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2-wire analog outputs with precision DACs

In partnership with Texas Instruments

2-wire analog outputs with precision DACs

3-wire analog outputs with precision DACs

In partnership with Texas Instruments

3-wire analog outputs with precision DACs

Phasing

Textbook

Since transformers are essentially AC devices, we need to be aware of…

JFET Amplifiers

Worksheets - Analog

Don’t just sit there! Build something!! Learning to mathematically…

Voltage Divider Circuits

Worksheets - Analog

Don’t just sit there! Build something!! Learning to mathematically…

Electrical Isolation

Textbook

SPICE analysis of Electrical Isolation Aside from the ability to…

Current Mirror BJTs

Textbook

Bipolar Junction Transistor or BJT Current Mirror An often-used…

Polarity of voltage drops

Textbook

When using conventional current flow, we can trace the direction of…

The Importance of Electrical Safety

Textbook

With this lesson, I hope to avoid a common mistake found in…

Simple Op-Amp

Textbook

PARTS AND MATERIALS Two 6-volt batteries Four NPN…

555 Ramp Generator

Textbook

PARTS AND MATERIALS Two 6 volt batteries One capacitor, 470 µF…

Transistor as a Switch

Textbook

PARTS AND MATERIALS Two 6-volt batteries One NPN…

Magnetic Fields and Inductance

Textbook

Whenever electrons flow through a conductor, a magnetic field will…

Active-mode Operation (JFET)

Textbook

JFETs, like bipolar transistors, are able to “throttle”…

Ohm’s Law - How Voltage, Current, and Resistance Relate

Textbook

The first, and perhaps most important, the relationship between…

Wiring Color Codes

Textbook

Wiring for AC and DC power distribution branch circuits are color…

What Is the Skin Effect?

Textbook

The Skin Depth of Copper in Electrical Engineering As previously…

Autotransformers

Worksheets - Analog

How much voltage is there between the following pairs of points in…

Characteristic Impedance

Textbook

The Parallel Wires of Infinite Length Suppose, though, that we had a…

Analog-to-Digital Conversion

Worksheets - Analog

The circuit shown here is a four-bit analog-to-digital converter…

Rectifier Circuits

Worksheets - Analog

Don’t just sit there! Build something!! Learning to mathematically…

Special Diodes

Worksheets - Analog

Don’t just sit there! Build something!! Learning to mathematically…

Modern Nonmechanical Memory

Textbook

Now we can proceed to studying specific types of digital storage…

AC Motor Control Circuits

Worksheets - Analog

Perhaps the most challenging aspect of interpreting ladder diagrams,…

Shock Current Path

Textbook

As we’ve already learned, electricity requires a complete path…

Boolean Algebraic Properties

Textbook

The Commutative Property Another type of mathematical identity,…

Electromagnetism Experiment

Textbook

PARTS AND MATERIALS 6-volt battery Magnetic compass Small permanent…

Microphones

Worksheets - Analog

Explain how a moving-coil, or dynamic microphone works. Identify how…

Principles of Radio

Textbook

One of the more fascinating applications of electricity is in the…

Rectangle Loop Inductance Calculator

Tools

This calculator helps you compute the inductance of a rectangle loop.

The Silicon-Controlled Rectifier (SCR)

Textbook

Shockley Diodes and Silicon Controlled Rectifiers (SCRs) Shockley…

Electromechanical Relay Logic

Worksheets - Analog

In ladder logic symbolism, an electromechanical relay coil is shown as…

BJT Amplifier Troubleshooting

Worksheets - Analog

As an instructor of electronics, I am called upon frequently to help…

The Common-gate Amplifier (JFET)

Textbook

RELATED WORKSHEETS: JFET Amplifiers Worksheet

Biasing Techniques (JFET)

Textbook

The common-drain Amplifier (JFET)

Textbook

RELATED WORKSHEETS: JFET Amplifiers Worksheet

Strain Gauges

Textbook

If a strip of conductive metal is stretched, it will become skinnier…

Series R, L, and C

Textbook

Let’s take the following example circuit and analyze it:  …

Polar Form and Rectangular Form Notation for Complex Numbers

Textbook

In order to work with complex numbers without drawing vectors, we…

Resonant Filters

Textbook

So far, the filter designs we’ve concentrated on have employed…

Amplifier Impedances

Textbook

Input impedance varies considerably with the circuit configuration…

Edge-triggered Latches: Flip-Flops

Textbook

So far, we’ve studied both S-R and D latch circuits with enable…

Other Waveshapes

Textbook

As strange as it may seem, any repeating, non-sinusoidal waveform is…

Kirchhoff’s Voltage Law (KVL)

Textbook

What is Kirchhoff’s Voltage Law (KVL)? The principle known as…

Karnaugh Mapping

Worksheets - Analog

Identify each of these logic gates by name, and complete their…

Meter Check of a Transistor (JFET)

Textbook

Testing a JFET with a multimeter might seem to be a relatively easy…

AC Bridge Circuits

Textbook

As we saw with DC measurement circuits, the circuit configuration…

Resistance, Reactance, and Impedance

Worksheets - Analog

What will happen to the brightness of the light bulb as the iron core…

Introduction to Diodes And Rectifiers

Textbook

All About Diodes A diode is an electrical device allowing current to…

DC Metrology

Worksheets - Analog

Define the following metrological terms: • Uncertainty • Accuracy…

Basic Voltmeter Use

Worksheets - Analog

What will this voltmeter register when connected to a battery as shown…

555 Schmitt Trigger

Textbook

PARTS AND MATERIALS One 9V Battery Battery Clip (Radio Shack catalog #…

Light-Pulse Switch

Worksheets - Analog

It is fairly important to use large value resistors (10 MΩ works…

Programmable Logic Controllers

Worksheets - Analog

The Programmable Logic Controller, or PLC, was invented in the late…

Table (portrait view)

Textbook

Periodic table of chemical elements.

Practical considerations - Digital Communication

Textbook

A principal consideration for industrial control networks, where the…

Inverting Op-Amp Resistor Calculator

Tools

This calculator determines the bias and feedback of resistors for an inverting op-amp.

Multi-Stage Transistor Amplifiers

Worksheets - Analog

Don’t just sit there! Build something!! Learning to mathematically…

The R/2R DAC (Digital-to-Analog Converter)

Textbook

The R/2R DAC circuit is an alternative to the binary-weighted-input…

Harmonics in Polyphase Power Systems

Textbook

In the chapter on mixed-frequency signals, we explored the concept of…

The Triode

Textbook

De Forest’s Audion tube came to be known as the triode tube…

Basic Logic Gates

Worksheets - Analog

Identify the type of logic gate shown in this schematic diagram, and…