Categories

Analog-to-Digital Conversion

Worksheets - Image Processing

The circuit shown here is a four-bit analog-to-digital converter…

Practical Considerations of ADC Circuits

Textbook

Perhaps the most important consideration of an ADC is its resolution.…

Biasing Techniques (BJT)

Textbook

In the common-emitter section of this chapter, we saw a SPICE analysis…

Signal Modulation

Worksheets - Image Processing

A modern method of electrical power control involves inserting a…

Why digital?

Textbook

Although many textbooks provide good introductions to digital memory…

Performance-Based Assessments for Digital Circuit Competencies

Worksheets - Image Processing

(Template)

Polyphase Motor Design

Textbook

AC Motors Perhaps the most important benefit of polyphase AC power…

Calculus for Electric Circuits

Worksheets - Image Processing

∫f(x) dx Calculus alert! Calculus is a branch of mathematics that…

Summer and Subtractor OpAmp Circuits

Worksheets - Image Processing

Don’t just sit there! Build something!! Learning to mathematically…

Musical Keyboard as a Signal Generator

Textbook

PARTS AND MATERIALS Electronic “keyboard” (musical)…

Linear Computational Circuitry

Worksheets - Image Processing

Don’t just sit there! Build something!! Learning to mathematically…

Analog-to-Digital Conversion

Worksheets - Image Processing

The circuit shown here is a four-bit analog-to-digital converter…

Introduction to Mixed-Frequency AC Signals

Textbook

In our study of AC circuits thus far, we’ve explored circuits…

Introduction to Digital Communication

Textbook

In the design of large and complex digital systems, it is often…

Multiplexers and Demultiplexers

Worksheets - Image Processing

Don’t just sit there! Build something!! Learning to analyze digital…

Slope (integrating) ADC

Textbook

So far, we’ve only been able to escape the sheer volume of…

Practical Considerations of ADC Circuits

Textbook

Perhaps the most important consideration of an ADC is its resolution.…

Electrical Signal Types

Textbook

With BogusBus, our signals were very simple and straightforward: each…

Signal Coupling

Textbook

PARTS AND MATERIALS 6 volt battery One capacitor, 0.22 µF…

The “Operational” Amplifier

Textbook

Long before the advent of digital electronic technology, computers…

What is a Filter?

Textbook

It is sometimes desirable to have circuits capable of selectively…

Digital Ramp ADC

Textbook

Also known as the stairstep-ramp, or simply counter A/D converter,…

Biasing Techniques (BJT)

Textbook

In the common-emitter section of this chapter, we saw a SPICE analysis…

Analog and Digital Signals

Textbook

Instrumentation is a field of study and work centering on measurement…

Time Constant Calculations

Worksheets - Image Processing

Don’t just sit there! Build something!! Learning to mathematically…

Amplifier Circuits

Textbook

Note, Q3 and Q4 in the figure below are complementary, NPN and PNP…

Precision Potentiometer

Textbook

PARTS AND MATERIALS Two single-turn, linear-taper potentiometers, 5…

Three-phase Power Systems

Textbook

What is Split-Phase Power Systems? Split-phase power systems achieve…

Sum and Product Notation

Textbook

For reference, this section introduces the terminology used in some…

Sensing AC Electric Fields

Textbook

PARTS AND MATERIALS Audio detector with headphones  …

Contactors

Textbook

All About Contactors When a relay is used to switch a large amount of…

Why L/R and not LR?

Textbook

Learn About L/R Time Constants It is often perplexing to new students…

Copper Wire Ampacity Table

Textbook

Ampacities of copper wire, in free air at 30o C: INSULATION TYPE…

Resistors

Textbook

Because the relationship between voltage, current, and resistance in…

Practical Considerations - Transformers

Textbook

Power Capacity As has already been observed, transformers must be well…

Safe Practices

Textbook

If at all possible, shut off the power to a circuit before performing…

Non-right Triangle Trigonometry

Textbook

The Law of Sines (for any triangle) The Law of Cosines (for any…

Asynchronous Flip-Flop Inputs

Textbook

The normal data inputs to a flip flop (D, S and R, or J and K) are…

Introduction to Digital-Analog Conversion

Textbook

Connecting digital circuitry to sensor devices is simple if the sensor…

Circuit With a Switch

Textbook

PARTS AND MATERIALS 6-volt battery Low-voltage incandescent lamp…

Emergency Response

Textbook

Despite lock-out/tag-out procedures and multiple repetitions of…

Edge Coupled Microstrip Impedance Calculator

Tools

This tool helps calculate the impedance of an edge coupled microstrip.

Microstrip Impedance Calculator

Tools

This calculator helps you compute the characteristic impedance of a microstrip.

Step-up and Step-down Transformers

Textbook

So far, we’ve observed simulations of transformers where the…