Categories

Multiple-input Gates

Textbook

The Use of Logic Gate Inverters and buffers exhaust the possibilities…

Finite State Machines

Textbook

Up to now, every circuit that was presented was a combinatorial…

Digital Signals and Gates

Textbook

While the binary numeration system is an interesting mathematical…

TTL Logic Gates

Worksheets - Discrete Logic

Counting practice: count from zero to thirty-one in binary, octal, and…

Look-up Tables

Textbook

Having learned about digital memory devices in the last chapter, we…

Encoders and Decoders

Worksheets - Discrete Logic

What does it mean, in general terms, to encode something? Conversely,…

Integrated Circuits

Textbook

  A Logic Gate is assigned as an elementary building block of…

High-Reliability Circuits

Worksheets - Discrete Logic

Don’t just sit there! Build something!! Learning to analyze relay…

Digital Display Circuits

Worksheets - Discrete Logic

What is the purpose of a seven-segment decoder circuit? What is a…

A Binary Adder

Textbook

Suppose we wanted to build a device that could add two binary bits…

Don’t Care Cells in the Karnaugh Map

Textbook

Up to this point we have considered logic reduction problems where…

Boolean Rules for Simplification

Textbook

Boolean algebra finds its most practical use in the simplification of…

The J-K Flip-Flop

Textbook

Another variation on a theme of bistable multivibrators is the J-K…

Digital-to-Analog Conversion

Worksheets - Discrete Logic

If a pulse-width modulated (PWM) signal is sent to a passive…

TTL NOR and OR gates

Textbook

TTL Circuit Analysis Let’s examine the following TTL circuit and…

Logic Simplification With Karnaugh Maps

Textbook

The logic simplification examples that we have done so far could have…

Basic Gate Function

Textbook

Parts and Materials 4011 quad NAND gate (Radio Shack catalog #…

Design Project: Stepper Motor Driver

Worksheets - Discrete Logic

At first it may seem pointless to have the four buffer gates following…

Conventional Transistor Overview and Special Transistors

Worksheets - Discrete Logic

A microcontroller is a specialized type of digital computer used to…

Flip-Flop Circuits

Worksheets - Discrete Logic

Don’t just sit there! Build something!! Learning to analyze digital…

Binary Math

Worksheets - Discrete Logic

Counting practice: count from zero to thirty-one in binary, octal, and…

Peak, Average, and RMS Measurements

Worksheets - Discrete Logic

How is it possible to assign a fixed value of voltage or current (such…

CMOS 555 Long Duration Minimum Parts Red LED Flasher

Textbook

PARTS AND MATERIALS Two AAA Batteries Battery Clip (Radio Shack…

Modern Nonmechanical Memory

Textbook

Now we can proceed to studying specific types of digital storage…

Time-delay Relays

Textbook

What are Time-Delay Relays? Some relays are constructed with a kind of…

Microcontroller Principles

Worksheets - Discrete Logic

Read the following quotation, and then research the term…

Bipolar Junction Transistors as Switches

Worksheets - Discrete Logic

Solid-state switching circuits usually keep their constituent…

Logic Signal Voltage Levels

Textbook

Input Voltages for Logic Gates Logic gate circuits are designed to…

Gate Universality

Textbook

NAND and NOR gates possess a special property: they are universal.…

Introduction to Boolean Algebra

Textbook

Mathematical rules are based on the defining limits we place on the…

Motor Control Circuits

Textbook

The interlock contacts installed in the previous section’s motor…

555 Ramp Generator

Textbook

PARTS AND MATERIALS Two 6 volt batteries One capacitor, 470 µF…

Programmable Logic Controllers

Worksheets - Discrete Logic

The Programmable Logic Controller, or PLC, was invented in the late…

Karnaugh Maps, Truth Tables, and Boolean Expressions

Textbook

Who Developed the Karnaugh Map? Maurice Karnaugh, a…

The J-K Flip-Flop

Textbook

Another variation on a theme of bistable multivibrators is the J-K…

Slope (integrating) ADC

Textbook

So far, we’ve only been able to escape the sheer volume of…

Asynchronous Flip-Flop Inputs

Textbook

The normal data inputs to a flip flop (D, S and R, or J and K) are…

Multiple-input Gates

Textbook

The Use of Logic Gate Inverters and buffers exhaust the possibilities…

Edge-triggered Latches: Flip-Flops

Textbook

So far, we’ve studied both S-R and D latch circuits with enable…

The S-R Latch

Textbook

A bistable multivibrator has two stable states, as indicated by the…

Conductor Size

Textbook

It should be common-sense knowledge that liquids flow through…

Twisted-Pair Impedance Calculator

Tools

A tool designed to calculate the characteristic impedance of a twisted-pair cable

Induction Motor

Textbook

PARTS AND MATERIALS AC power source: 120VAC Capacitor, 3.3 µF…

Building Simple Resistor Circuits

Textbook

In the course of learning about electricity, you will want to…

Electronics as Science

Textbook

Electronics is a science, and a very accessible science at that. With…

Gate Universality

Textbook

NAND and NOR gates possess a special property: they are universal.…

Synchronous Counters

Textbook

What is a Synchronous Counter? A synchronous counter, in contrast to…

Solving for Unknown Time

Textbook

Sometimes it is necessary to determine the length of time that a…

Decibel Measurements

Worksheets - Discrete Logic

During the early development of telephone technology, a unit was…

Edge Coupled Trace Inductance Calculator

Tools

This calculator helps you compute for the inductance of an edge coupled trace.

Peak to Peak Voltage Calculator (VP-P)

Tools

This calculator shows the peak-to-peak voltage (VP-P) value from the peak voltage, RMS voltage, or average voltage.

Impedance

Worksheets - Discrete Logic

Don’t just sit there! Build something!! Learning to mathematically…

Coil Inductance Calculator

Tools

This calculator helps you compute the inductance of a coil.

Simple Series Resonance

Textbook

A similar effect happens in series inductive/capacitive circuits. When…

Octal and Hexadecimal Numeration

Textbook

Because binary numeration requires so many bits to represent…

Power Measurement

Textbook

Power measurement in AC circuits can be quite a bit more complex than…

Boolean Algebraic Identities

Textbook

In mathematics, an identity is a statement true for all possible…

Synchronous Condenser

Textbook

Synchronous motors load the power line with a leading power factor.…

The S-R Latch

Textbook

A bistable multivibrator has two stable states, as indicated by the…

Basic Ohmmeter Use

Worksheets - Discrete Logic

Explain how an ohmmeter is able to measure the resistance of a…