you can think of, define what an electrical…

Factors Affecting Inductance

Textbook

There are four basic factors of inductor construction determining the…

Electrical Conduction in Semiconductors

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In any electrically conductive substance, what are charge carriers?…

Practical Considerations - Transformers

Textbook

Power Capacity As has already been observed, transformers must be well…

AC Voltmeters and Ammeters

Textbook

AC electromechanical meter movements come in two basic arrangements:…

Multimeters

Textbook

Seeing as how a common meter movement can be made to function as a…

BJT Quirks

Textbook

An ideal transistor would show 0% distortion in amplifying a signal.…

Electron Tubes

Textbook

Cathode:   This is the electrode that is heated and emits the…

555 Hysteretic Oscillator

Textbook

PARTS AND MATERIALS One 9V Battery Battery Clip (Radio Shack catalog #…

Attenuators

Textbook

What is Attenuators? Attenuators are passive devices. It is…

Vol II. Credits

Textbook

All entries arranged in alphabetical order of surname. Major…

A Binary Adder

Textbook

Suppose we wanted to build a device that could add two binary bits…

Rectifier Circuits

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Don’t just sit there! Build something!! Learning to mathematically…

Insulator Breakdown Voltage

Textbook

The atoms in insulating materials have very tightly-bound electrons,…

Inductance, Reactance, and Admittance Calculator

Tools

This calculator gives the reactance and admittance of an inductor or the inductance given the reactance of an inductor

Introduction to Solid-state Device Theory

Textbook

This chapter will cover the physics behind the operation of…