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2-wire analog outputs with precision DACs

In partnership with Texas Instruments

2-wire analog outputs with precision DACs

3-wire analog outputs with precision DACs

In partnership with Texas Instruments

3-wire analog outputs with precision DACs

The “Operational” Amplifier

Textbook

Long before the advent of digital electronic technology, computers…

Class A BJT Amplifiers

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Don’t just sit there! Build something!! Learning to mathematically…

Biasing Techniques (BJT)

Textbook

In the common-emitter section of this chapter, we saw a SPICE analysis…

Inverting and Noninverting OpAmp Voltage Amplifier Circuits

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Don’t just sit there! Build something!! Learning to mathematically…

Design Project: Sensitive Audio Detector

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The choice of step-down transformers to use in a project such as this…

Design Project: Signal Generator

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Explain the principle of operation for the particular integrated…

Clipper and Clamper Circuits

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Don’t just sit there! Build something!! Learning to mathematically…

Impedance

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Don’t just sit there! Build something!! Learning to mathematically…

Sound Cancellation

Textbook

PARTS AND MATERIALS Low-voltage AC power supply Two audio speakers…

Basic Electromagnetism and Electromagnetic Induction

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When lightning strikes, nearby magnetic compass needles may be seen to…

The Common-emitter Amplifier

Textbook

At the beginning of this chapter, it illustrates how transistors could…

Basic Troubleshooting Strategies

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A chandelier has five light bulbs in it, and one of them is not…

Audio Oscillator

Textbook

PARTS AND MATERIALS Two 6-volt batteries Three NPN…

Impedance Matching With Transformers

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Suppose you were to take a 3 kW electric heater rated for 240 VAC and…

Decibel Measurements

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During the early development of telephone technology, a unit was…

Phase-Locked Loops

Worksheets - Data Converters

This is a schematic for a simple VCO: The oscillator is of the RC…

What is a Filter?

Textbook

It is sometimes desirable to have circuits capable of selectively…

Absolute dB scales

Textbook

Decibel as Absolute Unit of Power It is also possible to use the…

Standing Waves and Resonance

Textbook

Whenever there is a mismatch of impedance between transmission line…

Four-Channel Audio Mixer

Worksheets - Data Converters

A very common misconception students have about potentiometers is the…

Practical Considerations - Transformers

Textbook

Power Capacity As has already been observed, transformers must be well…

Fundamentals of Radio Communication

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What does the acronym RF stand form, in reference to radio-related…

CMOS 555 Long Duration Minimum Parts Red LED Flasher

Textbook

PARTS AND MATERIALS Two AAA Batteries Battery Clip (Radio Shack…

Successive Approximation ADC

Textbook

One method of addressing the digital ramp ADC’s shortcomings is…

Flash ADC

Textbook

Also called the parallel A/D converter, this circuit is the simplest…

The Quadratic Formula

Textbook

Solving for x in a given polynomial equation “ax2 + bx + c…

Step-up, Step-down, and Isolation Transformers

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Calculate the voltage output by the secondary winding of a transformer…

Calculating Power Factor

Textbook

As was mentioned before, the angle of this “power…

Component Modeling

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When plotted on a curve tracer, the characteristic curve for a normal…

Circuit With a Switch

Textbook

PARTS AND MATERIALS 6-volt battery Low-voltage incandescent lamp…

Vacuum Tube Audio Amplifier

Textbook

PARTS AND MATERIALS One 12AX7 dual triode vacuum tube Two power…

Variable Inductor

Textbook

PARTS AND MATERIALS Paper tube, from a toilet-paper roll Bar of iron…

Read-Only Memory (ROM)

Textbook

Read-only memory (ROM) is similar in design to static or dynamic RAM…

Vol V. Credits

Textbook

All entries arranged in alphabetical order of surname. Major…

Introduction to Operational Amplifiers (Op-amps)

Textbook

What is an Operational Amplifier (Op-amp)? Operational Amplifiers,…

Common-Emitter Amplifier

Textbook

PARTS AND MATERIALS One NPN transistor—model 2N2222 or 2N3403…

Switches, Hand Actuated

Textbook

A switch is an electrical component that can “make” or…

Rheostat Range Limiting

Textbook

PARTS AND MATERIALS Several 10 kΩ resistors One 10 kΩ…

Oscillator Circuits

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Automotive Alternator

Textbook

Project Parts and Materials Automotive alternator (one required, but…

Binary Math

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Counting practice: count from zero to thirty-one in binary, octal, and…

Precise Diode Circuits

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Don’t just sit there! Build something!! Learning to mathematically…