Categories

Analog-to-Digital Conversion

Worksheets - Image Processing

The circuit shown here is a four-bit analog-to-digital converter…

Practical Considerations of ADC Circuits

Textbook

Perhaps the most important consideration of an ADC is its resolution.…

Biasing Techniques (BJT)

Textbook

In the common-emitter section of this chapter, we saw a SPICE analysis…

Signal Modulation

Worksheets - Image Processing

A modern method of electrical power control involves inserting a…

What is a Filter?

Textbook

It is sometimes desirable to have circuits capable of selectively…

Signal Modulation

Worksheets - Image Processing

A modern method of electrical power control involves inserting a…

Delta-Sigma ADC

Textbook

One of the more advanced ADC technologies is the so-called…

Analog and Digital Signals

Textbook

Instrumentation is a field of study and work centering on measurement…

Introduction to Digital-Analog Conversion

Textbook

Connecting digital circuitry to sensor devices is simple if the sensor…

Flash ADC

Textbook

Also called the parallel A/D converter, this circuit is the simplest…

Multiplexers and Demultiplexers

Worksheets - Image Processing

Don’t just sit there! Build something!! Learning to analyze digital…

Calculus for Electric Circuits

Worksheets - Image Processing

∫f(x) dx Calculus alert! Calculus is a branch of mathematics that…

Voltage-to-Current Signal Conversion

Textbook

In instrumentation circuitry, DC signals are often used as analog…

The R/2nR DAC: Binary-Weighted-Input Digital-to-Analog Converter

Textbook

What Is a R/2nR DAC Circuit? The R/2nR DAC circuit, otherwise known as…

Shift Registers

Worksheets - Image Processing

Don’t just sit there! Build something!! Learning to analyze digital…

Design Project: Signal Generator

Worksheets - Image Processing

Explain the principle of operation for the particular integrated…

Rectifier/Filter Circuit

Textbook

PARTS AND MATERIALS Low-voltage AC power supply Bridge rectifier pack…

Successive Approximation ADC

Textbook

One method of addressing the digital ramp ADC’s shortcomings is…

Bandpass Filter Calculator

Tools

This calculates values of the inductance, capacitance of an inductor and capacitor used in a Butterworth LC bandpass filter.

Square Wave Signals

Textbook

It has been found that any repeating, non-sinusoidal waveform can be…

Passive Integrator and Differentiator Circuits

Worksheets - Image Processing

∫f(x) dx Calculus alert! Calculus is a branch of mathematics that…

Temperature Coefficient of Resistance

Worksheets - Image Processing

It is a common phenomenon for the electrical resistance of a substance…

Introduction to Mixed-Frequency AC Signals

Textbook

In our study of AC circuits thus far, we’ve explored circuits…

Digital Ramp ADC

Textbook

Also known as the stairstep-ramp, or simply counter A/D converter,…

Wiring Color Codes Infographic

Textbook

Wiring Color Codes Infographic. Released under the Creative Commons…

Conductance

Textbook

When students first see the parallel resistance equation, the natural…

Active-mode Operation (JFET)

Textbook

JFETs, like bipolar transistors, are able to “throttle”…

The Shockley Diode

Textbook

Our exploration of thyristors begins with a device called the…

Capacitance Calculator

Tools

This calculates the capacitance of a capacitor based on its charge, Q, and its voltage, V, according to the formula, C=Q/V.

Square Wave Signals

Textbook

It has been found that any repeating, non-sinusoidal waveform can be…

Active Filters

Worksheets - Image Processing

Don’t just sit there! Build something!! Learning to mathematically…

Binary Addition

Textbook

The Rules of Binary Addition Adding binary numbers is a very simple…

Resistance

Textbook

The circuit in the previous section is not a very practical one. In…

Power Measurement

Textbook

Power measurement in AC circuits can be quite a bit more complex than…

Why L/R and not LR?

Textbook

Learn About L/R Time Constants It is often perplexing to new students…

Resistor Color Codes

Textbook

Try out our Resistor Color Code Calculator in our Tools section.…

Electromechanical Relay Logic

Worksheets - Image Processing

In ladder logic symbolism, an electromechanical relay coil is shown as…

Nonlinear OpAmp Circuits

Worksheets - Image Processing

Don’t just sit there! Build something!! Learning to mathematically…

Diode Switching Circuits

Textbook

Diodes can perform switching and digital logic operations. Forward and…

True, Reactive, and Apparent Power

Textbook

Reactive Power We know that reactive loads such as inductors and…

Capacitor Sizing Equation

Textbook

Capacitance Formula     Permittivity of Dielectric  …

Electrical Conduction in Semiconductors

Worksheets - Image Processing

In any electrically conductive substance, what are charge carriers?…

Resonance in Series-Parallel Circuits

Textbook

In simple reactive circuits with little or no resistance, the effects…

Building a Differential Amplifier

Textbook

Differential Op-Amp Circuits An op-amp with no feedback is already a…