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Achieving increased functionality and efficiency in vacuum robots

In partnership with Texas Instruments

Understand how TI's rapidly developing solutions enhance vacuum robots

An inside look at industrial Ethernet communication protocols

In partnership with Texas Instruments

An inside look at industrial Ethernet communication protocols

PWM Power Controller

Textbook

PARTS AND MATERIALS Four 6 volt batteries One capacitor, 100 µF…

AC Motor Control Circuits

Worksheets - Embedded

Perhaps the most challenging aspect of interpreting ladder diagrams,…

Binary Overflow

Textbook

One caveat with signed binary numbers is that of overflow, where the…

Embedded Microstrip Impedance Calculator

Tools

This calculator helps you compute the characteristic impedance of an embedded microstrip.

A Very Simple Computer

Textbook

PARTS AND MATERIALS Three batteries, each one with a different…

Programmable Logic Controllers (PLC)

Textbook

Before the advent of solid-state logic circuits, logical control…

Memory Devices

Worksheets - Embedded

Don’t just sit there! Build something!! Learning to analyze digital…

Permeability and Saturation

Textbook

The nonlinearity of material permeability may be graphed for better…

Class B Audio Amplifier

Textbook

PARTS AND MATERIALS Four 6 volt batteries Dual operational amplifier,…

Impedance Matching With Transformers

Worksheets - Embedded

Suppose you were to take a 3 kW electric heater rated for 240 VAC and…

Trace Resistance Calculator

Tools

This calculator determines the resistance of a microstrip trace

Basic Electricity Worksheet

Worksheets - Embedded

What is the purpose of the switch shown in this schematic diagram?

Electromagnetic Induction Experiment

Textbook

PARTS AND MATERIALS Electromagnet from previous experiment Permanent…

Hyperbolic Functions

Textbook

Note: all angles (x) must be expressed in units of radians for these…

Introduction to Analog Integrated Circuits

Textbook

Analog circuits are circuits dealing with signals free to vary from…

Voltage and Current in a Practical Circuit

Textbook

Because it takes energy to force charge to flow against the opposition…

Basic Oscilloscope Operation

Worksheets - Embedded

An oscilloscope is a very useful piece of electronic test equipment.…

The Silicon-Controlled Switch (SCS)

Textbook

If we take the equivalent circuit for an SCR and add another external…

Voltage Regulator

Textbook

PARTS AND MATERIALS Four 6 volt batteries Zener diode, 12 volt—type…

Binary Subtraction

Textbook

We can subtract one binary number from another by using the standard…

Multimeters

Textbook

Seeing as how a common meter movement can be made to function as a…

Automotive Alternator

Textbook

Project Parts and Materials Automotive alternator (one required, but…

TTL Logic Gates

Worksheets - Embedded

Counting practice: count from zero to thirty-one in binary, octal, and…

Resonance

Worksheets - Embedded

The Q factor of a series inductive circuit is given by the following…

Conductor Size

Textbook

It should be common-sense knowledge that liquids flow through…

Combination Tubes

Textbook

Similar in thought to the idea of the integrated circuit, tube…

Arithmetic Properties

Textbook

The associative property In addition and multiplication, terms may be…

The Common-base Amplifier

Textbook

The final transistor amplifier configuration (Figure below) we need to…

Coax Inductance Calculator

Tools

A calculator for computing the inductance of a coaxial cable.

Review of R, X, and Z

Textbook

Before we begin to explore the effects of resistors, inductors, and…

Negative Feedback

Textbook

If we connect the output of an op-amp to its inverting input and apply…

Look-up Tables

Textbook

Having learned about digital memory devices in the last chapter, we…

Tube Parameters

Textbook

For bipolar junction transistors, the fundamental measure of…

Circuit Components

Textbook

Remember that this tutorial is not exhaustive by any means, and that…

Voltage and Current

Textbook

As was previously mentioned, we need more than just a continuous path…

Timer Circuits

Worksheets - Embedded

Don’t just sit there! Build something!! Learning to analyze digital…

Optoelectronic Devices

Worksheets - Embedded

In this circuit, the electric motor is supposed to turn on whenever…

Divided Feedback

Textbook

If we add a voltage divider to the negative feedback wiring so that…

Wire-by-Number project kit introduction

Worksheets - Embedded

Wire-by-Number project: simple voltage divider Description: Build a…

Microstrip Impedance Calculator

Tools

This calculator helps you compute the characteristic impedance of a microstrip.

The Junction Field-effect Transistor (JFET) as a Switch

Textbook

Like its bipolar cousin, the field-effect transistor may be used as an…

Voltage Follower

Textbook

PARTS AND MATERIALS One NPN transistor—models 2N2222 or 2N3403…

Introduction to Combinational Logic Functions

Textbook

The term “combinational” comes to us from mathematics. In…

Complex Number Arithmetic

Textbook

Since complex numbers are legitimate mathematical entities, just like…

Series-Parallel DC Circuits

Worksheets - Embedded

Don’t just sit there! Build something!! Learning to mathematically…

The Tetrode

Textbook

As the name suggests, the tetrode tube contained four elements:…

The “Buffer” Gate

Textbook

If we were to connect two inverter gates together so that the output…