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Tube Lab - Vacuum Tube Audio Amplifier

Textbook

In this hands-on electronics experiment, build an audio amplifier using a vacuum tube (triode) and learn about voltage transformers, how to build a high-voltage DC power supply, and how to use a transformer for impedance matching.

AC Lab - Induction Motor

Textbook

In this hands-on AC electronics experiment, build a simple AC permanent capacitor split-phase induction motor and learn the principles of AC induction motor function.

Networks and Busses

Textbook

The wires between the tank and the monitoring location is  called…

Bipolar Junction Transistors as Switches

Worksheets - Industrial Automation

Solid-state switching circuits usually keep their constituent…

Synchronous Motors

Textbook

Single Phase Synchronous Motors Single-phase synchronous motors are…

DC Lab - Potentiometer as a Rheostat

Textbook

In this hands-on electronics experiment, you will use a potentiometer as a variable resistor to control the speed of a motor and learn how to connect a potentiometer as a rheostat.

AC Lab - Sensing AC Magnetic Fields

Textbook

In this hands-on AC electronics experiment, you will sense AC magnetic fields using a simple wire coil and learn about AC signal coupling, orientation effects, and the impact of shielding using different materials.

The Silicon-Controlled Rectifier (SCR)

Textbook

Shockley Diodes and Silicon Controlled Rectifiers (SCRs) Shockley…

AC Instrumentation Transducers

Textbook

Just as devices have been made to measure certain physical quantities…

ElectroStatic Discharge

Textbook

At the start of this book, we discussed static electricity and how it…

Semiconductor Manufacturing Techniques

Textbook

The manufacture of only silicon based semiconductors is described…

Lenz’s Law and Faraday’s Law Calculator

Tools

This calculator uses Faraday's and Lenz's laws to calculate the magnitude and polarity of the induced electromotive force (EMF) caused by a change in magnetic flux through a closed-loop coil.

Instrumentation Amplifier Gain Calculator

Tools

The instrumentation amplifier calculator will assist in the design and analysis of a conventional instrumentation amplifier circuit by calculating the required resistor values and gain.

Programmable Logic Controllers (PLC)

Textbook

Before the advent of solid-state logic circuits, logical control…

Winding Configurations

Textbook

Transformers with Multiple Secondaries Transformers are very versatile…

Network Protocols

Textbook

Aside from the issues of the physical network (signal types and…

Relay Construction

Textbook

Electricity and Magnetism An electric current through a conductor will…

Wheatstone Bridge Calculator

Tools

This calculator helps determine the resistance of a variable resistor within a Wheatstone bridge circuit or the differential voltage created across the bridge terminals.

DC Lab - Thermoelectricity

Textbook

In this hands-on electronics experiment, you will build a thermocouple to measure temperature changes and learn about the Seebeck effect.

Network Topology

Textbook

Point-to-Point Connecting two digital devices with a network, would…

Antenna Downtilt and Coverage Calculator

Tools

This calculator will determine the correct antenna downtilt angle given the heights of the antennas and distance between them.

Ammeter Impact on Measured Circuit

Textbook

Just like voltmeters, ammeters tend to influence the amount of current…

Binary Math Circuits

Worksheets - Industrial Automation

Add the following binary numbers:

Analog Lab - 555 Ramp Signal Generator

Textbook

In this hands-on electronics experiment, construct a signal generator circuit that creates two different types of ramp signals and learn how capacitors charge when connected to resistors and constant current sources.

Relay Construction

Textbook

Electricity and Magnetism An electric current through a conductor will…

Logarithms for Analog Circuits

Worksheets - Industrial Automation

The concept of a mathematical power is familiar to most students of…

Trigonometric Derivatives

Textbook

    RELATED WORKSHEETS: Calculus for Electric Circuits…

Conductors, Insulators, and Electron Flow

Textbook

The electrons of different types of atoms have different degrees of…

Copper Wire Ampacity Table

Textbook

Ampacities of copper wire, in free air at 30o C: INSULATION TYPE…

DC Lab - Introduction

Textbook

In this series of hands-on electronics experiments, you will build direct current (DC) circuits and learn fundamental electrical engineering circuit concepts.

Programmable Logic Controllers

Worksheets - Industrial Automation

The Programmable Logic Controller, or PLC, was invented in the late…

What is Norton’s Theorem and the Norton Equivalent Circuit?

Textbook

This article explains the step-by-step process for determining the…

Transistors, Bipolar

Textbook

There are not too many circuit symbols for bipolar transistors. There…

Component Modeling

Worksheets - Industrial Automation

When plotted on a curve tracer, the characteristic curve for a normal…

Clipper Circuits

Textbook

A circuit which removes the peak of a waveform is known as a clipper.…

Electrical Conduction in Semiconductors

Worksheets - Industrial Automation

In any electrically conductive substance, what are charge carriers?…

Wire Self Inductance Calculator

Tools

This calculator will help compute the inductance of a length of wire.

Vol VI. Credits

Textbook

The following is a partial list of contributors to the current online…

Encoders and Decoders

Worksheets - Industrial Automation

What does it mean, in general terms, to encode something? Conversely,…

Computer Simulation of Electric Circuits

Textbook

Computers can be powerful tools if used properly, especially in the…

Read-Only Memory (ROM)

Textbook

Read-only memory (ROM) is similar in design to static or dynamic RAM…

DC Branch Current Analysis

Worksheets - Industrial Automation

Don’t just sit there! Build something!! Learning to mathematically…

DIP Gate Packaging

Textbook

Digital logic gate circuits are manufactured as integrated circuits:…

JFET Quirks

Textbook

Analog Lab - Precision Voltage Follower Using an Op Amp

Textbook

In this hands-on electronics experiment, you will build an op amp voltage follower and learn about negative feedback in operational amplifier circuits.

Differential Transistor Amplifiers

Worksheets - Industrial Automation

Don’t just sit there! Build something!! Learning to mathematically…

Design Project: AC-DC Power Supply

Worksheets - Industrial Automation

Safety is very important when designing and/or building a device…

Intro Lab - Ohm’s Law

Textbook

Project Overview This project employs all of the skills…

Solving Simultaneous Equations: The Substitution Method and the Addition Method

Textbook

What are Simultaneous Equations and Systems of Equations? The terms…

Resistance

Textbook

The circuit in the previous section is not a very practical one. In…

Digital Lab - Digital Combination Lock

Textbook

In this hands-on electronics experiment, build a digital combination lock with LED output indicators and learn about XOR gate functionality and how to implement NOR logic functionality using diodes.

Networks and Busses

Textbook

The wires between the tank and the monitoring location is  called…

DC Lab - Current Divider

Textbook

In this hands-on electronics experiment, you will build resistive current dividers and observe how Ohm's law and Kirchhoff's current law function in real circuits using a voltmeter and an ammeter.

Insulated-gate Field-effect Transistors (MOSFET)

Textbook

The Insulated-Gate Field-Effect Transistor (IGFET), also known as…

Polarity of voltage drops

Textbook

When using conventional current flow, we can trace the direction of…

Transistor Ratings and Packages (BJT)

Textbook

Like all electrical and electronic components, transistors are limited…

Step-up, Step-down, and Isolation Transformers

Worksheets - Industrial Automation

Calculate the voltage output by the secondary winding of a transformer…

What is a Filter?

Textbook

It is sometimes desirable to have circuits capable of selectively…

Critical Temperatures for Superconductors

Textbook

Critical temperatures given in Kelvins Material Element/Alloy Critical…

Calculus for Electric Circuits

Worksheets - Industrial Automation

∫f(x) dx Calculus alert! Calculus is a branch of mathematics that…