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Textbook

Though it may seem strange to cover the elementary topic of electrical…

Insulated Gate Field-Effect Transistors

Worksheets - Discrete Logic

Don’t just sit there! Build something!! Learning to mathematically…

DIP Gate Packaging

Textbook

Digital logic gate circuits are manufactured as integrated circuits:…

Servo Motor Systems

Worksheets - Discrete Logic

Explain the operation of this “H-bridge” motor control circuit: At…

Basic Electromagnetic Relays

Worksheets - Discrete Logic

Don’t just sit there! Build something!! Learning to analyze relay…

Design Project: Stepper Motor Driver

Worksheets - Discrete Logic

At first it may seem pointless to have the four buffer gates following…

Light-Pulse Switch

Worksheets - Discrete Logic

It is fairly important to use large value resistors (10 MΩ works…

Vol IV. Credits

Textbook

All entries arranged in alphabetical order of surname. Major…

Finite State Machines

Textbook

Up to now, every circuit that was presented was a combinatorial…

Conventional Transistor Overview and Special Transistors

Worksheets - Discrete Logic

A microcontroller is a specialized type of digital computer used to…

Finite-state Machine

Textbook

Feedback is a fascinating engineering principle. It can turn a rather…

Microcontroller Principles

Worksheets - Discrete Logic

Read the following quotation, and then research the term…

Computational Circuits

Textbook

When someone mentions the word “computer,” a digital…

Programmable Logic Controllers

Worksheets - Discrete Logic

The Programmable Logic Controller, or PLC, was invented in the late…

Shift Registers: Serial-in, Serial-out

Textbook

Serial-in, serial-out shift registers delay data by one clock time for…

Practical Considerations of ADC Circuits

Textbook

Perhaps the most important consideration of an ADC is its resolution.…

Octal and Hexadecimal Numeration

Textbook

Because binary numeration requires so many bits to represent…

Flip-Flop Circuits

Worksheets - Discrete Logic

Don’t just sit there! Build something!! Learning to analyze digital…

Fail-safe Design

Textbook

Logic circuits, whether comprised of electromechanical relays or…

CMOS Logic Gates

Worksheets - Discrete Logic

Counting practice: count from zero to thirty-one in binary, octal, and…

Half-Adder

Textbook

As a first example of useful combinational logic, let’s build a…

Gate Universality

Textbook

NAND and NOR gates possess a special property: they are universal.…

Binary Subtraction

Textbook

We can subtract one binary number from another by using the standard…

Asynchronous Flip-Flop Inputs

Textbook

The normal data inputs to a flip flop (D, S and R, or J and K) are…

Basic Electromagnetic Relays

Worksheets - Discrete Logic

Don’t just sit there! Build something!! Learning to analyze relay…

Introduction to Shift Registers

Textbook

Shift registers, like counters, are a form of sequential logic.…

DeMorgan’s Theorems

Textbook

A mathematician named DeMorgan developed a pair of important rules…

Potentiometric Voltmeter

Textbook

PARTS AND MATERIALS Two 6 volt batteries One potentiometer, single…

AC Waveforms

Worksheets - Discrete Logic

Radio waves are comprised of oscillating electric and magnetic fields,…

True, Reactive, and Apparent Power

Textbook

Reactive Power We know that reactive loads such as inductors and…

Historical, Nonmechanical Memory Technologies

Textbook

Perhaps the most ingenious technique was that of the delay line. A…

Introduction to Insulated-gate Field-effect Transistors

Textbook

As was stated in the last chapter, there is more than one type of…

AC Power

Worksheets - Discrete Logic

If a sinusoidal voltage is applied to an impedance with a phase angle…

Performance-Based Assessments for Basic Electricity Competencies

Worksheets - Discrete Logic

(Template)

Phasor Mathematics

Worksheets - Discrete Logic

Provide a definition for phasor, as the term applies to electrical…

Operational Amplifier Models

Textbook

While mention of operational amplifiers typically provokes visions of…

Computer Simulation of Electric Circuits

Textbook

Computers can be powerful tools if used properly, especially in the…

Mutual Inductors

Textbook

Mutual inductors are inductors that capitalize the effect of mutual…

Protective Relays

Textbook

A special type of relay is one that monitors the current, voltage,…

Single-phase Power Systems

Textbook

Single phase power system schematic diagram shows little about the…

DIP Gate Packaging

Textbook

Digital logic gate circuits are manufactured as integrated circuits:…

Meter Check of a Transistor (JFET)

Textbook

Testing a JFET with a multimeter might seem to be a relatively easy…

DC Motor Control Circuits

Worksheets - Discrete Logic

How is it possible to electrically measure the torque output by a…

Monostable Multivibrators

Textbook

We’ve already seen one example of a monostable multivibrator in…

Series-Parallel Combination AC Circuits

Worksheets - Discrete Logic

Don’t just sit there! Build something!! Learning to mathematically…

Wire Over Plane Inductance Calculator

Tools

This calculator helps you compute the inductance of a wire-over-plane setup.

Simple AC Circuit Calculations

Textbook

Over the course of the next few chapters, you will learn that AC…