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Design Project: Pulse-Width Modulation (PWM) Signal Generator

Worksheets - Waveform Generators

What shape of voltage waveform would you expect to measure (using an…

Differential Transistor Amplifiers

Worksheets - Waveform Generators

Don’t just sit there! Build something!! Learning to mathematically…

Performance-Based Assessments for Analog Integrated Circuit Competencies

Worksheets - Waveform Generators

Analog-to-Digital Conversion

Worksheets - Waveform Generators

The circuit shown here is a four-bit analog-to-digital converter…

Design Project: Audio Media-Based Signal Generator

Worksheets - Waveform Generators

Identify some different ways you can create the sine-wave audio tracks…

Design Project: Arbitrary Waveform Generator

Worksheets - Waveform Generators

What, exactly, is an arbitrary waveform generator, and for what…

Sensitive Audio Detector

Textbook

PARTS AND MATERIALS High-quality “closed-cup” audio headphones…

Analog and Digital Signals

Textbook

Instrumentation is a field of study and work centering on measurement…

Design Project: Signal Generator

Worksheets - Waveform Generators

Explain the principle of operation for the particular integrated…

Design Project: Dual-output AC-DC Power Supply

Worksheets - Waveform Generators

Safety is very important when designing and/or building a device…

555 Ramp Generator

Textbook

PARTS AND MATERIALS Two 6 volt batteries One capacitor, 470 µF…

Slope (integrating) ADC

Textbook

So far, we’ve only been able to escape the sheer volume of…

Nonlinear Resistance

Textbook

PARTS AND MATERIALS Calculator (or pencil and paper for doing…

Basic Operational Amplifiers

Worksheets - Waveform Generators

Determine the output voltage polarity of this op-amp (with reference…

DC Branch Current Analysis

Worksheets - Waveform Generators

Don’t just sit there! Build something!! Learning to mathematically…

Series-Parallel DC Circuits

Worksheets - Waveform Generators

Don’t just sit there! Build something!! Learning to mathematically…

Special-purpose Batteries

Textbook

Mercury Standard Cell Back in the early days of electrical measurement…

Potentiometer as a Rheostat

Textbook

Learning Objectives Rheostat use Wiring a potentiometer as a rheostat…

Computational Circuits

Textbook

When someone mentions the word “computer,” a digital device is…

Resistors

Worksheets - Waveform Generators

Shown here is the schematic symbol for a resistor: What is the purpose…

Design Project: Dual-output AC-DC Power Supply

Worksheets - Waveform Generators

Safety is very important when designing and/or building a device…

Power Dissipation

Textbook

PARTS AND MATERIALS Calculator (or pencil and paper for doing…

Active Filters

Worksheets - Waveform Generators

Don’t just sit there! Build something!! Learning to mathematically…

Design Project: Voltmeter

Worksheets - Waveform Generators

The most important component of your voltmeter will be the…

Simple Series Circuits

Textbook

On this page, we’ll outline the three principles you should…

Magnetic Units of Measurement

Worksheets - Waveform Generators

In electric circuits, the three basic quantities are voltage (E or V),…

Design Project: Signal Generator

Worksheets - Waveform Generators

Explain the principle of operation for the particular integrated…

Analog-to-Digital Conversion

Worksheets - Waveform Generators

The circuit shown here is a four-bit analog-to-digital converter…

Specific Resistance of Conductors

Worksheets - Waveform Generators

Given two lengths of metal wire, which one will have the least…

Counters

Worksheets - Waveform Generators

Don’t just sit there! Build something!! Learning to analyze digital…

Potentiometric Voltmeter

Textbook

PARTS AND MATERIALS Two 6 volt batteries One potentiometer, single…

Noise Figure and Noise Temperature Calculator

Tools

This calculator computes the noise figure and noise temperature in a system

The P-N Junction

Textbook

If a block of P-type semiconductor is placed in contact with a block…

Successive Approximation ADC

Textbook

One method of addressing the digital ramp ADC’s shortcomings is the…

Design Project: DC Motor

Worksheets - Waveform Generators

The armature windings of your DC motor will have very low resistance.…

555 Hysteretic Oscillator

Textbook

Try out our 555 Timer Astable Circuit in our Tools section. PARTS AND…

Active Filters

Worksheets - Waveform Generators

Don’t just sit there! Build something!! Learning to mathematically…

Simultaneous Equations for Circuit Analysis

Worksheets - Waveform Generators

Solve this equation for the value of x: x 5 = 8 How many exact…

Common-Emitter Amplifier

Textbook

PARTS AND MATERIALS One NPN transistor—model 2N2222 or 2N3403…

Introduction to SPICE

Textbook

Encoder

Textbook

What is an Encoder? An encoder is a circuit that changes a set of…

Pulse Width Modulation

Textbook

Pulse Width Modulation (PWM) uses digital signals to control power…

LED Resistor Calculator

Tools

An LED resistance calculator is perfect for when you have a single LED and need to know which resistor you should use.

Wiring Color Codes Infographic

Textbook

Wiring Color Codes Infographic. Released under the Creative Commons…

MESFETs

Textbook

Coefficients of Specific Resistance

Textbook

Specific resistance at 20o C: Material Element/Alloy (ohm-cmil/ft)…

Conversion From Decimal Numeration

Textbook

Because octal and hexadecimal numeration systems have bases that are…

Battery Ratings

Textbook

Because batteries create current flow in a circuit by exchanging…

Contributors (7)

Textbook

Contributors to this chapter are listed in chronological order of…

Voltage Follower

Textbook

PARTS AND MATERIALS One NPN transistor—models 2N2222 or 2N3403…

The Quadratic Formula

Textbook