Categories

Digital-to-Analog Conversion

Worksheets - Amplifiers

If a pulse-width modulated (PWM) signal is sent to a passive…

Non-Inverting Op-Amp Resistor Calculator

Tools

This calculator determines the bias and feedback of resistors for a non-inverting Op-Amp

The R/2nR DAC: Binary-Weighted-Input Digital-to-Analog Converter

Textbook

What Is a R/2nR DAC Circuit? The R/2nR DAC circuit, otherwise known as…

Op-Amp Practical Considerations

Textbook

Real operational amplifiers have some imperfections compared to an…

Differentiator and Integrator Circuits

Textbook

By introducing electrical reactance into the feedback loops of an…

Negative Feedback

Textbook

If we connect the output of an op-amp to its inverting input and apply…

Class A BJT Amplifiers

Worksheets - Amplifiers

Don’t just sit there! Build something!! Learning to mathematically…

Analog-to-Digital Conversion

Worksheets - Amplifiers

The circuit shown here is a four-bit analog-to-digital converter…

Hysteresis

Textbook

Thyristors are a class of semiconductor components exhibiting…

Op-Amp Data

Textbook

Parametric data for all semiconductor op-amp models except the CA3130…

Multi-Stage Transistor Amplifiers

Worksheets - Amplifiers

Don’t just sit there! Build something!! Learning to mathematically…

High-impedance Voltmeter

Textbook

PARTS AND MATERIALS Operational amplifier, model TL082 recommended…

AC Negative Feedback OpAmp Circuits

Worksheets - Amplifiers

Don’t just sit there! Build something!! Learning to mathematically…

Common-Emitter Amplifier

Textbook

PARTS AND MATERIALS One NPN transistor—model 2N2222 or 2N3403…

Operational Amplifier Models

Textbook

While mention of operational amplifiers typically provokes visions of…

Op-Amp Voltage and Gain Calculator

Tools

A calculator for computing the gain and output voltage of an operational amplifier

Basic Operational Amplifiers

Worksheets - Amplifiers

Determine the output voltage polarity of this op-amp (with reference…

Summer and Subtractor OpAmp Circuits

Worksheets - Amplifiers

Don’t just sit there! Build something!! Learning to mathematically…

Performance-Based Assessments for Semiconductor Circuit Competencies

Worksheets - Amplifiers

Open-Loop OpAmp Circuits

Worksheets - Amplifiers

Determine what the magnitude and polarity of the voltmeter’s…

Slope (integrating) ADC

Textbook

So far, we’ve only been able to escape the sheer volume of…

The Common-collector Amplifier

Textbook

Our next transistor configuration to study is a bit simpler for gain…

Switch Types

Textbook

Though it may seem strange to cover the elementary topic of electrical…

Mutual Inductance and Basic Operation

Textbook

Behaviors of Inductors wrapped around a Conductive Core Suppose we…

Voltage Regulation

Textbook

As we saw in a few SPICE analyses earlier in this chapter, the output…

DC Mesh Current Analysis

Worksheets - Amplifiers

Don’t just sit there! Build something!! Learning to mathematically…

The “Operational” Amplifier

Textbook

Long before the advent of digital electronic technology, computers…

Special-purpose Batteries

Textbook

Mercury Standard Cell Back in the early days of electrical measurement…

Oscillator Circuits

Textbook

Phase shift oscillator. R1C1, R2C2, and R3C3 each provide 60° of…

Venn Diagrams and Sets

Textbook

Mathematicians use Venn diagrams to show the logical relationships of…

Design Project: DC Voltage Regulator

Worksheets - Amplifiers

It may seem difficult to even start on a project such as this, with no…

Junction field-effect transistors (JFET)

Worksheets - Amplifiers

Don’t just sit there! Build something!! Learning to mathematically…

The Cascode Amplifier

Textbook

While the C-B (common-base) amplifier is known for wider bandwidth…

Time Constant Calculations

Worksheets - Amplifiers

Don’t just sit there! Build something!! Learning to mathematically…

Measurements of AC Magnitude

Textbook

So far we know that AC voltage alternates in polarity and AC current…

Inverting and Noninverting OpAmp Voltage Amplifier Circuits

Worksheets - Amplifiers

Don’t just sit there! Build something!! Learning to mathematically…

Binary Overflow

Textbook

One caveat with signed binary numbers is that of overflow, where the…

Flash ADC

Textbook

Also called the parallel A/D converter, this circuit is the simplest…

Class B BJT Amplifiers

Worksheets - Amplifiers

Don’t just sit there! Build something!! Learning to mathematically…

Time Constant Circuits

Worksheets - Amplifiers

Generally speaking, how many “time constants” worth of time does…

DeMorgan’s Theorems

Textbook

A mathematician named DeMorgan developed a pair of important rules…

Contributors (9)

Textbook

Contributors to this chapter are listed in chronological order of…

Logic Simplification With Karnaugh Maps

Textbook

The logic simplification examples that we have done so far could have…

Special-purpose Diodes

Textbook

Schottky diodes Schottky diodes are constructed of a metal-to-N…

Hyperbolic Functions

Textbook

Note: all angles (x) must be expressed in units of radians for these…

Millman’s Theorem Revisited

Textbook

You may have wondered where we got that strange equation for the…

Design Project: Dual-output AC-DC Power Supply

Worksheets - Amplifiers

Safety is very important when designing and/or building a device…

Enhancement-type IGFETs

Textbook

Right Triangle Trigonometry

Textbook

  A right triangle is defined as having one angle precisely…

Other Specialized Motors

Textbook

Shaded Pole Induction Motor An easy way to provide starting torque to…

Capacitance

Worksheets - Amplifiers

Write an equation describing the precise mathematical relationship…

Potato Battery

Textbook

PARTS AND MATERIALS One large potato One lemon (optional) Strip of…

Rectifier Circuits

Textbook

What is Rectification? Now we come to the most popular application of…

Unit Conversion Calculator

Tools

Convert to and from different units of length, weight, power, temperature and torque

Beam Power Tubes

Textbook

In the beam power tube, the basic four-element structure of the…

Reflection Attenuator Calculator

Tools

This tool is designed to calculate the value of resistance R1 in a reflection attenuator.

Numbers versus Numeration

Textbook

It is imperative to understand that the type of numeration system used…

AC Resistor Circuits (Capacitive)

Textbook

Pure resistive AC circuit: voltage and current are in phase.  …

Data Flow

Textbook

Buses and networks are designed to allow communication to occur…

Phasing

Textbook

Since transformers are essentially AC devices, we need to be aware of…