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Frequency and Phase Measurement

Textbook

An important electrical quantity with no equivalent in DC circuits is…

Analog Lab - Class B Audio Amplifier

Textbook

In this hands-on electronics experiment, build a Class B push-pull audio amplifier to drive a speaker and learn about crossover distortion and how to minimize it using negative feedback.

Latch Circuits

Worksheets - Oscillators

What do you think this logic buffer gate will do, with the output…

The R/2nR DAC: Binary-Weighted-Input Digital-to-Analog Converter

Textbook

What Is a R/2nR DAC Circuit? The R/2nR DAC circuit, otherwise known as…

Transistor Biasing Calculations

Textbook

Although transistor switching circuits operate without bias, it is…

Signal Modulation

Worksheets - Oscillators

A modern method of electrical power control involves inserting a…

Op-amp Circuits

Worksheets - Oscillators

Don’t just sit there! Build something!! Learning to mathematically…

Microcontroller Principles

Worksheets - Oscillators

Read the following quotation, and then research the term…

The Unijunction Transistor (UJT)

Textbook

Unijunction transistor: Although a unijunction transistor is not a…

Switched Capacitor Circuitry

Worksheets - Oscillators

Write an equation describing the precise mathematical relationship…

Performance-Based Assessments for Analog Integrated Circuit Competencies

Worksheets - Oscillators

Hysteresis

Textbook

Thyristors are a class of semiconductor components exhibiting…

Logic Signal Voltage Levels

Textbook

Input Voltages for Logic Gates Logic gate circuits are designed to…

Voltage-to-Current Signal Conversion

Textbook

In instrumentation circuitry, DC signals are often used as analog…

Junction field-effect transistors (JFET)

Worksheets - Oscillators

Don’t just sit there! Build something!! Learning to mathematically…

Negative Feedback OpAmp Circuits

Worksheets - Oscillators

Don’t just sit there! Build something!! Learning to mathematically…

Voltage/Current Converter OpAmp Circuits

Worksheets - Oscillators

Don’t just sit there! Build something!! Learning to mathematically…

AC Negative Feedback OpAmp Circuits

Worksheets - Oscillators

Don’t just sit there! Build something!! Learning to mathematically…

JFET Amplifiers

Worksheets - Oscillators

Don’t just sit there! Build something!! Learning to mathematically…

Si Lab - Simple Op Amp

Textbook

In this hands-on semiconductor electronics experiment, build a custom operational amplifier (op amp) and learn about the application of current mirrors and the use of negative feedback in op amp circuits.

Tube Lab - Vacuum Tube Audio Amplifier

Textbook

In this hands-on electronics experiment, build an audio amplifier using a vacuum tube (triode) and learn about voltage transformers, how to build a high-voltage DC power supply, and how to use a transformer for impedance matching.

AC Lab - Noise Cancellation

Textbook

In this hands-on AC electronics experiment, you will use an AC voltage source connected to speakers to learn about sound waves and the foundational principle used in noise cancelling headphones.

Time Constant Calculations

Worksheets - Oscillators

Don’t just sit there! Build something!! Learning to mathematically…

Kirchhoff’s Laws

Worksheets - Oscillators

Many electronic circuits use what is called a split or a dual power…

Conventional Versus Electron Flow

Textbook

“The nice thing about standards is that there are so many of…

Biasing Techniques (BJT)

Textbook

In the common-emitter section of this chapter, we saw a SPICE analysis…

Analog and Digital Signals

Textbook

Instrumentation is a field of study and work centering on measurement…

The Bipolar Junction Transistor (BJT) as a Switch

Textbook

Bipolar junction transistors (Also known as BJTs) can be used as an…

What Is the Skin Effect?

Textbook

The Skin Depth of Copper in Electrical Engineering As previously…

Amplifier Impedances

Textbook

Input impedance varies considerably with the circuit configuration…

Clipper Circuits

Textbook

A circuit which removes the peak of a waveform is known as a clipper.…

Analysis Techniques for Series Parallel Resistor Circuits

Textbook

Guidelines to Series-Parallel Combination Circuit Analysis The goal of…

Time Constant Equations

Textbook

Value of time constant in series RC and RL circuits   Time…

Safe Circuit Design

Textbook

As we saw earlier, a power system with no secure connection to earth…

Current Mirror BJTs

Textbook

Bipolar Junction Transistor or BJT Current Mirror An often-used…

Positive Feedback

Textbook

As we’ve seen, negative feedback is an incredibly useful…

Circuits and the Speed of Light

Textbook

Suppose we had a simple one-battery, one-lamp circuit controlled by a…

DC Lab - Rheostat Range Limiting

Textbook

In this hands-on electronics experiment, you will use series and parallel resistor networks to precisely adjust the range and zero point of a rheostat.

Introduction to Network Theorems for Circuit Analysis

Textbook

Anyone who’s studied geometry should be familiar with the…

More on AC “polarity”

Textbook

Complex numbers are useful for AC circuit analysis because they…

Capacitors and Calculus

Textbook

Capacitors do not have a stable “resistance” as conductors…

Wire Stripline Impedance Calculator

Tools

A calculator for computing the impedance of a wire stripline.

Copper Wire Ampacity Table

Textbook

Ampacities of copper wire, in free air at 30o C: INSULATION TYPE…

Antiderivatives of Power Functions of e

Textbook

  Note: this is a very unique and useful property of e. As in…

Ammeter Design

Textbook

Ammeters Measure Electrical Current A meter designed to measure…

Voltage Divider Calculator

Tools

The voltage divider is a circuit used to create a voltage less than or equal to the input voltage.

Parallel R, L, and C

Textbook

We can take the same components from the series circuit and rearrange…

Analog Lab - Class B Audio Amplifier

Textbook

In this hands-on electronics experiment, build a Class B push-pull audio amplifier to drive a speaker and learn about crossover distortion and how to minimize it using negative feedback.

Decibels

Textbook

The Bel is Used to Represent Gain In its simplest form, an…

Programmable Logic Technology

Worksheets - Oscillators

Define the following acronyms as they apply to digital logic circuits:…

DC Mesh Current Analysis

Worksheets - Oscillators

Don’t just sit there! Build something!! Learning to mathematically…

Time-Delay Electromechanical Relays

Worksheets - Oscillators

What does the normal status of an electrical switch refer to?…

Voltage and Current in a Practical Circuit

Textbook

Because it takes energy to force charge to flow against the opposition…

Parallel Resistor-Capacitor Circuits

Textbook

Using the same value components in our series example circuit, we will…

Karnaugh Maps, Truth Tables, and Boolean Expressions

Textbook

Who Developed the Karnaugh Map? Maurice Karnaugh, a…

DC Lab - Voltage Divider

Textbook

In this hands-on electronics experiment, you will build a resistive voltage divider and observe how Ohm's law and Kirchhoff's voltage law (KVL) function in real circuits using a voltmeter and an ammeter.

Octal and Hexadecimal Numeration

Textbook

Because binary numeration requires so many bits to represent…

Link Budget Calculator

Tools

A Link Budget puts into account all gains and losses a signal goes through in a system as it is transmitted. The calculator calculates the power of the received signal given amplifier and antenna gains, and medium loss.

Network Protocols

Textbook

Aside from the issues of the physical network (signal types and…

Voltage-to-Current Signal Conversion

Textbook

In instrumentation circuitry, DC signals are often used as analog…