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Performance-Based Assessments for Semiconductor Circuit Competencies

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Insulated-gate Field-effect Transistors (MOSFET)

Textbook

The Insulated-Gate Field-Effect Transistor (IGFET), also known as…

Thyristor Application Circuits

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Don’t just sit there! Build something!! Learning to mathematically…

Analog-to-Digital Conversion

Worksheets - Filters

The circuit shown here is a four-bit analog-to-digital converter…

RC Time Constant Calculator

Tools

The time constant of a series RC circuit is the product of the resistance and capacitance. Given two of the three values—resistance, capacitance, or RC time constant—this tool will calculate the missing third variable.

Semiconductor Devices in SPICE

Textbook

The SPICE (Simulation Program, Integrated Circuit Emphesis)…

Negative Feedback OpAmp Circuits

Worksheets - Filters

Don’t just sit there! Build something!! Learning to mathematically…

The Cascode Amplifier

Textbook

While the C-B (common-base) amplifier is known for wider bandwidth…

Summer and Subtractor OpAmp Circuits

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Don’t just sit there! Build something!! Learning to mathematically…

Meter Check of a Transistor (JFET)

Textbook

Testing a JFET with a multimeter might seem to be a relatively easy…

Passive Filter Circuits

Worksheets - Filters

In very simple, qualitative terms, rate the impedance of capacitors…

Bipolar Junction Transistor (BJT) theory

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Don’t just sit there! Build something!! Learning to mathematically…

Junction field-effect transistors (JFET)

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Don’t just sit there! Build something!! Learning to mathematically…

Bandpass Filter Calculator

Tools

This calculates values of the inductance, capacitance of an inductor and capacitor used in a Butterworth LC bandpass filter.

Decibel Calculator

Tools

This calculator will convert voltage or power gains into decibels. Enter one of the three values and the calculator will output the other two.

The Junction Field-effect Transistor (JFET) as a Switch

Textbook

Like its bipolar cousin, the field-effect transistor may be used as an…

Mixed-Frequency Signals

Worksheets - Filters

What is a harmonic frequency? If an oscillator circuit outputs a…

Transistor Biasing Calculations

Textbook

Although transistor switching circuits operate without bias, it is…

Resonant Filters

Textbook

So far, the filter designs we’ve concentrated on have employed…

DC Lab - Voltage Divider

Textbook

In this hands-on electronics experiment, you will build a resistive voltage divider and observe how Ohm's law and Kirchhoff's voltage law (KVL) function in real circuits using a voltmeter and an ammeter.

The Importance of Electrical Safety

Textbook

With this lesson, I hope to avoid a common mistake found in…

Si Lab - Half-wave Rectifier

Textbook

In this hands-on semiconductor electronics experiment, build a half-wave rectifier circuit using a silicon diode and learn about the differences between permanent magnet motor operation on AC vs. DC power.

Conventional Versus Electron Flow

Textbook

“The nice thing about standards is that there are so many of…

Amplifier Gain

Textbook

The Voltage Gain Because amplifiers have the ability to increase the…

Phase-locked Loops

Textbook

Contactors

Textbook

All About Contactors When a relay is used to switch a large amount of…

Digital Logic Signals

Worksheets - Filters

A rheostat (variable resistor) and a switch are both examples of…

Practical Considerations - Transformers

Textbook

Power Capacity As has already been observed, transformers must be well…

Delta-Sigma ADC

Textbook

One of the more advanced ADC technologies is the so-called…

Analog Lab - High-impedance Voltmeter

Textbook

In this hands-on electronics experiment, you will build a high-impedance voltmeter and learn about circuit loading and how to use op amps to reduce loading effects.

Simple AC Circuit Calculations

Textbook

Over the course of the next few chapters, you will learn that AC…

Winding Configurations

Textbook

Transformers with Multiple Secondaries Transformers are very versatile…

AC Generator Theory

Worksheets - Filters

If an electric current is passed through this wire, which direction…

Inverting and Noninverting OpAmp Voltage Amplifier Circuits

Worksheets - Filters

Don’t just sit there! Build something!! Learning to mathematically…

BJT Quirks

Textbook

An ideal transistor would show 0% distortion in amplifying a signal.…

From Electric to Electronic

Textbook

Introduction This third volume of the book series Lessons In Electric…

What is a Series-Parallel Circuit?

Textbook

With simple series circuits, all components are connected end-to-end…

Harmonic Phase Sequences

Textbook

In the last section, we saw how the 3rd harmonic and all of its…

Static Electricity

Textbook

It was discovered centuries ago that certain types of materials would…

Potentiometers

Worksheets - Filters

Don’t just sit there! Build something!! Learning to mathematically…

Derivatives of Power Functions of e

Textbook

Example Derivatives of e Proportionality Constant When we say that a…

True, Reactive, and Apparent Power

Textbook

Reactive Power We know that reactive loads such as inductors and…

Inductors

Worksheets - Filters

∫f(x) dx Calculus alert! A 5 H inductor is subjected to an electric…

VSWR / Return Loss Calculator

Tools

A calculator designed to compute the VSWR, reflection coefficient, return loss and matching loss in a transmission line

Factorials

Textbook

Definition of a Factorial Denoted by the symbol “!” after…

IGBTs

Textbook

Because of their insulated gates, IGFETs of all types have extremely…

Synchronous Condenser

Textbook

Synchronous motors load the power line with a leading power factor.…

Time Constant Equations

Textbook

Value of time constant in series RC and RL circuits   Time…

Circuit Components

Textbook

Remember that this tutorial is not exhaustive by any means, and that…

Edge Coupled Trace Inductance Calculator

Tools

This calculator helps you compute for the inductance of an edge coupled trace.

Amplifier Circuits

Textbook

Note, Q3 and Q4 in the figure below are complementary, NPN and PNP…

Voltage and Current Calculations

Textbook

There’s a sure way to calculate any of the values in a reactive…

Parallel Circuits and the Application of Ohm’s Law

Textbook

In this introduction to parallel resistance circuits, we will explain…

AC Lab - Signal and Noise Coupling

Textbook

In this hands-on AC electronics experiment, power a DC motor through a multi-conductor cable to learn how AC signals are coupled between conductors and how to mitigate noise coupling.

Si Lab - Multi-stage Amplifier

Textbook

In this hands-on semiconductor electronics experiment, construct a three-stage common-emitter amplifier using bipolar junction transistors (BJTs) and learn about multi-stage gain and feedback.

Specific Resistance of Conductors

Worksheets - Filters

Given two lengths of metal wire, which one will have the least…

The Shockley Diode

Textbook

Our exploration of thyristors begins with a device called the…

Intro Lab - Nonlinear Resistance

Textbook

In this hands-on electronics experiment, you will compare the resistance of a lamp filament in its on and off states and learn about nonlinear resistances by applying Ohm's law.

Voltage and Current in a Practical Circuit

Textbook

Because it takes energy to force charge to flow against the opposition…