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Time Constant Calculations

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Don’t just sit there! Build something!! Learning to mathematically…

Optical Data Communication

Textbook

A modern alternative to sending (binary) digital information via…

Data Flow

Textbook

Buses and networks are designed to allow communication to occur…

Power Conversion Circuits

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Don’t just sit there! Build something!! Learning to mathematically…

A 50-Ohm Cable?

Textbook

Early in my explorations of electricity, I came across a length of…

Bipolar Transistor Biasing Circuits

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Don’t just sit there! Build something!! Learning to mathematically…

Passive Filter Circuits

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In very simple, qualitative terms, rate the impedance of capacitors…

Analog-to-Digital Conversion

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The circuit shown here is a four-bit analog-to-digital converter…

Negative Feedback OpAmp Circuits

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Series-Parallel DC Circuits

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Practical considerations - Digital Communication

Textbook

A principal consideration for industrial control networks, where the…

Network Protocols

Textbook

Aside from the issues of the physical network (signal types and…

Latch Circuits

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What do you think this logic buffer gate will do, with the output…

Basic AC-DC Power Supplies

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Switched Capacitor Circuitry

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Write an equation describing the precise mathematical relationship…

DC Bridge Circuits

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Regulated Power Sources

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Don’t just sit there! Build something!! Learning to mathematically…

TTL Logic Gates

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Counting practice: count from zero to thirty-one in binary, octal, and…

Multiplexers and Demultiplexers

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Don’t just sit there! Build something!! Learning to analyze digital…

OpAmp Oscillator Circuits

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Don’t just sit there! Build something!! Learning to mathematically…

Resonance in Series-Parallel Circuits

Textbook

In simple reactive circuits with little or no resistance, the effects…

Four-Channel Audio Mixer

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A very common misconception students have about potentiometers is the…

CMOS Gate Circuitry

Textbook

Up until this point, our analysis of transistor logic circuits has…

Electric Shock

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It is sometimes said regarding electrical safety that, Ït’s not the…

Sum-of-Products and Product-of-Sums Expressions

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Identify each of these logic gates by name, and complete their…

How to Use an Ammeter to Measure Current

Textbook

Parts and Materials   6-volt battery   6-volt incandescent…

Network Protocols

Textbook

Aside from the issues of the physical network (signal types and…

Basic Gate Function

Textbook

Parts and Materials 4011 quad NAND gate (Radio Shack catalog #…

Voltage/Current Converter OpAmp Circuits

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Brushless DC Motor

Textbook

Brushless DC motors were developed from conventional brushed DC motors…

Servo Motor Systems

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Explain the operation of this “H-bridge” motor control circuit: At…

Basic Circuit Troubleshooting

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Determine if the light bulb will de-energize for each of the following…

Integrator

Textbook

PARTS AND MATERIALS Four 6 volt batteries Operational amplifier,…

The Thyristor

Textbook

Full-wave Bridge Rectifier

Textbook

PARTS AND MATERIALS Low-voltage AC power supply (6 volt output) Four…

Programmable Logic Controllers (PLC)

Textbook

Before the advent of solid-state logic circuits, logical control…

Parallel Resistance Calculator

Tools

Calculate the total resistance of resistors in parallel with ease!

Voltage Multipliers (Doublers, Triplers, Quadruplers, and More)

Textbook

A voltage multiplier is a specialized rectifier circuit…

The Gated S-R Latch

Textbook

It is sometimes useful in logic circuits to have a multivibrator…

Series R, L, and C

Textbook

Let’s take the following example circuit and analyze it: Example…

PN Junctions

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Heat Sink Calculator

Tools

This calculator helps determine the maximum temperature a device can withstand

Phasing

Textbook

Since transformers are essentially AC devices, we need to be aware of…

Fuses

Textbook

Normally, the ampacity rating of a conductor is a circuit design…

Simple AC Circuit Calculations

Textbook

Over the course of the next few chapters, you will learn that AC…

Overcurrent Protection

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What hazards might be posed by a circuit with excessive current going…

Voltmeter Design

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Suppose I were about to measure an unknown voltage with a manual-range…

Peak, Average, and RMS Measurements

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How is it possible to assign a fixed value of voltage or current (such…

Atomic Structure

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Shown here is a simplified representation of an atom: the smallest…

Nonlinear Conduction

Textbook

“Advances are made by answering questions. Discoveries are made…

Negative Binary Numbers

Textbook

With addition being easily accomplished, we can perform the operation…

Time Constant Circuits

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Generally speaking, how many “time constants” worth of time does…

Contributors (14)

Textbook

Contributors to this chapter are listed in chronological order of…

Series and Parallel Capacitors

Textbook

When capacitors are connected in series, the total capacitance is…

Commutating Diode

Textbook

PARTS AND MATERIALS 6 volt battery Power transformer, 120VAC…

Inductor Commutating Circuits

Textbook

A popular use of diodes is for the mitigation of inductive…

The Common-emitter Amplifier

Textbook

At the beginning of this chapter, it illustrates how transistors could…

Calculating Electric Power

Textbook

Learn the Power Formula We’ve seen the formula for determining…

Stripline Crosstalk Calculator

Tools

This tool is designed to calculate cross-talk coefficient and coupled voltage for a stripline

Harmonic Phase Sequences

Textbook

In the last section, we saw how the 3rd harmonic and all of its…