Latest Processors Education

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Shift Registers

Worksheets - Processors

Don’t just sit there! Build something!! Learning to analyze digital…

Electromechanical Relay Logic

Worksheets - Processors

In ladder logic symbolism, an electromechanical relay coil is shown as…

Multiplexers and Demultiplexers

Worksheets - Processors

Don’t just sit there! Build something!! Learning to analyze digital…

Relay Construction

Textbook

Electricity and Magnetism An electric current through a conductor will…

555 Lab - LED Flasher with Inductive Flyback

Textbook

In this hands-on electronics experiment, build a multiple LED flasher and learn how to use inductive flyback to generate a voltage pulse that is greater than the supply voltage.

The J-K Flip-Flop

Textbook

Another variation on a theme of bistable multivibrators is the J-K…

Digital Communication

Worksheets - Processors

Don’t just sit there! Build something!! Learning to analyze digital…

Shift Registers: Serial-in, Serial-out

Textbook

Serial-in, serial-out shift registers delay data by one clock time for…

Quantum Devices

Textbook

Most integrated circuits are digital, based on MOS (CMOS) transistors.…

Shift Registers: Serial-in, Parallel-out (SIPO) Conversion

Textbook

A serial-in, parallel-out shift register is similar to the serial-in,…

Digital Display Circuits

Worksheets - Processors

What is the purpose of a seven-segment decoder circuit? What is a…

Digital Logic Signals

Worksheets - Processors

A rheostat (variable resistor) and a switch are both examples of…

Networks and Busses

Textbook

The wires between the tank and the monitoring location is  called…

Programmable Logic Controllers (PLC)

Textbook

Before the advent of solid-state logic circuits, logical control…

Counters

Worksheets - Processors

Don’t just sit there! Build something!! Learning to analyze digital…

Successive Approximation ADC

Textbook

One method of addressing the digital ramp ADC’s shortcomings is…

Digital Logic Functions

Textbook

We can construct a simple logic functions for our hypothetical lamp…

The S-R Latch

Textbook

A bistable multivibrator has two stable states, as indicated by the…

Analog-to-Digital Conversion

Worksheets - Processors

The circuit shown here is a four-bit analog-to-digital converter…

Stepper Motors

Worksheets - Processors

Don’t just sit there! Build something!! Learning to analyze digital…

Network Protocols

Textbook

Aside from the issues of the physical network (signal types and…

Peak, Average, and RMS Measurements

Worksheets - Processors

How is it possible to assign a fixed value of voltage or current (such…

Diode Switching Circuits

Textbook

Diodes can perform switching and digital logic operations. Forward and…

Analysis Techniques for Series Parallel Resistor Circuits

Textbook

Guidelines to Series-Parallel Combination Circuit Analysis The goal of…

555 Lab - LED Flasher with Inductive Flyback

Textbook

In this hands-on electronics experiment, build a multiple LED flasher and learn how to use inductive flyback to generate a voltage pulse that is greater than the supply voltage.

Quantum Devices

Textbook

Most integrated circuits are digital, based on MOS (CMOS) transistors.…

The Exclusive-OR Function: The XOR Gate

Textbook

What Is an XOR Gate? One element conspicuously missing from the set of…

Fail-safe Design

Textbook

Logic circuits, whether comprised of electromechanical relays or…

Basic Electromagnetic Relays

Worksheets - Processors

Don’t just sit there! Build something!! Learning to analyze relay…

The D Latch

Textbook

Since the enable input on a gated S-R latch provides a way to latch…

Oscillator Circuits

Worksheets - Processors

Don’t just sit there! Build something!! Learning to mathematically…

Tracking ADC

Textbook

A third variation on the counter-DAC-based converter theme is, in my…

Minterm vs Maxterm Solution

Textbook

So far we have been finding Sum-Of-Product (SOP) solutions to logic…

Digital Lab - 3-bit Binary Counter

Textbook

In this hands-on electronics experiment, build a 3-bit down counter using J-K flip-flops and learn about asynchronous counter functionality.

Demultiplexers

Textbook

A demultiplexer, sometimes abbreviated dmux, is a circuit that has one…

Octal and Hexadecimal to Decimal Conversion

Textbook

Although the prime intent of octal and hexadecimal numeration systems…

Monostable Multivibrators

Textbook

We’ve already seen one example of a monostable multivibrator in…

Boolean Algebraic Properties

Textbook

Another type of mathematical identity, called a “property”…

Historical, Nonmechanical Memory Technologies

Textbook

Perhaps the most ingenious technique was that of the delay line. A…

Digital Memory Terms and Concepts

Textbook

When we store information in some kind of circuit or device, we not…

JFET Biasing Techniques

Textbook

Using an example, learn about the different bias techniques for junction field effect transistors (JFETs) like the constant voltage bias, self-bias configuration, and voltage divider biasing.

Switch Contact Design

Textbook

A switch can be constructed with any mechanism bringing two conductors…

Resonance in Series-Parallel Circuits

Textbook

In simple reactive circuits with little or no resistance, the effects…

Voltmeter Design

Worksheets - Processors

Suppose I were about to measure an unknown voltage with a manual-range…

Contact “Normal” State and Make/Break Sequence

Textbook

Any kind of switch contact can be designed so that the contacts…

Conductor Ampacity

Textbook

The smaller the cross-sectional area of any given wire, the greater…

The NOT Gate

Textbook

The single-transistor inverter circuit illustrated earlier is actually…

Switches, Electrically Actuated (Relays)

Textbook

The structure behind ladder logic is based on the electrical ladder…

Reluctance Motor

Textbook

The variable reluctance motor is based on the principle that an…

Metric Prefix Conversions

Textbook

To express a quantity in a different metric prefix from how it was…

Si Lab - Zener Diode Voltage Regulator

Textbook

In this hands-on semiconductor electronics experiment, build a simple DC voltage regulator circuit and learn how to use reverse-biased Zener diodes as voltage clamps.

AC Commutator Motors

Textbook

Charles Proteus Steinmetz’s first job after arriving in America…

Contributors (4)

Textbook

Contributors to this chapter are listed in chronological order of…

Inductance

Worksheets - Processors

∫f(x) dx Calculus alert! One of the fundamental principles of…

AC Instrumentation Transducers

Textbook

Just as devices have been made to measure certain physical quantities…

Systems of Numeration

Textbook

Roman Numerals The Romans devised a system that was a substantial…

Design Project: Audio Tone Control

Worksheets - Processors

Suppose you were installing a high-power stereo system in your car,…

Magnetic Units of Measurement

Worksheets - Processors

In electric circuits, the three basic quantities are voltage (E or V),…

DC Circuit Equations and Laws

Textbook

Power Equation of Ohm’s Law and Joule’s Law    …

Trace Resistance Calculator

Tools

This calculator determines the resistance of a microstrip trace