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AC Network Analysis

Worksheets - Analog

Don’t just sit there! Build something!! Learning to mathematically…

Time-delay Relays

Textbook

What are Time-Delay Relays? Some relays are constructed with a kind of…

Pulse Width Modulation

Textbook

Pulse Width Modulation (PWM) uses digital signals to control power…

Impedance

Worksheets - Analog

Don’t just sit there! Build something!! Learning to mathematically…

AC Motor Control Circuits

Worksheets - Analog

Perhaps the most challenging aspect of interpreting ladder diagrams,…

Special-output Gates

Textbook

Complementary Output Gates It is sometimes desirable to have a logic…

Kirchhoff’s Current Law (KCL)

Textbook

What Is Kirchhoff’s Current Law? Kirchhoff’s Current Law,…

Series and Parallel Inductors

Textbook

When inductors are connected in series, the total inductance is the…

Inductor Transient Response

Textbook

Inductors have the exact opposite characteristics of capacitors.…

Square Root, Cube Root, and Nth Root Calculator

Tools

This calculator will determine the square root, cube root, or nth root of a given number, x.

Battery Ratings

Textbook

Because batteries create current flow in a circuit by exchanging…

Some Examples with AC Circuits

Textbook

Let’s connect three AC voltage sources in series and use complex…

Half-wave Rectifier

Textbook

PARTS AND MATERIALS Low-voltage AC power supply (6-volt output) 6-volt…

What is Alternating Current (AC)?

Textbook

Most students of electricity begin their study with what is known as…

Negative Feedback OpAmp Circuits

Worksheets - Analog

Don’t just sit there! Build something!! Learning to mathematically…

Class A BJT Amplifiers

Worksheets - Analog

Don’t just sit there! Build something!! Learning to mathematically…

555 Audio Oscillator

Textbook

PARTS AND MATERIALS Two 6 volt batteries One capacitor, 0.1 µF,…

Δ-Y and Y-Δ Conversions

Textbook

In many circuit applications, we encounter components connected…

Introduction to Mixed-Frequency AC Signals

Textbook

In our study of AC circuits thus far, we’ve explored circuits…

Power Supply Circuits

Textbook

There are three major kinds of power supplies: unregulated (also…

Parallel Resistor Calculator

Tools

Calculate the equivalent resistance of up to six resistors in parallel with ease while learning how to calculate resistance in parallel and the parallel resistance formula.

Algebraic Substitution for Electric Circuits

Worksheets - Analog

There are two basic Ohm’s Law equations: one relating voltage,…

Display Tubes

Textbook

In addition to performing tasks of amplification and switching, tubes…

Sensing AC Electric Fields

Textbook

PARTS AND MATERIALS Audio detector with headphones  …

Introduction to Network Theorems for Circuit Analysis

Textbook

Anyone who’s studied geometry should be familiar with the…

Attenuators

Textbook

What is Attenuators? Attenuators are passive devices. It is…

Basic Logic Gate Troubleshooting

Worksheets - Analog

Counting practice: count from zero to thirty-one in binary, octal, and…

Multi-Stage Amplifier

Textbook

PARTS AND MATERIALS Three NPN transistors—model 2N2222 or 2N3403…

Broadside Coupled Trace Inductance Calculator

Tools

This calculator helps you compute the inductance of a broadside coupled trace.

OpAmp Oscillator Circuits

Worksheets - Analog

Don’t just sit there! Build something!! Learning to mathematically…

Solving for Unknown Time

Textbook

Sometimes it is necessary to determine the length of time that a…

Low-pass Filters

Textbook

By definition, a low-pass filter is a circuit offering easy passage to…

High-Reliability Circuits

Worksheets - Analog

Don’t just sit there! Build something!! Learning to analyze relay…

IGFET Amplifiers

Worksheets - Analog

Don’t just sit there! Build something!! Learning to mathematically…

Design Project: Intercom System

Worksheets - Analog

Design a passive circuit that will create a "split” ( V/-V) power…

Tube Parameters

Textbook

For bipolar junction transistors, the fundamental measure of…

AC phase

Worksheets - Analog

If we were to express the series-connected DC voltages as phasors…

Conductors and Insulators

Worksheets - Analog

Given two lengths of metal wire, which one will have the least…

Other Diode Technologies

Textbook

Varicap or varactor diodes A variable capacitance diode is known as a…

Sum-of-Products and Product-of-Sums Expressions

Worksheets - Analog

Identify each of these logic gates by name, and complete their…

Special-purpose Diodes

Textbook

Schottky diodes Schottky diodes are constructed of a metal-to-N…

Conventional Transistor Overview and Special Transistors

Worksheets - Analog

A microcontroller is a specialized type of digital computer used to…

Capacitors and Calculus

Textbook

Capacitors do not have a stable “resistance” as conductors…

DC Motor Control Circuits

Worksheets - Analog

How is it possible to electrically measure the torque output by a…

IGFET Amplifiers

Worksheets - Analog

Don’t just sit there! Build something!! Learning to mathematically…

High Voltage Ohmmeters

Textbook

Most ohmmeters of the design shown in the previous section utilize a…

Shift Registers: Parallel-in, Serial-out (PISO) Conversion

Textbook

Parallel-in/ serial-out shift registers do everything that the…

Current Divider Circuits and the Current Divider Formula

Textbook

A parallel circuit is often called a current divider for its ability…

Electron Versus Conventional Flow

Worksheets - Analog

In this electrical circuit, trace the direction of current through the…

Nonlinear Resistance

Textbook

PARTS AND MATERIALS Calculator (or pencil and paper for doing…

Series LED Resistor Calculator

Tools

This series LED resistance calculator is perfect for when you have a single LED or a number of the same color of LEDs in series and need to know which resistor you should use.

Diode Ratings

Textbook

In addition to forward voltage drop (Vf) and peak inverse voltage…

Asynchronous Flip-Flop Inputs

Textbook

The normal data inputs to a flip flop (D, S and R, or J and K) are…

Junction Field-effect Transistors

Textbook

The field effect transistor was proposed by Julius Lilienfeld in US…

Digital Memory Terms and Concepts

Textbook

When we store information in some kind of circuit or device, we not…

Semiconductor Devices in SPICE

Textbook

The SPICE (Simulation Program, Integrated Circuit Emphesis)…

Rules for Derivatives

Textbook

Constant rule Rule of sums Rule of differences Product rule Quotient…

DC Lab - Current Divider

Textbook

In this hands-on electronics experiment, you will build resistive current dividers and observe how Ohm's law and Kirchhoff's current law function in real circuits using a voltmeter and an ammeter.

Voltage Regulator

Textbook

PARTS AND MATERIALS Four 6 volt batteries Zener diode, 12…

Kirchhoff’s Voltage Law (KVL)

Textbook

What is Kirchhoff’s Voltage Law (KVL)? The principle known as…