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Shock Current Path

Textbook

As we’ve already learned, electricity requires a complete path…

Tesla Polyphase Induction Motors

Textbook

Most AC motors are induction motors. Induction motors are favored due…

Peak Voltage Calculator

Tools

The peak voltage calculator calculates peak voltage values from the peak-to-peak voltage, RMS voltage, or average voltage.

Static Electricity

Worksheets - Power-Management ICs

What does it mean for an object to have an electric charge? Give an…

Batteries

Worksheets - Power-Management ICs

If I wanted to build a battery-powered electric drill, would it be…

Stepper Motors

Textbook

A stepper motor is a “digital” version of the electric…

Building Simple Resistor Circuits

Textbook

In the course of learning about electricity, you will want to…

Algebraic Equation Manipulation for Electric Circuits

Worksheets - Power-Management ICs

The electrical resistance of a conductor at any temperature may be…

Op-Amp Practical Considerations

Textbook

Real operational amplifiers have some imperfections compared to an…

Junction Field-effect Transistors

Textbook

The field effect transistor was proposed by Julius Lilienfeld in US…

Voltage Divider Circuits

Textbook

Let’s analyze a simple series circuit and determine the voltage…

Basic AC-DC Power Supplies

Worksheets - Power-Management ICs

Don’t just sit there! Build something!! Learning to mathematically…

Pulse Width Modulation

Textbook

Pulse Width Modulation (PWM) uses digital signals to control power…

Basic Ohmmeter Use

Worksheets - Power-Management ICs

Explain how an ohmmeter is able to measure the resistance of a…

Insulated Gate Bipolar Transistors

Worksheets - Power-Management ICs

What is an Insulated Gate Bipolar Transistor (IGBT), and what…

Active-mode Operation (JFET)

Textbook

JFETs, like bipolar transistors, are able to “throttle”…

Battery Ratings

Textbook

Because batteries create current flow in a circuit by exchanging…

Negative Feedback OpAmp Circuits

Worksheets - Power-Management ICs

Don’t just sit there! Build something!! Learning to mathematically…

Measurements of AC Magnitude

Textbook

So far we know that AC voltage alternates in polarity and AC current…

Voltage Multipliers (Doublers, Triplers, Quadruplers, and More)

Textbook

A voltage multiplier is a specialized rectifier circuit…

Protective Relay Circuits

Worksheets - Power-Management ICs

Protective relays are special power-sensing devices whose job it is to…

Design Project: DC Motor

Worksheets - Power-Management ICs

The armature windings of your DC motor will have very low resistance.…

Potentiometric Voltmeter

Textbook

PARTS AND MATERIALS Two 6 volt batteries One potentiometer, single…

Kirchhoff’s Laws

Worksheets - Power-Management ICs

Many electronic circuits use what is called a split or a dual power…

Peak, Average, and RMS Measurements

Worksheets - Power-Management ICs

How is it possible to assign a fixed value of voltage or current (such…

Introduction to Insulated-gate Field-effect Transistors

Textbook

As was stated in the last chapter, there is more than one type of…

AC Phase

Textbook

Things start to get complicated when we need to relate two or more AC…

Absolute dB scales

Textbook

Decibel as Absolute Unit of Power It is also possible to use the…

The Common-source Amplifier (JFET)

Textbook

RELATED WORKSHEETS: JFET Amplifiers Worksheet

Inductor Transient Response

Textbook

Inductors have the exact opposite characteristics of capacitors.…

Bipolar Junction Transistors as Switches

Worksheets - Power-Management ICs

Solid-state switching circuits usually keep their constituent…

Multiplexers and Demultiplexers

Worksheets - Power-Management ICs

Don’t just sit there! Build something!! Learning to analyze digital…

Static Electricity

Textbook

It was discovered centuries ago that certain types of materials would…

Gas Discharge Tubes

Textbook

If you’ve ever witnessed a lightning storm, you’ve seen…

Vol II. Credits

Textbook

All entries arranged in alphabetical order of surname. Major…

Data - Resistance & Superconductor

Textbook

Tables of specific resistance and temperature coefficient of…

High Voltage Ohmmeters

Textbook

Most ohmmeters of the design shown in the previous section utilize a…

Power in Electric Circuits

Textbook

In addition to voltage and current, there is another important…

Phasing

Textbook

Since transformers are essentially AC devices, we need to be aware of…

Non-right Triangle Trigonometry

Textbook

The Law of Sines (for any triangle) The Law of Cosines (for any…

Series and Parallel Capacitors

Textbook

When capacitors are connected in series, the total capacitance is…