Latest Data Converters Education

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Analog and Digital Signals

Textbook

Instrumentation is a field of study and work centering on measurement…

Summer and Subtractor OpAmp Circuits

Worksheets - Data Converters

Don’t just sit there! Build something!! Learning to mathematically…

Junction Field-effect Transistors

Textbook

The field effect transistor was proposed by Julius Lilienfeld in US…

Performance-Based Assessments for Semiconductor Circuit Competencies

Worksheets - Data Converters

Op-Amp Practical Considerations

Textbook

Real operational amplifiers have some imperfections compared to an…

Differential Transistor Amplifiers

Worksheets - Data Converters

Don’t just sit there! Build something!! Learning to mathematically…

Performance-Based Assessments for Analog Integrated Circuit Competencies

Worksheets - Data Converters

Example Circuits and Netlists

Textbook

The following circuits are pre-tested netlists for SPICE 2g6, complete…

Active Filters

Worksheets - Data Converters

Don’t just sit there! Build something!! Learning to mathematically…

Special-purpose Diodes

Textbook

Schottky diodes Schottky diodes are constructed of a metal-to-N…

Microcontroller Principles

Worksheets - Data Converters

Read the following quotation, and then research the term…

Miscellaneous Diode Applications

Worksheets - Data Converters

Don’t just sit there! Build something!! Learning to mathematically…

Logic Signal Voltage Levels

Textbook

Input Voltages for Logic Gates Logic gate circuits are designed to…

Computational Circuits

Textbook

When someone mentions the word “computer,” a digital…

Bipolar Junction Transistor (BJT) theory

Worksheets - Data Converters

Don’t just sit there! Build something!! Learning to mathematically…

Feedback

Textbook

If some percentage of an amplifier’s output signal is connected…

Signal Modulation

Worksheets - Data Converters

A modern method of electrical power control involves inserting a…

The R/2nR DAC: Binary-Weighted-Input Digital-to-Analog Converter

Textbook

What Is a R/2nR DAC Circuit? The R/2nR DAC circuit, otherwise known as…

Mixed-Frequency Signals

Worksheets - Data Converters

What is a harmonic frequency? If an oscillator circuit outputs a…

Series and Parallel AC Circuits

Worksheets - Data Converters

Don’t just sit there! Build something!! Learning to mathematically…

Wires and Connections

Textbook

Older electrical schematics showed connecting wires crossing, while…

Some Examples with AC Circuits

Textbook

Let’s connect three AC voltage sources in series and use complex…

Single-ended and Differential Amplifiers

Textbook

For ease of drawing complex circuit diagrams, electronic amplifiers…

LC Resonant Frequency Calculator

Tools

A circuit with an inductor (L) and capacitor (C) connected in parallel or series will have a resonant frequency at which their impedances are equal. Given two of the three values—inductance, capacitance, or resonant frequency—this tool will calculate the missing third variable.

Kirchhoff’s Voltage Law (KVL)

Textbook

What is Kirchhoff’s Voltage Law (KVL)? The principle known as…

What Are Electric Circuits?

Textbook

You might have been wondering how charges can continuously flow in a…

Analog Lab - Class B Audio Amplifier

Textbook

In this hands-on electronics experiment, build a Class B push-pull audio amplifier to drive a speaker and learn about crossover distortion and how to minimize it using negative feedback.

Si Lab - Full-wave Center-tap Rectifier

Textbook

In this hands-on semiconductor electronics experiment, build a full-wave rectifier for AC to DC conversion and learn about center-tapped transformers.

Example Circuits and Netlists

Textbook

The following circuits are pre-tested netlists for SPICE 2g6, complete…

PN Junctions

Worksheets - Data Converters

Don’t just sit there! Build something!! Learning to mathematically…

Transistor Ratings and Packages (IGFET)

Textbook

Electrical Energy Calculator

Tools

This calculator will determine the instantaneous energy, sustained energy, and power consumed by an electrical system given two of the three electrical parameters (voltage, current, or resistance) and the time.

Intro Lab - Circuit With a Switch

Textbook

In this hands-on electronics experiment, you will control a light with a switch and learn the basics of connecting toggle (on/off) switches into circuits.

Series Resistor-Inductor Circuits

Textbook

In the previous section, we explored what would happen in simple…

AC Phase

Textbook

Things start to get complicated when we need to relate two or more AC…

Parallel Circuits and the Application of Ohm’s Law

Textbook

In this introduction to parallel resistance circuits, we will explain…

Harmonic Phase Sequences

Textbook

In the last section, we saw how the 3rd harmonic and all of its…

Impedance Matching With Transformers

Worksheets - Data Converters

Suppose you were to take a 3 kW electric heater rated for 240 VAC and…

Wiring Color Codes Infographic

Textbook

Wiring Color Codes Infographic. Released under the Creative Commons…

Early Tube History

Textbook

Thomas Edison, that prolific American inventor, is often credited with…

AC Commutator Motors

Textbook

Charles Proteus Steinmetz’s first job after arriving in America…

Calculating Electric Power

Textbook

Learn the Power Formula We’ve seen the formula for determining…

Karnaugh Mapping

Worksheets - Data Converters

Identify each of these logic gates by name, and complete their…

VSWR / Return Loss Calculator

Tools

A calculator designed to compute the VSWR, reflection coefficient, return loss and matching loss in a transmission line

Edge-triggered Latches: Flip-Flops

Textbook

So far, we’ve studied both S-R and D latch circuits with enable…

AC Capacitor Circuits

Textbook

Capacitors Vs. Resistors Capacitors do not behave the same as…

Applying Ohm’s Law—Rules and Methods for Circuit Analysis

Textbook

When analyzing complex series and parallel circuits, it is easy to…

Counter Modulus

Textbook

Incomplete

Power in Resistive and Reactive AC circuits

Textbook

Consider a circuit for a single-phase AC power system, where a 120…

Metric Prefixes and Unit Conversions

Textbook

Metric Prefixes   Yotta = 1024 Symbol: Y Zetta = 1021 Symbol: Z…

Practical Power Factor Correction

Textbook

When the need arises to correct for poor power factor in an AC power…

Magnetism

Worksheets - Data Converters

A permanent magnet is a device that retains a magnetic field without…

Amplifier Impedances

Textbook

Input impedance varies considerably with the circuit configuration…

Digital Logic Functions

Textbook

We can construct a simple logic functions for our hypothetical lamp…

Hand Calculator Use

Textbook

To enter numbers in scientific notation into a hand calculator, there…

Contributors (2)

Textbook

Contributors to this chapter are listed in chronological order of…

Biasing Techniques (IGFET)

Textbook

Digital Signals and Gates

Textbook

While the binary numeration system is an interesting mathematical…

Si Lab - Light Sensor (LED Photodetector)

Textbook

In this hands-on semiconductor electronics experiment, use an LED as a light-sensitive photodetector and learn how to use a bipolar transistor in a common-emitter amplifier configuration.

Electromechanical Relay Logic

Worksheets - Data Converters

In ladder logic symbolism, an electromechanical relay coil is shown as…