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Voltage Divider Calculator

Tools

The voltage divider is a circuit used to create a voltage less than or equal to the input voltage.

AC Instrumentation Transducers

Textbook

Just as devices have been made to measure certain physical quantities…

Switches, Process Actuated

Textbook

It is very important to keep in mind that the “normal” contact…

Potentiometer as a Rheostat

Textbook

Learning Objectives Rheostat use Wiring a potentiometer as a rheostat…

Strain Gauges

Textbook

If a strip of conductive metal is stretched, it will become skinnier…

Differentiator and Integrator Circuits

Textbook

By introducing electrical reactance into the feedback loops of op-amp…

Physiological Effects of Electricity

Textbook

Most of us have experienced some form of electric “shock,”…

Voltmeter Impact on Measured Circuit

Textbook

Every meter impacts the circuit it is measuring to some extent, just…

Sensitive Voltage Detector

Textbook

PARTS AND MATERIALS High-quality “closed-cup” audio headphones…

4-wire Resistance Measurement

Textbook

PARTS AND MATERIALS 6-volt battery Electromagnet made from experiment…

Building a Differential Amplifier

Textbook

Differential Op-Amp Circuits An op-amp with no feedback is already a…

pH Measurement

Textbook

A very important measurement in many liquid chemical processes…

Bipolar Junction Transistors

Textbook

The bipolar junction transistor (BJT) was named because its operation…

Differential Amplifier

Textbook

PARTS AND MATERIALS Two 6-volt batteries Two NPN…

Permanent Magnets

Textbook

Centuries ago, it was discovered that certain types of mineral rock…

Brushless DC Motor

Textbook

Brushless DC motors were developed from conventional brushed DC motors…

Single-ended and Differential Amplifiers

Textbook

For ease of drawing complex circuit diagrams, electronic amplifiers…

Thermocouples

Textbook

Seebeck Effect An interesting phenomenon applied in the field of…

Pulsed-light Sensor

Textbook

PARTS AND MATERIALS Two 6-volt batteries One NPN transistor—models…

Voltage Divider Calculator

Tools

The voltage divider is a circuit used to create a voltage less than or equal to the input voltage.

Look-up Tables

Textbook

Having learned about digital memory devices in the last chapter, we…

Current Divider Circuits

Worksheets - Motion Sensors

Don’t just sit there! Build something!! Learning to mathematically…

Design Project: Arbitrary Waveform Generator

Worksheets - Motion Sensors

What, exactly, is an arbitrary waveform generator, and for what…

Questions to Ask Before Proceeding

Textbook

Has the system ever worked before? If yes, has anything happened to…

Light-Pulse Switch

Worksheets - Motion Sensors

It is fairly important to use large value resistors (10 MΩ works…

AC Voltmeters and Ammeters

Textbook

AC electromechanical meter movements come in two basic arrangements:…

Positive Feedback

Textbook

As we’ve seen, negative feedback is an incredibly useful…

Introduction to SPICE

Textbook

DIP Gate Packaging

Textbook

Digital logic gate circuits are manufactured as integrated circuits:…

Synchronous Condenser

Textbook

Synchronous motors load the power line with a leading power factor.…

Networks and Busses

Textbook

This collection of wires that I keep referring to between the tank…

AC Instrumentation Transducers

Textbook

Just as devices have been made to measure certain physical quantities…

Four-Channel Audio Mixer

Worksheets - Motion Sensors

A very common misconception students have about potentiometers is the…

Kelvin (4-wire) Resistance Measurement

Textbook

Suppose we wished to measure the resistance of some component located…

Solid-state Relays

Textbook

As versatile as electromechanical relays can be, they do suffer many…

Bipolar Transistor Biasing Circuits

Worksheets - Motion Sensors

Don’t just sit there! Build something!! Learning to mathematically…

Common Derivatives

Textbook

Overcurrent Protection

Worksheets - Motion Sensors

What hazards might be posed by a circuit with excessive current going…

Common Sources of Hazard

Textbook

Of course, there is a danger of electrical shock when directly…

Peak Detector

Textbook

A peak detector is a series connection of a diode and a…

Sensitive Voltage Detector

Textbook

PARTS AND MATERIALS High-quality “closed-cup” audio headphones…