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Introduction to Digital Communication

Textbook

In the design of large and complex digital systems, it is often…

The 555 IC

Textbook

The 555 integrated circuit is the most popular chip ever…

Negative Binary Numbers

Textbook

With addition being easily accomplished, we can perform the operation…

The D Latch

Textbook

Since the enable input on a gated S-R latch provides a way to latch…

CMOS 555 Long Duration Minimum Parts Red LED Flasher

Textbook

PARTS AND MATERIALS Two AAA Batteries Battery Clip (Radio Shack…

The Exclusive-OR Function: The XOR Gate

Textbook

What Is a XOR Gate? One element conspicuously missing from the set of…

Demultiplexers

Textbook

A demultiplexer, sometimes abbreviated dmux, is a circuit that has…

Basic Electromagnetic Relays

Worksheets - Digital ICs

Don’t just sit there! Build something!! Learning to analyze relay…

Practical considerations - Digital Communication

Textbook

A principal consideration for industrial control networks, where the…

Analog and Digital Signals

Textbook

Instrumentation is a field of study and work centering on measurement…

Sum-of-Products and Product-of-Sums Expressions

Worksheets - Digital ICs

Identify each of these logic gates by name, and complete their…

Asynchronous Flip-Flop Inputs

Textbook

The normal data inputs to a flip flop (D, S and R, or J and K) are…

Digital-to-Analog Conversion

Worksheets - Digital ICs

If a pulse-width modulated (PWM) signal is sent to a passive…

Finite-state Machine

Textbook

Feedback is a fascinating engineering principle. It can turn a rather…

Design Project: Power Inverter

Worksheets - Digital ICs

A common topology for DC-AC power converter circuits uses a pair of…

Motor Control Circuits

Textbook

The interlock contacts installed in the previous section’s motor…

Boolean Arithmetic

Textbook

Let us begin our exploration of Boolean algebra by adding numbers…

Microprocessor Programming

Textbook

The “vocabulary” of instructions which any particular…

Numeration Systems

Worksheets - Digital ICs

Digital computers communicate with external devices through ports:…

CMOS 555 Long Duration Red LED Flasher

Textbook

PARTS AND MATERIALS Two AAA Batteries Battery Clip (Radio Shack…

Analysis Techniques for Series Parallel Resistor Circuits

Textbook

Guidelines to Series-Parallel Combination Circuit Analysis The goal of…

Bipolar Junction Transistor (BJT) theory

Worksheets - Digital ICs

Don’t just sit there! Build something!! Learning to mathematically…

CMOS 555 Long Duration Minimum Parts Red LED Flasher

Textbook

PARTS AND MATERIALS Two AAA Batteries Battery Clip (Radio Shack…

Scientific Notation

Textbook

In many disciplines of science and engineering, very large and very…

The TRIAC

Textbook

SCRs are unidirectional (one-way) current devices, making them useful…

Electromagnetism

Textbook

The discovery of the relationship between magnetism and electricity…

Intermediate Electromagnetism and Electromagnetic Induction

Worksheets - Digital ICs

As an electric current is passed through a coil of wire, it creates a…

Introduction to SPICE

Textbook

“With Electronics Workbench, you can create circuit schematics…

Thermoelectricity

Textbook

PARTS AND MATERIALS Length of bare (uninsulated) copper wire Length…

Sensing AC Magnetic Fields

Textbook

PARTS AND MATERIALS Audio detector with headphones Electromagnet coil…

Stripline Max Current Calculator

Tools

A calculator designed to calculate the maximum current that a stripline can handle

DC Circuit Equations and Laws

Textbook

Power Equation of Ohm’s Law and Joule’s Law NOTE: the…

Clipper Circuits

Textbook

A circuit which removes the peak of a waveform is known as a clipper.…

Digital Ramp ADC

Textbook

Also known as the stairstep-ramp, or simply counter A/D converter,…

Parallel Wire Inductance Calculator

Tools

This tool is designed to calculate the inductance of two parallel wires

Algebraic Equation Manipulation for Electric Circuits

Worksheets - Digital ICs

The electrical resistance of a conductor at any temperature may be…

Inductor-Capacitor “tank” Circuit

Textbook

PARTS AND MATERIALS Oscilloscope Assortment of non-polarized…

Computational Circuits

Textbook

When someone mentions the word “computer,” a digital…

Logarithms

Textbook

Definition of a logarithm “log” denotes a common logarithm (base =…

Inductor Quirks

Textbook

In an ideal case, an inductor acts as a purely reactive device. That…

555 Audio Oscillator

Textbook

PARTS AND MATERIALS Two 6 volt batteries One capacitor, 0.1 µF,…

Electrical Signal Types

Textbook

With BogusBus, our signals were very simple and straightforward: each…

Table (portrait view)

Textbook

Periodic table of chemical elements.

Time-delay Relays

Textbook

What are Time-Delay Relays? Some relays are constructed with a kind of…

The Common-source Amplifier (JFET)

Textbook

RELATED WORKSHEETS: JFET Amplifiers Worksheet

Potentiometer as a Rheostat

Textbook

Learning Objectives Rheostat use Wiring a potentiometer as a rheostat…

Connectors

Textbook

Contactors

Textbook

All About Contactors When a relay is used to switch a large amount of…

The Unijunction Transistor (UJT)

Textbook

Unijunction transistor: Although a unijunction transistor is not a…

Read-Only Memory (ROM)

Textbook

Read-only memory (ROM) is similar in design to static or dynamic RAM…

Radar Maximum Range Calculator

Tools

This tool is designed to calculate the maximum distance (range) that a radar can detect

Boolean Relationships on Venn Diagrams

Textbook

The fourth example has A partially overlapping B. Though, we will…

Time Constant Equations

Textbook

Value of time constant in series RC and RL circuits Time constant in…

Binary Addition

Textbook

The Rules of Binary Addition Adding binary numbers is a very simple…

Design Project: Sensitive Microphone Amplifier

Worksheets - Digital ICs

Identify which direction each potentiometer wiper must move in this…

Non-Inverting Op-Amp Resistor Calculator

Tools

This calculator determines the bias and feedback of resistors for a non-inverting Op-Amp

Solid-state Relays

Textbook

As versatile as electromechanical relays can be, they do suffer many…

Nonlinear Conduction

Textbook

“Advances are made by answering questions. Discoveries are made…

Insulated Gate Bipolar Transistors

Worksheets - Digital ICs

What is an Insulated Gate Bipolar Transistor (IGBT), and what…

Metric Prefixes and Unit Conversions

Textbook

Metric prefixes Yotta = 1024 Symbol: Y Zetta = 1021 Symbol: Z Exa =…