Categories

Gate Universality

Textbook

NAND and NOR gates possess a special property: they are universal.…

Binary Math Circuits

Worksheets - Digital ICs

Add the following binary numbers:

Edge-triggered Latches: Flip-Flops

Textbook

So far, we’ve studied both S-R and D latch circuits with enable…

Logic Signal Voltage Levels

Textbook

Input Voltages for Logic Gates Logic gate circuits are designed to…

Introduction to Digital Communication

Textbook

In the design of large and complex digital systems, it is often…

Permissive and Interlock Circuits

Textbook

A practical application of switch and relay logic is in control…

Programmable Logic Controllers (PLC)

Textbook

Before the advent of solid-state logic circuits, logical control…

Series-Parallel DC Circuits

Worksheets - Digital ICs

Don’t just sit there! Build something!! Learning to mathematically…

CMOS Logic Gates

Worksheets - Digital ICs

Counting practice: count from zero to thirty-one in binary, octal, and…

Ohmmeter Usage

Textbook

Parts and Materials Multimeter, digital or analog Assorted resistors…

NOR Gate S-R Latch

Textbook

PARTS AND MATERIALS 4001 quad NOR gate (Radio Shack catalog #…

Motor Control Circuits

Textbook

The interlock contacts installed in the previous section’s motor…

Digital Ramp ADC

Textbook

Also known as the stairstep-ramp, or simply counter A/D converter,…

Servo Motor Systems

Worksheets - Digital ICs

Explain the operation of this “H-bridge” motor control circuit: At…

Basic Gate Function

Textbook

Parts and Materials 4011 quad NAND gate (Radio Shack catalog #…

Digital Signals and Gates

Textbook

While the binary numeration system is an interesting mathematical…

Logic Simplification With Karnaugh Maps

Textbook

The logic simplification examples that we have done so far could have…

TTL Logic Gates

Worksheets - Digital ICs

Counting practice: count from zero to thirty-one in binary, octal, and…

NAND Gate S-R Enabled Latch

Textbook

PARTS AND MATERIALS 4011 quad NAND gate (Radio Shack catalog #…

Positive Feedback OpAmp Circuits

Worksheets - Digital ICs

Don’t just sit there! Build something!! Learning to mathematically…

Polyphase Power Systems

Worksheets - Digital ICs

Explain the difference between a balanced polyphase system and an…

Inductors

Worksheets - Digital ICs

∫f(x) dx Calculus alert! A 5 H inductor is subjected to an electric…

Algebraic Substitution for Electric Circuits

Worksheets - Digital ICs

There are two basic Ohm’s Law equations: one relating voltage,…

Digital Display Circuits

Worksheets - Digital ICs

What is the purpose of a seven-segment decoder circuit? What is a…

Light-Pulse Switch

Worksheets - Digital ICs

It is fairly important to use large value resistors (10 MΩ works…

The Junction Field-effect Transistor (JFET) as a Switch

Textbook

Like its bipolar cousin, the field-effect transistor may be used as an…

Attenuators

Textbook

What is Attenuators? Attenuators are passive devices. It is…

Special-purpose Batteries

Textbook

Mercury Standard Cell Back in the early days of electrical measurement…

DeMorgan’s Theorems

Textbook

A mathematician named DeMorgan developed a pair of important rules…

Active Filters

Worksheets - Digital ICs

Don’t just sit there! Build something!! Learning to mathematically…

Linear Computational Circuitry

Worksheets - Digital ICs

Don’t just sit there! Build something!! Learning to mathematically…

Inductor Quirks

Textbook

In an ideal case, an inductor acts as a purely reactive device. That…

Special Transformers and Applications

Textbook

Impedance Matching Because transformers can step voltage and current…

Pi-Match Impedance Matching Calculator

Tools

This calculator is designed to compute the parameters required to design a Pi-Match Impedance Circuit

Conductor Ampacity

Textbook

The smaller the cross-sectional area of any given wire, the greater…

Delta and Wye 3-Phase Circuits

Worksheets - Digital ICs

Label where each of the following electrical quantities would be found…

Frequency and Phase Measurement

Textbook

An important electrical quantity with no equivalent in DC circuits is…

Design Project: DC Voltage Regulator

Worksheets - Digital ICs

It may seem difficult to even start on a project such as this, with no…

Circuit Components

Textbook

Remember that this tutorial is not exhaustive by any means, and that…

Measurements of AC Magnitude

Textbook

So far we know that AC voltage alternates in polarity and AC current…

Coax Impedance Calculator

Tools

A helpful tool for calculating the impedance of a coaxial cable.

Electrical Conduction in Semiconductors

Worksheets - Digital ICs

In any electrically conductive substance, what are charge carriers?…

Shift Registers: Serial-in, Parallel-out (SIPO) Conversion

Textbook

A serial-in, parallel-out shift register is similar to the serial-in,…

Switches, Electrically Actuated (Relays)

Textbook

The structure behind ladder logic is based on the electrical ladder…

Performance-Based Assessments for AC Circuit Competencies

Worksheets - Digital ICs

(Template)

Octal and Hexadecimal Numeration

Textbook

Because binary numeration requires so many bits to represent…

Peak Voltage Calculator

Tools

The peak voltage calculator calculates peak voltage values from the peak-to-peak voltage, RMS voltage, or average voltage.

Calculating Power Factor

Textbook

As was mentioned before, the angle of this “power…

Electron Versus Conventional Flow

Worksheets - Digital ICs

In this electrical circuit, trace the direction of current through the…

Digital Memory Terms and Concepts

Textbook

When we store information in some kind of circuit or device, we not…

Bandpass Filter Calculator

Tools

This calculates values of the inductance, capacitance of an inductor and capacitor used in a Butterworth LC bandpass filter.

Frequency and Phase Measurement

Textbook

An important electrical quantity with no equivalent in DC circuits is…

Microprocessors

Textbook

Early computer science pioneers such as Alan Turing and John Von…

Edge Coupled Trace Inductance Calculator

Tools

This calculator helps you compute for the inductance of an edge coupled trace.

Practical Considerations - Batteries

Textbook

When connecting batteries together to form larger “banks”…

Critical Temperatures for Superconductors

Textbook

Critical temperatures given in Kelvins Material Element/Alloy Critical…

Positive Feedback OpAmp Circuits

Worksheets - Digital ICs

Don’t just sit there! Build something!! Learning to mathematically…

Binary Math

Worksheets - Digital ICs

Counting practice: count from zero to thirty-one in binary, octal, and…

Biasing Techniques (JFET)

Textbook

Series and Parallel Inductors

Textbook

When inductors are connected in series, the total inductance is the…