Categories

Network Protocols

Textbook

Aside from the issues of the physical network (signal types and…

Kirchhoff’s Laws

Worksheets - Industrial Automation

Many electronic circuits use what is called a split or a dual power…

Vacuum Tube Audio Amplifier

Textbook

PARTS AND MATERIALS One 12AX7 dual triode vacuum tube Two power…

Winding Configurations

Textbook

Transformers with Multiple Secondaries Transformers are very versatile…

Bipolar Junction Transistors as Switches

Worksheets - Industrial Automation

Solid-state switching circuits usually keep their constituent…

Networks and Busses

Textbook

The wires between the tank and the monitoring location is  called…

The Silicon-Controlled Rectifier (SCR)

Textbook

Shockley Diodes and Silicon Controlled Rectifiers (SCRs) Shockley…

Electrical Isolation

Textbook

SPICE analysis of Electrical Isolation Aside from the ability to…

Programmable Logic Controllers (PLC)

Textbook

Before the advent of solid-state logic circuits, logical control…

Synchronous Motors

Textbook

Single Phase Synchronous Motors Single-phase synchronous motors are…

Tesla Polyphase Induction Motors

Textbook

Most AC motors are induction motors. Induction motors are favored due…

Stepper Motors

Textbook

Stepper Motor vs Servo Motor A stepper motor is a…

Step-up, Step-down, and Isolation Transformers

Worksheets - Industrial Automation

Calculate the voltage output by the secondary winding of a transformer…

Semiconductor Manufacturing Techniques

Textbook

The manufacture of only silicon based semiconductors is described…

Network Topology

Textbook

Point-to-Point Connecting two digital devices with a network, would…

AC Instrumentation Transducers

Textbook

Just as devices have been made to measure certain physical quantities…

High Voltage Ohmmeters

Textbook

Most ohmmeters of the design shown in the previous section utilize a…

Relay Construction

Textbook

Electricity and Magnetism An electric current through a conductor will…

ElectroStatic Discharge

Textbook

At the start of this book, we discussed static electricity and how it…

The Silicon-Controlled Switch (SCS)

Textbook

If we take the equivalent circuit of an SCR and add another external…

Binary Subtraction

Textbook

We can subtract one binary number from another by using the standard…

Junction Diodes

Textbook

There was some historic crude, but usable were some historic crude,…

Digital Signals and Gates

Textbook

While the binary numeration system is an interesting mathematical…

Don’t Care Cells in the Karnaugh Map

Textbook

Up to this point we have considered logic reduction problems where…

Sensing AC Magnetic Fields

Textbook

PARTS AND MATERIALS Audio detector with headphones Electromagnet coil…

Electric Shock Data

Textbook

The table of electric currents and their various bodily effects was…

Potentiometric Voltmeter

Textbook

PARTS AND MATERIALS Two 6 volt batteries One potentiometer, single…

Other Waveshapes

Textbook

As strange as it may seem, any repeating, non-sinusoidal waveform is…

Phasor Mathematics

Worksheets - Industrial Automation

Provide a definition for phasor, as the term applies to electrical…

Amplifiers

Textbook

Practical Benefit of Active Devices The practical benefit of active…

Reflection Attenuator Calculator

Tools

This tool is designed to calculate the value of resistance R1 in a reflection attenuator.

The Command-line Interface

Textbook

If you’ve used DOS or UNIX operating systems before in a…

Brushless DC Motor

Textbook

Brushless DC motors were developed from conventional brushed DC motors…

“Long’’ and “Short’’ Transmission Lines

Textbook

In DC and low-frequency AC circuits, the characteristic impedance of…

Capacitors

Worksheets - Industrial Automation

Identify some of the different types of capacitors, and their…

TTL NAND and AND gates

Textbook

Suppose we altered our basic open-collector inverter circuit, adding a…

Protective Relay Circuits

Worksheets - Industrial Automation

Protective relays are special power-sensing devices whose job it is to…

Networks and Busses

Textbook

The wires between the tank and the monitoring location is  called…

Numeration Systems

Worksheets - Industrial Automation

Digital computers communicate with external devices through ports:…

Read-Only Memory (ROM)

Textbook

Read-only memory (ROM) is similar in design to static or dynamic RAM…

Differential Amplifier

Textbook

PARTS AND MATERIALS Two 6-volt batteries Two NPN…

Strain Gauges

Textbook

If a strip of conductive metal is stretched, it will become skinnier…

Parallel Circuit Rules

Textbook

Voltage Components in a parallel circuit share the same voltage:…

Stepper Motors

Textbook

Stepper Motor vs Servo Motor A stepper motor is a…

Decoder

Textbook

A decoder is a circuit that changes a code into a set of signals. It…

Wire-by-Number project kit introduction

Worksheets - Industrial Automation

Wire-by-Number project: simple voltage divider Description: Build a…

Decimal versus Binary Numeration

Textbook

Let’s count from zero to twenty using four different kinds of…

The Common-source Amplifier (JFET)

Textbook

RELATED WORKSHEETS: JFET Amplifiers Worksheet

The Quadratic Formula

Textbook

Solving for x in a given polynomial equation “ax2 + bx + c…

Power Supply Circuits

Textbook

There are three major kinds of power supplies: unregulated (also…

Current Divider

Textbook

PARTS AND MATERIALS Calculator (or pencil and paper for doing…

Multiplexers and Demultiplexers

Worksheets - Industrial Automation

Don’t just sit there! Build something!! Learning to analyze digital…

Capacitor Charging and Discharging

Textbook

Capacitor Charging and Discharging Experiment Parts and Materials To…

A 50-Ohm Cable?

Textbook

Early in my explorations of electricity, I came across a length of…

Square Wave Signals

Textbook

It has been found that any repeating, non-sinusoidal waveform can be…

Electric Fields and Capacitance

Textbook

Introduction Whenever an electric voltage exists between two separated…

Make Your Own Multimeter

Textbook

PARTS AND MATERIALS Sensitive meter movement (Radio Shack catalog #…

Capacitance Calculator

Tools

This calculates the capacitance of a capacitor based on its charge, Q, and its voltage, V, according to the formula, C=Q/V.

Control Circuits

Textbook