Categories

The “Operational” Amplifier

Textbook

Long before the advent of digital electronic technology, computers…

Voltage Signal Systems

Textbook

The use of variable voltage for instrumentation signals seems a rather…

The R/2R DAC (Digital-to-Analog Converter)

Textbook

The R/2R DAC circuit is an alternative to the binary-weighted-input…

Temperature Coefficient of Resistance

Textbook

You might have noticed on the table for specific resistances that all…

Introduction to Digital Communication

Textbook

In the design of large and complex digital systems, it is often…

Tesla Polyphase Induction Motors

Textbook

Most AC motors are induction motors. Induction motors are favored due…

Passive Filter Circuits

Worksheets - Digital Signal Processing

In very simple, qualitative terms, rate the impedance of capacitors…

Delta-Sigma ADC

Textbook

One of the more advanced ADC technologies is the so-called…

Signal Modulation

Worksheets - Digital Signal Processing

A modern method of electrical power control involves inserting a…

Performance-Based Assessments for Digital Circuit Competencies

Worksheets - Digital Signal Processing

(Template)

Digital Ramp ADC

Textbook

Also known as the stairstep-ramp, or simply counter A/D converter,…

Successive Approximation ADC

Textbook

One method of addressing the digital ramp ADC’s shortcomings is…

Voltage-to-Current Signal Conversion

Textbook

In instrumentation circuitry, DC signals are often used as analog…

Analog-to-Digital Conversion

Worksheets - Digital Signal Processing

The circuit shown here is a four-bit analog-to-digital converter…

Shift Registers

Worksheets - Digital Signal Processing

Don’t just sit there! Build something!! Learning to analyze digital…

Latch Circuits

Worksheets - Digital Signal Processing

What do you think this logic buffer gate will do, with the output…

AC Network Analysis

Worksheets - Digital Signal Processing

Don’t just sit there! Build something!! Learning to mathematically…

Summer and Subtractor OpAmp Circuits

Worksheets - Digital Signal Processing

Don’t just sit there! Build something!! Learning to mathematically…

Bandpass Filter Calculator

Tools

This calculates values of the inductance, capacitance of an inductor and capacitor used in a Butterworth LC bandpass filter.

Mixed-Frequency Signals

Worksheets - Digital Signal Processing

What is a harmonic frequency? If an oscillator circuit outputs a…

Amplifier Gain

Textbook

The Voltage Gain Because amplifiers have the ability to increase the…

Stripline Max Current Calculator

Tools

A calculator designed to calculate the maximum current that a stripline can handle

Free Space Path Loss Calculator

Tools

This calculator calculates the free space loss, given the distance, frequency, and gain, between two antennas.

Demultiplexers

Textbook

A demultiplexer, sometimes abbreviated dmux, is a circuit that has one…

Power Sources

Textbook

There are many different types of power sources, and here some of the…

Contributors (12)

Textbook

Contributors to this chapter are listed in chronological order of…

The “Operational” Amplifier

Textbook

Long before the advent of digital electronic technology, computers…

555 Schmitt Trigger

Textbook

PARTS AND MATERIALS One 9V Battery Battery Clip (Radio Shack catalog #…

Time Constant Calculations

Worksheets - Digital Signal Processing

Don’t just sit there! Build something!! Learning to mathematically…

Likely Failures in Unproven Systems

Textbook

“All men are liable to error;” —John Locke Whereas…

Bipolar Junction Transistors

Textbook

The bipolar junction transistor (BJT) was named because its operation…

Hand Calculator Use

Textbook

To enter numbers in scientific notation into a hand calculator, there…

Rectifier/Filter Circuit

Textbook

PARTS AND MATERIALS Low-voltage AC power supply Bridge rectifier pack…

Friis Transmission Calculator

Tools

This calculator computes the power received by an antenna using Friis formula

Microprocessor Programming

Worksheets - Digital Signal Processing

What is the difference between a JMP (“jump”) instruction and a…

Diode Switching Circuits

Textbook

Diodes can perform switching and digital logic operations. Forward and…

Static Electricity

Textbook

It was discovered centuries ago that certain types of materials would…

Networks and Busses

Textbook

The wires between the tank and the monitoring location is  called…

Four-Channel Audio Mixer

Worksheets - Digital Signal Processing

A very common misconception students have about potentiometers is the…

Current Divider Circuits

Worksheets - Digital Signal Processing

Don’t just sit there! Build something!! Learning to mathematically…

Safe Meter Usage

Textbook

Using an electrical meter safely and efficiently is perhaps the most…

Flyback Switch Mode Regulator Calculator

Tools

A calculator for computing several parameters needed in the design of a flyback switch mode regulator

DC Metrology

Worksheets - Digital Signal Processing

Define the following metrological terms: • Uncertainty • Accuracy…

PC Oscilloscope

Textbook

PARTS AND MATERIALS IBM-compatible personal computer with sound card,…

AC Generator Theory

Worksheets - Digital Signal Processing

If an electric current is passed through this wire, which direction…

Reluctance Motor

Textbook

The variable reluctance motor is based on the principle that an…

Early Tube History

Textbook

Thomas Edison, that prolific American inventor, is often credited with…

Shift Registers: Parallel-in, Serial-out (PISO) Conversion

Textbook

Parallel-in/ serial-out shift registers do everything that the…

Time-Delay Electromechanical Relays

Worksheets - Digital Signal Processing

What does the normal status of an electrical switch refer to?…

Phase-locked Loops

Textbook

Time Constant Circuits

Worksheets - Digital Signal Processing

Generally speaking, how many “time constants” worth of time does…

Millman’s Theorem

Textbook

In Millman’s Theorem, the circuit is re-drawn as a parallel…

AC Phase

Textbook

Things start to get complicated when we need to relate two or more AC…

Potentiometric Voltmeter

Textbook

PARTS AND MATERIALS Two 6 volt batteries One potentiometer, single…

Stripline Trace Width Calculator

Tools

A calculator designed to calculate the trace width of a stripline based on the maximum current rating

AC Motor Control Circuits

Worksheets - Digital Signal Processing

Perhaps the most challenging aspect of interpreting ladder diagrams,…

Boolean Rules for Simplification

Textbook

Boolean algebra finds its most practical use in the simplification of…

Likely Failures in Unproven Systems

Textbook

“All men are liable to error;” —John Locke Whereas…

T-Pad Attenuator Calculator

Tools

This calculator helps you determine the values of the resistors R1 and R2 to be used for a T-pad attenuator.

Circuit Components

Textbook

Remember that this tutorial is not exhaustive by any means, and that…