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Analog-to-Digital Conversion

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The circuit shown here is a four-bit analog-to-digital converter…

Biasing Techniques (BJT)

Textbook

In the common-emitter section of this chapter, we saw a SPICE analysis…

Semiconductor Devices in SPICE

Textbook

The SPICE (Simulation Program, Integrated Circuit Emphesis)…

Special-purpose Diodes

Textbook

Schottky diodes Schottky diodes are constructed of a metal-to-N…

Transistor Biasing Calculations

Textbook

Although transistor switching circuits operate without bias, it is…

The Junction Field-effect Transistor (JFET) as a Switch

Textbook

Like its bipolar cousin, the field-effect transistor may be used as an…

Switched Capacitor Circuitry

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Write an equation describing the precise mathematical relationship…

Mixed-Frequency Signals

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What is a harmonic frequency? If an oscillator circuit outputs a…

Junction Field-effect Transistors

Textbook

The field effect transistor was proposed by Julius Lilienfeld in US…

Summer and Subtractor OpAmp Circuits

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Don’t just sit there! Build something!! Learning to mathematically…

Example Circuits and Netlists

Textbook

The following circuits are pre-tested netlists for SPICE 2g6, complete…

Class A BJT Amplifiers

Worksheets - Filters

Don’t just sit there! Build something!! Learning to mathematically…

Calculus for Electric Circuits

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∫f(x) dx Calculus alert! Calculus is a branch of mathematics that…

JFET Current Regulator

Textbook

PARTS AND MATERIALS One N-channel junction field-effect transistor,…

Simple Op-Amp

Textbook

PARTS AND MATERIALS Two 6-volt batteries Four NPN…

Peak, Average, and RMS Measurements

Worksheets - Filters

How is it possible to assign a fixed value of voltage or current (such…

Emergency Response

Textbook

Despite lock-out/tag-out procedures and multiple repetitions of…

The “Operational” Amplifier

Textbook

Long before the advent of digital electronic technology, computers…

Oscillator Circuits

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Don’t just sit there! Build something!! Learning to mathematically…

Field-effect-controlled Thyristors

Textbook

Two relatively recent technologies designed to reduce the…

Nonlinear OpAmp Circuits

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Don’t just sit there! Build something!! Learning to mathematically…

Parallel Resistor-Capacitor Circuits

Textbook

Using the same value components in our series example circuit, we will…

Vol III. Credits

Textbook

All entries arranged in alphabetical order of surname. Major…

Three-phase Transformer Circuits

Textbook

Since three-phase is used so often for power distribution systems, it…

Complex Number Arithmetic

Textbook

Since complex numbers are legitimate mathematical entities, just like…

T-Match Impedance Matching Circuits

Tools

A tool designed to compute the values to be used in a T-match Impedance Circuit

Single-phase Power Systems

Textbook

Single phase power system schematic diagram shows little about the…

BJT Quirks

Textbook

An ideal transistor would show 0% distortion in amplifying a signal.…

Building Simple Resistor Circuits

Textbook

In the course of learning about electricity, you will want to…

Complex Circuits

Textbook

What do we do if we come across a circuit more complex than the simple…

Phase-locked Loops

Textbook

The P-N Junction

Textbook

If a block of P-type semiconductor is placed in contact with a block…

The R/2R DAC (Digital-to-Analog Converter)

Textbook

The R/2R DAC circuit is an alternative to the binary-weighted-input…

Logarithms for Analog Circuits

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The concept of a mathematical power is familiar to most students of…

DC Mesh Current Analysis

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Don’t just sit there! Build something!! Learning to mathematically…

Free Space Path Loss Calculator

Tools

This calculator calculates the free space loss, given the distance, frequency, and gain, between two antennas.

Octal and Hexadecimal to Decimal Conversion

Textbook

Although the prime intent of octal and hexadecimal numeration systems…

Specific Troubleshooting Techniques

Textbook

After applying some of the general troubleshooting tips to narrow the…

Wavelength (TEM) Calculator

Tools

This calculator determines the wavelength of a signal given the frequency and dielectric constant.

AC Bridge Circuits

Textbook

As we saw with DC measurement circuits, the circuit configuration…

Clipper and Clamper Circuits

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Don’t just sit there! Build something!! Learning to mathematically…

Vol III. Credits

Textbook

All entries arranged in alphabetical order of surname. Major…

Networks and Busses

Textbook

The wires between the tank and the monitoring location is  called…

Class A BJT Amplifiers

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Don’t just sit there! Build something!! Learning to mathematically…

Common Antiderivatives

Textbook

 

The Tetrode

Textbook

As the name suggests, the tetrode tube contains four elements: cathode…

LED Resistor Calculator

Tools

An LED resistance calculator is perfect for when you have a single LED and need to know which resistor you should use.

Variable Inductor

Textbook

PARTS AND MATERIALS Paper tube, from a toilet-paper roll Bar of iron…

Thyristors

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Don’t just sit there! Build something!! Learning to mathematically…

Encoders and Decoders

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What does it mean, in general terms, to encode something? Conversely,…

L-Match Impedance Matching Circuits

Tools

This calculator is designed to compute for the parameters needed to design a L-Match Impedance Circuit

Capacitor Impedance Calculator

Tools

This tool calculates a capacitor's reactance for a given capacitance value and signal frequency.

Bipolar Junction Transistor (BJT) theory

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Don’t just sit there! Build something!! Learning to mathematically…

Polyphase Power Systems

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Explain the difference between a balanced polyphase system and an…