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The Thyristor

Textbook

A thyristor is a device that has a number of unusual characteristics.…

Switch Types

Textbook

Though it may seem strange to cover the elementary topic of electrical…

Inverting Op-Amp Resistor Calculator

Tools

This calculator determines the bias and feedback of resistors for an inverting op-amp.

Frequency and Phase Measurement

Textbook

An important electrical quantity with no equivalent in DC circuits is…

Si Lab - Differential Amplifier

Textbook

In this hands-on semiconductor electronics experiment, build a BJT differential amplifier and learn about a fundamental building block that is the basis of most operational amplifiers.

Early Tube History

Textbook

Thomas Edison, that prolific American inventor, is often credited with…

Special-purpose Diodes

Textbook

Schottky diodes Schottky diodes are constructed of a metal-to-N…

AC Network Analysis

Worksheets - Analog

Don’t just sit there! Build something!! Learning to mathematically…

Analog Lab - Voltage Comparator

Textbook

In this hands-on electronics experiment, you will build an analog voltage comparator circuit and learn how open-loop operational amplifiers function.

Decibels

Textbook

The Bel is Used to Represent Gain In its simplest form, an…

AC Lab - Using a Transformer to Build a 12 VAC Power Supply

Textbook

In this hands-on AC electronics experiment, build a 12 V alternating current (AC) power supply using a step-down transformer and learn about transformer operation and the purpose of tapped windings.

Pi-Match Impedance Matching Calculator

Tools

This calculator is designed to compute the parameters required to design a Pi-Match Impedance Circuit

Si Lab - Intro to Discrete Semiconductor Circuits

Textbook

In these hands-on semiconductor electronics experiments, learn to build and test circuits using discrete silicon (Si) devices, including diodes and transistors. Also, learn important circuit designs, including rectifiers, current mirrors, amplifiers, and oscillators.

Binary Overflow

Textbook

One caveat with signed binary numbers is that of overflow, where the…

DIP Gate Packaging

Textbook

Digital logic gate circuits are manufactured as integrated circuits:…

Peak, Average, and RMS Measurements

Worksheets - Analog

How is it possible to assign a fixed value of voltage or current (such…

Three-phase Transformer Circuits

Textbook

Since three-phase is used so often for power distribution systems, it…

Regulated Power Sources

Worksheets - Analog

Don’t just sit there! Build something!! Learning to mathematically…

Band Theory of Solids

Textbook

Quantum physics describes the states of electrons in an atom according…

Kirchhoff’s Current Law (KCL)

Textbook

What Is Kirchhoff’s Current Law? Kirchhoff’s Current Law,…

Rules for Antiderivatives

Textbook

Constant Rule     Rule of Sums     Rule of…

AC Lab - Frequency Analysis

Textbook

In this hands-on AC electronics experiment, use the frequency spectrum display from an oscilloscope program to observe waveforms from a musical keyboard and learn about spectral analysis.

Digital Lab - 3-bit Binary Counter

Textbook

In this hands-on electronics experiment, build a 3-bit down counter using J-K flip-flops and learn about asynchronous counter functionality.

Design Project: Dual-output AC-DC Power Supply

Worksheets - Analog

Safety is very important when designing and/or building a device…

Antiderivatives of Power Functions of e

Textbook

  Note: this is a very unique and useful property of e. As in…

Insulated-gate Field-effect Transistors (MOSFET)

Textbook

The Insulated-Gate Field-Effect Transistor (IGFET), also known as…

Arithmetic Properties

Textbook

Associative Property In addition and multiplication, terms may be…

The Quadratic Formula

Textbook

Solving for x in a given polynomial equation “ax2 + bx + c…

Electrical Connections

Worksheets - Analog

What, exactly, is necessary to establish electrical continuity between…

Biasing Techniques (IGFET)

Textbook

Half-Adder

Textbook

As a first example of useful combinational logic, let’s build a…

RF Power Ratio Conversion Calculator

Tools

This tool is designed to convert power ratios to decibel

Differential Transistor Amplifiers

Worksheets - Analog

Don’t just sit there! Build something!! Learning to mathematically…

Numbers and Symbols

Textbook

The expression of numerical quantities is something we tend to take…

Time-delay Relays

Textbook

What are Time-Delay Relays? Some relays are constructed with a kind of…

Oscilloscope Trigger Controls

Worksheets - Analog

A very useful tool for observing rotating objects is a strobe light.…

Voltage Regulation

Textbook

As we saw in a few SPICE analyses earlier in this chapter, the output…

Design Project: Intercom System

Worksheets - Analog

Design a passive circuit that will create a "split” ( V/-V) power…

Electrical Noise and Interference

Worksheets - Analog

Define what noise means, in the electrical sense of the word. How does…

Transistors, junction field-effect (JFET)

Textbook

Note that the direction of the arrow at the gate indicates the…

Thevenin’s, Norton’s, and Maximum Power Transfer Theorems

Worksheets - Analog

Suppose a 12 volt lead-acid battery has an internal resistance of 20…

555 Lab - Schmitt Trigger

Textbook

In this hands-on electronics experiment, build a Schmitt trigger using a 555 timer and learn about hysteresis and the inner workings of the extremely versatile 555 timer IC.

The Quadratic Formula

Textbook

Solving for x in a given polynomial equation “ax2 + bx + c…

Digital Signals and Gates

Textbook

While the binary numeration system is an interesting mathematical…

BJT Amplifier Troubleshooting

Worksheets - Analog

As an instructor of electronics, I am called upon frequently to help…

Capacitors

Worksheets - Analog

Identify some of the different types of capacitors, and their…

Principles of Radio

Textbook

One of the more fascinating applications of electricity is in the…

The DIAC

Textbook

Like all diodes, Shockley diodes are unidirectional devices; that is,…

Wiring Color Codes Infographic

Textbook

Wiring Color Codes Infographic. Released under the Creative Commons…

Introduction to Operational Amplifiers (Op-amps)

Textbook

What is an Operational Amplifier (Op-amp)? Operational Amplifiers,…

Switch Types

Textbook

Though it may seem strange to cover the elementary topic of electrical…

Programmable Logic Technology

Worksheets - Analog

Define the following acronyms as they apply to digital logic circuits:…

Electrical Transients

Textbook

This chapter explores the response of capacitors and inductors to…

Ammeter Design

Textbook

Ammeters Measure Electrical Current A meter designed to measure…

Ohm’s Law Calculator

Tools

Calculate circuit parameters using Ohm's Law

Series-Parallel Combination AC Circuits

Worksheets - Analog

Don’t just sit there! Build something!! Learning to mathematically…

Vol I. Credits

Textbook

All entries arranged in alphabetical order of surname. Major…

Circuit Simplification Examples

Textbook

Let’s begin with a semiconductor gate circuit in need of…

The D Latch

Textbook

Since the enable input on a gated S-R latch provides a way to latch…

What is a Series-Parallel Circuit?

Textbook

With simple series circuits, all components are connected end-to-end…