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Tube Lab - Vacuum Tube Audio Amplifier

Textbook

In this hands-on electronics experiment, build an audio amplifier using a vacuum tube (triode) and learn about voltage transformers, how to build a high-voltage DC power supply, and how to use a transformer for impedance matching.

Step-up, Step-down, and Isolation Transformers

Worksheets - Relays

Calculate the voltage output by the secondary winding of a transformer…

Winding Configurations

Textbook

Transformers with Multiple Secondaries Transformers are very versatile…

Programmable Logic Controllers (PLC)

Textbook

Before the advent of solid-state logic circuits, logical control…

Relay Construction

Textbook

Electricity and Magnetism An electric current through a conductor will…

The Silicon-Controlled Rectifier (SCR)

Textbook

Shockley Diodes and Silicon Controlled Rectifiers (SCRs) Shockley…

High Voltage Ohmmeters

Textbook

Most ohmmeters of the design shown in the previous section utilize a…

Programmable Logic Controllers (PLC)

Textbook

Before the advent of solid-state logic circuits, logical control…

Kirchhoff’s Laws

Worksheets - Relays

Many electronic circuits use what is called a split or a dual power…

Stepper Motors

Textbook

Stepper Motor vs Servo Motor A stepper motor is a…

AC Lab - Sensing AC Magnetic Fields

Textbook

In this hands-on AC electronics experiment, you will sense AC magnetic fields using a simple wire coil and learn about AC signal coupling, orientation effects, and the impact of shielding using different materials.

High Voltage Ohmmeters

Textbook

Most ohmmeters of the design shown in the previous section utilize a…

Pressure Unit Conversion Calculator

Tools

This calculator will convert pressure values to ten different standard units for pressure.

Bipolar Junction Transistors as Switches

Worksheets - Relays

Solid-state switching circuits usually keep their constituent…

Parallel Resistor Calculator

Tools

Calculate the equivalent resistance of up to six resistors in parallel with ease while learning how to calculate resistance in parallel and the parallel resistance formula.

Instrumentation Amplifier Gain Calculator

Tools

The instrumentation amplifier calculator will assist in the design and analysis of a conventional instrumentation amplifier circuit by calculating the required resistor values and gain.

Network Topology

Textbook

Point-to-Point Connecting two digital devices with a network, would…

AC Lab - Induction Motor

Textbook

In this hands-on AC electronics experiment, build a simple AC permanent capacitor split-phase induction motor and learn the principles of AC induction motor function.

AC Lab - Large Induction Motor

Textbook

In this hands-on AC electronics experiment, build a large AC permanent capacitor split-phase induction motor and learn the principles of AC induction motor function.

The Silicon-Controlled Rectifier (SCR)

Textbook

Shockley Diodes and Silicon Controlled Rectifiers (SCRs) Shockley…

Synchronous Motors

Textbook

Single Phase Synchronous Motors Single-phase synchronous motors are…

Lorentz Force Calculator

Tools

This calculator will determine the combined Lorentz force exerted on a charged particle moving through both an electric field and a magnetic field.

DC Lab - Potentiometer as a Rheostat

Textbook

In this hands-on electronics experiment, you will use a potentiometer as a variable resistor to control the speed of a motor and learn how to connect a potentiometer as a rheostat.

DC Lab - Thermoelectricity

Textbook

In this hands-on electronics experiment, you will build a thermocouple to measure temperature changes and learn about the Seebeck effect.

AC Instrumentation Transducers

Textbook

Just as devices have been made to measure certain physical quantities…

ElectroStatic Discharge

Textbook

At the start of this book, we discussed static electricity and how it…

Networks and Busses

Textbook

The wires between the tank and the monitoring location is  called…

Si Lab - Commutating Diode

Textbook

In this hands-on semiconductor electronics experiment, build a simple circuit that will teach you how to use a commutating diode to reduce inductive kickback.

The Common-collector Amplifier

Textbook

Our next transistor configuration to study is a bit simpler for gain…

Counters

Worksheets - Relays

Don’t just sit there! Build something!! Learning to analyze digital…

Fail-safe Design

Textbook

Logic circuits, whether comprised of electromechanical relays or…

Si Lab - Differential Amplifier

Textbook

In this hands-on semiconductor electronics experiment, build a BJT differential amplifier and learn about a fundamental building block that is the basis of most operational amplifiers.

Contactors

Textbook

All About Contactors When a relay is used to switch a large amount of…

High-Reliability Circuits

Worksheets - Relays

Don’t just sit there! Build something!! Learning to analyze relay…

Friis Transmission Calculator

Tools

This calculator computes the power received by an antenna using Friis formula

Making a Venn Diagram Look Like a Karnaugh Map

Textbook

Starting with circle A in a rectangular A’ universe in figure…

“Long’’ and “Short’’ Transmission Lines

Textbook

In DC and low-frequency AC circuits, the characteristic impedance of…

Tracking ADC

Textbook

A third variation on the counter-DAC-based converter theme is, in my…

Feedback

Textbook

If some percentage of an amplifier’s output signal is connected…

Stepper Motor Calculator

Tools

A tool designed to calculate the maximum speed, minimum time per step and maximum power of a stepper motor

Resonance

Worksheets - Relays

The Q factor of a series inductive circuit is given by the following…

Bridged-Tee Attenuator Calculator

Tools

This calculator helps you determine the values of the resistors R1 and R2 to be used for a bridged-tee attenuator.

Introduction to Bipolar Junction Transistors (BJT)

Textbook

The invention of the bipolar transistor in 1948 ushered in a…

Servo Motor Systems

Worksheets - Relays

Explain the operation of this “H-bridge” motor control circuit: At…

Transistors, Hybrid

Textbook

In essence, the IGFET controls the base current of a BJT, which…

Intro Lab - Circuit With a Switch

Textbook

In this hands-on electronics experiment, you will control a light with a switch and learn the basics of connecting toggle (on/off) switches into circuits.

Time Constant Calculations

Worksheets - Relays

Don’t just sit there! Build something!! Learning to mathematically…