Categories

AC Instrumentation Transducers

Textbook

Just as devices have been made to measure certain physical quantities…

Step-up, Step-down, and Isolation Transformers

Worksheets - Industrial Automation

Calculate the voltage output by the secondary winding of a transformer…

Instrumentation Amplifier Gain Calculator

Tools

The instrumentation amplifier calculator will assist in the design and analysis of a conventional instrumentation amplifier circuit by calculating the required resistor values and gain.

Lorentz Force Calculator

Tools

This calculator will determine the combined Lorentz force exerted on a charged particle moving through both an electric field and a magnetic field.

Network Protocols

Textbook

Aside from the issues of the physical network (signal types and…

Solving for Unknown Time

Textbook

Sometimes it is necessary to determine the length of time that a…

Inverting Op-Amp Resistor Calculator

Tools

This calculator determines the bias and feedback of resistors for an inverting op-amp.

Demultiplexers

Textbook

A demultiplexer, sometimes abbreviated dmux, is a circuit that has one…

Vacuum Tube Audio Amplifier

Textbook

PARTS AND MATERIALS One 12AX7 dual triode vacuum tube Two power…

Data Flow

Textbook

Buses and networks are designed to allow communication to occur…

The Tetrode

Textbook

As the name suggests, the tetrode tube contains four elements: cathode…

Trigonometry for AC Circuits

Worksheets - Industrial Automation

Identify which trigonometric functions (sine, cosine, or tangent) are…

Peak Detector

Textbook

A peak detector is a series connection of a diode and a…

Capacitor Types

Textbook

A capacitor is a passive two-terminal electronic component that…

Band-pass Filters

Textbook

How to Create Band-pass Filter There are applications where a…

DeMorgan’s Theorems

Textbook

A mathematician named DeMorgan developed a pair of important rules…

NAND Gate S-R Flip-Flop

Textbook

PARTS AND MATERIALS 4011 quad NAND gate (Radio Shack catalog #…

Tube Parameters

Textbook

For bipolar junction transistors, the fundamental measure of…

Basic Logic Gates

Worksheets - Industrial Automation

Identify the type of logic gate shown in this schematic diagram, and…

Venn Diagrams and Sets

Textbook

Mathematicians use Venn diagrams to show the logical relationships of…

Series-parallel R, L, and C

Textbook

Now that we’ve seen how series and parallel AC circuit analysis…

Positive Feedback

Textbook

As we’ve seen, negative feedback is an incredibly useful…

AC Resistor Circuits (Inductive)

Textbook

Instantaneous Values in AC Circuits Pure resistive AC circuit:…

CMOS 555 Long Duration Minimum Parts Red LED Flasher

Textbook

PARTS AND MATERIALS Two AAA Batteries Battery Clip (Radio Shack…

Clamper Circuits

Textbook

The circuits in the figure below are known as clampers or DC…

Calculating Power Factor

Textbook

As was mentioned before, the angle of this “power…

Multi-Stage Amplifier

Textbook

PARTS AND MATERIALS Three NPN transistors—model 2N2222 or 2N3403…

Resistivity Calculator

Tools

This calculator calculates the resistivity of a component based on its resistance value, length, and cross-sectional area.

Amplifier Gain

Textbook

The Voltage Gain Because amplifiers have the ability to increase the…

Servo Motor Systems

Worksheets - Industrial Automation

Explain the operation of this “H-bridge” motor control circuit: At…

Field-effect-controlled Thyristors

Textbook

Two relatively recent technologies designed to reduce the…

AC Capacitor Circuits

Textbook

Capacitors Vs. Resistors Capacitors do not behave the same as…

AC Metrology

Worksheets - Industrial Automation

In power distribution systems, it is very important to be able to…

True, Reactive, and Apparent Power

Textbook

Reactive Power We know that reactive loads such as inductors and…

Why digital?

Textbook

Although many textbooks provide good introductions to digital memory…

Counters

Worksheets - Industrial Automation

Don’t just sit there! Build something!! Learning to analyze digital…

AC Commutator Motors

Textbook

Charles Proteus Steinmetz’s first job after arriving in America…

Safe Meter Usage

Textbook

Using an electrical meter safely and efficiently is perhaps the most…

Voltage/Current Converter OpAmp Circuits

Worksheets - Industrial Automation

Don’t just sit there! Build something!! Learning to mathematically…

Logarithms for Analog Circuits

Worksheets - Industrial Automation

The concept of a mathematical power is familiar to most students of…

Voltmeter Design

Worksheets - Industrial Automation

Suppose I were about to measure an unknown voltage with a manual-range…

Microstrip Trace Width Calculator

Tools

This tool is designed to compute for the trace width of a microstrip

Reluctance Motor

Textbook

The variable reluctance motor is based on the principle that an…

AC Network Analysis

Worksheets - Industrial Automation

Don’t just sit there! Build something!! Learning to mathematically…

Wire Self Inductance Calculator

Tools

This calculator will help compute the inductance of a length of wire.