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Flash ADC

Textbook

Also called the parallel A/D converter, this circuit is the simplest…

Differential Amplifier

Textbook

PARTS AND MATERIALS Two 6-volt batteries Two NPN…

Bridge Circuits

Textbook

No text on electrical metering could be called complete without a…

Parallel DC Circuits Practice Worksheet With Answers

Worksheets - Analog

In this circuit, three resistors receive the same amount of voltage…

AC Waveforms

Textbook

When an alternator produces AC voltage, the voltage switches polarity…

Signal Modulation

Worksheets - Analog

A modern method of electrical power control involves inserting a…

Meter Check of a Transistor (BJT)

Textbook

Bipolar transistors are constructed of a three-layer semiconductor…

Fuses

Textbook

Normally, the ampacity rating of a conductor is a circuit design…

555 Ramp Generator

Textbook

PARTS AND MATERIALS Two 6 volt batteries One capacitor, 470 µF…

Series DC Circuits Practice Worksheet with Answers

Worksheets - Analog

In this circuit, three resistors receive the same amount of current (4…

Junction Diodes

Textbook

There was some historic crude, but usable were some historic crude,…

DC Circuit Equations and Laws

Textbook

Power Equation of Ohm’s Law and Joule’s Law    …

Impedance

Worksheets - Analog

Don’t just sit there! Build something!! Learning to mathematically…

Rectifying Diodes

Worksheets - Analog

Don’t just sit there! Build something!! Learning to mathematically…

Gas Discharge Tubes

Textbook

If you’ve ever witnessed a lightning storm, you’ve seen…

Amplifiers

Textbook

Practical Benefit of Active Devices The practical benefit of active…

Step-up and Step-down Transformers

Textbook

So far, we’ve observed simulations of transformers where the…

Commutating Diode

Textbook

PARTS AND MATERIALS 6 volt battery Power transformer, 120VAC step-down…

Transformer—Power Supply

Textbook

PARTS AND MATERIALS Power transformer, 120VAC step-down to 12VAC,…

Op-Amp Data

Textbook

Parametric data for all semiconductor op-amp models except the CA3130…

Phase Rotation

Textbook

Three-Phase Alternator Let’s take the three-phase alternator…

Introduction to Digital Communication

Textbook

In the design of large and complex digital systems, it is often…

Insulator Breakdown Voltage

Textbook

The atoms in insulating materials have very tightly-bound electrons,…

Digital-to-Analog Conversion

Worksheets - Analog

If a pulse-width modulated (PWM) signal is sent to a passive…

Semiconductor Manufacturing Techniques

Textbook

The manufacture of only silicon based semiconductors is described…

Non-right Triangle Trigonometry

Textbook

The Law of Sines (for any triangle) The Law of Cosines (for any…

Transistor Biasing Calculations

Textbook

Although transistor switching circuits operate without bias, it is…

What Are Electric Circuits?

Textbook

You might have been wondering how charges can continuously flow in a…

Kirchhoff’s Current Law (KCL)

Textbook

What Is Kirchhoff’s Current Law? Kirchhoff’s Current Law,…

Unit Conversion Calculator

Tools

Convert to and from different units of length, weight, power, temperature and torque

Thyristors

Worksheets - Analog

Don’t just sit there! Build something!! Learning to mathematically…

Conductors, Insulators, and Electron Flow

Textbook

The electrons of different types of atoms have different degrees of…

Fundamentals of SPICE programming

Textbook

Programming a circuit simulation with SPICE is much like programming…

Characteristic Impedance

Worksheets - Analog

Note the “50 ohm” rating printed on the jacket of the cable. What…

Voltage Signal Systems

Textbook

The use of variable voltage for instrumentation signals seems a rather…

Selsyn (Synchro) Motors

Textbook

Normally, the rotor windings of a wound rotor induction motor are…

Radar Maximum Range Calculator

Tools

This tool is designed to calculate the maximum distance (range) that a radar can detect

The S-R Latch

Textbook

A bistable multivibrator has two stable states, as indicated by the…

The Bipolar Junction Transistor (BJT) as a Switch

Textbook

Bipolar junction transistors (Also known as BJTs) can be used as an…

Passive Filter Circuits

Worksheets - Analog

In very simple, qualitative terms, rate the impedance of capacitors…

Current Divider

Textbook

PARTS AND MATERIALS Calculator (or pencil and paper for doing…

Voltage Divider Calculator

Tools

The voltage divider is a circuit used to create a voltage less than or equal to the input voltage.

Inductance, Reactance, and Admittance Calculator

Tools

This calculator gives the reactance and admittance of an inductor or the inductance given the reactance of an inductor

Introduction to Digital-Analog Conversion

Textbook

Connecting digital circuitry to sensor devices is simple if the sensor…

Parallel Circuit Rules

Textbook

Voltage Components in a parallel circuit share the same voltage:…

Clipper Circuits

Textbook

A circuit which removes the peak of a waveform is known as a clipper.…

Arithmetic Properties

Textbook

Associative Property In addition and multiplication, terms may be…

DeMorgan’s Theorems

Textbook

A mathematician named DeMorgan developed a pair of important rules…

Kirchhoff’s Laws

Worksheets - Analog

Many electronic circuits use what is called a split or a dual power…

Static Electricity Sensor

Textbook

PARTS AND MATERIALS One N-channel junction field-effect transistor,…

Meter Check of a Diode

Textbook

The Functionality of Diode Polarity Being able to determine the…

Factors Affecting Capacitance

Textbook

There are three basic factors of capacitor construction determining…

Inductive Reactance

Worksheets - Analog

Don’t just sit there! Build something!! Learning to mathematically…

EIRP Calculator

Tools

A helpful tool for computing the Effective Isotropic Radiated Power (EIRP) of an antenna

Scientific Notation and Metric Prefixes

Worksheets - Analog

Write the following exponential expressions in expanded form: 101 =…

Time-Delay Electromechanical Relays

Worksheets - Analog

What does the normal status of an electrical switch refer to?…

Likely Failures in Unproven Systems

Textbook

“All men are liable to error;” —John Locke Whereas…

More on AC “polarity”

Textbook

Complex numbers are useful for AC circuit analysis because they…

An Analogy for Divided Feedback

Textbook

A helpful analogy for understanding divided feedback amplifier…

Parallel Resistor-Capacitor Circuits

Textbook

Using the same value components in our series example circuit, we will…