Latest Discrete Logic Education

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Shift Registers

Worksheets - Discrete Logic

Don’t just sit there! Build something!! Learning to analyze digital…

Logic Simplification With Karnaugh Maps

Textbook

The logic simplification examples that we have done so far could have…

Conventional Transistor Overview and Special Transistors

Worksheets - Discrete Logic

A microcontroller is a specialized type of digital computer used to…

TTL NAND and AND gates

Textbook

Suppose we altered our basic open-collector inverter circuit, adding a…

Digital Signals and Gates

Textbook

While the binary numeration system is an interesting mathematical…

The “Buffer” Gate

Textbook

If we were to connect two inverter gates together so that the output…

Full-Adder

Textbook

The half-adder is extremely useful until you want to add more than one…

Boolean Algebraic Identities

Textbook

In mathematics, an identity is a statement true for all possible…

Boolean Rules for Simplification

Textbook

Boolean algebra finds its most practical use in the simplification of…

Digital-to-Analog Conversion

Worksheets - Discrete Logic

If a pulse-width modulated (PWM) signal is sent to a passive…

Boolean Algebra

Worksheets - Discrete Logic

Don’t just sit there! Build something!! Learning to analyze digital…

CMOS Logic Gates

Worksheets - Discrete Logic

Counting practice: count from zero to thirty-one in binary, octal, and…

Digital Lab - S-R Latch With Enable Input using NAND Gates

Textbook

In this hands-on electronics experiment, you will build an S-R latch with an enabled input using four NAND gates and learn more about digital circuit functionality.

Karnaugh Maps, Truth Tables, and Boolean Expressions

Textbook

Who Developed the Karnaugh Map? Maurice Karnaugh, a…

Digital Lab - S-R Latch Using NOR Gates

Textbook

In this hands-on electronics experiment, build an S-R latch using two NOR gates and learn how this type of digital memory operates, including invalid states, race conditions, and the effects of output loading.

Timer Circuits

Worksheets - Discrete Logic

Don’t just sit there! Build something!! Learning to analyze digital…

Universal Shift Registers: Parallel-in, Parallel-out

Textbook

The purpose of the parallel-in/ parallel-out shift register is to take…

DIP Gate Packaging

Textbook

Digital logic gate circuits are manufactured as integrated circuits:…

Switch Types

Textbook

Though it may seem strange to cover the elementary topic of electrical…

Binary Math Circuits

Worksheets - Discrete Logic

Add the following binary numbers:

Decoder

Textbook

A decoder is a circuit that changes a code into a set of signals. It…

Analog Lab - 555 Oscillator (Astable Multivibrator)

Textbook

In this hands-on electronics experiment, build an oscillator using a 555 timer and learn the theory of operation of the 555 timer when configured as an astable multivibrator.

Intro Lab - How to Use an Ohmmeter to Measure Resistance

Textbook

In this hands-on introduction to electronics, you will experiment with a multimeter and learn how to measure resistance using the ohmmeter function.

High-Reliability Circuits

Worksheets - Discrete Logic

Don’t just sit there! Build something!! Learning to analyze relay…

Integrated Circuits

Textbook

  A Logic Gate is assigned as an elementary building block of…

Analog Lab - 555 Ramp Signal Generator

Textbook

In this hands-on electronics experiment, construct a signal generator circuit that creates two different types of ramp signals and learn how capacitors charge when connected to resistors and constant current sources.

Tracking ADC

Textbook

A third variation on the counter-DAC-based converter theme is, in my…

Light-Pulse Switch

Worksheets - Discrete Logic

It is fairly important to use large value resistors (10 MΩ works…

Bipolar Junction Transistors as Switches

Worksheets - Discrete Logic

Solid-state switching circuits usually keep their constituent…

555 Lab - Advanced Red LED Flasher

Textbook

In this hands-on electronics experiment, build a red LED flasher with a transistor drive to control the current and learn how to use transistors to provide current gain and how to limit LED current.

Motor Control Circuits

Textbook

The interlock contacts installed in the previous section’s motor…

Flip-Flop Circuits

Worksheets - Discrete Logic

Don’t just sit there! Build something!! Learning to analyze digital…

Digital Lab - Introduction

Textbook

In this collection of hands-on electronics experiments, build and test digital circuits and learn the fundamentals of digital logic circuits, including gates, counters, logic levels, hysteresis, memory, and more.

555 Lab - Schmitt Trigger

Textbook

In this hands-on electronics experiment, build a Schmitt trigger using a 555 timer and learn about hysteresis and the inner workings of the extremely versatile 555 timer IC.

Introduction to Karnaugh Mapping

Textbook

Why learn about Karnaugh maps? The Karnaugh map, like Boolean…

Timer Circuits

Worksheets - Discrete Logic

Don’t just sit there! Build something!! Learning to analyze digital…

DeMorgan’s Theorems

Textbook

A mathematician named DeMorgan developed a pair of important rules…

Op-amp Circuits

Worksheets - Discrete Logic

Don’t just sit there! Build something!! Learning to mathematically…

Binary Overflow

Textbook

One caveat with signed binary numbers is that of overflow, where the…

Monostable Multivibrators

Textbook

We’ve already seen one example of a monostable multivibrator in…

Multiplexers

Textbook

A multiplexer, abbreviated mux, is a device that has multiple inputs…

Passive Filter Circuits

Worksheets - Discrete Logic

In very simple, qualitative terms, rate the impedance of capacitors…

Clipper Circuits

Textbook

A circuit which removes the peak of a waveform is known as a clipper.…

AC Resistor Circuits (Capacitive)

Textbook

Pure resistive AC circuit: voltage and current are in phase.  …

Band-pass Filters

Textbook

How to Create Band-pass Filter There are applications where a…

The “Operational” Amplifier

Textbook

Long before the advent of digital electronic technology, computers…

Microstrip Wavelength Calculator

Tools

A tool designed to calculate the guided wavelength inside a microstrip.

Scientific Notation and Metric Prefixes

Worksheets - Discrete Logic

Write the following exponential expressions in expanded form: 101 =…

Successive Approximation ADC

Textbook

One method of addressing the digital ramp ADC’s shortcomings is…

Design Project: Radio Transmitter

Worksheets - Discrete Logic

Research the FCC (Federal Communication Commission) guidelines on…

Summer and Subtractor OpAmp Circuits

Worksheets - Discrete Logic

Don’t just sit there! Build something!! Learning to mathematically…

pH Measurement

Textbook

A very important measurement in many liquid chemical processes…

Common Derivatives

Textbook

    RELATED WORKSHEETS: Calculus for Electric Circuits…

Temperature Coefficients of Resistance Table

Textbook

Temperature coefficient (α) per degree C: Material Element/Alloy…

Inductors

Worksheets - Discrete Logic

∫f(x) dx Calculus alert! A 5 H inductor is subjected to an electric…

Tracking ADC

Textbook

A third variation on the counter-DAC-based converter theme is, in my…

Physiological Effects of Electricity

Textbook

Most of us have experienced some form of electric “shock,”…

Introduction to Electron Tubes

Textbook

An often neglected area of study in modern electronics is that of…

Ohm’s Law - How Voltage, Current, and Resistance Relate

Textbook

The first, and perhaps most important, relationship between current,…

The Common-source Amplifier (IGFET)

Textbook