Categories

Relay Construction

Textbook

Electricity and Magnetism An electric current through a conductor will…

Tesla Polyphase Induction Motors

Textbook

Most AC motors are induction motors. Induction motors are favored due…

AC Instrumentation Transducers

Textbook

Just as devices have been made to measure certain physical quantities…

The Silicon-Controlled Rectifier (SCR)

Textbook

Shockley Diodes and Silicon Controlled Rectifiers (SCRs) Shockley…

Programmable Logic Controllers (PLC)

Textbook

Before the advent of solid-state logic circuits, logical control…

Network Protocols

Textbook

Aside from the issues of the physical network (signal types and…

Step-up, Step-down, and Isolation Transformers

Worksheets - Industrial Automation

Calculate the voltage output by the secondary winding of a transformer…

Stepper Motors

Textbook

Stepper Motor vs Servo Motor A stepper motor is a…

Kirchhoff’s Laws

Worksheets - Industrial Automation

Many electronic circuits use what is called a split or a dual power…

Winding Configurations

Textbook

Transformers with Multiple Secondaries Transformers are very versatile…

Electrical Isolation

Textbook

SPICE analysis of Electrical Isolation Aside from the ability to…

Bipolar Junction Transistors as Switches

Worksheets - Industrial Automation

Solid-state switching circuits usually keep their constituent…

Semiconductor Manufacturing Techniques

Textbook

The manufacture of only silicon based semiconductors is described…

ElectroStatic Discharge

Textbook

At the start of this book, we discussed static electricity and how it…

Network Topology

Textbook

Point-to-Point Connecting two digital devices with a network, would…

Vacuum Tube Audio Amplifier

Textbook

PARTS AND MATERIALS One 12AX7 dual triode vacuum tube Two power…

High Voltage Ohmmeters

Textbook

Most ohmmeters of the design shown in the previous section utilize a…

Networks and Busses

Textbook

The wires between the tank and the monitoring location is  called…

Synchronous Motors

Textbook

Single Phase Synchronous Motors Single-phase synchronous motors are…

Junction field-effect transistors (JFET)

Worksheets - Industrial Automation

Don’t just sit there! Build something!! Learning to mathematically…

Programmable Logic Controllers

Worksheets - Industrial Automation

The Programmable Logic Controller, or PLC, was invented in the late…

SPICE Quirks

Textbook

“Garbage in, garbage out.” —Anonymous SPICE is a…

Contributors (8)

Textbook

Contributors to this chapter are listed in chronological order of…

Batteries

Worksheets - Industrial Automation

If I wanted to build a battery-powered electric drill, would it be…

Thermoelectricity

Textbook

PARTS AND MATERIALS Length of bare (uninsulated) copper wire Length of…

Synchronous Motors

Textbook

Single Phase Synchronous Motors Single-phase synchronous motors are…

Variable Inductor

Textbook

PARTS AND MATERIALS Paper tube, from a toilet-paper roll Bar of iron…

Rules for Limits

Textbook

    RELATED WORKSHEETS: Calculus for Electric Circuits…

Parallel Circuit Rules

Textbook

Voltage Components in a parallel circuit share the same voltage:…

Thyristors

Worksheets - Industrial Automation

Don’t just sit there! Build something!! Learning to mathematically…

Branch Current Method

Textbook

The first and most straightforward network analysis technique is…

Digital Signals and Gates

Textbook

While the binary numeration system is an interesting mathematical…

Transistor Ratings and Packages (BJT)

Textbook

Like all electrical and electronic components, transistors are limited…

Tank Circuit Resonance Calculator

Tools

This calculator computes the resonant frequency of a tank circuit

Atomic Structure

Worksheets - Industrial Automation

Shown here is a simplified representation of an atom: the smallest…

Precise Diode Circuits

Worksheets - Industrial Automation

Don’t just sit there! Build something!! Learning to mathematically…

Radicals

Textbook

Definition of a Radical Given the expression where “x” is…

Selsyn (Synchro) Motors

Textbook

Normally, the rotor windings of a wound rotor induction motor are…

Bridge Circuits

Textbook

No text on electrical metering could be called complete without a…

Solid-state Relays

Textbook

Limitations of Electromechanical Relays As versatile as…

AC Commutator Motors

Textbook

Charles Proteus Steinmetz’s first job after arriving in America…

AC Negative Feedback OpAmp Circuits

Worksheets - Industrial Automation

Don’t just sit there! Build something!! Learning to mathematically…

Rate-of-change Indicator

Textbook

PARTS AND MATERIALS Two 6 volt batteries Capacitor, 0.1 µF…

Low-pass Filters

Textbook

By definition, a low-pass filter is a circuit offering easy passage to…

Quantum Devices

Textbook

Most integrated circuits are digital, based on MOS (CMOS) transistors.…

MESFETs

Textbook

Link Budget Calculator

Tools

A Link Budget puts into account all gains and losses a signal goes through in a system as it is transmitted. The calculator calculates the power of the received signal given amplifier and antenna gains, and medium loss.

The D Latch

Textbook

Since the enable input on a gated S-R latch provides a way to latch…

Voltmeter Impact on Measured Circuit

Textbook

Every meter impacts the circuit it is measuring to some extent, just…

Practical Considerations - Capacitors

Textbook

Capacitors, like all electrical components, have limitations that must…

TTL NOR and OR gates

Textbook

TTL Circuit Analysis Let’s examine the following TTL circuit and…

Capacitor Types

Textbook

A capacitor is a passive two-terminal electronic component that…

Class A BJT Amplifiers

Worksheets - Industrial Automation

Don’t just sit there! Build something!! Learning to mathematically…

Kirchhoff’s Current Law (KCL)

Textbook

What Is Kirchhoff’s Current Law? Kirchhoff’s Current Law,…

CMOS 555 Long Duration Flyback LED Flasher

Textbook

PARTS AND MATERIALS Two AAA Batteries Battery Clip (Radio Shack…

Basic Ammeter Use

Worksheets - Industrial Automation

Show how this ammeter would be connected to the light bulb circuit to…

Waveguide Calculator (Circular)

Tools

This tool calculates the cutoff frequency of a circular waveguide

Design Project: DC Motor

Worksheets - Industrial Automation

The armature windings of your DC motor will have very low resistance.…

Electrical Noise and Interference

Worksheets - Industrial Automation

Define what noise means, in the electrical sense of the word. How does…