Categories

Oscillator Circuits

Textbook

Phase shift oscillator. R1C1, R2C2, and R3C3 each provide 60° of…

Positive Feedback OpAmp Circuits

Worksheets - Oscillators

Don’t just sit there! Build something!! Learning to mathematically…

Logic Signal Voltage Levels

Textbook

Input Voltages for Logic Gates Logic gate circuits are designed to…

Class A BJT Amplifiers

Worksheets - Oscillators

Don’t just sit there! Build something!! Learning to mathematically…

Other Diode Technologies

Textbook

Varicap or varactor diodes A variable capacitance diode is known as a…

Feedback

Textbook

If some percentage of an amplifier’s output signal is connected…

Example Circuits and Netlists

Textbook

The following circuits are pre-tested netlists for SPICE 2g6, complete…

Open-Loop OpAmp Circuits

Worksheets - Oscillators

Determine what the magnitude and polarity of the voltmeter’s…

Transistor Biasing Calculations

Textbook

Although transistor switching circuits operate without bias, it is…

Latch Circuits

Worksheets - Oscillators

What do you think this logic buffer gate will do, with the output…

BJT Quirks

Textbook

An ideal transistor would show 0% distortion in amplifying a signal.…

Nonlinear OpAmp Circuits

Worksheets - Oscillators

Don’t just sit there! Build something!! Learning to mathematically…

Junction Diodes

Textbook

There was some historic crude, but usable were some historic crude,…

OpAmp Oscillator Circuits

Worksheets - Oscillators

Don’t just sit there! Build something!! Learning to mathematically…

Junction field-effect transistors (JFET)

Worksheets - Oscillators

Don’t just sit there! Build something!! Learning to mathematically…

Power Conversion Circuits

Worksheets - Oscillators

Don’t just sit there! Build something!! Learning to mathematically…

Design Project: Audio Media-Based Signal Generator

Worksheets - Oscillators

Identify some different ways you can create the sine-wave audio tracks…

Analog-to-Digital Conversion

Worksheets - Oscillators

The circuit shown here is a four-bit analog-to-digital converter…

AC Negative Feedback OpAmp Circuits

Worksheets - Oscillators

Don’t just sit there! Build something!! Learning to mathematically…

Other Waveshapes

Textbook

As strange as it may seem, any repeating, non-sinusoidal waveform is…

Logarithms for Analog Circuits

Worksheets - Oscillators

The concept of a mathematical power is familiar to most students of…

Noise Figure and Noise Temperature Calculator

Tools

This calculator computes the noise figure and noise temperature in a system

Solving Simultaneous Equations: The Substitution Method and the Addition Method

Textbook

What are Simultaneous Equations and Systems of Equations? The terms…

Introduction to Operational Amplifiers (Op-amps)

Textbook

What is an Operational Amplifier (Op-amp)? Operational Amplifiers,…

Op-Amp Practical Considerations

Textbook

Real operational amplifiers have some imperfections compared to an…

Zener Diodes

Worksheets - Oscillators

Don’t just sit there! Build something!! Learning to mathematically…

Design Project: Audio Media-Based Signal Generator

Worksheets - Oscillators

Identify some different ways you can create the sine-wave audio tracks…

Voltage Multipliers (Doublers, Triplers, Quadruplers, and More)

Textbook

A voltage multiplier is a specialized rectifier circuit…

Simple Parallel (Tank Circuit) Resonance

Textbook

Resonance in a Tank Circuit A condition of resonance will be…

Superposition Theorem

Textbook

Superposition theorem is one of those strokes of genius that takes a…

Automotive Alternator

Textbook

Project Parts and Materials Automotive alternator (one required, but…

The P-N Junction

Textbook

If a block of P-type semiconductor is placed in contact with a block…

Voltage Follower

Textbook

PARTS AND MATERIALS One NPN transistor—models 2N2222 or 2N3403…

Introduction to Discrete Semiconductor Circuits

Textbook

A semiconductor device is one made of silicon or any number of other…

Venn Diagrams and Sets

Textbook

Mathematicians use Venn diagrams to show the logical relationships of…

Conventional Versus Electron Flow

Textbook

“The nice thing about standards is that there are so many of…

Meter Check of a Transistor (BJT)

Textbook

Bipolar transistors are constructed of a three-layer semiconductor…

Resonance

Worksheets - Oscillators

The Q factor of a series inductive circuit is given by the following…

Op-Amp Data

Textbook

Parametric data for all semiconductor op-amp models except the CA3130…

Microwave Tubes

Textbook

For extremely high-frequency applications (above 1 GHz), the…

CMOS Gate Circuitry

Textbook

Up until this point, our analysis of transistor logic circuits has…

PC Oscilloscope

Textbook

PARTS AND MATERIALS IBM-compatible personal computer with sound card,…

Simple Series Circuits

Textbook

On this page, we’ll outline the three principles you should…

Electric Shock Data

Textbook

The table of electric currents and their various bodily effects was…

Creating Custom Calibration Resistances

Textbook

Often in the course of designing and building electrical meter…

Transistors, Hybrid

Textbook

In essence, the IGFET controls the base current of a BJT, which…

Using Multiple Combinational Circuits

Textbook

As an example of using several circuits together, we are going to make…

Simple Parallel Circuits

Textbook

On this page, we’ll outline the three principles you should…

Logic Signal Voltage Levels

Textbook

Input Voltages for Logic Gates Logic gate circuits are designed to…

TTL NAND and AND gates

Textbook

Suppose we altered our basic open-collector inverter circuit, adding a…

Conversion From Decimal Numeration

Textbook

Because octal and hexadecimal numeration systems have bases that are…

Introduction to Diodes And Rectifiers

Textbook

All About Diodes A diode is an electrical device allowing current to…

TTL Logic Gates

Worksheets - Oscillators

Counting practice: count from zero to thirty-one in binary, octal, and…

Mutual Inductors

Textbook

Mutual inductors are inductors that capitalize the effect of mutual…

Elementary Circuits

Worksheets - Oscillators

In the simplest terms you can think of, define what an electrical…

Solid-state Relays

Textbook

Limitations of Electromechanical Relays As versatile as…

Synchronous Counters

Textbook

What is a Synchronous Counter? A synchronous counter, in contrast to…

Voltage and Current Calculations

Textbook

There’s a sure way to calculate any of the values in a reactive…

Coax Impedance Calculator

Tools

A helpful tool for calculating the impedance of a coaxial cable.

Precise Diode Circuits

Worksheets - Oscillators

Don’t just sit there! Build something!! Learning to mathematically…