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Circuit Components

Textbook

Remember that this tutorial is not exhaustive by any means, and that…

Battery Life Calculator

Tools

This calculator provides three options—basic, intermediate, and advanced—for determining expected battery life for microcontroller, Internet of Things (IoT), and edge processing systems with up to four different operating modes.

Why L/R and not LR?

Textbook

Learn About L/R Time Constants It is often perplexing to new students…

Impedance

Worksheets - Capacitors

Don’t just sit there! Build something!! Learning to mathematically…

555 Lab - Red LED Flasher

Textbook

In this hands-on electronics experiment, you will build a red LED flasher and learn a useful application of the versatile 555 timer IC.

Capacitor Quirks

Textbook

As with inductors, the ideal capacitor is a purely reactive device,…

Resonance in Series-Parallel Circuits

Textbook

In simple reactive circuits with little or no resistance, the effects…

Passive Filter Circuits

Worksheets - Capacitors

In very simple, qualitative terms, rate the impedance of capacitors…

Inductor Transient Response

Textbook

Inductors have the exact opposite characteristics of capacitors.…

Performance-Based Assessments for AC Circuit Competencies

Worksheets - Capacitors

(Template)

Radio Circuits

Textbook

(a) Crystal radio. (b) Modulated RF at antenna. (c) Rectified RF at…

Performance-Based Assessments for Analog Integrated Circuit Competencies

Worksheets - Capacitors

AC Network Analysis

Worksheets - Capacitors

Don’t just sit there! Build something!! Learning to mathematically…

LC Resonant Frequency Calculator

Tools

A circuit with an inductor (L) and capacitor (C) connected in parallel or series will have a resonant frequency at which their impedances are equal. Given two of the three values—inductance, capacitance, or resonant frequency—this tool will calculate the missing third variable.

Oscillator Circuits

Worksheets - Capacitors

Don’t just sit there! Build something!! Learning to mathematically…

Series and Parallel AC Circuits

Worksheets - Capacitors

Don’t just sit there! Build something!! Learning to mathematically…

AC Lab - LC Tank Circuit

Textbook

In this hands-on AC electronics experiment, build a parallel resonant inductor-capacitor circuit and learn about oscillation, resonant frequency, and damping.

RC Time Constant Calculator

Tools

The time constant of a series RC circuit is the product of the resistance and capacitance. Given two of the three values—resistance, capacitance, or RC time constant—this tool will calculate the missing third variable.

Time Constant Calculations

Worksheets - Capacitors

Don’t just sit there! Build something!! Learning to mathematically…

Intermediate Electromagnetism and Electromagnetic Induction

Worksheets - Capacitors

As an electric current is passed through a coil of wire, it creates a…

Impedance Matching With Transformers

Worksheets - Capacitors

Suppose you were to take a 3 kW electric heater rated for 240 VAC and…

Intro Lab - How to Use an Ohmmeter to Measure Resistance

Textbook

In this hands-on introduction to electronics, you will experiment with a multimeter and learn how to measure resistance using the ohmmeter function.

Practical Considerations - Capacitors

Textbook

Capacitors, like all electrical components, have limitations that must…

Analog Lab - PWM Power Controller

Textbook

In this hands-on electronics experiment, you will build a pulse-width modulator power controller for a light and learn the basics of PWM signals.

Voltage and Current Calculations

Textbook

There’s a sure way to calculate any of the values in a reactive…

DC Motor Control Circuits

Worksheets - Capacitors

How is it possible to electrically measure the torque output by a…

Inductor Transient Response

Textbook

Inductors have the exact opposite characteristics of capacitors.…

Performance-Based Assessments for Basic Electricity Competencies

Worksheets - Capacitors

(Template)

Complex Circuits

Textbook

What do we do if we come across a circuit more complex than the simple…

Open-Loop OpAmp Circuits

Worksheets - Capacitors

Determine what the magnitude and polarity of the voltmeter’s…

Active Loads in Amplifier Circuits

Worksheets - Capacitors

We know that the current in a series circuit may be calculated with…

555 Lab - Schmitt Trigger

Textbook

In this hands-on electronics experiment, build a Schmitt trigger using a 555 timer and learn about hysteresis and the inner workings of the extremely versatile 555 timer IC.

Time Constant Circuits

Worksheets - Capacitors

Generally speaking, how many “time constants” worth of time does…

AC Power

Worksheets - Capacitors

If a sinusoidal voltage is applied to an impedance with a phase angle…

Multi-Stage Transistor Amplifiers

Worksheets - Capacitors

Don’t just sit there! Build something!! Learning to mathematically…

Precise Diode Circuits

Worksheets - Capacitors

Don’t just sit there! Build something!! Learning to mathematically…

Analog Lab - 555 Ramp Signal Generator

Textbook

In this hands-on electronics experiment, construct a signal generator circuit that creates two different types of ramp signals and learn how capacitors charge when connected to resistors and constant current sources.

Simple Parallel (Tank Circuit) Resonance

Textbook

Resonance in a Tank Circuit A condition of resonance will be…

AC Lab - Induction Motor

Textbook

In this hands-on AC electronics experiment, build a simple AC permanent capacitor split-phase induction motor and learn the principles of AC induction motor function.

Capacitor Quirks

Textbook

As with inductors, the ideal capacitor is a purely reactive device,…

Static Electricity

Textbook

It was discovered centuries ago that certain types of materials would…

The Common-gate Amplifier (JFET)

Textbook

RELATED WORKSHEETS: JFET Amplifiers Worksheet

Ohm’s Law

Worksheets - Capacitors

For a given amount of water pressure, which will flow a greater rate…

Early Tube History

Textbook

Thomas Edison, that prolific American inventor, is often credited with…

555 Lab - Monostable Multivibrator (One-shot)

Textbook

In this hands-on electronics experiment, you will build a monostable multivibrator using a 555 timer IC and learn about RC time constant charging and how a one-shot timer operates.

Shift Registers

Worksheets - Capacitors

Don’t just sit there! Build something!! Learning to analyze digital…

Selsyn (Synchro) Motors

Textbook

Normally, the rotor windings of a wound rotor induction motor are…

Rules for Antiderivatives

Textbook

Constant Rule     Rule of Sums     Rule of…

Basic Electromagnetic Relays

Worksheets - Capacitors

Don’t just sit there! Build something!! Learning to analyze relay…

Bit Grouping

Textbook

The singular reason for learning and using the binary numeration…

Resistors

Textbook

Because the relationship between voltage, current, and resistance in…

Switch Types

Textbook

Though it may seem strange to cover the elementary topic of electrical…

Branch Current Method Analysis

Textbook

The most straightforward DC network analysis technique is the branch…

The “Operational” Amplifier

Textbook

Long before the advent of digital electronic technology, computers…

SPICE Quirks

Textbook

“Garbage in, garbage out.” —Anonymous   SPICE…

The Junction Field-effect Transistor (JFET) as a Switch

Textbook

Like its bipolar cousin, the field-effect transistor may be used as an…

Capacitor Sizing Equation

Textbook

Capacitance Formula     Permittivity of Dielectric  …

Design Project: LED Stroboscope

Worksheets - Capacitors

A technician uses a stroboscope to “freeze” the rotation of a…

Overcurrent Protection

Worksheets - Capacitors

What hazards might be posed by a circuit with excessive current going…

Parallel Circuit Rules

Textbook

Voltage Components in a parallel circuit share the same voltage:…