Latest Antennas Education

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EIRP Calculator

Tools

A helpful tool for computing the Effective Isotropic Radiated Power (EIRP) of an antenna

Friis Transmission Calculator

Tools

This calculator computes the power received by an antenna using Friis formula

Free Space Path Loss Calculator

Tools

This calculator calculates the free space loss, given the distance, frequency, and gain, between two antennas.

Electrical Signal Types

Textbook

With BogusBus, our signals were very simple and straightforward: each…

What Is the Skin Effect?

Textbook

The Skin Depth of Copper in Electrical Engineering As previously…

Antenna Downtilt and Coverage Calculator

Tools

This calculator will determine the correct antenna downtilt angle given the heights of the antennas and distance between them.

Network Topology

Textbook

Point-to-Point Connecting two digital devices with a network, would…

Antenna Downtilt and Coverage Calculator

Tools

This calculator will determine the correct antenna downtilt angle given the heights of the antennas and distance between them.

Waveguide Calculator (Rectangular)

Tools

This tool calculates the cutoff frequency of a rectangular waveguide

Phase-Locked Loops

Worksheets - Antennas

This is a schematic for a simple VCO: The oscillator is of the RC…

Reflection Attenuator Calculator

Tools

This tool is designed to calculate the value of resistance R1 in a reflection attenuator.

Finite State Machines

Textbook

Up to now, every circuit that was presented was a combinatorial…

Decibel Calculator

Tools

This calculator will convert voltage or power gains into decibels. Enter one of the three values and the calculator will output the other two.

Q Factor and Bandwidth of a Resonant Circuit

Textbook

The Q, or quality, factor of a resonant circuit is a measure of the…

Free Space Path Loss Calculator

Tools

This calculator calculates the free space loss, given the distance, frequency, and gain, between two antennas.

What is Network Analysis?

Textbook

The basic application of Ohm’s law to combinations of series and…

Power Density Calculator

Tools

A tool designed to calculate the power density of an antenna

Basic Electromagnetism and Electromagnetic Induction

Worksheets - Antennas

When lightning strikes, nearby magnetic compass needles may be seen to…

AC Instrumentation Transducers

Textbook

Just as devices have been made to measure certain physical quantities…

Signal Modulation

Worksheets - Antennas

A modern method of electrical power control involves inserting a…

Op-Amp Practical Considerations

Textbook

Real operational amplifiers have some imperfections compared to an…

Noise Figure and Noise Temperature Calculator

Tools

This calculator computes the noise figure and noise temperature in a system

Networks and Busses

Textbook

The wires between the tank and the monitoring location is  called…

Waveguides

Textbook

A waveguide is a special form of transmission line consisting of a…

High-pass Filters

Textbook

A high-pass filter’s task is just the opposite of a low-pass…

Band-stop Filters

Textbook

How to Create a Band-stop Filter? Also called band-elimination,…

DeMorgan’s Theorems

Textbook

A mathematician named DeMorgan developed a pair of important rules…

Temperature Converter

Tools

Convert between Celsius, Fahrenheit and Kelvin

Kirchhoff’s Voltage Law (KVL)

Textbook

What is Kirchhoff’s Voltage Law (KVL)? The principle known as…

TTL NOR and OR gates

Textbook

TTL Circuit Analysis Let’s examine the following TTL circuit and…

Contributors (4)

Textbook

Contributors to this chapter are listed in chronological order of…

Transistor Ratings and Packages (IGFET)

Textbook

The Tetrode

Textbook

As the name suggests, the tetrode tube contains four elements: cathode…

Negative Feedback

Textbook

If we connect the output of an op-amp to its inverting input and apply…

Ohmmeter Design

Textbook

Though mechanical ohmmeter (resistance meter) designs are rarely used…

Calculating Power Factor

Textbook

As was mentioned before, the angle of this “power…

AC Lab - Large Induction Motor

Textbook

In this hands-on AC electronics experiment, build a large AC permanent capacitor split-phase induction motor and learn the principles of AC induction motor function.

Data Flow

Textbook

Buses and networks are designed to allow communication to occur…

The Common-emitter Amplifier

Textbook

At the beginning of this chapter, it illustrates how transistors could…

Phasor Mathematics

Worksheets - Antennas

Provide a definition for phasor, as the term applies to electrical…

Karnaugh Maps, Truth Tables, and Boolean Expressions

Textbook

Who Developed the Karnaugh Map? Maurice Karnaugh, a…

Clamper Circuits

Textbook

The circuits in the figure below are known as clampers or DC…

R, L and C Summary

Textbook

With the notable exception of calculations for power (P), all AC…

Fundamentals of Radio Communication

Worksheets - Antennas

What does the acronym RF stand form, in reference to radio-related…

Shift Registers

Worksheets - Antennas

Don’t just sit there! Build something!! Learning to analyze digital…

Logarithms for Analog Circuits

Worksheets - Antennas

The concept of a mathematical power is familiar to most students of…