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Semiconductor Manufacturing Techniques

Textbook

The manufacture of only silicon based semiconductors is described…

ElectroStatic Discharge

Textbook

At the start of this book, we discussed static electricity and how it…

Relay Construction

Textbook

Electricity and Magnetism An electric current through a conductor will…

Parallel Resistor Calculator

Tools

Calculate the equivalent resistance of up to six resistors in parallel with ease while learning how to calculate resistance in parallel and the parallel resistance formula.

Tesla Polyphase Induction Motors

Textbook

Most AC motors are induction motors. Induction motors are favored due…

Stepper Motors

Textbook

Stepper Motor vs Servo Motor A stepper motor is a…

Instrumentation Amplifier Gain Calculator

Tools

The instrumentation amplifier calculator will assist in the design and analysis of a conventional instrumentation amplifier circuit by calculating the required resistor values and gain.

Lorentz Force Calculator

Tools

This calculator will determine the combined Lorentz force exerted on a charged particle moving through both an electric field and a magnetic field.

High Voltage Ohmmeters

Textbook

Most ohmmeters of the design shown in the previous section utilize a…

Lenz’s Law and Faraday’s Law Calculator

Tools

This calculator uses Faraday's and Lenz's laws to calculate the magnitude and polarity of the induced electromotive force (EMF) caused by a change in magnetic flux through a closed-loop coil.

Network Protocols

Textbook

Aside from the issues of the physical network (signal types and…

The Silicon-Controlled Rectifier (SCR)

Textbook

Shockley Diodes and Silicon Controlled Rectifiers (SCRs) Shockley…

Vacuum Tube Audio Amplifier

Textbook

PARTS AND MATERIALS One 12AX7 dual triode vacuum tube Two power…

Synchronous Motors

Textbook

Single Phase Synchronous Motors Single-phase synchronous motors are…

Bipolar Junction Transistors as Switches

Worksheets - Industrial Automation

Solid-state switching circuits usually keep their constituent…

Electrical Isolation

Textbook

SPICE analysis of Electrical Isolation Aside from the ability to…

Programmable Logic Controllers (PLC)

Textbook

Before the advent of solid-state logic circuits, logical control…

Pressure Unit Conversion Calculator

Tools

This calculator will convert pressure values to ten different standard units for pressure.

Networks and Busses

Textbook

The wires between the tank and the monitoring location is  called…

Kirchhoff’s Laws

Worksheets - Industrial Automation

Many electronic circuits use what is called a split or a dual power…

Coil Inductance Calculator

Tools

This calculator computes the inductance of a wire coil.

Sources of Electricity

Worksheets - Industrial Automation

What is the difference between DC and AC electricity? Identify some…

Harmonic Phase Sequences

Textbook

In the last section, we saw how the 3rd harmonic and all of its…

Peak Detector

Textbook

A peak detector is a series connection of a diode and a…

Power Supply Circuits

Textbook

There are three major kinds of power supplies: unregulated (also…

Semiconductor Devices in SPICE

Textbook

The SPICE (Simulation Program, Integrated Circuit Emphesis)…

NOR Gate S-R Latch

Textbook

PARTS AND MATERIALS 4001 quad NOR gate (Radio Shack catalog #…

Series R, L, and C

Textbook

Let’s take the following example circuit and analyze it:  …

Rules for Derivatives

Textbook

Constant rule Rule of sums Rule of differences Product rule Quotient…

Resistivity Calculator

Tools

This calculator calculates the resistivity of a component based on its resistance value, length, and cross-sectional area.

AC Negative Feedback OpAmp Circuits

Worksheets - Industrial Automation

Don’t just sit there! Build something!! Learning to mathematically…

Factors Affecting Inductance

Textbook

There are four basic factors of inductor construction determining the…

Square Root, Cube Root, and Nth Root Calculator

Tools

This calculator will determine the square root, cube root, or nth root of a given number, x.

OpAmp Oscillator Circuits

Worksheets - Industrial Automation

Don’t just sit there! Build something!! Learning to mathematically…

DeMorgan’s Theorems

Textbook

A mathematician named DeMorgan developed a pair of important rules…

Metric Prefix Conversions

Textbook

To express a quantity in a different metric prefix from how it was…

Ammeter Impact on Measured Circuit

Textbook

Just like voltmeters, ammeters tend to influence the amount of current…

Edge Coupled Microstrip Impedance Calculator

Tools

This tool helps calculate the impedance of an edge-coupled microstrip.

The Command-line Interface

Textbook

If you’ve used DOS or UNIX operating systems before in a…

Radicals

Textbook

Definition of a Radical Given the expression where “x” is…

Full-Adder

Textbook

The half-adder is extremely useful until you want to add more than one…

Voltmeter Usage

Textbook

PARTS AND MATERIALS Multimeter, digital or analog Assorted batteries…

Atomic Structure

Worksheets - Industrial Automation

Shown here is a simplified representation of an atom: the smallest…

Quantum Physics

Textbook

“I think it is safe to say that no one understands quantum…

Encoder

Textbook

What is an Encoder? An encoder is a circuit that changes a set of…

Semiconductor Devices in SPICE

Textbook

The SPICE (Simulation Program, Integrated Circuit Emphesis)…

Contributors (5)

Textbook

Contributors to this chapter are listed in chronological order of…

Positive Feedback OpAmp Circuits

Worksheets - Industrial Automation

Don’t just sit there! Build something!! Learning to mathematically…

Arithmetic Properties

Textbook

Associative Property In addition and multiplication, terms may be…

Three-phase Transformer Circuits

Textbook

Since three-phase is used so often for power distribution systems, it…

Thevenin’s Theorem

Textbook

Thevenin’s Theorem states that it is possible to simplify any…

Peak, Average, and RMS Measurements

Worksheets - Industrial Automation

How is it possible to assign a fixed value of voltage or current (such…

Vol II. Credits

Textbook

All entries arranged in alphabetical order of surname. Major…

Motor Control Circuits

Textbook

The interlock contacts installed in the previous section’s motor…

Phasing

Textbook

Since transformers are essentially AC devices, we need to be aware of…

NAND Gate S-R Flip-Flop

Textbook

PARTS AND MATERIALS 4011 quad NAND gate (Radio Shack catalog #…

Open-Loop OpAmp Circuits

Worksheets - Industrial Automation

Determine what the magnitude and polarity of the voltmeter’s…

Decibels Equations

Textbook

  RELATED WORKSHEETS: Decibel Measurements Worksheet

Contributors (15)

Textbook

Contributors to this chapter are listed in chronological order of…

IGFET Quirks

Textbook