Latest Analog Education

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Series Resistor-Inductor Circuits

Textbook

In the previous section, we explored what would happen in simple…

Three-phase Power Systems

Textbook

What is Split-Phase Power Systems? Split-phase power systems achieve…

Logarithms for Analog Circuits

Worksheets - Analog

The concept of a mathematical power is familiar to most students of…

Clamper Circuits

Textbook

The circuits in the figure below are known as clampers or DC…

Voltage and Current Calculations

Textbook

There’s a sure way to calculate any of the values in a reactive…

Analog Lab - PWM Power Controller

Textbook

In this hands-on electronics experiment, you will build a pulse-width modulator power controller for a light and learn the basics of PWM signals.

Open-Loop OpAmp Circuits

Worksheets - Analog

Determine what the magnitude and polarity of the voltmeter’s…

Inverting Op-Amp Resistor Calculator

Tools

This calculator determines the bias and feedback of resistors for an inverting op-amp.

Attenuators

Textbook

What is Attenuators? Attenuators are passive devices. It is…

The Pentode

Textbook

Another strategy for addressing the problem of secondary electrons…

Performance-Based Assessments for Semiconductor Circuit Competencies

Worksheets - Analog

555 Lab - Monostable Multivibrator (One-shot)

Textbook

In this hands-on electronics experiment, you will build a monostable multivibrator using a 555 timer IC and learn about RC time constant charging and how a one-shot timer operates.

Multi-Stage Transistor Amplifiers

Worksheets - Analog

Don’t just sit there! Build something!! Learning to mathematically…

Averager and Summer Circuits

Textbook

If we take three equal resistors and connect one end of each to a…

Analog Lab - Introduction

Textbook

In this series of hands-on electronics experiments, build analog circuits, including amplifiers, comparators, oscillators, and more. Following the step-by-step instructions will help you understand and appreciate analog systems.

Polar Form and Rectangular Form Notation for Complex Numbers

Textbook

In order to work with complex numbers without drawing vectors, we…

AC phase

Worksheets - Analog

If we were to express the series-connected DC voltages as phasors…

Meter Check of a Transistor (BJT)

Textbook

Bipolar transistors are constructed of a three-layer semiconductor…

The Junction Field-effect Transistor (JFET) as a Switch

Textbook

Like its bipolar cousin, the field-effect transistor may be used as an…

What is the Difference Between Series and Parallel Circuits?

Textbook

Circuits consisting of just one battery and one load resistance are…

AC Instrumentation Transducers

Textbook

Just as devices have been made to measure certain physical quantities…

The Command-line Interface

Textbook

If you’ve used DOS or UNIX operating systems before in a…

Digital Lab - Introduction

Textbook

In this collection of hands-on electronics experiments, build and test digital circuits and learn the fundamentals of digital logic circuits, including gates, counters, logic levels, hysteresis, memory, and more.

AC Waveforms

Worksheets - Analog

Radio waves are comprised of oscillating electric and magnetic fields,…

Series Circuit Rules

Textbook

Current Components in a series circuit share the same current: Itotal…

Creating Custom Calibration Resistances

Textbook

Often in the course of designing and building electrical meter…

Design Project: Logic Probe

Worksheets - Analog

What factors determine where potentiometers Rpot1 and Rpot2 must be…

Vol IV. Credits

Textbook

All entries arranged in alphabetical order of surname. Major…

Counters

Worksheets - Analog

Don’t just sit there! Build something!! Learning to analyze digital…

Measurement Circuits

Textbook

Figure below shows a photodiode amplifier for measuring low levels of…

RMS Voltage Calculator

Tools

This calculator calculates the RMS Voltage value from either the peak voltage, the peak-to-peak voltage, or the average voltage.

AC Generator Theory

Worksheets - Analog

If an electric current is passed through this wire, which direction…

Design Project: DC Motor

Worksheets - Analog

The armature windings of your DC motor will have very low resistance.…

Analog Lab - Voltage Comparator

Textbook

In this hands-on electronics experiment, you will build an analog voltage comparator circuit and learn how open-loop operational amplifiers function.

AC Lab - PC Oscilloscope

Textbook

In this hands-on AC electronics experiment, use a PC-based oscilloscope program to observe waveforms from a musical keyboard and learn basic oscilloscope operation.

Passive Integrator and Differentiator Circuits

Worksheets - Analog

∫f(x) dx Calculus alert! Calculus is a branch of mathematics that…

Inductors

Worksheets - Analog

∫f(x) dx Calculus alert! A 5 H inductor is subjected to an electric…

Band Theory of Solids

Textbook

Quantum physics describes the states of electrons in an atom according…

Vol V. Credits

Textbook

All entries arranged in alphabetical order of surname. Major…

Wiring Color Codes Infographic

Textbook

Wiring Color Codes Infographic. Released under the Creative Commons…

Building Resistor Circuits Using Breadboards, Perfboards, and Terminal Strips

Textbook

Over the course of learning about electricity, you will want to…

Si Lab - Full-wave Center-tap Rectifier

Textbook

In this hands-on semiconductor electronics experiment, build a full-wave rectifier for AC to DC conversion and learn about center-tapped transformers.

Switches

Worksheets - Analog

What is the purpose of the switch shown in this schematic diagram?

DC Bridge Circuits

Worksheets - Analog

Don’t just sit there! Build something!! Learning to mathematically…

Counters

Worksheets - Analog

Don’t just sit there! Build something!! Learning to analyze digital…

Si Lab - JFET Switching Circuit and Static Electricity Sensor

Textbook

In this hands-on semiconductor electronics experiment, use a junction field-effect transistor (JFET) to build a sensitive switching circuit and learn about JFET current gain.

Programmable Logic Controllers (PLC)

Textbook

Before the advent of solid-state logic circuits, logical control…

Wiring Color Codes Infographic

Textbook

Wiring Color Codes Infographic. Released under the Creative Commons…

A 50-Ohm Cable?

Textbook

Early in my explorations of electricity, I came across a length of…

Karnaugh Mapping

Worksheets - Analog

Identify each of these logic gates by name, and complete their…

Conductor Ampacity

Textbook

The smaller the cross-sectional area of any given wire, the greater…

Lenz’s Law and Faraday’s Law Calculator

Tools

This calculator uses Faraday's and Lenz's laws to calculate the magnitude and polarity of the induced electromotive force (EMF) caused by a change in magnetic flux through a closed-loop coil.

Design Project: Logic Probe

Worksheets - Analog

What factors determine where potentiometers Rpot1 and Rpot2 must be…

Speed Distance Time Calculator

Tools

This calculator will solve for either distance, time, or speed given two of the three parameters.

Design Project: Stepper Motor Driver

Worksheets - Analog

At first it may seem pointless to have the four buffer gates following…

Differential Transistor Amplifiers

Worksheets - Analog

Don’t just sit there! Build something!! Learning to mathematically…

Decibels

Textbook

The Bel is Used to Represent Gain In its simplest form, an…

Inductance, Reactance, and Admittance Calculator

Tools

This calculator gives the reactance and admittance of an inductor or the inductance given the reactance of an inductor

Definite Integrals and the Fundamental Theorem of Calculus

Textbook

        RELATED WORKSHEET: Calculus for Electric…

Edge Coupled Trace Inductance Calculator

Tools

This calculator helps you compute for the inductance of an edge coupled trace.