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Programmable Logic Controllers (PLC)

Textbook

Before the advent of solid-state logic circuits, logical control…

Tesla Polyphase Induction Motors

Textbook

Most AC motors are induction motors. Induction motors are favored due…

Kirchhoff’s Laws

Worksheets - Industrial Automation

Many electronic circuits use what is called a split or a dual power…

AC Lab - Sensing AC Magnetic Fields

Textbook

In this hands-on AC electronics experiment, you will sense AC magnetic fields using a simple wire coil and learn about AC signal coupling, orientation effects, and the impact of shielding using different materials.

Relay Construction

Textbook

Electricity and Magnetism An electric current through a conductor will…

Tube Lab - Vacuum Tube Audio Amplifier

Textbook

In this hands-on electronics experiment, build an audio amplifier using a vacuum tube (triode) and learn about voltage transformers, how to build a high-voltage DC power supply, and how to use a transformer for impedance matching.

High Voltage Ohmmeters

Textbook

Most ohmmeters of the design shown in the previous section utilize a…

Semiconductor Manufacturing Techniques

Textbook

The manufacture of only silicon based semiconductors is described…

Winding Configurations

Textbook

Transformers with Multiple Secondaries Transformers are very versatile…

DC Lab - Potentiometer as a Rheostat

Textbook

In this hands-on electronics experiment, you will use a potentiometer as a variable resistor to control the speed of a motor and learn how to connect a potentiometer as a rheostat.

Numeration Systems

Worksheets - Industrial Automation

Digital computers communicate with external devices through ports:…

Si Lab - BJT Common-collector Voltage Follower

Textbook

In this hands-on semiconductor electronics experiment, build a voltage follower amplifier using a bipolar junction transistor (BJT) in common-collector configuration and learn about circuit ground and impedance transformations.

The Common-emitter Amplifier

Textbook

At the beginning of this chapter, it illustrates how transistors could…

Complex Number Arithmetic

Textbook

Since complex numbers are legitimate mathematical entities, just like…

Si Lab - JFET Current Regulator

Textbook

In this hands-on semiconductor electronics experiment, build a junction field-effect transistor (JFET) current regulator and learn some of the advantages of JFETs over BJTs for current regulation.

Elementary Amplifier Theory

Worksheets - Industrial Automation

Fundamentally, an amplifier is a device that takes in a low-power…

Hyperbolic Functions

Textbook

Note: all angles (x) must be expressed in units of radians for these…

Antiderivatives of Power Functions of e

Textbook

  Note: this is a very unique and useful property of e. As in…

Microprocessor Programming

Worksheets - Industrial Automation

What is the difference between a JMP (“jump”) instruction and a…

What is a Meter?

Textbook

A meter is any device built to accurately detect and display an…

Parallel DC Circuits Practice Worksheet With Answers

Worksheets - Industrial Automation

In this circuit, three resistors receive the same amount of voltage…

Millman’s Theorem

Worksheets - Industrial Automation

Don’t just sit there! Build something!! Learning to mathematically…

Multimeters

Textbook

Seeing as how a common meter movement can be made to function as a…

Design Project: DC Motor

Worksheets - Industrial Automation

The armature windings of your DC motor will have very low resistance.…

Memory with moving parts: “Drives”

Textbook

The earliest forms of digital data storage involving moving parts was…

Contributors (3)

Textbook

<p> Contributors to this chapter are listed in chronological…

Programmable Logic Technology

Worksheets - Industrial Automation

Define the following acronyms as they apply to digital logic circuits:…

Bit Grouping

Textbook

The singular reason for learning and using the binary numeration…

SPICE Quirks

Textbook

“Garbage in, garbage out.” —Anonymous   SPICE…

Introduction to Insulated-gate Field-effect Transistors

Textbook

As was stated in the last chapter, there is more than one type of…

Timer Circuits

Worksheets - Industrial Automation

Don’t just sit there! Build something!! Learning to analyze digital…

Intermediate Electromagnetism and Electromagnetic Induction

Worksheets - Industrial Automation

As an electric current is passed through a coil of wire, it creates a…

Beam Power Tubes

Textbook

In the beam power tube, the basic four-element structure of the…

Design Project: Sensitive Microphone Amplifier

Worksheets - Industrial Automation

Identify which direction each potentiometer wiper must move in this…

Introduction to Mixed-Frequency AC Signals

Textbook

In our study of AC circuits thus far, we’ve explored circuits…

Design Project: Power Inverter

Worksheets - Industrial Automation

A common topology for DC-AC power converter circuits uses a pair of…

Analog Lab - Non-inverting Amplifier

Textbook

In this hands-on electronics experiment, you will build a programmable non-inverting amplifier and learn how to use the negative feedback of an operational amplifier to control the gain.

Arithmetic with Scientific Notation

Textbook

The benefits of scientific notation do not end with ease of writing…

From Electric to Electronic

Textbook

Introduction This third volume of the book series Lessons In Electric…

Converting Between Thevenin and Norton Equivalent Circuits

Textbook

Since Thevenin’s theorem and Norton’s theorems are two…

Electrical Connections

Worksheets - Industrial Automation

What, exactly, is necessary to establish electrical continuity between…

Nonlinear Conduction

Textbook

“Advances are made by answering questions. Discoveries are made…

Computer Simulation of Electric Circuits

Textbook

Computers can be powerful tools if used properly, especially in the…

Balanced Attenuator Calculator

Tools

This balanced attenuator calculator helps you determine the resistor (R1) values for a balanced attenuator.

Practical considerations - Digital Communication

Textbook

A principal consideration for industrial control networks, where the…

Edge-triggered Latches: Flip-Flops

Textbook

So far, we’ve studied both S-R and D latch circuits with enable…

AC Inductor Circuits

Textbook

Resistors vs. Inductors Inductors do not behave the same way as…

Hyperbolic Functions

Textbook

Note: all angles (x) must be expressed in units of radians for these…

Clipper and Clamper Circuits

Worksheets - Industrial Automation

Don’t just sit there! Build something!! Learning to mathematically…

Design Project: Radio Transmitter

Worksheets - Industrial Automation

Research the FCC (Federal Communication Commission) guidelines on…