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Op-Amp Voltage and Gain Calculator

Tools

A calculator for computing the gain and output voltage of an operational amplifier

Transistor Biasing Calculations

Textbook

Although transistor switching circuits operate without bias, it is…

Summer and Subtractor OpAmp Circuits

Worksheets - Amplifiers

Don’t just sit there! Build something!! Learning to mathematically…

Nonlinear OpAmp Circuits

Worksheets - Amplifiers

Don’t just sit there! Build something!! Learning to mathematically…

Basic Operational Amplifiers

Worksheets - Amplifiers

Determine the output voltage polarity of this op-amp (with reference…

The Bipolar Junction Transistor (BJT) as a Switch

Textbook

Bipolar junction transistors (Also known as BJTs) can be used as an…

Si Lab - Differential Amplifier

Textbook

In this hands-on semiconductor electronics experiment, build a BJT differential amplifier and learn about a fundamental building block that is the basis of most operational amplifiers.

Wheatstone Bridge Calculator

Tools

This calculator helps determine the resistance of a variable resistor within a Wheatstone bridge circuit or the differential voltage created across the bridge terminals.

Slope (integrating) ADC

Textbook

So far, we’ve only been able to escape the sheer volume of…

Noise Figure Calculator

Tools

A tool designed to calculate the noise figure of cascaded amplifiers

JFET Amplifiers

Worksheets - Amplifiers

Don’t just sit there! Build something!! Learning to mathematically…

Mixed-Frequency Signals

Worksheets - Amplifiers

What is a harmonic frequency? If an oscillator circuit outputs a…

Analog Lab - Op Amp Integrator

Textbook

In this hands-on electronics experiment, you will build an analog integrator using an operational amplifier and learn about integration functions, op amp input bias currents, and how to limit the voltage swing of a potentiometer.

Voltage/Current Converter OpAmp Circuits

Worksheets - Amplifiers

Don’t just sit there! Build something!! Learning to mathematically…

Flash ADC

Textbook

Also called the parallel A/D converter, this circuit is the simplest…

PN Junctions

Worksheets - Amplifiers

Don’t just sit there! Build something!! Learning to mathematically…

Bipolar Junction Transistors in Active Mode

Worksheets - Amplifiers

Don’t just sit there! Build something!! Learning to mathematically…

Class C BJT Amplifiers

Worksheets - Amplifiers

A common class of operation used in radio-frequency (RF) amplifier…

Example Circuits and Netlists

Textbook

The following circuits are pre-tested netlists for SPICE 2g6, complete…

Regulated Power Sources

Worksheets - Amplifiers

Don’t just sit there! Build something!! Learning to mathematically…

L-Match Impedance Matching Circuits

Tools

This calculator is designed to compute for the parameters needed to design a L-Match Impedance Circuit

Digital-to-Analog Conversion

Worksheets - Amplifiers

If a pulse-width modulated (PWM) signal is sent to a passive…

Electrical Energy Calculator

Tools

This calculator will determine the instantaneous energy, sustained energy, and power consumed by an electrical system given two of the three electrical parameters (voltage, current, or resistance) and the time.

Divided Feedback

Textbook

If we add a voltage divider to the negative feedback wiring so that…

Simultaneous Equations for Circuit Analysis

Worksheets - Amplifiers

Solve this equation for the value of x: x + 5 = 8 How many exact…

Basic Troubleshooting Strategies

Worksheets - Amplifiers

A chandelier has five light bulbs in it, and one of them is not…

Safe Circuit Design

Textbook

As we saw earlier, a power system with no secure connection to earth…

Phase-locked Loops

Textbook

“Ladder” Diagrams

Textbook

Ladder diagrams are specialized schematics commonly used to document…

T-Match Impedance Matching Circuits

Tools

A tool designed to compute the values to be used in a T-match Impedance Circuit

Voltage Divider Circuits

Worksheets - Amplifiers

Don’t just sit there! Build something!! Learning to mathematically…

What is Norton’s Theorem and the Norton Equivalent Circuit?

Textbook

This article explains the step-by-step process for determining the…

Hysteresis

Textbook

Thyristors are a class of semiconductor components exhibiting…

Transistors, Insulated-gate Field-effect (IGFET or MOSFET)

Textbook

We have the symbols for depletion mode and enhancement mode MOSFETs -…

Delta-Sigma ADC

Textbook

One of the more advanced ADC technologies is the so-called…

Switch Types

Textbook

Though it may seem strange to cover the elementary topic of electrical…

An Electric Pendulum

Textbook

Capacitors store energy in the form of an electric field, and…

Active-mode Operation (BJT)

Textbook

When a transistor is in the fully-off state (like an open switch), it…

Signal Modulation

Worksheets - Amplifiers

A modern method of electrical power control involves inserting a…

Inverting and Noninverting OpAmp Voltage Amplifier Circuits

Worksheets - Amplifiers

Don’t just sit there! Build something!! Learning to mathematically…

Impedance Matching With Transformers

Worksheets - Amplifiers

Suppose you were to take a 3 kW electric heater rated for 240 VAC and…

Wavelength (TEM) Calculator

Tools

This calculator determines the wavelength of a signal given the frequency and dielectric constant.

Rules for Limits

Textbook

    RELATED WORKSHEETS: Calculus for Electric Circuits…

Series-Parallel Combination AC Circuits

Worksheets - Amplifiers

Don’t just sit there! Build something!! Learning to mathematically…

Practical Considerations - Inductors

Textbook

Inductors, like all electrical components, have limitations which must…

Electric Fields and Capacitance

Textbook

Introduction Whenever an electric voltage exists between two separated…

Network Protocols

Textbook

Aside from the issues of the physical network (signal types and…

Practical Considerations - Capacitors

Textbook

Capacitors, like all electrical components, have limitations that must…

Circuit Components

Textbook

Remember that this tutorial is not exhaustive by any means, and that…

What is Alternating Current (AC)?

Textbook

Most students of electricity begin their study with what is known as…

Field-effect-controlled Thyristors

Textbook

Two relatively recent technologies designed to reduce the…

Step-up and Step-down Transformers

Textbook

So far, we’ve observed simulations of transformers where the…

Pi Attenuator Calculator

Tools

This calculator helps you determine the values of the resistors R1 and R2 to be used for a Pi Attenuator.

Inductors

Textbook

An inductor is a passive two-terminal electrical component that…

High-Reliability Circuits

Worksheets - Amplifiers

Don’t just sit there! Build something!! Learning to analyze relay…

Monostable Multivibrators

Textbook

We’ve already seen one example of a monostable multivibrator in…

Transistor Ratings and Packages (IGFET)

Textbook

Switches, Process Actuated

Textbook

It is very important to keep in mind that the “normal”…

Magnetism

Worksheets - Amplifiers

A permanent magnet is a device that retains a magnetic field without…

Resistor Color Code Calculator and Chart—4 Band, 5 Band, or 6 Band Resistors

Tools

A handy all-in-one tool for reading resistor color code values for a 4 band resistor, 5 band resistor, or 6 band resistor.