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Voltage Divider Calculator

Tools

The voltage divider is a circuit used to create a voltage less than or equal to the input voltage.

Look-up Tables

Textbook

Having learned about digital memory devices in the last chapter, we…

Differential Amplifier

Textbook

PARTS AND MATERIALS Two 6-volt batteries Two NPN…

Single-ended and Differential Amplifiers

Textbook

For ease of drawing complex circuit diagrams, electronic amplifiers…

AC Instrumentation Transducers

Textbook

Just as devices have been made to measure certain physical quantities…

Thermocouples

Textbook

Seebeck Effect An interesting phenomenon applied in the field of…

Physiological Effects of Electricity

Textbook

Most of us have experienced some form of electric “shock,”…

Potentiometer as a Rheostat

Textbook

Learning Objectives Rheostat use Wiring a potentiometer as a rheostat…

Building a Differential Amplifier

Textbook

Differential Op-Amp Circuits An op-amp with no feedback is already a…

Brushless DC Motor

Textbook

Brushless DC motors were developed from conventional brushed DC motors…

Permanent Magnets

Textbook

Centuries ago, it was discovered that certain types of mineral rock…

Voltage Divider Calculator

Tools

The voltage divider is a circuit used to create a voltage less than or equal to the input voltage.

Look-up Tables

Textbook

Having learned about digital memory devices in the last chapter, we…

pH Measurement

Textbook

A very important measurement in many liquid chemical processes…

Differentiator and Integrator Circuits

Textbook

By introducing electrical reactance into the feedback loops of an…

Bipolar Junction Transistors

Textbook

The bipolar junction transistor (BJT) was named because its operation…

4-wire Resistance Measurement

Textbook

PARTS AND MATERIALS 6-volt battery Electromagnet made from experiment…

Synchronous Motors

Textbook

Single Phase Synchronous Motors Single-phase synchronous motors are…

Pulsed-light Sensor

Textbook

PARTS AND MATERIALS Two 6-volt batteries One NPN…

Static Electricity Sensor

Textbook

PARTS AND MATERIALS One N-channel junction field-effect transistor,…

Sensitive Voltage Detector

Textbook

PARTS AND MATERIALS High-quality “closed-cup” audio…

Voltmeter Impact on Measured Circuit

Textbook

Every meter impacts the circuit it is measuring to some extent, just…

Make Your Own Multimeter

Textbook

PARTS AND MATERIALS Sensitive meter movement (Radio Shack catalog #…

Microstrip Inductance Calculator

Tools

This calculator computes the inductance of a microstrip etched on a PCB.

Wire Self Inductance Calculator

Tools

This calculator will help compute the inductance of a length of wire.

The Common-collector Amplifier

Textbook

Our next transistor configuration to study is a bit simpler for gain…

IGFET Quirks

Textbook

Design Project: Dual-output AC-DC Power Supply

Worksheets - Environmental Sensors

Safety is very important when designing and/or building a device…

Passive Integrator and Differentiator Circuits

Worksheets - Environmental Sensors

∫f(x) dx Calculus alert! Calculus is a branch of mathematics that…

Polar Form and Rectangular Form Notation for Complex Numbers

Textbook

In order to work with complex numbers without drawing vectors, we…

Ammeter Impact on Measured Circuit

Textbook

Just like voltmeters, ammeters tend to influence the amount of current…

Half-Adder

Textbook

As a first example of useful combinational logic, let’s build a…

Memory Devices

Worksheets - Environmental Sensors

Don’t just sit there! Build something!! Learning to analyze digital…

Amplifier Circuits

Textbook

Note, Q3 and Q4 in the figure below are complementary, NPN and PNP…

Solving for Unknown Time

Textbook

Sometimes it is necessary to determine the length of time that a…

Symmetric Stripline Impedance Calculator

Tools

This calculator helps you compute the characteristic impedance of a symmetric stripline.

Electric Shock Data

Textbook

The table of electric currents and their various bodily effects was…

Absolute dB scales

Textbook

Decibel as Absolute Unit of Power It is also possible to use the…

Other Diode Technologies

Textbook

Varicap or varactor diodes A variable capacitance diode is known as a…

Basic Logic Gate Troubleshooting

Worksheets - Environmental Sensors

Counting practice: count from zero to thirty-one in binary, octal, and…

AC Voltmeters and Ammeters

Textbook

AC electromechanical meter movements come in two basic arrangements:…

A Binary Adder

Textbook

Suppose we wanted to build a device that could add two binary bits…