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Step-up, Step-down, and Isolation Transformers

Worksheets - Motors

Calculate the voltage output by the secondary winding of a transformer…

Programmable Logic Controllers (PLC)

Textbook

Before the advent of solid-state logic circuits, logical control…

Kirchhoff’s Laws

Worksheets - Motors

Many electronic circuits use what is called a split or a dual power…

Bipolar Junction Transistors as Switches

Worksheets - Motors

Solid-state switching circuits usually keep their constituent…

ElectroStatic Discharge

Textbook

At the start of this book, we discussed static electricity and how it…

Relay Construction

Textbook

Electricity and Magnetism An electric current through a conductor will…

Network Protocols

Textbook

Aside from the issues of the physical network (signal types and…

Vacuum Tube Audio Amplifier

Textbook

PARTS AND MATERIALS One 12AX7 dual triode vacuum tube Two power…

High Voltage Ohmmeters

Textbook

Most ohmmeters of the design shown in the previous section utilize a…

Electrical Isolation

Textbook

SPICE analysis of Electrical Isolation Aside from the ability to…

Network Topology

Textbook

Point-to-Point Connecting two digital devices with a network, would…

Semiconductor Manufacturing Techniques

Textbook

The manufacture of only silicon based semiconductors is described…

Networks and Busses

Textbook

The wires between the tank and the monitoring location is  called…

Tesla Polyphase Induction Motors

Textbook

Most AC motors are induction motors. Induction motors are favored due…

The Silicon-Controlled Rectifier (SCR)

Textbook

Shockley Diodes and Silicon Controlled Rectifiers (SCRs) Shockley…

Stepper Motors

Textbook

Stepper Motor vs Servo Motor A stepper motor is a…

Winding Configurations

Textbook

Transformers with Multiple Secondaries Transformers are very versatile…

Synchronous Motors

Textbook

Single Phase Synchronous Motors Single-phase synchronous motors are…

Programmable Logic Controllers (PLC)

Textbook

Before the advent of solid-state logic circuits, logical control…

Step-up, Step-down, and Isolation Transformers

Worksheets - Motors

Calculate the voltage output by the secondary winding of a transformer…

AC Instrumentation Transducers

Textbook

Just as devices have been made to measure certain physical quantities…

Electrical Noise and Interference

Worksheets - Motors

Define what noise means, in the electrical sense of the word. How does…

Capacitive Reactance

Worksheets - Motors

Don’t just sit there! Build something!! Learning to mathematically…

The Exclusive-OR Function: The XOR Gate

Textbook

What Is an XOR Gate? One element conspicuously missing from the set of…

Kirchhoff’s Voltage Law (KVL)

Textbook

What is Kirchhoff’s Voltage Law (KVL)? The principle known as…

Measurements of AC Magnitude

Textbook

So far we know that AC voltage alternates in polarity and AC current…

Permissive and Interlock Circuits

Textbook

A practical application of switch and relay logic is in control…

Resonant Filters

Textbook

So far, the filter designs we’ve concentrated on have employed…

What is a Filter?

Textbook

It is sometimes desirable to have circuits capable of selectively…

Differentiator and Integrator Circuits

Textbook

By introducing electrical reactance into the feedback loops of an…

Protective Relays

Textbook

A special type of relay is one that monitors the current, voltage,…

Network Topology

Textbook

Point-to-Point Connecting two digital devices with a network, would…

The D Latch

Textbook

Since the enable input on a gated S-R latch provides a way to latch…

Shift Registers: Parallel-in, Serial-out (PISO) Conversion

Textbook

Parallel-in/ serial-out shift registers do everything that the…

Strain Gauges

Textbook

If a strip of conductive metal is stretched, it will become skinnier…

Delta-Sigma ADC

Textbook

One of the more advanced ADC technologies is the so-called…

Potentiometer as a Rheostat

Textbook

Learning Objectives Rheostat use Wiring a potentiometer as a rheostat…

Memory Devices

Worksheets - Motors

Don’t just sit there! Build something!! Learning to analyze digital…

Switch Contact Design

Textbook

A switch can be constructed with any mechanism bringing two conductors…

Current Mirror BJTs

Textbook

Bipolar Junction Transistor or BJT Current Mirror An often-used…

Bipolar Junction Transistors

Textbook

The bipolar junction transistor (BJT) was named because its operation…