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2-wire analog outputs with precision DACs

In partnership with Texas Instruments

2-wire analog outputs with precision DACs

3-wire analog outputs with precision DACs

In partnership with Texas Instruments

3-wire analog outputs with precision DACs

Transistors, junction field-effect (JFET)

Textbook

Special-purpose Diodes

Textbook

Schottky diodes Schottky diodes are constructed of a metal-to-N…

Bandpass Filter Calculator

Tools

This calculates values of the inductance, capacitance of an inductor and capacitor used in a Butterworth LC bandpass filter.

Series Resistor-Inductor Circuits

Textbook

In the previous section, we explored what would happen in simple…

Vectors and AC Waveforms

Textbook

OK, so how exactly can we represent AC quantities of voltage or…

Circuit Components

Textbook

Remember that this tutorial is not exhaustive by any means, and that…

Voltage Multipliers (Doublers, Triplers, Quadruplers, and More)

Textbook

A voltage multiplier is a specialized rectifier circuit…

Differential Transistor Amplifiers

Worksheets - Analog

Don’t just sit there! Build something!! Learning to mathematically…

Attenuators

Textbook

What is Attenuators? Attenuators are passive devices. It is…

Other Waveshapes

Textbook

As strange as it may seem, any repeating, non-sinusoidal waveform is…

Magnetic Fields and Inductance

Textbook

Whenever electrons flow through a conductor, a magnetic field will…

Nonlinear OpAmp Circuits

Worksheets - Analog

Don’t just sit there! Build something!! Learning to mathematically…

Review of R, X, and Z

Textbook

Before we begin to explore the effects of resistors, inductors, and…

Pi-Match Impedance Matching Calculator

Tools

This calculator is designed to compute the parameters required to design a Pi-Match Impedance Circuit

True, Reactive, and Apparent Power

Textbook

Reactive Power We know that reactive loads such as inductors and…

Class B BJT Amplifiers

Worksheets - Analog

Don’t just sit there! Build something!! Learning to mathematically…

Susceptance and Admittance

Textbook

What is Conductance? In the study of DC circuits, the student of…

Early Tube History

Textbook

Thomas Edison, that prolific American inventor, is often credited with…

Transistor Ratings and Packages (BJT)

Textbook

Like all electrical and electronic components, transistors are limited…

An Analogy for Divided Feedback

Textbook

A helpful analogy for understanding divided feedback amplifier…

Electrical Noise and Interference

Worksheets - Analog

Define what noise means, in the electrical sense of the word. How does…

Introduction to Electron Tubes

Textbook

An often neglected area of study in modern electronics is that of…

Parallel R, L, and C

Textbook

We can take the same components from the series circuit and rearrange…

Read-Only Memory (ROM)

Textbook

Read-only memory (ROM) is similar in design to static or dynamic RAM…

Power Sources

Textbook

Voltage/Current Converter OpAmp Circuits

Worksheets - Analog

Don’t just sit there! Build something!! Learning to mathematically…

Design Project: Simple Component Curve-Tracer Circuit

Worksheets - Analog

What do each of the oscilloscope axes represent, in real-life terms…

Simple AC Circuit Calculations

Textbook

Over the course of the next few chapters, you will learn that AC…

Complex Number Arithmetic

Textbook

Since complex numbers are legitimate mathematical entities, just like…

RF Power Ratio Conversion Calculator

Tools

This tool is designed to convert power ratios to decibel

Microprocessors

Textbook

Early computer science pioneers such as Alan Turing and John Von…

Network Protocols

Textbook

Aside from the issues of the physical network (signal types and…

Arithmetic with Scientific Notation

Textbook

The benefits of scientific notation do not end with ease of writing…

Harmonic Phase Sequences

Textbook

In the last section, we saw how the 3rd harmonic and all of its…

From Electric to Electronic

Textbook

Introduction This third volume of the book series Lessons In Electric…

Vol III. Credits

Textbook

All entries arranged in alphabetical order of surname. Major…

More on AC “polarity”

Textbook

Complex numbers are useful for AC circuit analysis because they…

Vectors and AC Waveforms

Textbook

OK, so how exactly can we represent AC quantities of voltage or…

Octal and Hexadecimal Numeration

Textbook

Because binary numeration requires so many bits to represent…

Contributors (5)

Textbook

Contributors to this chapter are listed in chronological order of…

Operational Amplifier Models

Textbook

While mention of operational amplifiers typically provokes visions of…

Design Project: DC Motor

Worksheets - Analog

The armature windings of your DC motor will have very low resistance.…

Overcurrent Protection

Worksheets - Analog

What hazards might be posed by a circuit with excessive current going…

AC Capacitor Circuits

Textbook

Capacitors Vs. Resistors Capacitors do not behave the same as…

Re-drawing Complex Schematics

Textbook

Typically, complex circuits are not arranged in nice, neat, clean…

The R/2nR DAC: Binary-Weighted-Input Digital-to-Analog Converter

Textbook

What Is a R/2nR DAC Circuit? The R/2nR DAC circuit, otherwise known as…

Networks and Busses

Textbook

This collection of wires that I keep referring to between the tank…

Noise Figure and Noise Temperature Calculator

Tools

This calculator computes the noise figure and noise temperature in a system

Electrical Noise and Interference

Worksheets - Analog

Define what noise means, in the electrical sense of the word. How does…

Conductors and Insulators

Worksheets - Analog

Given two lengths of metal wire, which one will have the least…

Conversion From Decimal Numeration

Textbook

Because octal and hexadecimal numeration systems have bases that are…

Timer Circuits

Worksheets - Analog

Don’t just sit there! Build something!! Learning to analyze digital…

Introduction to Digital-Analog Conversion

Textbook

Connecting digital circuitry to sensor devices is simple if the sensor…

Wire Stripline Impedance Calculator

Tools

A calculator for computing the impedance of a wire stripline.

Open-Loop OpAmp Circuits

Worksheets - Analog

Determine what the magnitude and polarity of the voltmeter’s…

Voltage Multipliers (Doublers, Triplers, Quadruplers, and More)

Textbook

A voltage multiplier is a specialized rectifier circuit…

Measurements of AC Magnitude

Textbook

So far we know that AC voltage alternates in polarity and AC current…

Broadside Coupled Trace Inductance Calculator

Tools

This calculator helps you compute the inductance of a broadside coupled trace.

Wire Types and Sizes

Worksheets - Analog

Most electrical wire is covered in a rubber or plastic coating called…

Resistance Calculator

Tools

This calculator calculates the resistivity of a component based on its resistance value, length, and cross-sectional area.